Public interest groups

triteritzyBiotechnology

Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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Organizations composed of individuals who
share one or more interests in common and
who have formed an association for their
purpose of advancing or protecting their
interests

Parties


Similar views on most
issues


Broad coalition of
members


Affect policy by
getting people
elected

to office


Interest Groups


Similar views on one
or a handful of issues


Narrow focus


Affect policy through
access and lobbying


Business groups
-
largest and most
powerful of interest
groups that represent
large business
corporations,
chambers of
commerce, small
business


National Association of
Manufacturers


American Petroleum
Institute
-
represents 400
oil and gas corp.


US Chamber of
Commerce: 3 million
businesses, 2,800 state
chambers,



Campaign for
workers’ issues
like minimum
wage, workplace
safety, industry
protection from
overseas
competition


AFL
-
CIO
-
88 unions
and trade groups


United Auto Workers
Union


National Education
Association


Teamsters Union


Farm groups that
lobby for farm
subsidies,
environmental
issues, genetic
engineering


American Farm
Bureau
Association


In 2005, over $25
billion paid out


Groups that represent
occupations that
require some special
training (question:
what do they lobby
for?)


AMA
-
American
Medical Association


ABA
-
large and well
-
funded group
representing
lawyers



Elderly


Foreign
governments


AARP
-
powerful
lobby for people
over 55 with a lot
of clout on issues
like Social
Security and
prescription
drugs. Seniors
vote in large
numbers


Consumer Groups:
Nader’s Raiders


Women’s Groups:
NOW



Religious Groups


Environmental
Groups: Audubon
Society, Sierra Club


National Rifle
Association: very rich
and powerful



Abortion: Operation
Rescue, Planned
Parenthood


Civil Rights: NAACP,
LULAC (a group rising
in importance as the
Hispanic population
grows)


PETA


Interest groups try to influence the making of
public policy by using tactics that are effective
for them
such as donating campaign funds,
filing lawsuits, electioneering.


Lobbying provides
access

for interest groups
and forces Congress to take action on their
issue. Sometimes no action is a successful
strategy because nothing changes, for the
interest group.


Personal Contact:
meeting with
policymakers and doing
what they can to
persuade

them to support their
cause


Providing Expertise:
using their specialized
body of knowledge about
a certain topic to aid in
writing legislation


Testifying at hearings:
provide information for
Congressional hearings to
get their message out and
get free publicity (see iron
triangle)



Giving money: Interest groups endorse
candidates who support their interest and then
help finance that candidate’s campaign by using
PACs.


PACs give billions of dollars primarily to
congressional campaigns and to incumbents.


PACs are limited by law to give $5,000 for each
campaign (hard money), but there are no limits
on donations to parties (soft money).


PACs can also create issue ads without
specifically endorsing a particular candidate.

October 2, 2002


Fortune

Magazine periodically produces a
list of the most influential interest groups in
Washington, D.C.


This is called the
Fortune

Power 25 Survey.


The top 25 interest
groups on its Survey


for 2001 is listed
below . You can find that WEB page at:
http://www.fortune.com/lists/power25/i
ndex.html





1.


National Rifle Association

2.


American Association of Retired People
(AARP)

3.


National Federation of Independent
Business

4.


American Israel Foreign Affairs
Committee


5.


Association of Trial Lawyers of America

6.


AFL
-
CIO

7.


Chamber of Commerce of the United
States of America

8.


National Beer Wholesalers of America

9.


National Association of Realtors




10.


National Association of
Manufacturers

11.


National Association of
Homebuilders of the United States

12.


American Medical Association

13.


American Hospital Association

14.


National Education Association of
the United States

15.


American Farm Bureau Federation

16. Motion Picture Association of
America

17.


National Association of Broadcasters

18.


National Right to Life Committee

19.


Health Insurance Association of
America

20.


National Restaurant Association

21.


National Governors' Association

22.


Recording Industry Association of
America

23.


American Bankers Association

24.


Pharmaceutical Research and
Manufacturers of America

25.


International Brotherhood of
Teamsters


Mobilizing grassroots: Letter campaigns, phone
campaigns
-
getting members to act on their own


Molding public opinion: ads, rallies, rating
political leaders; cultivating a positive image of
their group in the eyes of the public


Coalition building: ex. Daylight Savings Time
Coalition was made up of lobbyists representing
7/11, Kingsford charcoal, amusement parks, lawn
and garden centers, meat producers, and travel
companies