M. TECH DEGREE COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING Course Structure and Scheme of Evaluation (Semester-wise, along with Curriculum Details)

tribecagamosisAI and Robotics

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

72 views

M. TECH DEGREE

COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

Course Structure and Scheme of Evaluation

(Semester
-
wise, along with
C
urriculum
D
etails)


SEMESTER
-

I


Sl
.
No

Course
No.

Subjects

Hrs/Week

Evaluation Scheme (Marks)

Credits
(C)

L

T

P

Sessional

ESE

Total

TA

CT

Sub
T
otal

1

CE101

Applied
Mathematic
s

for
Communication Engineering

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

2

CE 102

Advanced Digital
Communication

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

1.


3

CE 103

High Frequency
C
ircuit
s

D
esign

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

4

CE104

High Perfor
mance Communication

Network

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

5

CE 105

Elective I

2

1

0

25

25

50

100

150

3

6

CE 106

Elective II

2

1

0

25

25

50

100

150

3

7

CE 107

Seminar I

0

0

2

25

25

50

0

50

1

8

CE 108

Communication Engineering Lab

0

0

3

25

25

50

100

150

2

Total

20

2

5

200

200

400

700

1100

2
5


Elective I (CE 105)

Elective II (CE 106)

CE105
-
1

Soft Computing

CE106
-
1

RF
MEMS

for Wireless
Communications

CE105
-
2

Antenna Theory and Design

CE106
-
2

Pattern Recognition

CE105
-
3

Global Tracking
and

Positioning
Systems

CE106
-
3

Information Theory
and

Coding

CE105
-
4

Satellite Communication

CE106
-
4

Computational Electromagnetic
s


L
-

Lecture,
T
-

Tutorial,
P
-

Practical,
C
-

Credits

TA
-

Teacher’s Assessment (Assignments, attendance, group discussion, tutorials, semin
ar)

CT
-

Class Test

(Minimum of two to be conducted by the Institute)

ESE
-

End Semester Examination (To be conducted by the Institute through concerned affiliating
university.)




2

SEMESTER
-

II



Sl.No

Course
No.

Subjects

Hrs/Week

Evaluation Scheme (Marks)

C
redits
(C)

L

T

P

Sessional

ESE

Total

TA

CT

Sub
Total

1

CE 201

Advanced Digital Signal
Processing

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

2

CE 202

Wireless Communications
and Networks

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

3

CE 203

Photonics and Light Wave
Communica
tion

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

4

CE 204

Radio Frequency Integrated
Circuits

4

0

0

25

25

50

100

150

4

5

CE 205

Elective III

2

1

0

25

25

50

100

150

3

6

CE 206

Elective IV

2

1

0

25

25

50

100

150

3

7

CE 207

Seminar II

0

0

2

25

25

50

0

50

1

8

CE 208

DSP La
b

0

0

3

25

25

50

100

150

2

Total

20

2

5

200

200

400

700

1100

25




Elective III (CE 205)

Elective IV (CE 206)

CE205
-
1

Radar Signal Processing

CE206
-
1

Image and

Video
P
rocessing

CE205
-
2

Speech
and Audio P
rocessing

CE206
-
2

Optical Networks

CE205
-
3

Wire
less Sensor N
etworks

CE206
-
3

Communication Network Security

CE205
-
4

Optical Signal Processing

CE206
-
4

Estimation and
D
etection



CE206
-
5

Current
T
opics


Electives:

New Electives may be added by the department according to the needs of emerging fields of

technology. The name of the elective and its syllabus should be submitted to the University before the
course is offered.











3

SEMESTER
-

III


Sl.No

Course
No.

Subjects

Hrs/Week

Evaluation Scheme (Marks)

Credits
(C)

L

T

P

Sessional

ESE
(Oral**)

2.


Total

TA

CT

Sub
Total

1

CE 301

Industrial Training

0

0

20

50

0

50

100

150

10

2

CE 302

Master’s Thesis Phase
-
I



10







Total

0

0

30

50

0

50

100

150

10




SEMESTER
-

IV


SlNo

Course
No.

Subjects

Hrs/Week

Evaluation Scheme (Marks)

Credits
(C
)

L

T

P

Sessional

ESE
(
O
ral) &
Viva
¥

Total

TA
§

CT

Sub
T
otal

1

CE 401

Master

s

Thesis

0

0

30

150

0

150

150

300

20

2

CE 402

Master

s
Comprehensive

Viva







100

100


Total

0

0

30

150

0

150

250

400

20

Grand Total of all Four Semesters

27
5
0

80


*

TA
-

based on technical report submitted together with presentation at the end of the industrial

training.

**

Industrial training evaluation will be conducted at the end of the third semester by a panel of
examiners
,

with at least one external ex
aminer, constituted by the university.

§

50% of the marks to be awarded by the project guide and the remaining 50% to be awarded by a
panel of examiners, including project guide, constituted by the department.

¥

Thesis evaluation and viva
-
voce will be cond
ucted at end of the fourth semester by a panel of
examiners with at least one external examiner, constituted by the university.



4

SEMESTER I


CE 101

Applied Mathematics for Communication Engineering

(
4
-
0
-
0) 4


1. Random Processes
-
I:
-


Review of random v
ariable
s(RV)
,

distributions and proper
ties


characteristic functions


functions of RVs, joint pdf


jointly Gaussian RVs and their properties.

Random processes(RP)


stationary, WSS and ergodic RP


properties


RP and linear systems


Power spectrum


Weiner
-
Khinchin theorem


Gaussian RP.

2. Random Processes
-
II:

-


Discrete/continuous state and discrete/continuous parameter RP
-

independent RP


renewal
process

poisson and exponential processes


markov process


birth
-
death process.

Discrete
and c
ontinuous parameter markov chains


transition probabilities, limiting distributions


theory of M/M/1 and M/M/m queues


Little’s theorem.

3.Vector Space:

-


Vector spaces. Subspaces, Linear independence, Span, basis, dimension, finite dimensional
vector

spaces, direct sum. Examples of finite dimensional vector spaces


R
N
, C
N
, vector space
of matrices.
Matrix as a set of vectors

:
-

Row space, Column Space. Dimensionality of Row and
Column space (rank of the matrix). Non
-
singular, Hermitian and Unitary
matrices.

4.Linear Transformation

:
-


Linear Transformation, range and null space, rank nullity theorem, Matrix representation of
linear transform. Change of basis, Fourier Transform, Discrete Fourier Transform

5. Inner Product
S
paces
:
-


Inner Product sp
aces, norm, orthogonality, Hilbert spaces, orthogonal complements, projection
theorem, orthogonal projections, orthonormal basis.

Text Books:

1.
H. Stark, J.W Woods, Probability and Random Processes, Pearson Education, 2002

2.
K. S. Trivedi, Probability &
Statistics with Reliability, Queuing and Computer Science
Applications, (Second Edition), John Wiley

3.
K. Huffman, R. Kunze, Linear Algebra, Prentice Hall of India, 1998

4.
Michael W. Frazier,An introduction to wavelets through linear Algebra, Springer,20
04

References:

1.
R D Yates, D J Goodman, Probability and Stochastic Processes, John Wiley and Sons, 2005

2.
Richard A. Johnson, Miller and Freund's Probability and Statistics for Engineers, 7th Edition,
PHI, 2004


5


CE

10
2



Advanced Digital
Communication

(
4
-
0
-
0) 4


1
.

Optimum

Receivers for the AWGN C
hannel


P
erformance of the receiver for
memory less m
odulation
,
receiver for CPM signal
,

r
eceiver for
signals with random phase in AWGN channel.

2
.

Communication

through Band L
imited
C
hannels

O
ptimum receiver w
ith ISI & AWGN,
Linear equalization
, d
ecision
feedback

equalization
,

maximum likelihood (
ML
)
detecto
rs, turbo equalization, a
daptive equalization
,
equalizer
,
decision feedback equalizer
, r
ecursive least squares algorithms
,

b
lind equalization.

3
.

Multichan
nel

and

Multi
carrier Systems in Digital C
ommunication

Spread spectrum digital communication sy
stems,

direct sequence & f
requency hopped spread
spectrum signals
,

synchronization.


4
.

Digital Communications through Fading Multipath C
hannels

C
haracterization,

channel models
,

diversity technique
s for fading multipath channels, digital
signaling,

coded waveforms for fading channels
,

m
ultiple antenna systems.


5
.

Multi

User C
ommunications

Multiple access techniques
,

code division multiple access
,

r
andom access m
ethods.



Text Book
:

1.

J. Proakis
,


Digital Communications

, McGraw Hill,
4
th

edition
,2007



References:


1.

J. Viterbi and J. K. Omura,

Principles of Digital Communications and Coding

,
McGraw Hill, 1979

2.

Marvin K. Simon, Jim K
.

Omura, Robert A. Scholtz, Barr
y K.

Levit,

Spread Spectrum
Communications

,
Computer Science Press, 1988
.

3.

Andrew J Viterbi,

CDMA Principles of Spread Spectrum Communications

, Addison
Wesley, 1995.

4.

Simon Haykin,


Digital
C
ommunications

,

John Wiley and sons,1998








6

CE 103

High Fre
quency
C
ircuits
D
esign

(4
-
0
-
0) 4


1. Review of Basic Transmission Line Theory

Review of
b
asic
transmission line theory, transmission l
ines

a
nalysis
,

t
ransmission
l
ines
, circuit
representations, parameters, transmission line equations,
microstrip

transmis
sion line terminated
lossless transmission line,
s
pecial termination condition, sourced and loaded transmission lines
,

s
mith chart,
s
cattering
p
arameters
.

2.
RF Filter D
esign


Basic
reson
ator and filter configurations,
special filter realization, filter
im
plementation, coupled filter
.


3
.
Active RF Components

Semiconductor b
asics, RF diodes, BJT, RF FET, h
igh
e
lectron
mo
bility transistors
, RF
component modelling
,

matching and biasing network
.

4
.
RF Transistor Amplifier Design

Characteristics of amplifiers,
amplifier power relations, stability considerations, constant gain,
noise figure circles, constant VSWR circles, broadband, high power, multistage amplifiers
.


5. RF
Oscillators and
M
ixers


Basic oscillator models, HF oscillator configurations,
basic char
acteristics of mixers.


Text
B
ook
:

1.

R.Lud
w
ig,
P.

Bretchko
, “
RF Circuit Design

,

Pearson Asia Education, New
Delhi, 200
4
.

References:

1.

D. M. Pozar,

Microwave Engineering

, 2
nd

Edition, John Wiley & Sons,
2005
.

2.

M.M. Radmanesh,

Radio Frequency and Microwave E
lectronics

, Pearson Education
Asia, 2001.

3.

B. Bhat & S.K. Koul,

Stripline

-

L
ike Transmission Line for Microwave Integrated
Circuits

, New Age Intl. (P) Ltd.,

1989.

4.

D. K. Misra,

Radio Frequency and Microwave Communication Circuits
-

Analysis and
Design

,
John Wiley & Sons, 200
4
,







7



CE

104


High Performance Communication Network

(4
-
0
-
0) 4


1. Review
of N
etworking

C
oncepts

S
ervices, layered architectures, packet switching, OSI and IP models, IEEE 802.x
,

ethernet,
t
oken
r
ing,
fiber distributed data inte
rface

(
FDDI
)
,
distributed
-
queue dual
-
bus(
DQDB
)
, Frame
Relay and
switched multimegabit data service(
SMDS
)
.

Internet and TCP/IP networks
,

TCP and
UDP
.

2. TCP/IP Network

Performance of TCP/IP Networks
,

Circuit switched networks
,

performance of
synchronous

op
tical networking(
SONET
)
,

Dense wavelength division

multiplexing(DWDM),

fiber to the
home(
FTTH
)
, DSL, Intelligent networks, CATV.

3.

ATM N
etwork

ATM network
,

features
,

addressing,
signalling
, routing
,

ATM adaptation layer (
AAL
)
,

management and control, BISD
N,
i
nternetworking with ATM.

Optical networks
,

WDM
systems
,

cross connects, optical LANs and Networks.

4.

Control of Networks

Objectives and methods of control
,

contr
ol methods, time scales, QoS,
Circuit switched
networks
,

blocking, routing optimizations,
Datagram networks
,

queuing models for delay
analysis
,

routing optimization
,

congestion control
,

ATM networks
,

deterministic and statistical
procedures.

Control of networks
,

theory of Markov chains and queues
,

analysis of circuit
switched networks, datagra
m networks and ATM networks
.


5. Switching

Switching
,

p
erformance measures
,

time and space division switching
,

modular switch designs
,

packet switching
,

distributed buffer, shared buffer, output b
uffer and input buffer switches,
a
ttribut
es of a global mult
imedia n
etwork
,

challenges in its realization.

Text Book


1.

Jean Walrand & Pravin Varaiya
,


High Performance Communication
Networks


,
2
nd

e
dition, Morgan Kaufman Publishers
,2000

References:

1.

Leon Gracia, Widjaja,

Communication
N
etworks

,
2
nd

edition,
Tata M
cGraw

Hill, New
Delhi, 200
3
.

2.

Sumit Kasera, Pankaj Sethi, "ATM Networks ", Tata McGraw
,
Hill, New Delhi, 2000.

3.

Behrouz.a. Forouzan, “
Data Communication and Networking

, T
ata McGraw

Hill, New
Delhi, 2006

4.

Larry L. Peterson, Bruce S. Davie
,


Computer networks
”,

4
th

edition,

Elsevier,
2007

5.

Dimitri P. Bertsekas, Robert G. Gallager
,


Data Networks
” 2
nd

edition,
Prentice Hall,
1992
.


8



ELECTIVE
I


CE 105
-
1

Soft Computing (
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.


1.

Introduction

Soft computing constituents, conventional artificial intelligence,
computational intelligence,
characteristics, fuzzy sets, set theoretic operations, membership functions, one and two
dimensional, fuzzy union, intersection and compliment
.


2. Rules

and Reasoning

Extension

principle,

fuzzy relations,

if
-
then
rules,

r
easoni
ng
,

inference s
ystems
-
m
amdani m
odel,
considerations
,

input space
partitioning,

fuzzy
modeling
.


3
.

Least
-
Squ
a
re Methods

Basics

of matrix manipulation and calculus,

least square estimator,

g
eometric interpretation

of
LSE,

recursive LSE
, neuro n
etworks
,

arch
itecture,

back
propagation

for feedback
.


4
.

Adaptive Neuro
-
Fuzzy

Inference System

A
rchitecture,

h
y
b
rid learning algorithm
,
data clustering a
lgorithms
-

clustering
,

k
-
m
eans,

fuzzy

c
-
means

(FCM)
,
r
ule

base structure
-

input selection,

space partitioning,

ru
le base
organization
.


5.Ne
ur
-
Fuzzy Control

C
ontrol systems
,

f
eedback,

n
euro
-
fuzzy control, expert control, inverse learning
.


Text Book
:


1.

Jang J.S.R.,

Sun C.T,

Mizutami E
,


Neuro Fuzzy and Soft
C
omputing

,

Prentice hall
New Jersey,

2008




References:

1.

Ti
mothy J.

Ross
,

Fuzzy Logic Engineering Applications

,
McGraw Hill,

New

York,

2004
.

2.

Laurene Fauseett
,


Fundamentals of Neural Networks

, P
rentice Hall India,

New Delhi,

1994.






9

CE

105
-
2 Antenna Theory and Design

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.

Basic

Concepts
o
f Radiation

Fun
damentals of electromagnetism, radiation, a
ntenna transmission
,

a
ntenna
parameters
,

review of basic antenna systems
-

impedance
matching
,

review of basic
antenna family
-

array antennas
,

dipole antennas
,

reflector antennas.

2. Receiving Antenna

R
eciprocit
y theorem
,

a
ntenna effective receiving area
,

antenna behaviour in presence
of noise
,

a
perture antennas
,

wire antennas
.

3. Printed Antennas

Different

types
,

field analysis of printed antennas
,

parameters of printed antenna
,

l
ens
antennas
,

types of l
ens ante
nnas,

large

antennas,

microwave antennas, array
antenna
,

l
inear array theory, effect of phase quantization, frequency scanned array.

4. Antennas
a
nd Signal Theory

Equivalence

of an aperture and a spatial frequency filter
,
synthesis of an apertur
e for
a giv
en radiation pattern,
antennas as a filter of angular signals.

5
.
Case
Study


S
mart antenna
s and
their design

techniques for mobile communication
,

antenna

measurements.


Text Book
:


1.

Drabowitch, Papiernik “
Modern Antennas

,
2
nd

edition
,

Springer books
,2005


R
eferences:


1.

John D Kr
aus, Ronal J Marhefka, Ahmas S K
han “Antennas for all
applications”
3
rd

edition
,

2003
.

2.

Constantine A. Balanis
,


Antenna theory
:

Analysis & Design”,
Wiley, 1982










10


CE 105
-
3

Global Tracking and

Positioning Systems
(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1. In
troduction

Satellites,
i
ntroduction to
t
racking and GPS System,
a
pplications of
s
atellite and
GPS for 3D
,
position,
v
elocity, determination as function of time,
i
nterdisciplinary
applications (e.g.
c
rystal dynamics, gravity field mapping, reference frame)
,

basic
concepts of GPS
-

s
pace segment,
c
ontrol segment, user segment,
h
istory of GPS
constellation, GPS measurement characteristics, selective availability (AS), anti
-
spoofing (AS)

2. Orbits and Reference Systems

Basics of s
atellite orbits and reference sys
tems
,

t
wo
-
body problem, orbit elements,
timer system and timer transfer using GPS, coordinate systems, GPS
o
rbit design,
orbit determination problem, tracking networks, GPS force and measurement models
for orbit determination, orbit broadcast e
phemeris, p
recise GPS ephemeris,

Tracking
problems
.

3. GPS Measurements

GPS o
bservable
-
measurement types
-

C/A c
ode,

P

code,

L1 and L2 frequencies for
navigation, pseudo ranges, atmospheric delays (tropospheric and ionospheric),

data
format

(RINEX),

data combination(n
arrow/wide lane combinations, ionosphere
,

free
combinations, single, double, triple differences), undifferenced models, carrier
phase
vs integrated d
oppler, integer biases, cycle slips, clock error
.

4. Processing Techniques

Pseudo range and carrier phase

processing, ambiguity removal, least square methods
for state parameter determination, relation positioning, dilution of precision

5. GPS Applications

S
urveying, Geophysics, Geodesy, A
irborne GPS,
g
round
-
transportation, s
pace
-
borne
GPS orbit determinatio
n, attitude control, meteorological and climate research using
GPS


Text Book
:

1.

B.Hoffman
,

Wellenhof,

H.Lichtenegger and J.Collins,


GPS
-

Theory and Practice

,
5
th
revised edition, Springer, Wein, New York,
2001


References:

1.

A.Leick,

GPS
Satellite

Surveyin
g”
, 2
nd


edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1995

2.

A
.Kleusberg
,

P.Teunisen(Eds), “
GPS for Geodesy”, Springer
,

Verlag, Berlin, 1996



11



CE

105
-
4 Satellite Communication

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1. Introduc
tion to Satellite Communication

Orbital mechanics
,

look angle det
ermination
,

orbital perturbation
,

launchers and
launch vehicles
,

orbital effect in communication system performance
,

satellite
subsystem
,

altitude and orbit control system
,

telemetry tracking command and
monitoring
,

power system
,

communication subsystem
,

s
atellite antennas

2. Satellite Link D
esign

Basic transmission
,

system noise temperature
,

G/T ratio
,

design of down links
,

satellite system using small earth station
,

uplink design
,

design of specified C/N
,

system design examples

3
.M
ultiple A
ccess

Introduct
ion
,

FDMA
,

TDMA
,

onboard processing
,

DAMA
,

random access
,

packet
radio systems and protocols
,

CDMA
.

4. Propagation E
ffects

Quantifying attenuation and depolarization
,

propagation effects not associated with
hydrometer
-
rain
and ice effects
,

prediction of r
ain attenuation
,

prediction of XPO
-
propagation impairment counter mechanism
.

5. VSAT S
ystem

Overview
,

network architecture
,

access control protocols
,

basic techniques
,

VSAT
earth station
,

calculation of link margins for VSAT star network
,

system design
pro
cedure
.


Text Book
:

1.

Timothy
Pratt,

Charles
W

Bostian, Jeremy E Allnut, “
Satellite
Communication”

Wil
ey
,

Edition 2007.


References:

1.

Bruce R.

Elbert,


The
Satellite

Communication

Applications Hand Book

,

Artech House
Boston,1997
.

2.

Wilbur L.

Pritchard,

Hendri
G.

Suyderhood,

Robert A.Nelson, “
S
a
te
l
lite Communication
Systems Engineering

,

2
nd
e
dition,

Prentice Hall,

New Jersey.1993
.

3.

Dennis Rody,


Satellite

Communication

,
4
th

edition,
Regents/Prentice Hall,

Eaglewood
Cliff,

New Jersey,

2006
.




12

ELECTIVE II


CE

106
-
1 RF MEMS for Wireless
Communications

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.
Wireless S
ystems

Introduction, spheres of wireless activities, the home and office, the ground
fixed/mobile platform, the space platform, wireless standards, systems and
architectures, conceptual wirele
ss systems, wireless transceiver wireless appliances
enable ubiquitous connectivity.

2. Elements of RF Circuit D
esign


Physical aspects of RF circuit design, skin effect, transmission lines on thin
substrates, self
-
resonance frequency, quality factor packa
ging, practical aspects of
RF circuit design, DC biasing, impedance mismatch effects in RF MEMS.

3.

RF MEMS

RF MEMS
,

enabled circuit elements and models
,

RF/microwave substrate
properties, m
icro machined
,

enhanced elements
,

capacitors, inductors, varactor
s,
MEM switch
,

shunt MEM switch, low voltage hinged MEM switch approaches,
push
-
pull series switch, folded
-
beam spr
ings suspension series switch, r
esonators
-

transmission line planar resonators, cavity resonators, micromechanical resonators,
film bulk acou
stics wave resonators, MEMS modeling
-

mechanical modeling,
electromagnetic modeling.

4. Novel RF MEMS

Novel RF MEMS
,

e
nabled circuits
,

reconfigurable circuits
,

the resonant
MEMS
switch, capacitors, inductors, tunable CPW resonator, MEMS micro
-
switch arrays
,
r
econfigurable circuits
,

double
,

stud tuner, Nth
-
stub tuner, filters, resonator tuning
system, massively parallel switchable RF front ends, true delay digital phase shifters,
reconfigurable antennas
,

tunable dipole antennas, tunable microstrip patch
-
arra
y
antenna.

5. RF MEMS
Based Circuit D
esign

Phase shifters
,

fundamentals,
X
-
b
and RF MEMS phase shifter
for phased array
applications, K
a
-
b
and RF MEMS phase shifter for radar systems applications, Film
bulk acoustic wave filters
,

FBAR filter fundamentals, F
BAR filter for PCS
applications, RF MEMS filters
,

A Ka
-
b
and millimeter

wave Micro machined tunable
filter,
a

H
igh
-
Q 8 MHz MEM
r
esonators filter, RF MEMS Oscillators
-

fundamentals,
a

14GHz MEM Oscillator,
a

Ka
-
Band
m
icro machined cavity
oscillator,
a

2.4 GH
z MEMS based voltage controlled oscillator.


Text Book:

1.

Hector J. De
,
Los Santos, “RF MEMS Circuit Design for Wireless
Communications”, Artech House, 2002.

References:

1.

Vijay K. Varadan, K.J. Vinoy, K.A. Jose, “RF MEMS and their

Applications”, John Wiley an
d S
ons,

Ltd., 2002.

2.

Gabriel M. Rebeiz, “RF MEMS Theory, Design & Technology”, Wiley
Interscience, 2002.




13



CE

106
-
2 Pattern Recognition

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3



1
.

Basics
of

Pattern Recognition

Pattern recognition systems, d
esign of
p
attern recognition systems,
l
ear
ning and
adaptation
, b
ayesian decision theory
-

classifiers, discriminant functions, decision
surfaces, n
ormal density and discriminant functions,
d
iscrete features
.


2
.

Parameter Estimation M
ethods

Maximum
-
likelihood estimation, bayesian estimation, gaussi
an mixture models,
e
xpectation
,

maximization
.


3
.

Density
Estimation

Non
-
parametric techniques for density estimation
-

p
arzen
-
window method, k
-
n
earest
n
eighbour method
.


4
.

Linear Discriminant Functions

Linear discriminant functions and decision surfaces
,
Non
-
metric methods for pattern
classification
-

Non
-
numeric data or nominal data, Decision trees
.


5
.
Unsupervised Learning
and

Clustering

Crite
rion functions for clustering, a
lgorithms for clustering
-

K
-
means,
h
ierarchical
and other methods,
c
luster valida
tion
.



Text Book:


1.

R.O.Duda, P.E.Hart and D.G.Stork,

Pattern Classification

, John Wiley,
2001


References:


1.

C.M.Bishop,

Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning

, Springer, 2006


2.

Anil K Jain,
“Statistical Pattern Recognition
-

A Review”, IEEE
Trans
act
ions
on Pattern Analysis and Machine
Intelligence
, vol.22, No.1,
January 2009






14

CE

106
-
3
Information Theory and

Coding

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.

Concepts of Information Theory

Entropy, relative entropy and mutual information, asymptotic equipartition property, entr
opy
rate of a stochastic process, data compression, channel capacity, differential entropy, gaussian
channel
.

2.

Error Detection Codes

Groups, rings, vector spaces, galois fields, polynomial rings, channel models, linear block codes,
cyclic codes,
BCH

codes,
reed solomon codes, berlekamp
-
massey and euclid decoding
algorithm, decoding beyond the minimum distance parameter, applications of reed

solomon
codes
.

3.

Convolutional Codes

Convolutional codes, decoding algorithms for convolutional codes, viterbi, stack and

fano
algorithms, application of convolutional codes.


4. Uses of Fourier Transform

Codes based on the Fourier Transform, Algorithms based on the Fourier Transform, Trellis
coded modulation, Combinatorial description of Block and Convolutional codes, Alg
orithms for
the construction of minimal and tail biting trellises
.

5. Decoding Algorithms

Soft decision decoding algorithms, Iterative decoding algorithms, Turbo
-
decoding, Two
-
way
algorithm, LDPC codes, Use of LDPC codes in digital video broadcasting, be
lief propagation
(BP) algorithms, Space Time codes.


Text B
ooks
:

1.

T. M Cover and Joy A Thomas,

Elements of Information Theory

, John Wiley 2006.

2.

Shu Lin and Danie
l J. Costello Jr.,

Error Control Coding
-

Fundamentals and
Applications

, Prentice Hall, 2003


References:

1.

R.E Blahut,

Principles and Practice of Information Theory

, Addison Wesley, 1987.

2.

S. B Wicker,

Error Control Systems for Digital Communication and Storage

,

Prentice
Hall International, 1995.

3.

Blahut R. E,

Theory and Practise of Error Contro
l Codes

, Addisson Wesley, 1983.

4.

V. S. Pless and W. C Huffman, A. Vardy,

T
rellis Structure of C
odes

, Chapter 24 of
Handbook of Coding Theory.


15




CE106
-
4

Computational Electromagnetic
s

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3



1.
Basics of Scientific
Computing

and
O
verview of Computational
E
lectromagnetics


Numerical error, convergence, interpolation, extrapolation, numerical integration,

numerical
differentiation, direct and iterative matrix equation solvers
.

CEM techniques, CEM modelling,
CEM
,

the future
.

2. Finit
e Difference Method

Overview of finite differences, one dimensional FDTD,

Obtaining wideband data using the
FDTD, Numerical dispersion in FDTD simulations
.

3
.
Finite Difference Time Domain Method in Two and Three Dimensions

2D FDTD algorithm,

PML absorbing

boundary condition,

3D FDTD algorithm,

Commercial implementations
.

4
.
Finite Element Method


V
ariational and g
alerkin weighted residual formulations
-

Laplace equation, Simplex
coordinates,

high
,

frequency variational functional,

Spurious modes,

vector (ed
ge)
elements, a
pplication to waveguide eigenvalue analysis, three
-
dimensional Whitney
element
.


5.

One
-
Dimensional Introduction to the Method of Moments

Electrostatic example, t
hin
-
wire electrodynamics and the m
ethods
o
f
moments
(
MoM)
,
more

on basis funct
ions, method of weighted residuals
.



Text

B
ook
:


1.

D. B. Davidson,

Computational Electromagnetics for RF and Microwave Engineering

,
Cambridge University Press, 2005.


References:

1.

J. Jin,

The Finite Element Method in Electromagnetics

, 2nd edition, Wiley,

2002.

2.

Taflove and S. Hagness,

Computational Electrodynamics
-

The Finite Difference

Method

, Artech House, Third Edition, 2005.

3.

F. Peterson, S. L. Ray, and R. Mittra,

Computational Methods for Electromagnetics

,
Wiley
,
IEEE Press, 1997.




16

CE 107

Seminar
-

I


(0
-
0
-
2) 1


Each student shall prepare a seminar paper on any topic
of interest related to the core/
elective
courses being undergone in the first semester of the M.Tech programme. He/she shall
select
paper from IEEE
Communication/Network/related magazi
nes.

They
should get

the paper
approved by the Programme Coordinator/Faculty Members in the concerned area of
specialization and shall present it in the class in the presence of Faculty in
-
charge of seminar
class. Every student shall participate in the se
minar. Grade will be awarded on the basis of the
student’s paper, presentation and his/her participation in the seminar.



Goals
: This course is designed to improve written and oral presentation skills and to develop
confidence in making public presentati
ons, to provide feedback on the quality and
appropriateness of the work experience, and to promote discussions on design problems or new
developments
.









CE 108

Communication Engineering Lab (0
-
0
-
3)
2


1)

Measurement
of
High frequency circuit parameters

using spectrum analyzer
.

2)

Experiments using communication toolbox in MATLAB.

3)

Antenna pattern measurements.

4)

Experiments of

fibre optic communication systems.

5)

Microwave experiments
.
















17


SEMESTER II



CE 201

Advanced Digital Signal Processing (4
-
0
-
0) 4


1. Time
,

Frequency Signal Analysis

DFT and chirp z
-
transform, 2
-
D continuous space signals and systems, Superposition Integral
,

convolution and resolution, 2
-
D Fourier series, 2
-
D Discrete Fourier series (2D
-
DFS), definition
and relationship to con
tinuous Fourier series, 2
-
D Discrete Space Fourier Transform (2D
-
DSFT)
and 2D Discrete Fourier Transform, 2
-
D Sampling and Nyquist criteria, 2D z
-
transform
,

properties, 2
-
D Filter Design Concepts, Wavelet Analysis, Continuous and Discrete wavelets,
Bio
-
ort
hogonal wavelets, Lifting Scheme of wavelets.

2. Adaptive Signal Processing

Adaptive systems
,

Definition and characteristics, General properties, open and closed loop
adaptation. The performance function and performance surface, gradient and minimum MSE
.

S
imple gradient search algorithms
-

Newton’s method, method of steepest descent, adaptive
algorithms
-

The LMS algorithm, Basic Wiener filter theory.

RLS Adaptive Filters
-

Exponentially weighted and sliding window RLS, Adaptive recursive filters, Adaptive
mo
deling

in FIR Digital filter synthesis.


3. Multirate Digital Signal Processing

Concepts
,

Sampling rate reduction, sampling rate increase, conversion by non
-
integer factors,
multi
-
stage approach to sampling rate conversions, decimators and interpolators, d
esign of
sampling rate convertors
,

filter specification, sampling rate conversion using polyphase filter
structure, Implementation of digital filter bank.

4. Digital Signal Processors

Introduction to Programmable DSPs
-

Harvard architecture,
Multiplier and
Multiplier
Accumulator(MAC),
modified bus structure and
Memory access scheme in P
-
DSP, Addressing
modes, multiple access memory,
Very large instruction word (
VLIW
)

architecture, pipelining.
Architecture of TMS320C5X, TMS320C54X and TMS320C6X DSP.

5. Applic
ations of DSP

Adaptive multipath compensation and adaptive jammer suppression, Radar signal processing,
adaptive filter as a noise canceller. Multirate narrow band digital filtering, high resolution
narrow band spectral analysis, equalization of digital au
dio signals, High quality analog to
digital conversion of digital audio.


Text Book
s:

1.

John G Proakis, Dimitris G Manolakis


Digital Signal Processing, Principles, algorithm
and applications


Prentice Hall, 2005

2.

Emmanuel C Ifeachor, Barrie W Jervis

Digit
al Signal Processing
,

A Practical approach


Pearson Education 2004


References
:


1.

Bernard Widow, Samuel D Stearns
, “
Adaptive Signal Processing

,

Pearson Education,
2002

2.

B Venkataramani, M Bhaskar
, “
Digital Signal Processors
”,
Tata McGraw Hill
,

2006


18


CE
20
2

Wireless Communications and

Networks (
4
-
0
-
0)
4


1.

Radio Propagation Characteristics

Radio Propagation Characteristics
-

Models for path loss, shadowing and multipath fading (delay
spread, coherence bandwidth, coherence time, Dopple
r spread), Jakes channel m
odel
.

2.

Digital
M
odulation

Digital modulation for mobile radio, analysis under fading channels
-

diversity techniques and
RAKE demodulator, channel coding techniques, multiple access techniques used in

wireless
mobile communications
.


3.

Space T
ime
P
ropagation

S
pace time propagation, wireless channel, channel as a space time random field, space time
channel and signal models, capacity of space time channels, spatial diversity, space time
receivers, space time coding with channel knowledge, space time OFDM.

4.

Wirel
ess
N
etworks

Wireless networks
,

WLAN, b
luetooth
,

cellular concept
-

f
requency reuse
,
basic theory of
hexagonal cell layout
,

Spectrum efficiency, FDM / TDM cellular systems
-

Channel allocation
schemes,
h
andover analysis,
e
rlan
g

capacity comparison of FDM / T
DM systems and cellular
CDMA.

5.

Cellular S
tandards

Discussion of GSM and CDMA cellular standards, Signal
l
ing and call control
,

Mobility
management, location tracking, w
ireless data networking, packet error model
l
ing on fading
channels, performance analysis
of link and transport layer protocols over wireless channels
-

mobile data networking (Mobile IP)
,

wireless data in GSM, IS
,

95 and GPRS
,

space time
w
ireless Communications
.


Text Book:

1.

T.S.Rappaport, “Wireless Communications
-

Principles and Practice”, Pren
tice
Hall, 2002.


2.

A.
Kumar
&
D.Manjunath and J.Kuri, “Communication Networking, an
Analytical Approach”, Elsever, 2004


References:

1.

J.

G. Proakis,

Digital Communication

, McGraw Hill, 2000

2.

G.L. Stuber,

Principles of Mobile Communications

, Kluwer Academic
,
1996.

3.

Paulraj, R. Nabar & D. Gore,

Introduction to Space Time Wireless Communications

,

Cambridge
University Press, 2003



19

CE 203

Photonics and
Light W
ave Communication (4
-
0
-
0) 4


1
.

Introduction to
O
ptoelctronics

Nature of light
,

guided optical communic
ation
,

transmission parameters
,

transmission windows
,

optical properties of semiconductor
,

PN junction
,

carrier recombination and diffusion
hetrojuntion
,

double hetrojunction, fabrication of hetrojunction, q
uantum wells and super
lattices,

opto electronic
devices
,

LED
-

types
,

power
,

efficiency
,

structure
,

characteristics, L
aser
D
iodes
-

types
,

power
,

efficiency
,

structure
,

characteristics
.

2
.

Modulating
D
evices

Modulation of light,

birefringence, electro optic effect
,

EO materials
,

Kerr modulators,
scanni
ng and switching, self electro optic devices
,

MO devices, AO devices
,

AO modulators
.

3


T
ransmission Devices

Optical modulators, modulation methods and modulators,

switches,

transmitters,

optical
transmitter circuits
,

LED and LASER drive circuits,

repeater
s,

integrated optics, photo receptor
op
t
ics,

opto
mechanical swit
c
hes,

photonic switches
,

solitons
,

fiber amplifiers
.

4
.

O
ptical
D
etectors

Optical detectors
-
photo diodes
,

types
,

power
,

efficiency
,

structure
,

characteristics
,

optical
receiver operation, rece
iver performance, thermal noise, dark current noise, quantum noise,
receiver noise, noise in APD receiver, receiver configurations, low impedance front end
,

high
input impedance integrating amplifiers
.

5
.

Optical

C
ommunication
S
ystems

Optical fiber commun
ication systems, system design considerations, multiplexing, sub carrier
multiplexing
,

WDM, digital systems, regenerative repeaters, temporal response, optical power
budgeting
,

line coding, NRZ and RZ codes, block codes, coherent systems
,

homodyne and
hete
rodyne detection.


Text

B
ook:

1.

J
.
M
.

Senior
, “Optical fiber communications: Principles and P
ractice

,

2
nd

edition,
Prentice Hall, 1992

2.

G
.
Keiser
, “
Optical Fiber Communications

,

4
th

edition,
McGraw
-
Hill Professional,
2008


References
:

1.

J
oseph C

Palais
,


Fibe
r
Optic Communications”
,

4
th

edition,
Prentice Hall, 1998

2.

J
.
Gowar
,


Optical Communication Systems

,

2
nd

edition,
Prentice Hall, 1993



20


CE 204 Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits
(4
-
0
-
0) 4


1. Microstrip

Lines

Introduction, types of MICs and their technolo
gy,
p
ropagating models,
a
nalysis of MIC by
conformal transformation,
n
umerical analysis,
hybrid mode analysis, losses in microstrip,
i
ntroduction to slot line and coplanar wave guide
.

2. Coupled Microstrip,

Directional Couplers and Lumped Elements for MICs

Introduction to coupled
microstrip, even and odd mode analysis, d
irectional c
ouplers, branch
line couplers, design and fabrication of lumped elements for MICs, c
omparison with distributed
circuits
.

3. Non
-
Reciprocal Components and Active Devices
for

MICs


Ferroma
gnetic substrates and inserts, microstrip circulators, phase shifters, microwave
transistors, p
arametric diodes and
a
mplifiers, PIN diodes,
t
ransferred ele
ctron devices, IMPATT,
BARITT, avalanche diodes, m
icrowave transistors circuits
.


4. Microstr
ip Circuit Design and Applications


Introduction, i
mpedance transformers,
f
ilters,
high power circuits, l
ow power circuits, MICs in
satellite and Radar
.

5. MMIC Technology

Fabrication process of MMIC, hybrid MICs, configuration, d
ielectric substances, thi
ck and thin
film

technology, t
esting methods,
encapsulation and mounting of d
evices.


Text Book
s
:

1.

Hoffman R.K, “
Handbook of Microwave
Integrated C
ircuits

,

Artech
House,Boston,1987.

2.

Gupta
.K.C and Amarji
t Singh, “Microwave Integrated C
ircuits"

John Wiley,

New York,

1975.


References:

1.

Terence Charles Edwards, “Foundations For Microstrip Circuit Design”,

Wiley, 1981

2.

Jia
-
Sheng Hong, M. J. Lancaster
, “
Microstrip filters for RF/microwave
applications
”,
John Wiley and Sons, 2001



21

ELECTIVE

III


CE

205
-
1

Radar Si
gnal Processing (
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.

Introduction

Introduction
-

basic radar equation, range delay, velocity delay, Doppler effect, accuracy,
resolution and ambiguity, Tradeoffs and penalties in waveform design, significance of matched
filter in radar signal analysis
-

complex representation of band
-
pass signal, matched filter
res
ponse to Doppler shifted signal.

2.

Basic Radar Signals

Basic radar signals
-

constant frequency pulse, lin
ear frequency modulated pulse, c
ostas
frequency modulated pulse, n
onlinear frequency modu
lation, p
hase coded pulse
-

b
arker code,
chirp
-
like phase code, asymptotically perfect codes, Huffman code, bandwidth considerations in
phase
-
coded signals
,

m
ulti carrier phase coded signal in radar signals
.


3.

Pulse Repetition Interval

Diverse pulse repetiti
on interval (PRI) pulse trains
-

introduction to moving target indication
(MTI) radar, blind speed, MTI radar performance analysis, optimal MTI weights, diversifying
the PRI
.


4.

Synthetic Aperture Radar

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR
)

-

SAR principle, k
-
space
understanding of SAR, different
compensation techniques, sparse SAR, nonlinear SAR,
apodization
.

5.

Detection and Recognition

Detection and recognition using radar
-

detection and recognition using 1
-
D range profile,
detection an
d recognition using SAR image,
s
pace time adaptive processing (STAP)
-

und
erstanding STAP, uses of STAP,

c
ivilian uses of radar
-

space based SAR, segmentation of
SAR images from satellite
.


Text Book
s
:

1.

N. Levanon, and E. Mozeson,

Radar Signals

, Wiley
,

Interscience, 2004.

2.

P. Z. Peebles,


Radar Principles

, John Wiley, 2004.


References:

1.

M. I. Skolnik,

Radar Handbook

, McGraw Hill, New York, 1990.

2.

D. K. Barton,

Radar System Analysis and
Modelling

, Artech House, 2005.

3.

F. E. Nathanson,

Radar Design Principles

, Prentice Hall India, 1999
.


22


CE205
-
2

Speech
and

Audio
P
rocessing
(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1. Speech Production and Acoustic P
honetics

Human speech production mechanism, acousti
c theory of speech production, nature of speech
signal,
articulatory phonetics, acoustic phonetics, coarticulation, pros
ody
.

2. Speech Analysis and S
ynthesis

Time and frequency domain analysis of speech
, speech parameter estimation, l
inear prediction
analysis, cepstral analysis,
vector quantization(
VQ
)

methods, principles of speech synthesis
.

3. Speech Recognition


Speech
r
ecognition, b
aye’s rule, segmental feature extraction
,

mel frequency cepstral
coefficient
(
MFCC), dynamic time

wrapping(DTW), hidden markov model(HMM) a
pproaches
for speech, speaker and language recognition
.

4. Speech Coding and E
nhancement


Speech

coding
,

quality
measures, speech redundancies, t
ime
-
domain waveform coding, Linear
predictive coding, speech enhancement techniques
.


5. Audio Processing

Audio processing
,

characteristics of audio signals, sampling, audio compression techniques,
standards for au
dio compression in multimedia applications, MPEG audio encoding and
decoding, audio databases and applications.



Text Book:


1.
Douglas O’Shaugnessy,

Speech Communication
,

Human and Machine

, IEEE Press,
2000


References:


1.


L. Rabiner and B. H. Juang,

“Fundamentals of S
peech
R
ecognition

, Prentice Hall,
1993

2.
T.F Quatieri
,


Discrete
-
Time S
peech
S
ignal p
P
ocessing
-

Principles and Practic
e
”,
Pearson,2002

3.

Zi Nian Li,

Fundamentals of Multimedia

, Pearson Education, 2003






23


CE205
-
3 Wireless Sensor
N
etworks

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.
Introduction to Wireless Sensor S
ystem

Basic terminology, unique constraints and challenges, advantages, applica
tions, collaborative
processing, t
racking scenario, problem formulation, distributed representation and inference of
stat
es, tracking multiple objects, sensor models, performance comparison and metrics.

2. Networking Sensors

M
edium access control,
sensor medium access control(
SMAC
)

protocol, IEEE 802.15.4
standards and ZigBee
, g
eographic,

energy
,

aware routing, attributed ba
sed routing
.

3.
Infrastructure

Establishment


Topology control,
c
lustering, time
,
synchronization, localization and localization services,
s
ensor tracking and control
-

t
ask
d
riven sensing, role of sensor nodes an
d utilities, information
based sensor taskin
g, j
oint routing and information aggregation
.

4.

Sensor
Network Databases

C
hallenges, querying the physical environments, query interfaces,

high level database
organization, in
-
network aggregation
, data centric storage, data indices and range queries,
dist
ributed
h
ierarchical

aggregation, t
emporal data
.

5.

Sensor
Network Platforms a
nd Tools

Sensor node
hardware
, programming challenges, n
ode level software platforms
, node level

simulators, programming beyond individual nodes
.

Text

Book:


1.

Feng Zhaoand Leonida
s J Guibas
,

“Wireless Sensor Networks”

Morgan Kaufmann
Pub
lishers and imprint of Elsevier, 2004

Reference
s
:


1.

C. S. Raghavendra, Krishna M. Sivalingam, Taieb F. Znati,
“Wireless Sensor
N
etworks

, 2
nd

edition, Springer, 2004
.

2.

Holger Karl, Andreas Willig,
Pro
tocols and A
rchitectures for
Wireless S
ensor
N
etworks,
J
ohn Wiley and Sons, 2005







24

CE

205
-
4 Optical Signal Processing

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1
. Analysis of Two Dimensional Signals and S
ystems.

Review of one
-
dimensional
f
ourier
analysis,

a
nalysis of two
-
dimensi
onal signals and systems
,

f
ouri
er analysis in two dimensions, l
ocalization,
l
inear systems and
f
ourier analysis,
t
wo
-
dimensional sampling theory
.


2. Foundations

of Scalar Diffraction Theory

Kirchoff and rayleigh
-
so
mmerfield formulations
,

comparison of kir
choff and rayleigh
-
sommerfield theories, huygens
-
fresnel principle, non
-
monochromatic waves
,

diffraction at
boundaries, angular spectrum of plane waves

fresnel and fraunhofer diffraction
fresnel
approximation,
fraunhofer approximation, examples of fraunhof
er diffraction patterns, examples
of fresnel diffraction calculations
.

3. Wave

O
ptics Analysis of Coherent Optical Systems

Thin

lens as phase transformation, f
ourier tran
sforming properties of lenses, i
mage formation
-

monochromatic illumination, a
nalysis o
f complex coherent optical systems
.


4. Transfer

Functions and Frequency Analysis of Optical Imaging Systems

Generalized

treatment of imaging systems, a
mplitude
transfer function, f
requency response for
co
herent and incoherent imaging, a
berrations and thei
r
effect on frequency response,
c
omparison of co
herent and incoherent imaging, r
esolution beyond classical diffraction limit
.

5. Wavefront

M
odulation

Photograph
ic film, l
iquid
crystals and other modulators, d
iffractive optical elements
,

analog
optical inf
ormation processing, i
ncohe
rent image processing systems, c
oherent optical image
processing systems
.

Holography
-

w
av
efront reconstruction problem, g
abor and
l
eith
,

u
patnieks
holograms,
i
mag
e locations and magnification, different types of holograms
-

t
hick

holograms,
r
ecording materials,
c
omputer
-
generated holograms,
d
egradation of holographic images,
h
olography with spatially incoherent light,
a
pplications
.



Text

B
ook:

1.

Joseph W. Goodman
,


Introduction to Fourier Optics

,

3
rd

edition,
Mc Graw Hill

Refer
ence
s:


1.

D. Casasent
,


Optical Data P
rocessing
,

Applications

, Springer
,

Verlag, Berlin, 1978

2.

H.J. Caulfield
,

Handbook of holography

,

Academic Press New York 1979

3.

P.M. Dufffieux
,

The Fourier Transform and its applications to Optics

, John Wiley and
sons
1983

4.

J. Horner
,


Optical Signal Processing

,

Academic Press 1988


25

ELECTIVE IV


CE

206
-
1 Image
and Video P
rocessing

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.

Digital
I
mage
F
undamentals

Digital image fundamentals
,

image acquisition, representation, visual perception, quality
measures, s
ampling and quantization, basic relationship between pixels, i
maging geometry,
color spaces, v
ideo spaces, analog and digital video interfaces, video standards.

2.

Two
D
imensional
S
ystems

Two dimensional systems
,

properties, analysis in spatial, frequency an
d transform domains
,
i
mage transforms
,

DFT, DCT, Sine, Hadamard, Haar, Slant, KL transform, Wavelet transform.

3.

Image
E
nhancement

Image enhancement
,

point processing, spatial filtering, Image restoration
,

inverse filtering,
deblurring
,

i
mage segmentation
,

feature extraction, region oriented segmenta
tion, descriptors,
morphology, i
mage recognition
.

4.

Video P
rocessing

Video processing
,

display enhancement, video mixing, video
scaling, scan rate conversion,
i
mage compression
,

lossless and lossy compression techn
iques, standards for image
compression
,

JPEG, JPEG

2000.

5.

Video C
ompression

Video compression
,

motion estimation, intra
frame

and interframe prediction, perceptual c
oding,
standards
,

MPEG, H.264
,

o
verview of w
avelet based compression and DVI technology,

m
o
tion
video compression,

PLV performance,

DVI real time compression
.


Text Book:

1.
R.C.
Gonzalez and R E Woods, “Digital Image Processing”,

3
rd

edition,

Pearson Education, 200
8.


References:

1.

A K Jain,

Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing

, Pearson Educ
ation,

1989

2.

W Pratt,

Digital Image Processing

, Wiley, 2001

3.

Al Bovik,

Handbook of Image and Video

, Academic Press, 2000

4.

Keith Jack,

Video Demystified

, LLH, 2001






26

CE

206
-
2 Optical Networks
(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1
.

Light

Wave Basics

Introduction to light
prop
agation

in optical fiber
,

two approaches
,

dispersion
,

loss
,

bandwidth
,

non linear effects in

optical fiber
-
scattering,

self phase modulation
,

cross phase modulation
,

four
wave mixing,

i
ntroduction to optical networks
,

transmission

basics
,

optical layer
,

ne
twork
evolution
.

2
.

Optical

Network
Components

Transmitters and detectors
,

laser diode
,

photo detectors
,

optical amplifiers
,

erbium
-
doped fiber
amplifier

(
EDFA
)
,

Raman amplifiers
,

semiconductor

optical

amplifier
(
SOA
)
,

multiplexer and
filters.

TD
M
,

WDM,

opt
ical time division multiplexing(
OTDM
)
,

Fab
ry
-
perot filter,

thin

film
filter
,

a
cousto
optic tunable filter,

optical switches,

wavelength converters,

cross connects
,

couplers,

circulators

and isolators.


3
.

Transmission

System Engineering

Optical

modulation,

demodulation techniques,

optical amplifier analysis
,

cross talk
,

role of
chromatic dispersion management
,
overall

design considerations
,

design of

soliton based
systems
,

WDM network elements and its design
.


4
.

Optical Networks


Optical packet switching,

c
lient layers of the optical layer
,

Synchronous Optical Network
/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy(
SONET/SDH
)
,

ATM
,

functions,

quality,

control,

l
ayers
,

structure and elements.


internet protocol
-
m
ultiprotocol label switching
(
IP
-
MPLS
)
,

Storage area
networks
,

e
n
terprise
systems c
onnection
(
ESCON
)
,

fiber channel,
high

performance p
arallel
i
nterface
(
HIPPI
)
,

optical transport network(
OTN
)
,

automatically switched optical
network(
ASON
)

models
.

5
.
Network
Control,

Management Survivability
and

Access

Network

management f
unctions
,

performance and fault management
,

configuration
management
,

optical fiber control protocol
,

optical layer protection scheme
,

enhanced
hybrid
fibre coaxial(
HFC
)
,


fiber
to

the

curb
(

FTTC
)
,

protection in SONET/SDH
,

protection in IP
networks
.

Text B
ook:

1.

Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N Sivarajan


Optcal networks

,

2
nd

edition
,
Morgan Kaufmann Publishers an imprint of Elsevier.
2004

Reference:

1.

Lu Ruan, Dingzhu Du
, “Optical Networks: R
ecent
A
dvances
”,

Springer,
2001.

2.

Hussein T. Mouftah, Pin
-
Han Ho, “
Optical
networks: architecture and
survivability”
,

Springer, 2002



27



CE206
-
3 Communication Network
Security
(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1. Elementary Number Theory

Elementary number theory, finite series, arith
metic and algebraic algorithms
.

2. Conventional Encryption


Conventiona
l encryption model, steganography, data encryption standard, block cipher,
encryption algorithms, confidentiality, key distribution, secrete key and public key
cryptography
.

3. Public Key Encryption

Principle
s of public key cryptosystems, pseudo random bit

generators, block and stream ciphers,
RSA algorithm, d
iffie
-
hellman key e
xchange.

4. Hashing

Hash functions and message digests, public key encryption, authentication, digital signatures,
zero knowledge interactive protocols, elliptic curve cryptosystem
s, formal verification, crypt
analysis, hard problems.

5. Security

IP Security
-

overview, IP security a
rchitecture, authentication
, h
eader
,

s
ecurity p
ayload, security
associations, k
ey
m
anagement
,

w
eb security requirement, secure sockets layer, transport l
ayer
security, secure electronic transaction, dual signature
, intruders, viruses, w
orms, firewall design,

t
rusted systems,

antivirus techniques, digital i
mmune systems
.


Text Book:


1.

William Stallings, “Cry
ptography and Network Security”
,

4
th

e
dition,

Prent
ice
Hall of India,

New Delhi,
2005



References:

1.

Koblitz N,

A Course on Number Theory and Cryptography

, Springer Verlag, 1986.

2.

Menezes A. et. all,

Handbook of Applied Cryptography

, CRC Press, 1996







28

CE

206
-
4 Estimation and Detection
Theory
(
2
-
1
-
0) 3


1.

Hypothesis T
esting


C
riteria in Hypothesis Testing, neyman p
earson criterion,
bayes criterion and minimum
p
robability of
e
rror criterion
,

likelihood ratio test, a
pplication examples
-

signal constellations
and the matched filter, binary symmetric chann
el.

2.

Detection

Detection
with unknown signal parameters
(UMP tests, GLRT, Bayes factor),


MAP

rule,

multiple decision problem,

d
etection of deterministic and random signals in noise.

3. Parameter

Estimation


Unbiased esti
mates
-

m
inimum variance unbiase
d esti
mates

(MVUE), methods of finding
MVUE, c
ramer
-
rao bound

s
ufficient sta
tistics, r
ao
-
b
lackwell theorem,
best linear unbiased
estimators (
BLUE
)
.

4.

Method
of

Moments

Method of mom
ents
,

Maximum likelihood estimators, Bayes estimators (MAP, MMSE).

5.
Line
ar Estimators

MA, AR, ARMA processes and their properties, MMSE linear estimate. Weiner Filter. Kalman
Filter. Lattice filter structure, Levinson Durbin and innovation algorithms.

Text Book
:



1.

H. L. Van Trees
,


Detection, Estimation, and Modulation Theory

, V
ol. I, John Wiley &
Sons
, 1968


Reference
s
:


1.

Steven Kay, “
Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing


Vol I: Estimation Theory.
Prentice Hall.

2.

Steven Kay, “Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing” Vol II: Detection Theory.
Prentice Hall,

1993


CE

206
-
5 Current Topics

(
2
-
1
-
0) 3



The syllabus shall contain current area of research in communication (from
latest
books/
published papers). The syllabus shall be approved by the Academic
committee of the
university
before the semester starts.






29

CE
20
7

Seminars
-

II

(0
-
0
-
2)

1



Each student shall prepare a seminar paper on any topic
of interest related to the
core
/ elective courses being undergone in the second semester of the M.Tech
programme.
He/she shall
select paper from IEEE/
other reputed
inter
national journal
s
. They
should get

the paper approved by the Programme Coordinator/Faculty Members in the
concerned area of specialization and shall present it in the class in the presence of
Faculty in
-
charge of seminar class. Every student shall partici
pate in the seminar.
Grade will be awarded on the basis of the student’s paper, presentation and his/her
participation in the seminar.


Goals
: This course is designed to improve written and oral presentation skills and to
develop confidence in making publ
ic presentations, to provide feedback on the
quality and appropriateness of the work experience, and to promote discussions on
design problems or new developments
.





CE 2
08

DSP

Lab (0
-
0
-
3)
2


E
xperiments
in

DSP
,

Image and S
peech processing using
MATLAB
/
similar
softwares
such

as


1.

Two
-
dimensional Fourier transform

2.

Linear filtering using convolution

3.

Adaptive
Filter
.

4.

Filter bank design.

5.

Highly selective filters.

6.

Geometric transformations
.

7.

Morphological operations
.

8.

Histogram equalization.


E
xperiments
usin
g
Code composer studio


1.

Convolution
.

2.

Filter design
.



30

SEMESTER III


CE 301

Industrial Training


(0
-
0
-
20) 10

The student shall undergo an industrial training of 1
2 weeks duration in an industry
/
company approved by the institution and under the guidance of

a staff member in the
concerned field. At the end of the training he / she has to submit a report on the
work being carried out.


CE 302

Thesis (Phase
-
I)

(0
-
0
-
10)

The thesis (Phase
-
I) shall consist of research work done by the candidate or a
comprehensi
ve and critical review of any recent development in the subject or a
detailed report of project work consisting of experimentation
/
numerical work, design
and or development work that the candidate has executed.


In Phase
-
I of the thesis, it is expected tha
t the student should decide a topic of thesis,
which is useful in the field or practical life. It is expected that students should refer
national and international journals, proceedings of national and international
seminars. Emphasis should be given to
the introduction to the topic, literature
survey
, and scope of the proposed work a
long with some preliminary
work/
experimentation carried out on the thesis topic.

Student should submit Phase
-
I
thesis report in two copies covering the content discussed abov
e and highlighting the
features of work to be carried out in
Phase
-
I
I
of the thesis. Student should follow
standard practice of thesis writing.

The candidate will deliver a talk on the topic and
the assessment will be made on the basis of the term work an
d talks there on by a
panel of internal examiners one of which will be the internal guide. These
examiners should give suggestions in writing to the student to be incorporated in
thesis work Phase
-
II.


SEMESTER IV


CE 401

Master

s Thesis

(0
-
0
-
30) 20


In
the fourth semester, the student has

to continue the thesis work,
after
successfully

finishing the
work,

he/she has to submit a detailed
thesis. The work carried out
should lead to publication in a National/International Conference.
They should have
submit
ted the paper before M.Tech evaluation and specific weightage to be given to
accepted papers in reputed conferences.




CE 402

Master

s Comprehensive Viva


A comprehensive viva
-
voce examination will be conducted at the end of the fourth
semester by an int
ernal examiner and external examiners appointed by the university
to assess the candidate’s overall knowledge in the respective fi
eld of specialization.