APPLIED GENETICS

triteritzyBiotechnology

Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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APPLIED GENETICS

APPLIED GENETICS


APPLIED GENETICS


USING OUR UNDERSTANDING OF GENES TO
CREATE CHANGES IN THE DNA OF ORGANISMS


THERE ARE THREE AREAS OF UNDERSTANDING


MUTATIONS


GENETIC DISORDERS


GENETIC ENGINEERING

APPLIED GENETICS


MUTATIONS


DEFINITION
--

??


TWO KINDS


CHROMOSOMAL MUTATIONS


GENE MUTATIONS


CAUSES


MUTAGENS (X
-
RAYS, CHEMICALS, ETC)


UNKNOWN FACTORS (MISTAKES IN
REPLICATION)

APPLIED GENETICS


CHROMOSOMAL MUTATIONS


DEFINITION
--

??


APPLIED GENETICS


GENE MUTATION


DEFINTION
--

??

APPLIED GENETICS


GENETIC
DISORDERS


DEFINITION
--

??


LEARNING ABOUT
GENETIC DISORDERS
GIVES US IDEAS ON
HOW TO TREAT THEM


PEDIGREE CHARTS

APPLIED GENETICS


GENETIC DISORDERS IN HUMANS


CYSTIC FIBROSIS


SICKLE
-
CELL DISEASE


PHENYLKETONURIA (PKU)


HUNTINGTON DISEASE


DOWN’S SYNDROME

APPLIED GENETICS


DETECTING DISORDERS

APPLIED GENETICS


GENETIC ENGINEERING


DEFINITION
--

??


FORMS


BREEDING*


GENE ISOLATION


GENE RECOMBINATION


GENE INSERTION


CLONING

APPLIED GENETICS


SELECTIVE BREEDING

APPLIED GENETICS


GENE ISOLATION


WE HAVE TO BE ABLE TO CUT OUT/SEPARATE
GENES…SO WE NEED “DNA SCISSORS”


RESTRICTION ENZYMES

APPLIED GENETICS


DNA INSERTION & RECOMBINANT DNA

APPLIED GENETICS


CLONING


DEFINTION
--

??


JUST BECAUSE ORGANISMS

ARE GENETICALLY
IDENTICAL, DOES THAT
MEAN THEY WILL LOOK
EXACTLY ALIKE?

APPLIED GENETICS


WITH ALL THESE
DIFFERENT WAYS OF
CHANGING DNA, AND
CREATING NEW
FORMS OF GENES
(TRAITS) HOW COME
WE DON’T SEE AN
ENDLESS NUMBER OF
DIFFERENT TYPES OF
ORGANISMS?


EVOLUTION IS NEXT!!