TWAS and the role of STI for sustainable development: Role of TWAS ...

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Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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TWAS: Building STI Capacity in Africa

Romain

Murenzi
, Executive Director,
TWAS




Africa Forum on STI,
Nairobi, 1
-
3 April 2012


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Let us first listen to some leaders on the continent


President Jacob ZUMA
(February 2010, 14th African Union Head of States
Summit):



We need to expand our science and technology capacity. Further than that,
we need to improve cooperation in technological development
.


An excellent example of this is South Africa’s bid to host the Square
Kilometer Array (SKA) radio telescope. This is a truly African initiative. While
the central location would be in the Northern Cape in South Africa, remote
stations will be hosted in Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Mauritius,
Madagascar, Kenya, Ghana and Zambia.


Hosting the Square Kilometer Array will underscore Africa’s capability in
science and innovation. Because this high
-
tech facility is about 50 to 100
times more sensitive than any other radio telescope on Earth, the Square
Kilometer Array will be able to probe the edges of our Universe. It will help us
to answer fundamental questions in the fields of astronomy, physics and
cosmology, and may even detect intelligent life elsewhere in the universe
.”

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Let us first listen to some leaders on the continent


HE President Paul
Kagame

(February 2010, 14th African
Union Head of States Summit):



The undersea cables that now land on our shores in
West, South, North and East Africa bring a world of
information and opportunity. But it is we, the leaders in
this room, who have to carry these networks over
mountains and across deserts; to Africa’s greatest cities
and smallest villages;
and bring a world of knowledge and
prosperity to our citizens
.


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Let us first listen to some leaders on the continent


Africa Development Bank, Dr. Donald
Kaberuka

(February 2010, 14th African Union
Head of States Summit):




Africa has far too often been painted with a pessimistic brush, but the
manner in which we have demonstrated resilience
during the financial
turbulences, the exponential growth of ICTs in Africa truly provides evidence
of a continent on the move, and an opportunity for leapfrogging in many
domains which will change, and is already changing, many facets of our
societies and economies
-

from commerce, services, education and even
governance.


The African Development Bank will continue to be your partner, be it in:

rolling out more broadband infrastructure.


strengthening institutions responsible for reform and regulatory policies or

closing the infrastructure funding gap by crowding in additional foreign
investments.


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Bill Gates




For

centuries

people

assumed

that

economic

growth

resulted

from

the

interplay

between

capital

and

labour
.

Today

we

know

that

these

elements

are

outweighed

by

a

single

critical

factor,

Innovation
.


Innovation

is

the

source

of

US

economic

leadership

and

the

foundation

for

our

competitiveness

in

the

global

economy
.


Government

investment

in

research,

strong

intellectual

property

laws

and

efficient

capital

markets

are

among

the

reasons

that

America

has

for

decades

been

transforming

new

ideas

into

successful

businesses

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+

TWAS



1032 Members
in 91 countries


889 Fellows
in
74
countries in the South


144 Associate Fellows
in
17
countries in the North


15
Nobel
Laureates


In Africa


96 African Fellows, including


the Minister of Science for Zimbabwe


the African Union Commissioner for Science and Technology


a Member from Senegal on the high
-
level panel of scientists appointed
by the Director General of UNESCO


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+

TWAS

HQ and Regional Offices

Nairobi

African Academy of Sciences

Beijing

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Rio de
Janeiro

Brazilian Academy of Sciences

Alexandria

Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Bangalore

J.N. Centre for Advanced

Scientific Research

Trieste


ICTP

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TWAS

Objectives


Promote

excellence in scientific research


Strengthen

South
-
South and South
-
North collaboration


Respond to
needs of young scientists


Engage in
dissemination of scientific information

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+

TWAS

Programmes

and activities



-

PhD training

-

Human capital
mobility

-

Research
support

-

Honouring

excellence

Scientific
capacity and
excellence
in
the South

9

+

South
-
South Fellowships

10

Fellowships
available per
year




PhD
fellowships




161 per year



Postdoctoral fellowships



115 per year



Visiting
scientists





26 per year



Research
and
advanced training


20
per year




___________









322 per year






One of the largest South
-
South
fellowship programmes in the world

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South
-
South Partnerships

12 programme partners for TWAS Fellowships in
8 developing countries



PARTNERS

cover



stipend




accommodation



TWAS

covers



travel and visa costs



administrative costs

Brazil

Malaysia

China

Mexico

India (4)

Pakistan

Kenya

Thailand

+

Training:

Postgraduate PhD Fellowships 2007
-
2010

Brazil

103

China

62

India

51

Malaysia

30

Mexico

1

Pakistan

27

Total

274

12

124 out of 274 PhD fellowship holders are Africans

+

13


Obtained PhD in 2007


Thesis on the kinetics and
thermodynamics of the
absorption of some heavy
metal ions on modified
kaolinite clay


25 publications (2005
-
2011)


Member, Global Young
Academy (GYA) President,
Nigerian Young Academy
(NYA)


Currently Senior Lecturer in
materials chemistry at
Redeemer’s University,
Nigeria

Emmanuel
Unuabonah

(Nigeria) with
supervisor and colleagues at the Institute of
Soil Science, CAS, Nanjing, China

2011 prize winner of

AU
-
TWAS Award for Young Scientists

Postgraduate PhD Fellowship

at Chinese Academy of Sciences


+

OWSD

Organization for Women in Science for the Developing World



First international forum to
unite eminent women scientists
from developing and developed
worlds


Objective: strengthen women’s
role in development process
and promote representation in
S&T leadership.

OWSD in Africa


1,500
members from Africa


80% of PhD Fellowships go to
women in African countries


National chapters / focal points in
Nigeria, South Africa, Sudan and
Tanzania


Recently launched South Africa
National Chapter


Collaboration with
ASSAf

on Gender
and Science Education


Founding President from Swaziland,
Prof. Lydia
Makhubu
,
Swaziland

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OWSD fellowship at
Central Institute of
Medicinal and Aromatic
Plants (CIMAP), India


Research: Application of
biotechnological
techniques to medicinal
plants and conservation
(DNA sequencing and
tissue culturing)


Results: 5 publications as
a result of her fellowship


Currently: Lecturer,
College of Medicine,
University of Lagos,
Nigeria

OWSD Postgraduate PhD
Fellowship
at CIMAP, India

Joy
Odimegwu
, (Nigeria) with supervisor (left)
studying tissue culture plantlets in the growth
chamber

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+

Human Capital Mobility


Postdoctoral fellowships (South
-
South)


Visits from Sub
-
Saharan Africa to Germany
(South
-
North)


Associateships to centres of excellence

(South
-
South)


TWAS Research Professors


Visiting Scientists Programmes


Support for scientific meetings

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+

Human Capital Mobility:

Postdoctoral Fellowships 2007
-
2010

Brazil

34

China

56

India

42

Kenya

1

Malaysia

25

Mexico

6

Pakistan

13

Thailand

1

Total

178

17

103 out of 178 postdoc fellowships holders are Africans.

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Human Capital Mobility:

Africa
-
Germany


Joint programme with DFG (German
Research Foundation)


Post
-
doctoral researchers from sub
-
Saharan Africa (not South Africa) to
Germany for up to 3 months to
collaborate with German scientists


TWAS covers visa, heath insurance,
travel


DFG covers subsistence costs

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2010
-
2011: 30 visits

Benin

1

Burkina

Faso

1

Cameroon

6

Ethiopia

1

Kenya

2

Malawi

1

Nigeria

11

Sudan

3

Tanzania

1

Uganda

2

Zimbabwe

1

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Human Capital Mobility

Zimbabwe

Germany

DFG Cooperation Visit

Dr Maxwell Barson, from the Department of
Biological Sciences, University of Zimbabwe,
visited the Department of Ecology and
Parasitology, Karlsruher Institut für
Technologie (KIT)

September

October 2011

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Human Capital Mobility:

Joint Associateship Scheme


Collaboration with UNESCO, Italian
government and centres of excellence in the
South


Associate appointed for 3 years, visits centre
twice


Over 100 centres selected


TWAS provides travel support and
subsistence contribution (up to USD300 per
month)


Host centre provides living expenses


Currently, only three participating host
centres in Africa (Botswana, Ethiopia, South
Africa)

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2007

2011: 49

out of 126
awarded to Africans

Algeria

1

Benin

1

Botswana

1

Cameroon

9

Côte d’Ivoire

1

Egypt

3

Eritrea

1

Ethiopia

1

Kenya

1

Nigeria

22

Sudan

5

Tanzania

2

Tunisia

1

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Human Capital Mobility:

Joint Associateship Scheme

Nigeria


Thailand

Dr. A.O. Obadina, Department of Food Science and
Technology, University of Agriculture, Nigeria,
studying food fermentation at the National Center
for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in
Thailand

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Support for Research



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Equipment,
consumables,
literature

Individuals

Units

Basic Science

Applied
(COMSTECH)

Basic Science

TWAS Grants for research projects (based on merit)

Between 1986 and 2011, TWAS awarded a total of 2,024 research grants.

Of these, 566 went to African grant holders.

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Grants to Research Units

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45 out of 81

grants awarded to
Research Units in
Africa

Virima Mudogo,

Department of Chemistry,
University of Kinshasa, Dem.
Rep. of Congo

Macromolecules extracted
from indigenous medicinal
plants with potential
antimalarial or anti
-
sickle cell
anaemia effects

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TWAS: Honouring Excellence


TWAS prizes given for significant
contributions by scientists in the
South


Prizes for young scientists
awarded on behalf of TWAS by
organizations in the South

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PRIZES


The Ernesto Illy Trieste Science Prize


TWAS Prizes


The Abdus Salam Medal for Science and Technology


TWAS Prizes to Young Scientists in Developing Countries


AU
-
TWAS Young Scientists National Awards


TWAS Medal Lectures


The TWAS
-
AAS
-
Microsoft Award for Young Scientists


The C.N.R. Rao Prize for Scientific Research


Atta
-
ur
-
Rahman Prize

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+

African Union

TWAS

Young Scientists National Awards

Two prizes
of
USD5,000 each are
awarded per year
and per participating
country in


life
and earth
sciences


basic
sciences,
technology and
innovation

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13 participating
countries


Benin


Burkina Faso


Cameroon


Egypt


Ghana


Guinea


Lesotho


Malawi


Nigeria


Senegal


South Africa


Sudan


Zimbabwe



2010: 5 prizes


2011: 12 prizes

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The TWAS
-
AAS
-
Microsoft Award

for Young Scientists in Computer Science



This prize recognizes young
scientists in Africa whose
research in computer science
promises to have a positive
impact in the developing world


EUR 7,000 to each winner


3 prizes to 3 African countries
each year


2009
-
2011
: South
Africa
3,

Algeria 2, Egypt 2, Nigeria 1,
Tanzania
1


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TWAS Objectives for Africa


What should the African Development Bank and
assembled officials do if they want to begin
implementing these programmes or to scale up
an existing African pilot?

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TWAS Objectives for Africa


Scale up AU
-
TWAS prizes
to all African
countries (13
at present)


Develop a

research grant
programme

dedicated only to
Africa (equipment
and consumables)


Increase number
of
associateships

awarded to Africa


Increase number
of African
participant
centres

of excellence


Expand
fellowships to
1,000 per year

Training

Mobility

Recognition

Support

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In conclusion

STI
capacity in
Africa

AfDB

support

TWAS
infrastructure,
track record,
programmes


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South Korea did! Brazil did! India did! China did!



Why not This Region Africa?



I share the OPTIMISM DR. NGOZI
Okonjo
-
Iweala
. On May 14, 2010,
Honorable Minister
Ngozi

Okonjo
-
Iweala

shared a riddle and a “big
idea” with fellow Harvard alumni.



“What trillion dollar economy has grown faster than Brazil and
India between 2000 and 2010 … and is projected by the IMF to
grow faster than Brazil between 2010 and 2015? “The answer may
surprise you: It is sub
-
Saharan Africa!” The “big idea” the
Honorable wanted to impart was that sub
-
Saharan Africa is on the
verge of joining the ranks of the BRICS


the rising powers of
Brazil, Russia, India and China, whose wealth and clout have
increased dramatically in the last decade

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In conclusion

STI
capacity in
Africa

AfDB

support

TWAS
infrastructure,
track record,
programmes


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Romain

Murenzi
, Executive Director,
TWAS

r m u r e n z
i

@ t w a s . o r g


www.twas.org



TWAS gratefully
acknowledges the
financial support of
the:


Government of Italy


Swedish
International
Development
Cooperation Agency


United Nations
Educational,
Scientific and
Cultural
Organization