Community Based Research

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Understanding and Facilitating
Community Based Research


A Project of Sustainable Toronto


Prof. Beth Savan, Coordinator




Mary McGrath


Jacqueline Canton


David Sider



David Berger





May 16 , 2002


2

Project Scope and Objectives

Research
:


To examine the various forms or models of Community
Based Research (CBR)


To document the benefits of CBR


To investigate incentives and constraints to CBR

Action
:


To recommend mechanisms to overcome barriers


To more effectively engage Canadian scholars and
communities in CBR


To establish a CBR network on community sustainability


3

What is …

Community Based Research?

CBR is a form of research that:


“is…conducted by, for or with the participation


of community members…More often than not,
community
-
based research involves collaboration


of community members …and experts”




“…aims…to ensure that knowledge contributes to
making a concrete and constructive difference in


the world”






-

The Loka Institute





4

Project Work Plan: Highlights

Year 1
:


Literature search


Fundraising proposals and other start
-
up activities

Year 2
:


Delivery and analysis of Canada
-
wide CBR survey

Year 3
:


Launch Canadian CBR network on community
sustainability


Dissemination of research results



5

Year One Activities


Literature search


Annotated
bibliography


CBR Resource
Centre


CBR papers for
publication


Fundraising
proposals


Database
development


Presentations


Interviews


Networking

6

Papers for Publication

1)
A Framework for Community Based Research
and Case Study of Community Sustainability


in Toronto, Canada


-

By Beth Savan and David Sider

2)

Sustainable Toronto: A New Model for
Community
-
University Partnerships


-

By Beth Savan

3)

Paper on Federal funding for CBR


-

By Mary McGrath

4)

Paper on evaluating CBR initiatives



7

Activities on the Horizon

1) ESAC Conference: May 30, 2002


Panel Presentation on CBR

2) Continue interviews with CBR practitioners

3) Continue writing papers

4) Develop questionnaire design: Summer 2002

5) Administer Canada
-
wide survey: Fall 2002

6)
Analysis of survey: Winter 2003

7)
Dissemination of survey research results

8

- Problem-solving
(Northern School)
Goal or orientation
- Liberation
(Southern School)
- Community-centred
- Knowledge creation
Key elements
- Action component
- Empowerment
- Communities
- Communities
- University-based
Participants
- External researchers
- External researchers
science shops
(usually)
(usually)
- Local communities
Relationship between
- Coordination
- Collaboration
community and
- Cooperation
- Community control
external actors
- Collaboration
Knowledge generation
process
Time investment
- Paulo Friere in
S. America in 1970s
Historical roots
- International develop-
ment practictioners
Forms of Community-Based Research
late 1980s
the mid-1970s
late 1990s
United States in the
The Netherlands in
United States in the
student involvement
involvement
Variable
(one-time service)
Variable
Usually short-term
(Client-expert
with external actors
Peer-generated
Co-generated,
University-generated,
with heavy
with heavy student
Collaborative inquiry
group (peers)
Knowledge-based
Consultative
Limited involvement
- Local communities
- University/college
researchers
- Civil society & govt?
experience to answer
service in community
"clients"
research question
- Problem-solving
Science shops provide
Groups of peers create
Integration of
research service to
knowledge from their
- Personal/professional
"Engaged" campuses
research
development
Service Learning
Collaborative
(Research-oriented)
Inquiry
Science
Shops
Participatory
Action Research
- Action component
research
- Community-centred
(PAR)
- Knowledge creation
Action Research
(AR)
Kurt Lewin and others
in the US in the 1940s
Co-generated
Co-generated,
with high level of
Short- to long-term
Typically long-term
(where empowerment
aspect is significant)
community input
Parameter
Context-centred
relationship)
Various partnerships:
Various partnerships:
Socially-responsive
academic study with
community-based
partnership?