An analysis of the environmental

tubacitychiropractorManagement

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

66 views

An analysis of the environmental
management elements of the

Water Framework Directive

and its implementation components

TuTech Innovation GmbH

Prof. Dr. Walter Leal

Agnieszka Hołda

2

Contents

1.
Introduction to the Water Framework Directive

Objective of the Directive

The new integrated water policy


2.
Implementation components of the WFD

Phases, tasks and deadlines of implementation process

3.
Environmental management components of the WFD

Ecological and chemical objectives

Programme of Measures and River Basin Management Plan

Water pricing and cost recovery of water services

Public Participation

4.
Conclusion

3

“Water is not a commercial product like any other but,
rather, a heritage which must be protected, defended
and treated as such”

Water Framework Directive, OJ 22.12.2000

1. Water Framework Directive

Published in the official Journal of the European Union on
22nd December 2000.

WFD has been developed over the past 10 years.

It is a result of the concerns of European Member States on
the deterioration of water systems.

It is also an outcome of moving towards integrated water
management systems.

Aim to reach the „
good status
” of aquatic ecosystems by the
year
2015
and further preserve it
.

4

It takes care of the water system as a whole,
addressing the water as it flows through a
river basin

to the sea,

WFD applies its provisions to inland surface waters,
groundwaters, transitional (estuarine) and coastal
waters,

Sustainable water management has its focal point
not
only
in

prevention

of further deterioration of waters
but what is more important in the
enhancement of
quality and preservation of the „good status”

of
aquatic ecosystems, by specific deadline.

1. Water Framework Directive

The Water Framework Directive is a significant,
unique in its scope legislative instrument:

5

The new integrated water policy

The provisions of WFD take
over the framework of aspects
that were previously covered
through other legislation,

Those should be repealed
once the relevant provisions of
the particular directive have
been fully implemented with
the process of the WFD
implementation.

Precautionary principle

Preventive action principle

Polluter pays principle

Dealing with environmental damage at a source

WFD addresses

Relation to other directives, int.
treaties and European legislation
.


WFD

Drinking

Water Directive

Urban Wastewater
Directive

Bathing Water
Directive

Birds
Directive

Habitats
Directive

IPPC Directive

EIA Directive

Major Accidents Directive

Sewage Sludge
Directive

Nitrates
Directive

Plant Protection
Products Directive

6

The new integrated water policy

Takes into account the available
scientific and technical data
together with the
diverse
environmental
,
economic

and
social situations

in the various
regions of the Community,

suggests
adopting different specific
measures and solutions

adjusted to
the conditions of the EU Member
States, with local responsibility for
an action.

Calls for
integration of different
sectors
.

Success

of the Directive strongly relies on
close cooperation

and
coherent
action

at all administrative levels, both national and international, as well as
on
information
,
consultation

and
involvement of different sectors

of interest
including public and users.

7

The new integrated water policy

WQO

defines the minimum quality requirements of water to limit the
cumulative impact of emissions;

ELV

focuses on the maximum allowed quantities of pollutants that
may be discharged from a particular source into the aquatic
environment.

WFD deals both with the WQO and ELV resulting in a more rigorous
approach
.

Water Quality Objectives
(WQO)

Emission Limit Values
(ELV)

WATER FRAMEWORK
DIRECTIVE

+

Dealing with pollution of waters at two levels: the

Water Quality
Objective

approach (WQO)
, and the

Emission Limit Value

(ELV)
approach
.

8

2. Implementation

components

of the WFD

Member States have to comply with provisions of WFD and
specified
timetable

with
deadlines

to follow, through different
phases of the implementation

process
.


The specified tasks are
not arranged in a sequence of
consecutive steps
, where each activity has to be
successfully finalized before the next activity can be carried
out.


Instead,
several tasks have to be worked on simultaneously
.

9

Phases, tasks and deadlines

of implementation process

Public
Participation

200
4

201
5

200
9

200
6

201
2

201
3

River Basin
Management Plan

Environmental
objectives

Gap
analysis

Programme
of Measures

Current
status of
waters

RBMP
update

Monitoring
Programmes

Interim report on
implementation
status

Water issues revision

Implementation of
Programme of
Measures

Phases of implementation process:

Phase 1

Phase 2

Phase 3

10

Observed problems

and possible solutions

Problems:

Solutions:

Delaying each stage may lead to
failure of meeting the WFD
objective by 2015

Public participation

and
public
review

should be ensured
through the implementation
process

Acting on incentives/ not
releasing funding by EU in case
of delays or breaches in process
of implementation

Overuse of possible 2x6 years
time extensions (till 2027) in
reaching the Directive
objectives

11

Ecological and chemical objectives


Environmental objectives as core of WFD, but NO precise definition given


Lack of specific values listed for chemical protection of waters


Good surface water status = good ecological + good chemical status


Good groundwater status = good quantitative + good qualitative status


Good ecological potential for Artificial or Heavily Modified Water Bodies

3. Environmental management
components

Poorer of the parameter
determining water status

Use of Ecological
Quality Ratios and 5
color scale for water
status classes to allow
for comparability


Reference conditions

12

Observed problems

and possible solutions

Problems:

Solutions:

Overuse of assigning AWB or
HMWB status as reason of less
stringent ‘good ecological
potential’ objective

Only when justified and
mitigation measures for
improvement undertaken

Reasons stated in RBMP

Control and
public review

Lack of common and
homogenous approach in
reaching the good status
objective (RC, EQR, class
boundaries)

Extensive
cooperation

and
intercalibration

exercises from
early stages of implementation

Overuse of extensions and
derogations for achieving good
ecological water status

Enhancing
public participation,
consultation and review process

13

Programme of Measures &

River Basin Management Plan

POM


improving RB situation


relation to other national law


recovery of costs


sustainable water use


drinking water resources


groundwater abstraction and
recharge


penalties applicable in case of
breaches of WFD provisions

Structurized forward planning of actions intended to reach the
good water status within a set time span.

RBMP


elements of RBD analysis


plan of how the objectives set for a
river basin are to be reached


summary of POM


Public information and consultation
measures


any further plans and measures to be
undertaken


reviewed every 6 years

14

Observed problems

and possible solutions

Problems:

Solutions:

The issues stated in POM and
RBMP may not provide all
necessary information

Public review

of the plans, as
required by WFD, has to be
ensured

Resulting comments and
suggestions to be evaluated and
included in revised plans

Measures included in RBMP
not being implemented

Public participation

and review
of actions

Executing established penalties

15

Water pricing and cost recovery of
water services


Full cost recovery for water including
environmental and resource costs


Possible exemptions due to social,
environmental, economic, climatic,
geographic reasons

16

Public Participation

The provisions of the Directive
will not be successful unless
proper information
,
consultation

and
involvement

of different
sectors of interest

including public and users
from

the
earliest stages of WFD implementation

is ensured

17

Observed problems

and possible solutions

Problems:

Solutions:

Not recognizing the important
role of public participation may
lead to failure of meeting the
WFD objectives

Extensive information

on WFD
and water aspects provided to
the public

Ensure
PP

from the earliest
stage of implementation process

Include stakeholders in
planning and decision making
process

18

Conclusion

Overall, the Water Framework Directive is a unique, new
water management legislation that will certainly lead to
improvement of European waters quality. Many issues and
water related aspects, which were previously not tackled
with, will receive their attention and be at the spotlight.


However, it is
unlikely

and not feasible that the main
objective of the WFD of achieving good water status
by
December 2015

will be met.

19

Thank you!

Prof. Dr. Walter Leal

Harburger Schloßstraße 6
-
12

21079 Hamburg


phone: +49 (0)40 76629
-
6341

fax: +49 (0)40 76629
-
6349


Email: leal@tutech.de

www.watersketch.net