HUMAN RESOURCES GAPS STUDY IN THE

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Ministry of Local
Government & Rural
Development


WASH STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP



HUMAN RESOURCES GAPS STUDY IN THE
WASH SECTOR

28
TH

JUNE, 2012

ERATA HOTEL, ACCRA


Environmental Health

&

Sanitation Directorate

REPUBLIC OF GHANA

OUTLINE


Introduction


Basic Training (SOH)


Staff & Student Population


Post Basic Training


Current Staff Strength


In
-
service Training (Workshops,
Seminars)


Challenges


Way Forward


TRAINING INSTITUTIONS


3 SOH


Accra, Ho & Tamale


T
o train EHO/As to perform duties relating to
Environmental Health in MMDAs and for Private
sector.


Understand basic principles of sanitation and
apply them in their routine work.


Detect nuisances and call for abatement


Educate communities and promote health



BASIC TRAINING (CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA)

Technical skills


supervise the
collection and disposal of wastes
(solid, liquid
industrial, clinical and other hazardous wastes)


supervise the
construction, operation and maintenance
of
simple sanitation facilities


Analyse
public health consequence
of various human
activities to ensure sound judgement during inspection


identify
unwholesome food and meat
and the requirements
for achieving food and meat hygiene


give expert advice on environmental health and management
issues in MMDAs


BASIC TRAINING (CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA)

Social Marketing and Community Mobilisation Skills


effectively
mobilise communities

to fully participate
environmental sanitation development projects


ensure the effectiveness of environmental
sanitation
education

programmes in bringing about
behavioural
change


Analytical and Logical Thinking Skills


appreciate the relevance of environmental and public
health legislation and enforcement


interpret and apply environmental legislation


BASIC TRAINING (CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA)

Planning and Budgeting skills


ensure proper planning of environmental services within the
limits of available funds

Administrative and Managerial skills


maintain an efficient management information system


organise available human and other resources to pursue plans

Effective Communication and Lobbying Skills


defend Action Plans and demand appropriate funds for
environmental health and management services;


manage and penetrate political influence and interference to
achieve results




STAFFING (Schools)

CATEGOR
Y

NO. AT
POST

NO.
NEEDED

GAP


ACCRA (1953)


14 (8)


14


-


HO (1975)


10 (9)


11


1


TAMALE (1952/1964)



10 (2/8)


15


5




STUDENT POPULATION



SCHOOL

1
ST

YEAR

2
ND

YEAR


3
RD

YEAR


TOTAL



ACCRA


16


41


34


91


HO


93


91


-


184


TAMALE


100


120


-


220


TOTAL


209


242


34


495

POST BASIC TRAINING


70’s few higher courses for Environmental Health
Officers in Ghana.


Food and Meat Hygiene (Great Britain)
-

4


Tutors course in Ibadan university (Nigeria)
-

10


Community Health and Tropical Medicine


(Sierra
Leone)


Those who managed to gain admission to other
universities outside the country had problems with
sponsorship.



POST BASIC TRAINING


1985 with the support of the WHO in collaboration
with the MoH and KNUST,
the
Environmental
Health Technology (Diploma) course was
introduced.


Unfortunately, When the WHO withdrew their
sponsorship in 1995 the programme ‘died’ out.


This programme was to train middle level Officers
to bridge the gap between the Public Health
Engineer and the Environmental Health Officer.


POST BASIC TRAINING


Due to the inadequacy of Public Health Engineers the
Environmental Health Technologist was to head the
Waste Management Departments

(Environmental
S
anitation
Policy).


1989
-

UCC introduced the Health Science Education
(Diploma) programme (in place of the Ibadan
programme) to train tutors for the Schools of Hygiene
locally.


Those who had the EHT from KNUST offered the one
year PGCE (Health Science).


Currently, the BEd. Health Science Education is in
progress.


UG

BSc
. Public Health

BSc
. Environmental Science

BSc
. Nutrition

MSc
. Public Health

MSc
. Environmental Science

UCC

Water & Sanitation (Diploma/Degree)


BEd
. Health Sciences

BSc
/
MSc
/
Mphil

Environmental Science

MA Environmental Management & Policy

KNUST


BSc
./
MSc
. /
MPhil

Environmental Science



MSc
. Health Promotion


UDS

BSc
. Nutrition



BSc
. Environmental Science & Biology



MSc
. Community Health & Development


UEW (Mampong Campus)

Environmental Health & Sanitation Education



Sandwich/Full Time


Diploma/Degree


PUC (Akropong Campus)

Environment & Natural Resource
Management

Catholic University College

BSc
. Public Health



Full Time/Weekend


ILGS


Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental
Management (8 Modules)



MA Environmental Science & Policy

(Weekend)


GIMPA

Post

Graduate

CUM


Occupational

Health

&

Safety



Certificate,

Diploma

and

Post

Diploma


STAFF SITUATION

CATEGORY

TOTAL

Public Health Engineers

6

Environmental Health Technologists

53

Environmental Health Officers

510

Environmental Health Assistants

2,553

TOTAL

3,122

INSERVICE TRAINING
(WORKSHOPS/SEMINARS)


Environmental Health Inspections


Health Promotion


Environmental Health Prosecutions


Management of Landfills in Ghana


Management of Veterinary and Bio
-
medical waste


Provision, Operation and Maintenance of Public
Toilets


Monitoring of Environmental Sanitation Services
in Ghana


Tailor Made Courses


EHO
-

jack of all trade and master of none


Post Basic
training should address competency gaps
and specialisation identified in the Environmental
Sanitation Policy


Solid Waste Management including Hazardous Waste


Municipal Wastewater Management


Environmental Sanitation Education
(Classroom/Community education)


Public Health Law


Food Hygiene/Meat Inspection


Tailor Made Courses


Rodent and Vector Control


International Health/Port Health


Disaster Management


Industrial Hygiene


Occupational Health


Monitoring & Evaluation



Challenges


The key challenge in the area of capacity
development (human resource) relate to
inadequate professional manpower


(engineers,

planners

and

administrators,

for

planning,

management,

policy

formulation

and

research)

REVIEW OF SCHEME OF SERVICE


Attract talents into the Environmental Health
and Sanitation Class



RECRUITMENT/SALARY


Engineers
-

forty (40)



Environmental Health
Officers


81


Environmental Health
Assistants
-

706


Waiting for financial clearance to commence
the recruitment and posting process.


Salaries lower than other health
counterparts


THE WAY FORWARD

WAHO


Harmonising curricular of environmental
health within the ECOWAS community
both Francophone and Anglophone.


Upgrade Schools of Hygiene to tertiary
institutions to offer BSc. and HND in
Environmental Health


Admission requirements of SOH reviewed

THE WAY FORWARD


The Allied Health Science Professional bill
in which Env. Health is included is at the
draft stage.


Establishment of West African College of
Allied Health Science.

Thank You for
Listening