Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1328

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Lecture
Notes
in
Artificial
Intelligence
1328
Subseries
of
Lecture
Notes
in
Computer
Science
Edited
by
J.
G.
C
arbonell
and
J.
Siekmann
Lecture
Notes
in
Computer
Science
Edited
b
y
G
.
G
oos,
J.
Hartm
anis
and
J.
v
a
n
Leeuwen
3
Berlin
Heid
elb
er
g
Ne
w
Y
o
r
k
Bar
celona
Budapes
t
H
ong
K
ong
L
ondon
Mila
n
Pa
r
i
s
Sant
a
C
l
a
r
a
Si
ngapor
e
To
k
y
o
Christian
Retor
´
e (
E
d
.
)
Logical
Aspects
of
Computational
Linguistics
First
International
Conference,
LA
CL
’96
Nanc
y
,
France,
September
23-25,
1996
Selected
P
a
pers
13
Series
Editors
J
a
ime
G.
C
arbonell,
C
a
rne
gie
Mellon
Uni
v
ers
ity
,
P
itts
b
u
r
gh,
P
A
,
U
SA

or
g
S
i
e
kma
nn,
U
n
i
v
e
r
s
i
t
y
of
S
a
a
r
l
a
nd,
S
a
a
r
br
¨
uck
e
n,
G
e
rman
y
V
o
lume
Editors
Ch
ristian
Reto
r
´
e
I
N
RI
A
L
o
r
r
a
in
e
&
CRI
N-
C.N.R.S.
615
rue
du
j
a
rdi
n
bot
a
n
i
que
,
B
P
101
F-54602
V
illers
l
`
es
Nan
c
y
ced
e
x
,
F
ran
ce
E-mail:
reto
re@lo
ria.fr
Catalo
g
i
n
g
-
in
-Pu
b
licatio
n
d
ata
ap
p
lied
fo
r
Die
Deu
tsch
e
B
ib
lio
th
ek
-
C
IP-Ein
h
e
itsau
fn
ah
me
L
ogi
cal
a
s
p
ects
o
f
c
om
p
u
t
ati
on
al
l
i
n
gu
i
s
ti
cs
:

rs
t
I
nt
ernat
i
onal
c
onference
;
s
e
l
ect
ed
papers
/
L
A
C
L

96,
N
a
nc
y
,
F
r
ance,
S
e
pt
ember
2
3
-
25,
1996.
C
h
ri
s
t
i
a
n
R
e
t
o
re
(ed.
)
-
B
erl
i
n
;
H
ei
del
b
er
g
;
N
e
w
Y
ork
;
B
arcel
ona
;
B
udapes
t
;
H
ong
K
ong
;
L
ondon
;
M
i
l
a
n
;
P
a
ri
s
;
S
a
nt
a
C
l
a
ra
;
S
i
ngapore
;
T
ok
yo
:
S
pri
nger
,
1997
(Lect
ure
not
es
i
n
comput
er
s
c
i
e
nce
;
V
o
l
.
1328
:
L
ect
ure
not
es
i
n
art
i

ci
al
in
tellig
en
ce)
IS
B
N
3-540-63700-1
C
R
S
ubj
ect
C
l
as
s
i

cat
i
o
n
(
1991):
F
.4,
F
.3,
I.2.7,
I.2.3,
J
.
5
IS
B
N
3-540-63700-1
S
pri
nger
-
V
e
rl
ag
B
e
rl
i
n
H
e
i
d
el
ber
g
N
e
w
Y
ork
This
w
o
r
k
is
subje
c
t
to
c
o
p
y
r
i
ght.
All
r
ights
a
r
e
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e
r
v
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d,
whe
the
r
the
whole
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pa
r
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a
t
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i
s
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onc
e
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ne
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ights
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e
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inting,
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u
se
of
illustr
a
tions,
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e
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ita
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br
oa
dc
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e
pr
oduc
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Duplic
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of
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tion
or
pa
r
t
s
t
he
r
e
of
is
pe
r
m
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only
unde
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ight
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e
p
te
mbe
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tions
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tion
unde
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Ge
r
m
a
n
C
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p
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ght
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w
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￿
S
p
r
i
nge
r
-
V
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e
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lin
He
ide
lbe
r
g
1997
P
r
inte
d
i
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G
e
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ma
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T
ype
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C
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me
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P
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i
n
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e
d o
n a
c
i
d
-free
p
a
p
e
r
Preface
This
v
o
lume
con
tains
selected
pap
e
rs
of
the

rst
i
n
t
ernational
conference
o
n
Log-
ical
Asp
ects
o
f
C
omputational
Linguistics,
held
in
Nancy
,
F
rance,
from
April
2
3
to
25,
1996.
1
A
g
eneral
in
tro
duction
b
y
some
mem
b
ers
o
f
t
he
committee
e
x-
plains
the
r
elev
ance
of
dev
e
loping
a
c
onference
o
n
t
his
topic,
s
ituates
t
he
pap
e
rs,
and
p
ro
vides
an
accoun
t
o
f
t
he
discussions,
namely
,
New
s
yntaxes
for
l
inguistic
the
o
ries
,
L
o
gic
a
l
asp
e
c
ts
of
the
m
inimalist
p
r
o
gr
am
and
L
o
gic
a
l
semantics
.
The
v
olume
c
on
tains
eigtheen
selected
pap
e
rs
and
f
our
i
n
vited
pap
e
rs.
T
here
w
e
re
fort
y
f
our
s
ubmissions,
their
o
v
e
rall
qualit
y
w
as
high,
a
nd
selection
w
as
difficult.
The
P
rogramme
Committee
i
s
v
ery
g
rateful
to
ev
ery
o
ne
who
s
ubmitted
a
p
ap
er
and
t
o
a
ll
the
r
eferees
listed
o
v
e
rleaf
f
or
their
essen
tial
assistance
and
generously
giv
e
n
t
ime.
Let
u
s
a
lso
t
hank
the
p
articipan
t
s
f
or
the
p
leasan
t
a
nd
stim
ulating
atmosphere
during
t
he
meeting.
The
C
ommittee
i
s
e
sp
ecially
grateful
to
the
i
n
vited
sp
eak
e
rs,
n
amely
,
Jean-Yv
e
s
Girard
,
2
Ara
vind
K
.
Joshi
,
M
arcus
Kra
c
ht
,
Dale
Miller
and
Edw
ard
St
abler
(resp
ectiv
ely
f
rom
M
arseilles,
Philadelphia,
Berlin,
Philadel-
phia
a
nd
Los
Angeles).
I
ndeed,
n
ot
only
did
t
hey
a
ccept
o
ur
in
vitation
and
giv
e
their
l
ectures,
but
they
also
substan
tially
con
t
ributed
to
the
c
onference,
in
particular
to
the
d
iscussions.
Finally
w
e
wish
to
thank
t
he
t
w
o
i
nstitutions
under
o
ne
ro
of
that
co-organized
this
ev
en
t,
namely
inria
-Lorraine
a
nd
crin-c.n.r.s.
,a
s w
e
l
l a
s t
h
e
s
p
o
n
s
o
r
s
o
f
this
ev
en
t:
F
r
anc
e
-T
´
el
´
ec
om
CNET
,
R
a
nk-Xer
ox
R
ese
ar
ch
Center
,
l’Institut
Na-
tional
Polyte
chnique
de
L
o
rr
aine
,
l’Universit
´
e
H
enri
Poinc
a
r
´
e
,
La
R
´
egion
L
o
r-
ra
i
n
e
,
L
a
Communaut
´
e
U
rb
aine
du
Gr
and
N
ancy
.
More
p
e
rsonally
,
I
wish
to
thank
t
he
mem
b
ers
o
f
t
he
Programme
Committee
and
t
he
Organizing
C
ommittee,
listed
o
v
e
rleaf,
for
t
heir
hard
w
o
rk
and
s
upp
ort,
as
w
e
ll
as
Roger
H
indley
,
C
laude
Kirc
hner
a
nd
Pierre
Lescanne
who
g
a
v
e
m
e
precious
a
dvice,
not
t
o
f
orget
m
y
r
esearc
h
p
ro
ject
without
w
hom
n
othing
w
ould
ha
v
e
happ
en,
Calligramme
.
3
Nancy
,
J
uly
1997
Christian
R
etor
´
e
1
The
i
dea
of
this
conference
germinated
during
a
w
orkshop
w
e
organized
i
n
s
eptem
b
e
r
1995
on
the
s
ame
t
opic,
whose
s
elected
pap
ers
are
to
b
e
published
in
the
Jan
uary
1998
isssue
o
f
t
he
Journal
o
f
L
o
g
ic,
L
anguage
a
nd
Information
.
2
His
c
on
tribution,
Intr
o
d
uction
t
o
l
ine
ar
lo
gic
is
not
included
in
this
v
o
lume,
but
Jean-Yv
es
Girard
recen
tly
published
an
in
tro
duction
to
linear
logic:
Line
ar
lo
gic:
its
syntax
a
nd
semantics
.
I
n
J
.-Y.
Girard,
Y.
Lafon
t
and
L.
Regnier
(Eds.)
A
d
vanc
es
in
Line
ar
L
o
gic
,
v
olume
222
of
L
o
ndon
Mathematic
al
So
ciety
L
e
c
tur
e
N
otes
.
C
am
bridge
Univ
ersit
y
P
ress,
1995.
pp.
1–42
3
Calligramme
,
L
o
gique
l
in
´
eair
e,
r
´
ese
a
ux
de
d
´
emonstr
a
tion
e
t
g
r
a
mmair
es
ca
t
´
egoriel
l
es
(
inria
-Lorraine
&
crin-c.n.r.s.
):
D.
Bec
het,
P
h.
de
Gro
o
te,
F.
Lamarc
he,
A.
Lecom
t
e,
S.
Malec
ki,
J
.-Y.
Marion,
G.
P
errier,
N.
Pierre
(secre-
tary),
C.
Retor
´
e.
Programme
Committee
V.
Mic
hele
A
brusci
Univ
ersit`
a d
i R
o
m
a t
r
e
P
a
tric
k
B
lac
kburn
Univ
ersit¨
at
des
S
aarlandes,
Saarbr
¨
uc
k
e
n
Marc
Dymetman
Rank-Xero
x
R
esearc
h
C
en
ter,
Grenoble
Mark
Johnson
Bro
w
n
U
niv
e
rsit
y
,
P
ro
vidence
Alain
L
ecom
t
e
Univ
ersit
´
e
Grenoble
2
&
INRIA-Lorraine
Mic
hael
Mo
ortgat
OTS,
Univ
ersiteit
Utrec
h
t
Glyn
V.
Morrill
Univ
ersitat
P
olit
`
ecnica
d
e
C
atalun
y
a
,
B
arcelona
Aarne
R
an
ta
Helsingin
Y
liopisto
Christian
R
etor
´
e
(Chair)
INRIA-Lorraine
&
CRIN-CNRS,
Nancy
Eric
V
illemon
t
e
d
e
l
a
C
lergerie
INRIA-Ro
cquencourt
Additional
Review
ers
Jos
´
e L
.B
a
l
c
´
azar
F
r
an¸
cois
Barth
´
el
´
em
y
Kaly
an
Basu
Denis
Bec
het
F
r
ancine
Blanc
h
et-Sadri
Joac
him
G
abarr´
o
Bertrand
Gaiffe
Philipp
e
de
Gro
ote
Herman
Hendriks
Miki
Hermann
Barbara
H
eyd

el
`
ene
Kirc
hner
F
r
an¸
cois
Lamarc
h
e
Bernard
Lang
Denis
L
ugiez
Sophie
M
alec
ki
Ric
h
ard
O
ehrle
Guy
P
errier
Anne
Reb
o
ul
Lauren
t
Romary
Mic
h
ael
R
usino
vitc
h
Klaus
Sc
h
u
lz
Pa
s
c
a
l
e

ebillot
Organizing
Committee
Denis
Bec
het
,
Anne-Lise
Charb
onnier
,
Philipp
e
de
Gro
o
te
,
F
r
an¸
cois
Lamarc
he
,
Bernard
Lang

,
Guy
P
e
rrier
,
Nathalie
Pierre
,
Christian
R
etor
´
e
(Chair),
Armelle
Sa
v
a
ry
INRIA-Lorraine
&
CRIN-CNRS,
Nancy


:
INRIA,
Ro
cquencourt
Ta
b
l
e
o
f
C
o
n
t
e
n
t
s
L
ogic
a
l
A
sp
ec
ts
of
Computa
t
iona
l
L
inguistic
s
:
a
n
i
n
t
r
o
duc
tion
Pat
r
ick
B
lackbu
rn
,
M
ar
c
D
ymet
man
,
A
l
ain
L
e
c
o
mt
e,
A
a
r
n
e
R
an
t
a
,
C
hr
is
t
i
an
R
e
t
o
r
´
e,
an
d
E
ric
V
i
l
l
emon
t
e
de
la
Cler
gerie
..
...
..
1
In
vited
p
a
p
ers
P
a
r
t
ia
l
p
r
o
of
tr
ees,
r
esour
c
e
s
ensitiv
e
logic
s
,
and
s
yn
tacti
c
co
ns
trai
n
t
s
A
r
avin
d
K
.
J
os
hi
an
d
S
et
h
K
u
l
ick
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
.
2
1
I
n
essen
t
ia
l
f
ea
t
u
r
e
s
Mar
c
u
s
K
r
acht
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
.
4
3
L
i
nea
r
logic
a
s
l
ogic
p
r
ogr
a
mming:
a
n
a
bstr
a
c
t
Da
l
e
M
i
l
l
e
r
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
6
3
D
e
r
i
v
a
t
i
ona
l
minima
lism
Edwar
d
S
t
abler
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
6
8
Select
ed
pap
e
rs
T
r
ee
a
d
j
o
ining
g
r
a
mma
r
s
in
non-c
o
mm
ut
a
t
iv
e
linea
r
l
ogic
V
.
Michele
A
b
ru
s
c
i,
Chris
t
ophe
F
o
u
q
u
e
r
´
e
a
nd
Ja
c
q
ue
l
i
ne
V
a
uze
i
l
l
e
s
..
..
..
.
9
6
Constructi
ng
di
fferen
t
phonologic
a
l
b
rac
k
etings
fr
om
a
p
r
o
of
net
De
ni
s
B
e
c
h
e
t
a
nd
P
h
i
l
i
p
p
e
d
e
G
r
o
o
te
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
1
1
8
V
a
gueness
a
nd
t
y
p
e
theory
Pasc
al
Boldin
i
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
1
3
4
A
n
atural
l
a
ng
uag
e
e
x
pl
anati
o
n
f
o
r
fo
rm
al
pro
o
fs
Ya
n
n
C
o
s
c
o
y
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
4
9
Mo
del
s
for
p
ol
ym
orphi
c
L
am
b
e
k
c
al
cul
u
s
M
a
rti
n
E
mms
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
1
6
8
Slopp
y
iden
tit
y
C
l
a
i
re
G
a
rd
e
n
t
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
1
8
8
A
f
am
i
l
y
of
deci
dabl
e
f
eature
l
ogi
cs
whic
h
s
upp
or
t
H
P
S
G-st
y
l
e
s
et
a
n
d
list
c
onst
r
u
c
t
ion
Ste
p
h
e
n
J
.
H
e
g
ne
r
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
.
2
0
8
Language
understandi
ng:
a
pr
o
c
edural
p
e
rsp
ecti
v
e
R
u
th
Kemp
so
n,
Wi
lf
ri
e
d
M
e
y
e
r
V
i
o
l
a
nd
Do
v
G
a
b
b
a
y
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
2
2
8
V
III
T
a
b
l
e
o
f
C
o
n
t
e
n
t
s
The
automati
c
deducti
on
of
c
l
assific
atory
s
ystems
f
r
om
linguist
i
c
t
heor
ies
Pau
l
J
ohn
K
i
n
g
an
d
K
ir
il
I
v
an
ov
S
i
m
o
v
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
2
4
8
A
b
elief-c
e
n
t
er
ed
tr
ea
tmen
t
o
f
p
r
a
gma
t
ic
pr
esupp
osition
Lu
cia
H
.
B
.
M
an
ar
a
a
n
d
A
n
n
e
de
R
o
e
c
k
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
.
2
7
4
Connec
t
ed
sets
of
t
y
p
e
s
a
nd
c
a
tegor
ia
l
c
onseq
u
enc
e
J
a
ce
k
M
a
r
c
i
n
i
ec
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
.
2
9
2
Generati
on
as
deducti
on
on
l
a
b
e
l
l
e
d
p
ro
of
nets
J
o
sep
M
.
M
er
en
cian
o
a
n
d
Glyn
V
.
Morril
l
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
3
1
0
S
e
milin
ea
r
i
t
y
a
s
a
s
y
n
t
a
c
t
ic
in
v
a
r
i
a
n
t
J
e
n
s
Michaelis
a
n
d
Mar
c
u
s
K
r
acht
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
3
2
9
Quan
t
i
t
ati
v
e
c
ons
t
rai
n
t
l
ogi
c
p
rogram
m
i
ng
f
o
r
w
eigh
t
e
d
g
r
a
mma
r
a
pplic
a
t
ions
S
t
efan
R
i
ezler
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
3
4
6
Str
i
c
t
L
T
2:
r
e
gula
r
:
:
L
o
c
a
l
:
r
ec
ogniz
a
b
le
J
a
mes
R
o
gers
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
3
6
6
P
o
m
s
e
t
l
o
g
i
c
a
nd
v
a
ri
an
ts
i
n
natural
l
ang
u
ag
e
s
Ir
en
e
S
chen
a
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
.
3
8
6
Constr
a
i
n
t
logic
p
r
ogr
a
mming
f
o
r
c
omput
a
t
iona
l
linguist
i
c
s
F
r
ie
der
S
t
o
lzen
bu
r
g
,
S
t
e
phan
H
¨
ohn
e,
U
l
rich
K
o
ch
an
d
M
art
i
n
V
olk
..
..
..
4
0
6
R
e
presen
tati
on
theorems
for
r
esi
duated
g
roup
oi
ds
Mar
e
k
S
zczerb
a
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
4
2
6
Author
Index
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
4
3
5
Author
Index
A
b
r
u
sci
,
V
.
M
i
c
h
e
l
e
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
9
6
Bechet
,
D
e
n
i
s
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
1
8
Bla
c
kburn
,
P
a
t
r
i
c
k
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
.
1
Boldini
,
P
a
s
c
a
l
.
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
1
3
4
Co
sco
y
,
Y
a
n
n
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
.
1
4
9
Dy
m
e
t
m
a
n
,
M
a
r
c
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
.
1
Emms
,
M
a
r
t
i
n
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
1
6
8
F
o
uquer
´
e
,
C
h
r
i
s
t
o
p
h
e
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
9
6
G
a
bba
y
,
D
o
v
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
2
2
8
Gardent
,
C
l
a
i
r
e
.
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
1
8
8
Gr
oote
(
de
)
,
P
hilipp
e
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
8
He
g
n
e
r
,
S
t
e
p
h
e
n
J
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
2
0
8
H
¨
one
,
S
t
e
p
h
a
n
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
.
4
0
6
Joshi
,
A
r
a
v
i
n
d
K
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
.
2
1
Kempson
,
R
u
t
h
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
2
2
8
King
,
P
a
u
l
J
o
h
n
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
2
4
8
Ko
c
h
,
U
l
r
i
c
h
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
.
4
0
6
Kra
c
ht
,
M
a
r
c
u
s
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
4
3
,
3
2
9
Kulick
,
S
e
t
h
.
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
.
2
1
Lecomte
,
A
l
a
i
n
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
1
Manara
,
L
u
c
i
a
H
.
B
.
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
.
2
7
4
Mar
c
iniek
,
J
a
c
e
k
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
.
2
9
2
Meyer
V
iol
,
W
i
l
f
r
i
e
d
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
.
2
2
8
Merenciano
,
J
o
s
e
p
M
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
.
3
1
0
Michaelis
,
J
e
n
s
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
3
2
9
M
i
lle
r
,
D
a
l
e
.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
.
6
3
Morrill
,
G
l
y
n
V
.
.
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
.
3
1
0
R
ant
a
,
A
a
r
n
e
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
.
1
Reto
r
´
e
,
C
h
r
i
s
t
i
a
n
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
.
1
Riez
l
e
r
,
S
t
e
f
a
n
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
.
3
4
6
Ro
e
c
k
(
d
e
)
,
A
n
n
e
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
2
7
4
Ro
g
e
r
s
,
J
a
m
e
s
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
3
6
6
Schena
,
I
r
e
n
e
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
3
8
6
Simo
v
,
K
i
r
i
l
I
v
a
n
o
v
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
2
4
8
St
able
r
,
E
d
w
a
r
d
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
6
8
Stolzenbur
g
,
F
r
i
e
d
e
r
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
4
0
6
Szczerba
,
M
a
r
e
k
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
4
2
6
V
a
uze
i
lle
s
,
J
a
c
q
u
e
l
i
n
e
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
.
9
6
Ville
monte
d
e
l
a
C
le
r
g
e
r
ie
,
E
r
i
c
.
..
..
..
..
..
.
.
.
.
1
Vo
l
k
,
M
a
r
t
i
n
.
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
..
4
0
6