Introduction to the AMESD Themas

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 1 month ago)

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Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

African Monitoring of the Environment for Sustainable Development

Introduction to the AMESD Themas



African Union Commission

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

AMESD political framework



A partnership between
the AUC, EU, the RECs,
and ACP Secretariat






African Union


Commission


Overall Management




European




Union




Commission




9th EDF
Funding

5 Regional Economic Communities

CEMAC, ECOWAS, IGAD, IOC, SADC

+ ACP Secretariat
Guidance

International partners

(JRC, Eumetsat, WMO, UNEP, UNECA,
FAO)
Cooperation

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

AMESD political framework


The first AMESD reception station is inaugurated by the African Union President and
REA Commissioner on April 29, 2009 in Addis Ababa

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

AMESD Structure


A continental wide, pan
-
african
project for the development of
geoinformation services



It develops in 5 regions (the 5
RECs)


set up of geoinformation services in
RICs


set up of a regional network of
national focal points


training



and at the continental level


data access


training


coordination, harmonisation


Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

ECOWAS
CEMAC
+
RdC
IGAD
SADC
-
RdC
IOC
ECOWAS
CEMAC
+
RdC
IGAD
SADC
-
RdC
IOC

THEMA

:

«Crop and rangeland
management»


RIC

:

Cilss, Agrhymet Niamey


THEM
A :

«

Integrated Water
Resource Management

»


RIC

:

Cicos, Kinshasa, RDC


THEMA

:

«Agricultural & Environmental
resource management»


RIC

:

BDMS Gaborone, Botswana


THEMA

:

«

Mitigation of land
degradation & natural habitat

conservation

»


RIC

:

ICPAC, Nairobi


THEMA

Marine & Coastal
management


RIC
:

Mauritius Oceanography
Institute, Mauritius

AMESD THEMAS FOR THE FIVE AFRICAN ECONOMIC Regions

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

AMESD general purpose



To improve decision making
-
processes in the fields of
environmental resource and environmental risk management

in Africa






To allow “ Informed decision”


Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

AMESD operational objectives



Result 1 :
Improved access

to existing basic Earth
observation

data



Result 2 :
Operational information services



Result 3 :
Political and policy development

frameworks



Result 4 :
Ensure an

adequate technical level

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Result 1 : Improving Data Access

Upgrade of PUMA meteorological stations


deployed in 47 countries


in National Meteo Centres


with the SYNERGIE software


Deployment of AMESD reception stations


in 47 countries


in Environmental National Institutions


equipped with the E
-
STATION software

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Data access through Eumetcast and Internet

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Result 2 : Geoinformation services established


Operational information services

are established to improve decision
-
making
processes in the fields of environmental management and other policies


Regional Economic
Community
-

REC

Regional
Implementation
Centre
-

RIC

Regional Thematic Action

THEMA

SADC

BDMS

Agricultural and Environmental
Resource Management

CEMAC

CICOS

Management of Water Resources

ECOWAS

AGRHYMET

Water Management for Cropland and
Rangeland Management

IGAD

ICPAC

Land Degradation Mitigation and
Natural Habitat Conservation

IOC

MOI


Coastal and Marine Management

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Result 3 : Policy framework strengthened



Political and policy development

frameworks are strengthened to ensure active
and sustainable participation of African governments in global environmental
surveillance.



Through the organisation of fora to raise awareness, and of high level meetings for
the preparation of next steps


Activities foreseen / engaged


Two User Forums


2 High level Visibility Workshops organised jointly by AU and RECs to raise awareness of decision
-
makers


National workshops of sensitisation of decision makers (Open Pol
i
cy Day Dialogs) organised by RICs


Participation to Ministerial Conferences (AMCEN, AMCOW, .)


Communication, visibility (Newsletter, Web, Press Conferences)

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Result 4 : Training and Capacity Building

Capacity building is an essential component of AMESD


emphasis on training of trainers

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

AMESD Project Outline


Project funded through the European Development Fund



Financial Agreement signed in November 2006 between EC,
ACP Secretariat and the RECs



Timeframe for implementation: 2007
-
2013



Sept. 2007


Sept. 2011 : Technical Assistance Contract


S
ept 2009


Sept 2012 : IOC & ECOWAS Grants


May 2010


May 2013 : IGAD, SADC, CEMAC Grants



Overall budget : 21 M


Program status (1/2)

Done




All AMESD Contracts have been engaged



Preparation of THEMAS (circular missions, regional workshops, Grant
preparation)



Grant THEMAs have started



Deployment of AMESD stations and upgraded PUMA stations started



Continental & Regional Training started



Sensitization of AMCEN Ministers



First Forum of AMESD Users (Kinshasa, December 2009)



Communication Plan initiated

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Program status (2/2)

To be done




In all THEMAS :


Development &


delivery of information


products & services



Completion of the Continental and Regional Training Plans


up to Fall 2011



Deployment of all AMESD and upgraded PUMA stations


May 2010


March 2011



2 Visibility Workshops



Demonstrative action on the continentalisation of products and services



Second Forum of AMESD users (July 2011)


Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

The Themas

Regional Economic
Community
-

REC

Regional
Implementation
Centre
-

RIC

Regional Thematic Action

THEMA

SADC

BDMS

Agricultural and Environmental Resource
Management

CEMAC

CICOS

Management of Water Resources

ECOWAS

AGRHYMET

Water Management for Cropland and
Rangeland Management

IGAD

ICPAC

Land Degradation Mitigation and Natural
Habitat Conservation

IOC

MOI

Coastal and Marine Management

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Themas goals


Deliver operational services



The services are useful to regional and national decision makers



Build a regional network with National Technical Focal Points and other
institutions at regional and national level



ECOWAS : Water Management for Cropland and
Rangeland Management

Associated countries


Mauritanie / Sénégal / Gambie / Cap Vert / Guinée Bissau /
Guinée Conakry / Sierra Léone / Libéria / Cote d’Ivoire / Ghana /
Togo / Bénin / Nigeria / Tchad / Niger / Burkina Faso / Mali

Regional Implementation Centre (RIC)


Centre Régional Agrhymet (CRA)









Key products
: Vegetation
state, Dry matter productivity,
Phenology, Fraction cover,
small water bodies, active
fires, burnt areas, and bulletins


Distributed in near real time by
EUMETCast and internet



Key users
: ECOWAS, CILSS,
International and regional
organisations, national
authorities


Service «

Production and
Distribution of indicators for 4
environmental themes chosen
by the users

»:



estimation of yields of cultural
and pastural land


dryland areas and drought risks


filling levels of small water
bodies to support livestock
management


savannah fires

ECOWAS example : Vegetation and Drought monitoring

Normalized Vegetation Growth Index
Chad


May 1 to Aug 10, 2008

ECOWAS example : savannah fires

Active fires West Africa


June
2009

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Region SADC : “Agricultur
al

and Environment
al

Resource Management”

Agriculture
Service
Fire
Service
Drought
Service
Long Range Forecast
Capacity Building, User Interaction, Data Access
Ministries of Agriculture
Ministries of Environment
SADC Services
Associated countries


Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South
-
Africa,
Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Regional Implementation Center


Botswana Department of Meteorological Services

Forum Eumetsat, Ouagadougou, 30 September 2010

Region SADC: some examples

Service 2 “
Drought

Service


Support
Service “
Seasonal Range Forecast


Service 1 “
Agricultural

Service


Service
3


Fire

Service


Enables to
provide
Seasona

l
outlook for
core services

Region IOC: Coastal and marine management

Associated countries


Maurice, Madagascar, Seychelles, Comores, La Réunion Kenya,
Mozambique, Tanzania

Regional Implementation Centre


Mauritius Oceanography Institute

Service 1 “
fish resources

monitoring



Products :

ocean color, sea surface
temperature, sea
-
level, South West Indian
Ocean, waves (sat and in
-
situ), marine
currents, SWIO


Additional products

:

fish resources indicators


Near real time and offline, EUMETCast,
internet


Key Users:
Ministries and institutes of fisheries,
Fisheries Monitoring Centres


Service 2 “Oceanographic atlas
and information bulletins for
climate change & disaster risks”


Products

: sea
-
level, marine currents
(numerical model), waves (in
-
situ),
SWIO


Additional products
: climatological
parameters: sea level elevation , wind
and surge frequencies, SWIO


Offline, EUMETCast, internet


Key Users
: Oceanographic institutes,
marine operators


Region IOC: some examples

Service 1 “
fish resources

monitoring


Service 2 “data base in physical oceanography”

Chlorophyll concentration in the SWIO

Potential Fishing Zone in SWIO

visualization of marine currents

Region CEMAC: Management of Water Resources

Associated countries


Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic
Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon

Regional Implementation Centre (RIC)


International Commission for Congo
-
Oubangui
-
Sangha Basin

Service 1 “Low waters”


Products

:
-

Water levels (sat
and

in
-
situ), Oubangui sub
-
basin


-

Low waters alert system,
Oubangui sub
-
basin



Near real time,
EUMETCast and
internet



Key users
: Navigation services


Food security: beef transportation from

Bangui to Brazzaville

on the Oubangui and Congo rivers

Spatial altimetry on Congo river

Region CEMAC

Service 2 “Water Cycle / Flooded
areas”


Products

:
-

Rainfall, Evapotranspiration
(sat and in
-
situ), Oubangui sub
-
basin


-

Water cycle / Humid Forests
monitoring bulletins, Oubangui sub
-
basin


Offline
, EUMETCast or internet



Key users
: Ministries, Universities and
Research centres, Agropastoral
services, etc.


Evapotranspiration map

Congo basin forests

Congo basin wetlands

Oubangui à Bangui
-3,00
-2,00
-1,00
0,00
1,00
2,00
3,00
4,00
1936
1940
1944
1948
1952
1956
1960
1964
1968
1972
1976
1980
1984
1988
1992
1996
2000
2004
annees
Temporal diagram of average discharge deviation on Oubangui
river in Bangui

Rainfall map

Region IGAD : Land Degradation Mitigation and
Natural Habitat Conservation

Associated countries


Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan,
Uganda


Regional Implementation Center


ICPAC (Kenya)

Service 1 “Land Degradation
Assessment”



Key Product :
Land Degradation Index
Map (LDIM) over IGAD region, and
regular bulletins


Distributed biannually through Eumetcast,
Internet


Key users :
National Ministries of
Environment, Meteorological Services,
IGAD Secretariat, Regional institutions,
Researchers


Completely eroded land

No cropping (Degraded)

Satellite
image

Degraded land

Region IGAD

Service 2 “Protected
areasAssessment”



Key Product
: land cover
change at high resolution on
IGAD selected Natural Habitat
areas.


Distributed
annually through
Eumetcast and Internet to
national focal points


Key users
:National Ministries in
charge of Environment

, IGAD
Secretariat, IUCN, WWF, ...


Landsat image of 1986

Landsat image of 2000

Forest

Degraded forest

Bare soil

Other cover types

1986

2000

Area of forest in 1986 = 4,350.718 Km
2

Area of forest in 2000 =3,516.035 Km
2

Deforested area = 824.683 Km
2

Average rate of deforestation = 58.906 Km
2
/year

Natural Habitat Conservation (Mau Forest
-
Kenya)