M. TECH DEGREE
COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
Course Structure and Scheme of Evaluation
(Semester

wise, along with
C
urriculum
D
etails)
SEMESTER

I
Sl
.
No
Course
No.
Subjects
Hrs/Week
Evaluation Scheme (Marks)
Credits
(C)
L
T
P
Sessional
ESE
Total
TA
CT
Sub
T
otal
1
CE101
Applied
Mathematic
s
for
Communication Engineering
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
2
CE 102
Advanced Digital
Communication
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
1.
3
CE 103
High Frequency
C
ircuit
s
D
esign
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
4
CE104
High Perfor
mance Communication
Network
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
5
CE 105
Elective I
2
1
0
25
25
50
100
150
3
6
CE 106
Elective II
2
1
0
25
25
50
100
150
3
7
CE 107
Seminar I
0
0
2
25
25
50
0
50
1
8
CE 108
Communication Engineering Lab
0
0
3
25
25
50
100
150
2
Total
20
2
5
200
200
400
700
1100
2
5
Elective I (CE 105)
Elective II (CE 106)
CE105

1
Soft Computing
CE106

1
RF
MEMS
for Wireless
Communications
CE105

2
Antenna Theory and Design
CE106

2
Pattern Recognition
CE105

3
Global Tracking
and
Positioning
Systems
CE106

3
Information Theory
and
Coding
CE105

4
Satellite Communication
CE106

4
Computational Electromagnetic
s
L

Lecture,
T

Tutorial,
P

Practical,
C

Credits
TA

Teacher’s Assessment (Assignments, attendance, group discussion, tutorials, semin
ar)
CT

Class Test
(Minimum of two to be conducted by the Institute)
ESE

End Semester Examination (To be conducted by the Institute through concerned affiliating
university.)
2
SEMESTER

II
Sl.No
Course
No.
Subjects
Hrs/Week
Evaluation Scheme (Marks)
C
redits
(C)
L
T
P
Sessional
ESE
Total
TA
CT
Sub
Total
1
CE 201
Advanced Digital Signal
Processing
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
2
CE 202
Wireless Communications
and Networks
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
3
CE 203
Photonics and Light Wave
Communica
tion
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
4
CE 204
Radio Frequency Integrated
Circuits
4
0
0
25
25
50
100
150
4
5
CE 205
Elective III
2
1
0
25
25
50
100
150
3
6
CE 206
Elective IV
2
1
0
25
25
50
100
150
3
7
CE 207
Seminar II
0
0
2
25
25
50
0
50
1
8
CE 208
DSP La
b
0
0
3
25
25
50
100
150
2
Total
20
2
5
200
200
400
700
1100
25
Elective III (CE 205)
Elective IV (CE 206)
CE205

1
Radar Signal Processing
CE206

1
Image and
Video
P
rocessing
CE205

2
Speech
and Audio P
rocessing
CE206

2
Optical Networks
CE205

3
Wire
less Sensor N
etworks
CE206

3
Communication Network Security
CE205

4
Optical Signal Processing
CE206

4
Estimation and
D
etection
CE206

5
Current
T
opics
Electives:
New Electives may be added by the department according to the needs of emerging fields of
technology. The name of the elective and its syllabus should be submitted to the University before the
course is offered.
3
SEMESTER

III
Sl.No
Course
No.
Subjects
Hrs/Week
Evaluation Scheme (Marks)
Credits
(C)
L
T
P
Sessional
ESE
(Oral**)
2.
Total
TA
CT
Sub
Total
1
CE 301
Industrial Training
0
0
20
50
0
50
100
150
10
2
CE 302
Master’s Thesis Phase

I
10
Total
0
0
30
50
0
50
100
150
10
SEMESTER

IV
SlNo
Course
No.
Subjects
Hrs/Week
Evaluation Scheme (Marks)
Credits
(C
)
L
T
P
Sessional
ESE
(
O
ral) &
Viva
¥
Total
TA
§
CT
Sub
T
otal
1
CE 401
Master
’
s
Thesis
0
0
30
150
0
150
150
300
20
2
CE 402
Master
’
s
Comprehensive
Viva
100
100
Total
0
0
30
150
0
150
250
400
20
Grand Total of all Four Semesters
27
5
0
80
*
TA

based on technical report submitted together with presentation at the end of the industrial
training.
**
Industrial training evaluation will be conducted at the end of the third semester by a panel of
examiners
,
with at least one external ex
aminer, constituted by the university.
§
50% of the marks to be awarded by the project guide and the remaining 50% to be awarded by a
panel of examiners, including project guide, constituted by the department.
¥
Thesis evaluation and viva

voce will be cond
ucted at end of the fourth semester by a panel of
examiners with at least one external examiner, constituted by the university.
4
SEMESTER I
CE 101
Applied Mathematics for Communication Engineering
(
4

0

0) 4
1. Random Processes

I:

Review of random v
ariable
s(RV)
,
distributions and proper
ties
–
characteristic functions
–
functions of RVs, joint pdf
–
jointly Gaussian RVs and their properties.
Random processes(RP)
–
stationary, WSS and ergodic RP
–
properties
–
RP and linear systems
–
Power spectrum
–
Weiner

Khinchin theorem
–
Gaussian RP.
2. Random Processes

II:

Discrete/continuous state and discrete/continuous parameter RP

independent RP
–
renewal
process
–
poisson and exponential processes
–
markov process
–
birth

death process.
Discrete
and c
ontinuous parameter markov chains
–
transition probabilities, limiting distributions
–
theory of M/M/1 and M/M/m queues
–
Little’s theorem.
3.Vector Space:

Vector spaces. Subspaces, Linear independence, Span, basis, dimension, finite dimensional
vector
spaces, direct sum. Examples of finite dimensional vector spaces
–
R
N
, C
N
, vector space
of matrices.
Matrix as a set of vectors
:

Row space, Column Space. Dimensionality of Row and
Column space (rank of the matrix). Non

singular, Hermitian and Unitary
matrices.
4.Linear Transformation
:

Linear Transformation, range and null space, rank nullity theorem, Matrix representation of
linear transform. Change of basis, Fourier Transform, Discrete Fourier Transform
5. Inner Product
S
paces
:

Inner Product sp
aces, norm, orthogonality, Hilbert spaces, orthogonal complements, projection
theorem, orthogonal projections, orthonormal basis.
Text Books:
1.
H. Stark, J.W Woods, Probability and Random Processes, Pearson Education, 2002
2.
K. S. Trivedi, Probability &
Statistics with Reliability, Queuing and Computer Science
Applications, (Second Edition), John Wiley
3.
K. Huffman, R. Kunze, Linear Algebra, Prentice Hall of India, 1998
4.
Michael W. Frazier,An introduction to wavelets through linear Algebra, Springer,20
04
References:
1.
R D Yates, D J Goodman, Probability and Stochastic Processes, John Wiley and Sons, 2005
2.
Richard A. Johnson, Miller and Freund's Probability and Statistics for Engineers, 7th Edition,
PHI, 2004
5
CE
10
2
Advanced Digital
Communication
(
4

0

0) 4
1
.
Optimum
Receivers for the AWGN C
hannel
P
erformance of the receiver for
memory less m
odulation
,
receiver for CPM signal
,
r
eceiver for
signals with random phase in AWGN channel.
2
.
Communication
through Band L
imited
C
hannels
O
ptimum receiver w
ith ISI & AWGN,
Linear equalization
, d
ecision
feedback
equalization
,
maximum likelihood (
ML
)
detecto
rs, turbo equalization, a
daptive equalization
,
equalizer
,
decision feedback equalizer
, r
ecursive least squares algorithms
,
b
lind equalization.
3
.
Multichan
nel
and
Multi
carrier Systems in Digital C
ommunication
Spread spectrum digital communication sy
stems,
direct sequence & f
requency hopped spread
spectrum signals
,
synchronization.
4
.
Digital Communications through Fading Multipath C
hannels
C
haracterization,
channel models
,
diversity technique
s for fading multipath channels, digital
signaling,
coded waveforms for fading channels
,
m
ultiple antenna systems.
5
.
Multi
User C
ommunications
Multiple access techniques
,
code division multiple access
,
r
andom access m
ethods.
Text Book
:
1.
J. Proakis
,
“
Digital Communications
”
, McGraw Hill,
4
th
edition
,2007
References:
1.
J. Viterbi and J. K. Omura,
“
Principles of Digital Communications and Coding
”
,
McGraw Hill, 1979
2.
Marvin K. Simon, Jim K
.
Omura, Robert A. Scholtz, Barr
y K.
Levit,
“
Spread Spectrum
Communications
”
,
Computer Science Press, 1988
.
3.
Andrew J Viterbi,
“
CDMA Principles of Spread Spectrum Communications
”
, Addison
Wesley, 1995.
4.
Simon Haykin,
“
Digital
C
ommunications
”
,
John Wiley and sons,1998
6
CE 103
High Fre
quency
C
ircuits
D
esign
(4

0

0) 4
1. Review of Basic Transmission Line Theory
Review of
b
asic
transmission line theory, transmission l
ines
a
nalysis
,
t
ransmission
l
ines
, circuit
representations, parameters, transmission line equations,
microstrip
transmis
sion line terminated
lossless transmission line,
s
pecial termination condition, sourced and loaded transmission lines
,
s
mith chart,
s
cattering
p
arameters
.
2.
RF Filter D
esign
Basic
reson
ator and filter configurations,
special filter realization, filter
im
plementation, coupled filter
.
3
.
Active RF Components
Semiconductor b
asics, RF diodes, BJT, RF FET, h
igh
e
lectron
mo
bility transistors
, RF
component modelling
,
matching and biasing network
.
4
.
RF Transistor Amplifier Design
Characteristics of amplifiers,
amplifier power relations, stability considerations, constant gain,
noise figure circles, constant VSWR circles, broadband, high power, multistage amplifiers
.
5. RF
Oscillators and
M
ixers
Basic oscillator models, HF oscillator configurations,
basic char
acteristics of mixers.
Text
B
ook
:
1.
R.Lud
w
ig,
P.
Bretchko
, “
RF Circuit Design
”
,
Pearson Asia Education, New
Delhi, 200
4
.
References:
1.
D. M. Pozar,
“
Microwave Engineering
”
, 2
nd
Edition, John Wiley & Sons,
2005
.
2.
M.M. Radmanesh,
“
Radio Frequency and Microwave E
lectronics
”
, Pearson Education
Asia, 2001.
3.
B. Bhat & S.K. Koul,
“
Stripline

L
ike Transmission Line for Microwave Integrated
Circuits
”
, New Age Intl. (P) Ltd.,
1989.
4.
D. K. Misra,
“
Radio Frequency and Microwave Communication Circuits

Analysis and
Design
”
,
John Wiley & Sons, 200
4
,
7
CE
104
High Performance Communication Network
(4

0

0) 4
1. Review
of N
etworking
C
oncepts
S
ervices, layered architectures, packet switching, OSI and IP models, IEEE 802.x
,
ethernet,
t
oken
r
ing,
fiber distributed data inte
rface
(
FDDI
)
,
distributed

queue dual

bus(
DQDB
)
, Frame
Relay and
switched multimegabit data service(
SMDS
)
.
Internet and TCP/IP networks
,
TCP and
UDP
.
2. TCP/IP Network
Performance of TCP/IP Networks
,
Circuit switched networks
,
performance of
synchronous
op
tical networking(
SONET
)
,
Dense wavelength division
multiplexing(DWDM),
fiber to the
home(
FTTH
)
, DSL, Intelligent networks, CATV.
3.
ATM N
etwork
ATM network
,
features
,
addressing,
signalling
, routing
,
ATM adaptation layer (
AAL
)
,
management and control, BISD
N,
i
nternetworking with ATM.
Optical networks
,
WDM
systems
,
cross connects, optical LANs and Networks.
4.
Control of Networks
Objectives and methods of control
,
contr
ol methods, time scales, QoS,
Circuit switched
networks
,
blocking, routing optimizations,
Datagram networks
,
queuing models for delay
analysis
,
routing optimization
,
congestion control
,
ATM networks
,
deterministic and statistical
procedures.
Control of networks
,
theory of Markov chains and queues
,
analysis of circuit
switched networks, datagra
m networks and ATM networks
.
5. Switching
Switching
,
p
erformance measures
,
time and space division switching
,
modular switch designs
,
packet switching
,
distributed buffer, shared buffer, output b
uffer and input buffer switches,
a
ttribut
es of a global mult
imedia n
etwork
,
challenges in its realization.
Text Book
1.
Jean Walrand & Pravin Varaiya
,
“
High Performance Communication
Networks
”
,
2
nd
e
dition, Morgan Kaufman Publishers
,2000
References:
1.
Leon Gracia, Widjaja,
“
Communication
N
etworks
”
,
2
nd
edition,
Tata M
cGraw
Hill, New
Delhi, 200
3
.
2.
Sumit Kasera, Pankaj Sethi, "ATM Networks ", Tata McGraw
,
Hill, New Delhi, 2000.
3.
Behrouz.a. Forouzan, “
Data Communication and Networking
”
, T
ata McGraw
Hill, New
Delhi, 2006
4.
Larry L. Peterson, Bruce S. Davie
,
“
Computer networks
”,
4
th
edition,
Elsevier,
2007
5.
Dimitri P. Bertsekas, Robert G. Gallager
,
“
Data Networks
” 2
nd
edition,
Prentice Hall,
1992
.
8
ELECTIVE
I
CE 105

1
Soft Computing (
2

1

0) 3
1.
1.
Introduction
Soft computing constituents, conventional artificial intelligence,
computational intelligence,
characteristics, fuzzy sets, set theoretic operations, membership functions, one and two
dimensional, fuzzy union, intersection and compliment
.
2. Rules
and Reasoning
Extension
principle,
fuzzy relations,
if

then
rules,
r
easoni
ng
,
inference s
ystems

m
amdani m
odel,
considerations
,
input space
partitioning,
fuzzy
modeling
.
3
.
Least

Squ
a
re Methods
Basics
of matrix manipulation and calculus,
least square estimator,
g
eometric interpretation
of
LSE,
recursive LSE
, neuro n
etworks
,
arch
itecture,
back
propagation
for feedback
.
4
.
Adaptive Neuro

Fuzzy
Inference System
A
rchitecture,
h
y
b
rid learning algorithm
,
data clustering a
lgorithms

clustering
,
k

m
eans,
fuzzy
c

means
(FCM)
,
r
ule
base structure

input selection,
space partitioning,
ru
le base
organization
.
5.Ne
ur

Fuzzy Control
C
ontrol systems
,
f
eedback,
n
euro

fuzzy control, expert control, inverse learning
.
Text Book
:
1.
Jang J.S.R.,
Sun C.T,
Mizutami E
,
“
Neuro Fuzzy and Soft
C
omputing
”
,
Prentice hall
New Jersey,
2008
References:
1.
Ti
mothy J.
Ross
,
“
Fuzzy Logic Engineering Applications
”
,
McGraw Hill,
New
York,
2004
.
2.
Laurene Fauseett
,
“
Fundamentals of Neural Networks
”
, P
rentice Hall India,
New Delhi,
1994.
9
CE
105

2 Antenna Theory and Design
(
2

1

0) 3
1.
Basic
Concepts
o
f Radiation
Fun
damentals of electromagnetism, radiation, a
ntenna transmission
,
a
ntenna
parameters
,
review of basic antenna systems

impedance
matching
,
review of basic
antenna family

array antennas
,
dipole antennas
,
reflector antennas.
2. Receiving Antenna
R
eciprocit
y theorem
,
a
ntenna effective receiving area
,
antenna behaviour in presence
of noise
,
a
perture antennas
,
wire antennas
.
3. Printed Antennas
Different
types
,
field analysis of printed antennas
,
parameters of printed antenna
,
l
ens
antennas
,
types of l
ens ante
nnas,
large
antennas,
microwave antennas, array
antenna
,
l
inear array theory, effect of phase quantization, frequency scanned array.
4. Antennas
a
nd Signal Theory
Equivalence
of an aperture and a spatial frequency filter
,
synthesis of an apertur
e for
a giv
en radiation pattern,
antennas as a filter of angular signals.
5
.
Case
Study
S
mart antenna
s and
their design
techniques for mobile communication
,
antenna
measurements.
Text Book
:
1.
Drabowitch, Papiernik “
Modern Antennas
”
,
2
nd
edition
,
Springer books
,2005
R
eferences:
1.
John D Kr
aus, Ronal J Marhefka, Ahmas S K
han “Antennas for all
applications”
3
rd
edition
,
2003
.
2.
Constantine A. Balanis
,
“
Antenna theory
:
Analysis & Design”,
Wiley, 1982
10
CE 105

3
Global Tracking and
Positioning Systems
(
2

1

0) 3
1. In
troduction
Satellites,
i
ntroduction to
t
racking and GPS System,
a
pplications of
s
atellite and
GPS for 3D
,
position,
v
elocity, determination as function of time,
i
nterdisciplinary
applications (e.g.
c
rystal dynamics, gravity field mapping, reference frame)
,
basic
concepts of GPS

s
pace segment,
c
ontrol segment, user segment,
h
istory of GPS
constellation, GPS measurement characteristics, selective availability (AS), anti

spoofing (AS)
2. Orbits and Reference Systems
Basics of s
atellite orbits and reference sys
tems
,
t
wo

body problem, orbit elements,
timer system and timer transfer using GPS, coordinate systems, GPS
o
rbit design,
orbit determination problem, tracking networks, GPS force and measurement models
for orbit determination, orbit broadcast e
phemeris, p
recise GPS ephemeris,
Tracking
problems
.
3. GPS Measurements
GPS o
bservable

measurement types

C/A c
ode,
P
code,
L1 and L2 frequencies for
navigation, pseudo ranges, atmospheric delays (tropospheric and ionospheric),
data
format
(RINEX),
data combination(n
arrow/wide lane combinations, ionosphere
,
free
combinations, single, double, triple differences), undifferenced models, carrier
phase
vs integrated d
oppler, integer biases, cycle slips, clock error
.
4. Processing Techniques
Pseudo range and carrier phase
processing, ambiguity removal, least square methods
for state parameter determination, relation positioning, dilution of precision
5. GPS Applications
S
urveying, Geophysics, Geodesy, A
irborne GPS,
g
round

transportation, s
pace

borne
GPS orbit determinatio
n, attitude control, meteorological and climate research using
GPS
Text Book
:
1.
B.Hoffman
,
Wellenhof,
H.Lichtenegger and J.Collins,
“
GPS

Theory and Practice
”
,
5
th
revised edition, Springer, Wein, New York,
2001
References:
1.
A.Leick,
“
GPS
Satellite
Surveyin
g”
, 2
nd
edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1995
2.
A
.Kleusberg
,
P.Teunisen(Eds), “
GPS for Geodesy”, Springer
,
Verlag, Berlin, 1996
11
CE
105

4 Satellite Communication
(
2

1

0) 3
1. Introduc
tion to Satellite Communication
Orbital mechanics
,
look angle det
ermination
,
orbital perturbation
,
launchers and
launch vehicles
,
orbital effect in communication system performance
,
satellite
subsystem
,
altitude and orbit control system
,
telemetry tracking command and
monitoring
,
power system
,
communication subsystem
,
s
atellite antennas
2. Satellite Link D
esign
Basic transmission
,
system noise temperature
,
G/T ratio
,
design of down links
,
satellite system using small earth station
,
uplink design
,
design of specified C/N
,
system design examples
3
.M
ultiple A
ccess
Introduct
ion
,
FDMA
,
TDMA
,
onboard processing
,
DAMA
,
random access
,
packet
radio systems and protocols
,
CDMA
.
4. Propagation E
ffects
Quantifying attenuation and depolarization
,
propagation effects not associated with
hydrometer

rain
and ice effects
,
prediction of r
ain attenuation
,
prediction of XPO

propagation impairment counter mechanism
.
5. VSAT S
ystem
Overview
,
network architecture
,
access control protocols
,
basic techniques
,
VSAT
earth station
,
calculation of link margins for VSAT star network
,
system design
pro
cedure
.
Text Book
:
1.
Timothy
Pratt,
Charles
W
Bostian, Jeremy E Allnut, “
Satellite
Communication”
Wil
ey
,
Edition 2007.
References:
1.
Bruce R.
Elbert,
“
The
Satellite
Communication
Applications Hand Book
”
,
Artech House
Boston,1997
.
2.
Wilbur L.
Pritchard,
Hendri
G.
Suyderhood,
Robert A.Nelson, “
S
a
te
l
lite Communication
Systems Engineering
”
,
2
nd
e
dition,
Prentice Hall,
New Jersey.1993
.
3.
Dennis Rody,
“
Satellite
Communication
”
,
4
th
edition,
Regents/Prentice Hall,
Eaglewood
Cliff,
New Jersey,
2006
.
12
ELECTIVE II
CE
106

1 RF MEMS for Wireless
Communications
(
2

1

0) 3
1.
Wireless S
ystems
Introduction, spheres of wireless activities, the home and office, the ground
fixed/mobile platform, the space platform, wireless standards, systems and
architectures, conceptual wirele
ss systems, wireless transceiver wireless appliances
enable ubiquitous connectivity.
2. Elements of RF Circuit D
esign
Physical aspects of RF circuit design, skin effect, transmission lines on thin
substrates, self

resonance frequency, quality factor packa
ging, practical aspects of
RF circuit design, DC biasing, impedance mismatch effects in RF MEMS.
3.
RF MEMS
RF MEMS
,
enabled circuit elements and models
,
RF/microwave substrate
properties, m
icro machined
,
enhanced elements
,
capacitors, inductors, varactor
s,
MEM switch
,
shunt MEM switch, low voltage hinged MEM switch approaches,
push

pull series switch, folded

beam spr
ings suspension series switch, r
esonators

transmission line planar resonators, cavity resonators, micromechanical resonators,
film bulk acou
stics wave resonators, MEMS modeling

mechanical modeling,
electromagnetic modeling.
4. Novel RF MEMS
Novel RF MEMS
,
e
nabled circuits
,
reconfigurable circuits
,
the resonant
MEMS
switch, capacitors, inductors, tunable CPW resonator, MEMS micro

switch arrays
,
r
econfigurable circuits
,
double
,
stud tuner, Nth

stub tuner, filters, resonator tuning
system, massively parallel switchable RF front ends, true delay digital phase shifters,
reconfigurable antennas
,
tunable dipole antennas, tunable microstrip patch

arra
y
antenna.
5. RF MEMS
Based Circuit D
esign
Phase shifters
,
fundamentals,
X

b
and RF MEMS phase shifter
for phased array
applications, K
a

b
and RF MEMS phase shifter for radar systems applications, Film
bulk acoustic wave filters
,
FBAR filter fundamentals, F
BAR filter for PCS
applications, RF MEMS filters
,
A Ka

b
and millimeter
wave Micro machined tunable
filter,
a
H
igh

Q 8 MHz MEM
r
esonators filter, RF MEMS Oscillators

fundamentals,
a
14GHz MEM Oscillator,
a
Ka

Band
m
icro machined cavity
oscillator,
a
2.4 GH
z MEMS based voltage controlled oscillator.
Text Book:
1.
Hector J. De
,
Los Santos, “RF MEMS Circuit Design for Wireless
Communications”, Artech House, 2002.
References:
1.
Vijay K. Varadan, K.J. Vinoy, K.A. Jose, “RF MEMS and their
Applications”, John Wiley an
d S
ons,
Ltd., 2002.
2.
Gabriel M. Rebeiz, “RF MEMS Theory, Design & Technology”, Wiley
Interscience, 2002.
13
CE
106

2 Pattern Recognition
(
2

1

0) 3
1
.
Basics
of
Pattern Recognition
Pattern recognition systems, d
esign of
p
attern recognition systems,
l
ear
ning and
adaptation
, b
ayesian decision theory

classifiers, discriminant functions, decision
surfaces, n
ormal density and discriminant functions,
d
iscrete features
.
2
.
Parameter Estimation M
ethods
Maximum

likelihood estimation, bayesian estimation, gaussi
an mixture models,
e
xpectation
,
maximization
.
3
.
Density
Estimation
Non

parametric techniques for density estimation

p
arzen

window method, k

n
earest
n
eighbour method
.
4
.
Linear Discriminant Functions
Linear discriminant functions and decision surfaces
,
Non

metric methods for pattern
classification

Non

numeric data or nominal data, Decision trees
.
5
.
Unsupervised Learning
and
Clustering
Crite
rion functions for clustering, a
lgorithms for clustering

K

means,
h
ierarchical
and other methods,
c
luster valida
tion
.
Text Book:
1.
R.O.Duda, P.E.Hart and D.G.Stork,
“
Pattern Classification
”
, John Wiley,
2001
References:
1.
C.M.Bishop,
“
Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning
”
, Springer, 2006
2.
Anil K Jain,
“Statistical Pattern Recognition

A Review”, IEEE
Trans
act
ions
on Pattern Analysis and Machine
Intelligence
, vol.22, No.1,
January 2009
14
CE
106

3
Information Theory and
Coding
(
2

1

0) 3
1.
Concepts of Information Theory
Entropy, relative entropy and mutual information, asymptotic equipartition property, entr
opy
rate of a stochastic process, data compression, channel capacity, differential entropy, gaussian
channel
.
2.
Error Detection Codes
Groups, rings, vector spaces, galois fields, polynomial rings, channel models, linear block codes,
cyclic codes,
BCH
codes,
reed solomon codes, berlekamp

massey and euclid decoding
algorithm, decoding beyond the minimum distance parameter, applications of reed
solomon
codes
.
3.
Convolutional Codes
Convolutional codes, decoding algorithms for convolutional codes, viterbi, stack and
fano
algorithms, application of convolutional codes.
4. Uses of Fourier Transform
Codes based on the Fourier Transform, Algorithms based on the Fourier Transform, Trellis
coded modulation, Combinatorial description of Block and Convolutional codes, Alg
orithms for
the construction of minimal and tail biting trellises
.
5. Decoding Algorithms
Soft decision decoding algorithms, Iterative decoding algorithms, Turbo

decoding, Two

way
algorithm, LDPC codes, Use of LDPC codes in digital video broadcasting, be
lief propagation
(BP) algorithms, Space Time codes.
Text B
ooks
:
1.
T. M Cover and Joy A Thomas,
“
Elements of Information Theory
”
, John Wiley 2006.
2.
Shu Lin and Danie
l J. Costello Jr.,
“
Error Control Coding

Fundamentals and
Applications
”
, Prentice Hall, 2003
References:
1.
R.E Blahut,
“
Principles and Practice of Information Theory
”
, Addison Wesley, 1987.
2.
S. B Wicker,
“
Error Control Systems for Digital Communication and Storage
”
,
Prentice
Hall International, 1995.
3.
Blahut R. E,
“
Theory and Practise of Error Contro
l Codes
”
, Addisson Wesley, 1983.
4.
V. S. Pless and W. C Huffman, A. Vardy,
“
T
rellis Structure of C
odes
”
, Chapter 24 of
Handbook of Coding Theory.
15
CE106

4
Computational Electromagnetic
s
(
2

1

0) 3
1.
Basics of Scientific
Computing
and
O
verview of Computational
E
lectromagnetics
Numerical error, convergence, interpolation, extrapolation, numerical integration,
numerical
differentiation, direct and iterative matrix equation solvers
.
CEM techniques, CEM modelling,
CEM
,
the future
.
2. Finit
e Difference Method
Overview of finite differences, one dimensional FDTD,
Obtaining wideband data using the
FDTD, Numerical dispersion in FDTD simulations
.
3
.
Finite Difference Time Domain Method in Two and Three Dimensions
2D FDTD algorithm,
PML absorbing
boundary condition,
3D FDTD algorithm,
Commercial implementations
.
4
.
Finite Element Method
V
ariational and g
alerkin weighted residual formulations

Laplace equation, Simplex
coordinates,
high
,
frequency variational functional,
Spurious modes,
vector (ed
ge)
elements, a
pplication to waveguide eigenvalue analysis, three

dimensional Whitney
element
.
5.
One

Dimensional Introduction to the Method of Moments
Electrostatic example, t
hin

wire electrodynamics and the m
ethods
o
f
moments
(
MoM)
,
more
on basis funct
ions, method of weighted residuals
.
Text
B
ook
:
1.
D. B. Davidson,
“
Computational Electromagnetics for RF and Microwave Engineering
”
,
Cambridge University Press, 2005.
References:
1.
J. Jin,
“
The Finite Element Method in Electromagnetics
”
, 2nd edition, Wiley,
2002.
2.
Taflove and S. Hagness,
“
Computational Electrodynamics

The Finite Difference
Method
”
, Artech House, Third Edition, 2005.
3.
F. Peterson, S. L. Ray, and R. Mittra,
“
Computational Methods for Electromagnetics
”
,
Wiley
,
IEEE Press, 1997.
16
CE 107
Seminar

I
(0

0

2) 1
Each student shall prepare a seminar paper on any topic
of interest related to the core/
elective
courses being undergone in the first semester of the M.Tech programme. He/she shall
select
paper from IEEE
Communication/Network/related magazi
nes.
They
should get
the paper
approved by the Programme Coordinator/Faculty Members in the concerned area of
specialization and shall present it in the class in the presence of Faculty in

charge of seminar
class. Every student shall participate in the se
minar. Grade will be awarded on the basis of the
student’s paper, presentation and his/her participation in the seminar.
Goals
: This course is designed to improve written and oral presentation skills and to develop
confidence in making public presentati
ons, to provide feedback on the quality and
appropriateness of the work experience, and to promote discussions on design problems or new
developments
.
CE 108
Communication Engineering Lab (0

0

3)
2
1)
Measurement
of
High frequency circuit parameters
using spectrum analyzer
.
2)
Experiments using communication toolbox in MATLAB.
3)
Antenna pattern measurements.
4)
Experiments of
fibre optic communication systems.
5)
Microwave experiments
.
17
SEMESTER II
CE 201
Advanced Digital Signal Processing (4

0

0) 4
1. Time
,
Frequency Signal Analysis
DFT and chirp z

transform, 2

D continuous space signals and systems, Superposition Integral
,
convolution and resolution, 2

D Fourier series, 2

D Discrete Fourier series (2D

DFS), definition
and relationship to con
tinuous Fourier series, 2

D Discrete Space Fourier Transform (2D

DSFT)
and 2D Discrete Fourier Transform, 2

D Sampling and Nyquist criteria, 2D z

transform
,
properties, 2

D Filter Design Concepts, Wavelet Analysis, Continuous and Discrete wavelets,
Bio

ort
hogonal wavelets, Lifting Scheme of wavelets.
2. Adaptive Signal Processing
Adaptive systems
,
Definition and characteristics, General properties, open and closed loop
adaptation. The performance function and performance surface, gradient and minimum MSE
.
S
imple gradient search algorithms

Newton’s method, method of steepest descent, adaptive
algorithms

The LMS algorithm, Basic Wiener filter theory.
RLS Adaptive Filters

Exponentially weighted and sliding window RLS, Adaptive recursive filters, Adaptive
mo
deling
in FIR Digital filter synthesis.
3. Multirate Digital Signal Processing
Concepts
,
Sampling rate reduction, sampling rate increase, conversion by non

integer factors,
multi

stage approach to sampling rate conversions, decimators and interpolators, d
esign of
sampling rate convertors
,
filter specification, sampling rate conversion using polyphase filter
structure, Implementation of digital filter bank.
4. Digital Signal Processors
Introduction to Programmable DSPs

Harvard architecture,
Multiplier and
Multiplier
Accumulator(MAC),
modified bus structure and
Memory access scheme in P

DSP, Addressing
modes, multiple access memory,
Very large instruction word (
VLIW
)
architecture, pipelining.
Architecture of TMS320C5X, TMS320C54X and TMS320C6X DSP.
5. Applic
ations of DSP
Adaptive multipath compensation and adaptive jammer suppression, Radar signal processing,
adaptive filter as a noise canceller. Multirate narrow band digital filtering, high resolution
narrow band spectral analysis, equalization of digital au
dio signals, High quality analog to
digital conversion of digital audio.
Text Book
s:
1.
John G Proakis, Dimitris G Manolakis
“
Digital Signal Processing, Principles, algorithm
and applications
”
Prentice Hall, 2005
2.
Emmanuel C Ifeachor, Barrie W Jervis
“
Digit
al Signal Processing
,
A Practical approach
”
Pearson Education 2004
References
:
1.
Bernard Widow, Samuel D Stearns
, “
Adaptive Signal Processing
”
,
Pearson Education,
2002
2.
B Venkataramani, M Bhaskar
, “
Digital Signal Processors
”,
Tata McGraw Hill
,
2006
18
CE
20
2
Wireless Communications and
Networks (
4

0

0)
4
1.
Radio Propagation Characteristics
Radio Propagation Characteristics

Models for path loss, shadowing and multipath fading (delay
spread, coherence bandwidth, coherence time, Dopple
r spread), Jakes channel m
odel
.
2.
Digital
M
odulation
Digital modulation for mobile radio, analysis under fading channels

diversity techniques and
RAKE demodulator, channel coding techniques, multiple access techniques used in
wireless
mobile communications
.
3.
Space T
ime
P
ropagation
S
pace time propagation, wireless channel, channel as a space time random field, space time
channel and signal models, capacity of space time channels, spatial diversity, space time
receivers, space time coding with channel knowledge, space time OFDM.
4.
Wirel
ess
N
etworks
Wireless networks
,
WLAN, b
luetooth
,
cellular concept

f
requency reuse
,
basic theory of
hexagonal cell layout
,
Spectrum efficiency, FDM / TDM cellular systems

Channel allocation
schemes,
h
andover analysis,
e
rlan
g
capacity comparison of FDM / T
DM systems and cellular
CDMA.
5.
Cellular S
tandards
Discussion of GSM and CDMA cellular standards, Signal
l
ing and call control
,
Mobility
management, location tracking, w
ireless data networking, packet error model
l
ing on fading
channels, performance analysis
of link and transport layer protocols over wireless channels

mobile data networking (Mobile IP)
,
wireless data in GSM, IS
,
95 and GPRS
,
space time
w
ireless Communications
.
Text Book:
1.
T.S.Rappaport, “Wireless Communications

Principles and Practice”, Pren
tice
Hall, 2002.
2.
A.
Kumar
&
D.Manjunath and J.Kuri, “Communication Networking, an
Analytical Approach”, Elsever, 2004
References:
1.
J.
G. Proakis,
“
Digital Communication
”
, McGraw Hill, 2000
2.
G.L. Stuber,
“
Principles of Mobile Communications
”
, Kluwer Academic
,
1996.
3.
Paulraj, R. Nabar & D. Gore,
“
Introduction to Space Time Wireless Communications
”
,
Cambridge
University Press, 2003
19
CE 203
Photonics and
Light W
ave Communication (4

0

0) 4
1
.
Introduction to
O
ptoelctronics
Nature of light
,
guided optical communic
ation
,
transmission parameters
,
transmission windows
,
optical properties of semiconductor
,
PN junction
,
carrier recombination and diffusion
hetrojuntion
,
double hetrojunction, fabrication of hetrojunction, q
uantum wells and super
lattices,
opto electronic
devices
,
LED

types
,
power
,
efficiency
,
structure
,
characteristics, L
aser
D
iodes

types
,
power
,
efficiency
,
structure
,
characteristics
.
2
.
Modulating
D
evices
Modulation of light,
birefringence, electro optic effect
,
EO materials
,
Kerr modulators,
scanni
ng and switching, self electro optic devices
,
MO devices, AO devices
,
AO modulators
.
3
T
ransmission Devices
Optical modulators, modulation methods and modulators,
switches,
transmitters,
optical
transmitter circuits
,
LED and LASER drive circuits,
repeater
s,
integrated optics, photo receptor
op
t
ics,
opto
mechanical swit
c
hes,
photonic switches
,
solitons
,
fiber amplifiers
.
4
.
O
ptical
D
etectors
Optical detectors

photo diodes
,
types
,
power
,
efficiency
,
structure
,
characteristics
,
optical
receiver operation, rece
iver performance, thermal noise, dark current noise, quantum noise,
receiver noise, noise in APD receiver, receiver configurations, low impedance front end
,
high
input impedance integrating amplifiers
.
5
.
Optical
C
ommunication
S
ystems
Optical fiber commun
ication systems, system design considerations, multiplexing, sub carrier
multiplexing
,
WDM, digital systems, regenerative repeaters, temporal response, optical power
budgeting
,
line coding, NRZ and RZ codes, block codes, coherent systems
,
homodyne and
hete
rodyne detection.
Text
B
ook:
1.
J
.
M
.
Senior
, “Optical fiber communications: Principles and P
ractice
”
,
2
nd
edition,
Prentice Hall, 1992
2.
G
.
Keiser
, “
Optical Fiber Communications
”
,
4
th
edition,
McGraw

Hill Professional,
2008
References
:
1.
J
oseph C
Palais
,
“
Fibe
r
Optic Communications”
,
4
th
edition,
Prentice Hall, 1998
2.
J
.
Gowar
,
“
Optical Communication Systems
”
,
2
nd
edition,
Prentice Hall, 1993
20
CE 204 Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits
(4

0

0) 4
1. Microstrip
Lines
Introduction, types of MICs and their technolo
gy,
p
ropagating models,
a
nalysis of MIC by
conformal transformation,
n
umerical analysis,
hybrid mode analysis, losses in microstrip,
i
ntroduction to slot line and coplanar wave guide
.
2. Coupled Microstrip,
Directional Couplers and Lumped Elements for MICs
Introduction to coupled
microstrip, even and odd mode analysis, d
irectional c
ouplers, branch
line couplers, design and fabrication of lumped elements for MICs, c
omparison with distributed
circuits
.
3. Non

Reciprocal Components and Active Devices
for
MICs
Ferroma
gnetic substrates and inserts, microstrip circulators, phase shifters, microwave
transistors, p
arametric diodes and
a
mplifiers, PIN diodes,
t
ransferred ele
ctron devices, IMPATT,
BARITT, avalanche diodes, m
icrowave transistors circuits
.
4. Microstr
ip Circuit Design and Applications
Introduction, i
mpedance transformers,
f
ilters,
high power circuits, l
ow power circuits, MICs in
satellite and Radar
.
5. MMIC Technology
Fabrication process of MMIC, hybrid MICs, configuration, d
ielectric substances, thi
ck and thin
film
technology, t
esting methods,
encapsulation and mounting of d
evices.
Text Book
s
:
1.
Hoffman R.K, “
Handbook of Microwave
Integrated C
ircuits
”
,
Artech
House,Boston,1987.
2.
Gupta
.K.C and Amarji
t Singh, “Microwave Integrated C
ircuits"
John Wiley,
New York,
1975.
References:
1.
Terence Charles Edwards, “Foundations For Microstrip Circuit Design”,
Wiley, 1981
2.
Jia

Sheng Hong, M. J. Lancaster
, “
Microstrip filters for RF/microwave
applications
”,
John Wiley and Sons, 2001
21
ELECTIVE
III
CE
205

1
Radar Si
gnal Processing (
2

1

0) 3
1.
Introduction
Introduction

basic radar equation, range delay, velocity delay, Doppler effect, accuracy,
resolution and ambiguity, Tradeoffs and penalties in waveform design, significance of matched
filter in radar signal analysis

complex representation of band

pass signal, matched filter
res
ponse to Doppler shifted signal.
2.
Basic Radar Signals
Basic radar signals

constant frequency pulse, lin
ear frequency modulated pulse, c
ostas
frequency modulated pulse, n
onlinear frequency modu
lation, p
hase coded pulse

b
arker code,
chirp

like phase code, asymptotically perfect codes, Huffman code, bandwidth considerations in
phase

coded signals
,
m
ulti carrier phase coded signal in radar signals
.
3.
Pulse Repetition Interval
Diverse pulse repetiti
on interval (PRI) pulse trains

introduction to moving target indication
(MTI) radar, blind speed, MTI radar performance analysis, optimal MTI weights, diversifying
the PRI
.
4.
Synthetic Aperture Radar
Synthetic aperture radar (SAR
)

SAR principle, k

space
understanding of SAR, different
compensation techniques, sparse SAR, nonlinear SAR,
apodization
.
5.
Detection and Recognition
Detection and recognition using radar

detection and recognition using 1

D range profile,
detection an
d recognition using SAR image,
s
pace time adaptive processing (STAP)

und
erstanding STAP, uses of STAP,
c
ivilian uses of radar

space based SAR, segmentation of
SAR images from satellite
.
Text Book
s
:
1.
N. Levanon, and E. Mozeson,
“
Radar Signals
”
, Wiley
,
Interscience, 2004.
2.
P. Z. Peebles,
“
Radar Principles
”
, John Wiley, 2004.
References:
1.
M. I. Skolnik,
“
Radar Handbook
”
, McGraw Hill, New York, 1990.
2.
D. K. Barton,
“
Radar System Analysis and
Modelling
”
, Artech House, 2005.
3.
F. E. Nathanson,
“
Radar Design Principles
”
, Prentice Hall India, 1999
.
22
CE205

2
Speech
and
Audio
P
rocessing
(
2

1

0) 3
1. Speech Production and Acoustic P
honetics
Human speech production mechanism, acousti
c theory of speech production, nature of speech
signal,
articulatory phonetics, acoustic phonetics, coarticulation, pros
ody
.
2. Speech Analysis and S
ynthesis
Time and frequency domain analysis of speech
, speech parameter estimation, l
inear prediction
analysis, cepstral analysis,
vector quantization(
VQ
)
methods, principles of speech synthesis
.
3. Speech Recognition
Speech
r
ecognition, b
aye’s rule, segmental feature extraction
,
mel frequency cepstral
coefficient
(
MFCC), dynamic time
–
wrapping(DTW), hidden markov model(HMM) a
pproaches
for speech, speaker and language recognition
.
4. Speech Coding and E
nhancement
Speech
coding
,
quality
measures, speech redundancies, t
ime

domain waveform coding, Linear
predictive coding, speech enhancement techniques
.
5. Audio Processing
Audio processing
,
characteristics of audio signals, sampling, audio compression techniques,
standards for au
dio compression in multimedia applications, MPEG audio encoding and
decoding, audio databases and applications.
Text Book:
1.
Douglas O’Shaugnessy,
“
Speech Communication
,
Human and Machine
”
, IEEE Press,
2000
References:
1.
L. Rabiner and B. H. Juang,
“Fundamentals of S
peech
R
ecognition
”
, Prentice Hall,
1993
2.
T.F Quatieri
,
“
Discrete

Time S
peech
S
ignal p
P
ocessing

Principles and Practic
e
”,
Pearson,2002
3.
Zi Nian Li,
“
Fundamentals of Multimedia
”
, Pearson Education, 2003
23
CE205

3 Wireless Sensor
N
etworks
(
2

1

0) 3
1.
Introduction to Wireless Sensor S
ystem
Basic terminology, unique constraints and challenges, advantages, applica
tions, collaborative
processing, t
racking scenario, problem formulation, distributed representation and inference of
stat
es, tracking multiple objects, sensor models, performance comparison and metrics.
2. Networking Sensors
M
edium access control,
sensor medium access control(
SMAC
)
protocol, IEEE 802.15.4
standards and ZigBee
, g
eographic,
energy
,
aware routing, attributed ba
sed routing
.
3.
Infrastructure
Establishment
Topology control,
c
lustering, time
,
synchronization, localization and localization services,
s
ensor tracking and control

t
ask
d
riven sensing, role of sensor nodes an
d utilities, information
based sensor taskin
g, j
oint routing and information aggregation
.
4.
Sensor
Network Databases
C
hallenges, querying the physical environments, query interfaces,
high level database
organization, in

network aggregation
, data centric storage, data indices and range queries,
dist
ributed
h
ierarchical
aggregation, t
emporal data
.
5.
Sensor
Network Platforms a
nd Tools
Sensor node
hardware
, programming challenges, n
ode level software platforms
, node level
simulators, programming beyond individual nodes
.
Text
Book:
1.
Feng Zhaoand Leonida
s J Guibas
,
“Wireless Sensor Networks”
Morgan Kaufmann
Pub
lishers and imprint of Elsevier, 2004
Reference
s
:
1.
C. S. Raghavendra, Krishna M. Sivalingam, Taieb F. Znati,
“Wireless Sensor
N
etworks
”
, 2
nd
edition, Springer, 2004
.
2.
Holger Karl, Andreas Willig,
Pro
tocols and A
rchitectures for
Wireless S
ensor
N
etworks,
J
ohn Wiley and Sons, 2005
24
CE
205

4 Optical Signal Processing
(
2

1

0) 3
1
. Analysis of Two Dimensional Signals and S
ystems.
Review of one

dimensional
f
ourier
analysis,
a
nalysis of two

dimensi
onal signals and systems
,
f
ouri
er analysis in two dimensions, l
ocalization,
l
inear systems and
f
ourier analysis,
t
wo

dimensional sampling theory
.
2. Foundations
of Scalar Diffraction Theory
Kirchoff and rayleigh

so
mmerfield formulations
,
comparison of kir
choff and rayleigh

sommerfield theories, huygens

fresnel principle, non

monochromatic waves
,
diffraction at
boundaries, angular spectrum of plane waves
fresnel and fraunhofer diffraction
fresnel
approximation,
fraunhofer approximation, examples of fraunhof
er diffraction patterns, examples
of fresnel diffraction calculations
.
3. Wave
O
ptics Analysis of Coherent Optical Systems
Thin
lens as phase transformation, f
ourier tran
sforming properties of lenses, i
mage formation

monochromatic illumination, a
nalysis o
f complex coherent optical systems
.
4. Transfer
Functions and Frequency Analysis of Optical Imaging Systems
Generalized
treatment of imaging systems, a
mplitude
transfer function, f
requency response for
co
herent and incoherent imaging, a
berrations and thei
r
effect on frequency response,
c
omparison of co
herent and incoherent imaging, r
esolution beyond classical diffraction limit
.
5. Wavefront
M
odulation
Photograph
ic film, l
iquid
crystals and other modulators, d
iffractive optical elements
,
analog
optical inf
ormation processing, i
ncohe
rent image processing systems, c
oherent optical image
processing systems
.
Holography

w
av
efront reconstruction problem, g
abor and
l
eith
,
u
patnieks
holograms,
i
mag
e locations and magnification, different types of holograms

t
hick
holograms,
r
ecording materials,
c
omputer

generated holograms,
d
egradation of holographic images,
h
olography with spatially incoherent light,
a
pplications
.
Text
B
ook:
1.
Joseph W. Goodman
,
“
Introduction to Fourier Optics
”
,
3
rd
edition,
Mc Graw Hill
Refer
ence
s:
1.
D. Casasent
,
“
Optical Data P
rocessing
,
Applications
”
, Springer
,
Verlag, Berlin, 1978
2.
H.J. Caulfield
,
“
Handbook of holography
”
,
Academic Press New York 1979
3.
P.M. Dufffieux
,
“
The Fourier Transform and its applications to Optics
”
, John Wiley and
sons
1983
4.
J. Horner
,
“
Optical Signal Processing
”
,
Academic Press 1988
25
ELECTIVE IV
CE
206

1 Image
and Video P
rocessing
(
2

1

0) 3
1.
Digital
I
mage
F
undamentals
Digital image fundamentals
,
image acquisition, representation, visual perception, quality
measures, s
ampling and quantization, basic relationship between pixels, i
maging geometry,
color spaces, v
ideo spaces, analog and digital video interfaces, video standards.
2.
Two
D
imensional
S
ystems
Two dimensional systems
,
properties, analysis in spatial, frequency an
d transform domains
,
i
mage transforms
,
DFT, DCT, Sine, Hadamard, Haar, Slant, KL transform, Wavelet transform.
3.
Image
E
nhancement
Image enhancement
,
point processing, spatial filtering, Image restoration
,
inverse filtering,
deblurring
,
i
mage segmentation
,
feature extraction, region oriented segmenta
tion, descriptors,
morphology, i
mage recognition
.
4.
Video P
rocessing
Video processing
,
display enhancement, video mixing, video
scaling, scan rate conversion,
i
mage compression
,
lossless and lossy compression techn
iques, standards for image
compression
,
JPEG, JPEG
2000.
5.
Video C
ompression
Video compression
,
motion estimation, intra
frame
and interframe prediction, perceptual c
oding,
standards
,
MPEG, H.264
,
o
verview of w
avelet based compression and DVI technology,
m
o
tion
video compression,
PLV performance,
DVI real time compression
.
Text Book:
1.
R.C.
Gonzalez and R E Woods, “Digital Image Processing”,
3
rd
edition,
Pearson Education, 200
8.
References:
1.
A K Jain,
“
Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing
”
, Pearson Educ
ation,
1989
2.
W Pratt,
“
Digital Image Processing
”
, Wiley, 2001
3.
Al Bovik,
“
Handbook of Image and Video
”
, Academic Press, 2000
4.
Keith Jack,
“
Video Demystified
”
, LLH, 2001
26
CE
206

2 Optical Networks
(
2

1

0) 3
1
.
Light
Wave Basics
Introduction to light
prop
agation
in optical fiber
,
two approaches
,
dispersion
,
loss
,
bandwidth
,
non linear effects in
optical fiber

scattering,
self phase modulation
,
cross phase modulation
,
four
wave mixing,
i
ntroduction to optical networks
,
transmission
basics
,
optical layer
,
ne
twork
evolution
.
2
.
Optical
Network
Components
Transmitters and detectors
,
laser diode
,
photo detectors
,
optical amplifiers
,
erbium

doped fiber
amplifier
(
EDFA
)
,
Raman amplifiers
,
semiconductor
optical
amplifier
(
SOA
)
,
multiplexer and
filters.
TD
M
,
WDM,
opt
ical time division multiplexing(
OTDM
)
,
Fab
ry

perot filter,
thin
film
filter
,
a
cousto
optic tunable filter,
optical switches,
wavelength converters,
cross connects
,
couplers,
circulators
and isolators.
3
.
Transmission
System Engineering
Optical
modulation,
demodulation techniques,
optical amplifier analysis
,
cross talk
,
role of
chromatic dispersion management
,
overall
design considerations
,
design of
soliton based
systems
,
WDM network elements and its design
.
4
.
Optical Networks
Optical packet switching,
c
lient layers of the optical layer
,
Synchronous Optical Network
/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy(
SONET/SDH
)
,
ATM
,
functions,
quality,
control,
l
ayers
,
structure and elements.
internet protocol

m
ultiprotocol label switching
(
IP

MPLS
)
,
Storage area
networks
,
e
n
terprise
systems c
onnection
(
ESCON
)
,
fiber channel,
high
performance p
arallel
i
nterface
(
HIPPI
)
,
optical transport network(
OTN
)
,
automatically switched optical
network(
ASON
)
models
.
5
.
Network
Control,
Management Survivability
and
Access
Network
management f
unctions
,
performance and fault management
,
configuration
management
,
optical fiber control protocol
,
optical layer protection scheme
,
enhanced
hybrid
fibre coaxial(
HFC
)
,
fiber
to
the
curb
(
FTTC
)
,
protection in SONET/SDH
,
protection in IP
networks
.
Text B
ook:
1.
Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N Sivarajan
“
Optcal networks
”
,
2
nd
edition
,
Morgan Kaufmann Publishers an imprint of Elsevier.
2004
Reference:
1.
Lu Ruan, Dingzhu Du
, “Optical Networks: R
ecent
A
dvances
”,
Springer,
2001.
2.
Hussein T. Mouftah, Pin

Han Ho, “
Optical
networks: architecture and
survivability”
,
Springer, 2002
27
CE206

3 Communication Network
Security
(
2

1

0) 3
1. Elementary Number Theory
Elementary number theory, finite series, arith
metic and algebraic algorithms
.
2. Conventional Encryption
Conventiona
l encryption model, steganography, data encryption standard, block cipher,
encryption algorithms, confidentiality, key distribution, secrete key and public key
cryptography
.
3. Public Key Encryption
Principle
s of public key cryptosystems, pseudo random bit
generators, block and stream ciphers,
RSA algorithm, d
iffie

hellman key e
xchange.
4. Hashing
Hash functions and message digests, public key encryption, authentication, digital signatures,
zero knowledge interactive protocols, elliptic curve cryptosystem
s, formal verification, crypt
analysis, hard problems.
5. Security
IP Security

overview, IP security a
rchitecture, authentication
, h
eader
,
s
ecurity p
ayload, security
associations, k
ey
m
anagement
,
w
eb security requirement, secure sockets layer, transport l
ayer
security, secure electronic transaction, dual signature
, intruders, viruses, w
orms, firewall design,
t
rusted systems,
antivirus techniques, digital i
mmune systems
.
Text Book:
1.
William Stallings, “Cry
ptography and Network Security”
,
4
th
e
dition,
Prent
ice
Hall of India,
New Delhi,
2005
References:
1.
Koblitz N,
“
A Course on Number Theory and Cryptography
”
, Springer Verlag, 1986.
2.
Menezes A. et. all,
“
Handbook of Applied Cryptography
”
, CRC Press, 1996
28
CE
206

4 Estimation and Detection
Theory
(
2

1

0) 3
1.
Hypothesis T
esting
C
riteria in Hypothesis Testing, neyman p
earson criterion,
bayes criterion and minimum
p
robability of
e
rror criterion
,
likelihood ratio test, a
pplication examples

signal constellations
and the matched filter, binary symmetric chann
el.
2.
Detection
Detection
with unknown signal parameters
(UMP tests, GLRT, Bayes factor),
MAP
rule,
multiple decision problem,
d
etection of deterministic and random signals in noise.
3. Parameter
Estimation
Unbiased esti
mates

m
inimum variance unbiase
d esti
mates
(MVUE), methods of finding
MVUE, c
ramer

rao bound
s
ufficient sta
tistics, r
ao

b
lackwell theorem,
best linear unbiased
estimators (
BLUE
)
.
4.
Method
of
Moments
Method of mom
ents
,
Maximum likelihood estimators, Bayes estimators (MAP, MMSE).
5.
Line
ar Estimators
MA, AR, ARMA processes and their properties, MMSE linear estimate. Weiner Filter. Kalman
Filter. Lattice filter structure, Levinson Durbin and innovation algorithms.
Text Book
:
1.
H. L. Van Trees
,
“
Detection, Estimation, and Modulation Theory
”
, V
ol. I, John Wiley &
Sons
, 1968
Reference
s
:
1.
Steven Kay, “
Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing
”
Vol I: Estimation Theory.
Prentice Hall.
2.
Steven Kay, “Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing” Vol II: Detection Theory.
Prentice Hall,
1993
CE
206

5 Current Topics
(
2

1

0) 3
The syllabus shall contain current area of research in communication (from
latest
books/
published papers). The syllabus shall be approved by the Academic
committee of the
university
before the semester starts.
29
CE
20
7
Seminars

II
(0

0

2)
1
Each student shall prepare a seminar paper on any topic
of interest related to the
core
/ elective courses being undergone in the second semester of the M.Tech
programme.
He/she shall
select paper from IEEE/
other reputed
inter
national journal
s
. They
should get
the paper approved by the Programme Coordinator/Faculty Members in the
concerned area of specialization and shall present it in the class in the presence of
Faculty in

charge of seminar class. Every student shall partici
pate in the seminar.
Grade will be awarded on the basis of the student’s paper, presentation and his/her
participation in the seminar.
Goals
: This course is designed to improve written and oral presentation skills and to
develop confidence in making publ
ic presentations, to provide feedback on the
quality and appropriateness of the work experience, and to promote discussions on
design problems or new developments
.
CE 2
08
DSP
Lab (0

0

3)
2
E
xperiments
in
DSP
,
Image and S
peech processing using
MATLAB
/
similar
softwares
such
as
1.
Two

dimensional Fourier transform
2.
Linear filtering using convolution
3.
Adaptive
Filter
.
4.
Filter bank design.
5.
Highly selective filters.
6.
Geometric transformations
.
7.
Morphological operations
.
8.
Histogram equalization.
E
xperiments
usin
g
Code composer studio
1.
Convolution
.
2.
Filter design
.
30
SEMESTER III
CE 301
Industrial Training
(0

0

20) 10
The student shall undergo an industrial training of 1
2 weeks duration in an industry
/
company approved by the institution and under the guidance of
a staff member in the
concerned field. At the end of the training he / she has to submit a report on the
work being carried out.
CE 302
Thesis (Phase

I)
(0

0

10)
The thesis (Phase

I) shall consist of research work done by the candidate or a
comprehensi
ve and critical review of any recent development in the subject or a
detailed report of project work consisting of experimentation
/
numerical work, design
and or development work that the candidate has executed.
In Phase

I of the thesis, it is expected tha
t the student should decide a topic of thesis,
which is useful in the field or practical life. It is expected that students should refer
national and international journals, proceedings of national and international
seminars. Emphasis should be given to
the introduction to the topic, literature
survey
, and scope of the proposed work a
long with some preliminary
work/
experimentation carried out on the thesis topic.
Student should submit Phase

I
thesis report in two copies covering the content discussed abov
e and highlighting the
features of work to be carried out in
Phase

I
I
of the thesis. Student should follow
standard practice of thesis writing.
The candidate will deliver a talk on the topic and
the assessment will be made on the basis of the term work an
d talks there on by a
panel of internal examiners one of which will be the internal guide. These
examiners should give suggestions in writing to the student to be incorporated in
thesis work Phase

II.
SEMESTER IV
CE 401
Master
’
s Thesis
(0

0

30) 20
In
the fourth semester, the student has
to continue the thesis work,
after
successfully
finishing the
work,
he/she has to submit a detailed
thesis. The work carried out
should lead to publication in a National/International Conference.
They should have
submit
ted the paper before M.Tech evaluation and specific weightage to be given to
accepted papers in reputed conferences.
CE 402
Master
’
s Comprehensive Viva
A comprehensive viva

voce examination will be conducted at the end of the fourth
semester by an int
ernal examiner and external examiners appointed by the university
to assess the candidate’s overall knowledge in the respective fi
eld of specialization.
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