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Dec 8, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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sktw
-
feb 2009
-
education coop

1

STRENGTHENING EDUCATION
COOPERATION THROUGH ASEAN
PARTNERSHIP AND NETWORKING:

Lessons from Indonesia

Soekartawi and Team (MONE
-
Indonesia)

(
dosoe_1957@yahoo.com
)


Country paper presented in
‘The First Regional Seminar and
Workshop on Strengthening Cooperation on Education to Achieve
ASEAN Caring and Sharing’

organized by MOE, MFA Thailand and
ASEAN Secretariat, in Bangkok, 23
-
25 Feb 2009.

sktw
-
feb 2009
-
education coop

2

BACKGROUND


Agreement made by ASED Ministers Meeting
in Bali in 2007
---

education

is defined as a
vehicle to raise ASEAN awareness and
create a sense of belonging to the ASEAN
Community.


Education

therefore is urgently developed to
a regional to support ASEAN community
building, e.g.
through cooperation and
networking

sktw
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feb 2009
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education coop

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SIX (6)
PROJECTS RELATED TO THE
ASED
-
MM AGREEMENT DONE BY MONE

1)
Review (and collect) source materials on ASEAN

for references in primary and secondary schools
in ASEAN countries.



a. The use of ICT in developing and updating


information


b. Books and teaching materials exchange


c. Increase collection teaching materials (printed


and non
-
printed)


d. Facilitate some universities who want to open


ASEAN studies.

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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)

2) .Conduct capacity
-
building

for teachers

to acquire
specific knowledge of ASEAN languages, cultures,
and religions.



a. Provide
scholarships
for ASEAN students, teachers and


lecturers, such as
Darmasiswa’

(
ND
-
program)


and KNB (
DP
-
program
)



b.
Organize and participate in various
capacity
-
building


programs


c. Promote initiatives of education cooperation by


implementing projects in areas e.g. human and


productive capacity building, technical assistance,


exchange of best practices

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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)

3) Organize youth exchange programs

for
students or others



a. Conduct and participate programs on youth


exchange programs


b. Organize and participate in teachers and/or


lecturers/Professors exchange programs.

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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)

4)
Strengthen Education Institutions’ Network (EIN)

through ASEAN University Network.



a.
Active participation to various Asian E
N
, i.e.
AUN
-


activities,
SEARCA Univ
-
Consortium, GDLN, e
-


Education, SchoolNet, etc


b. Initiate SEA
-
ERNet to strengthen collaboration in


education research.


c. Conduct intensive bilateral meetings to increase EN


d. Support bilateral initiatives undertaken by ASEAN


Members Countries for enhancing education


cooperation to benefit for people in ASEAN region

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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)

5) Develop more ASEAN Studies Programs

at
school and university level



a. Strengthen and expand the existing ASEAN


Studies Programs at school & university level


b. Strengthen collaboration among education


institutions who offer ASEAN Studies


Programs



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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)

6). Initiate or develop quality standard

of universities
and primary and secondary schools in the region



a. Set up the standard of National Education (Indonesia


has established an independent Board of National


Education Standards (
PP
19/2005)


b. Active participate in the discussion on
quality standard


of universities and primary and secondary schools in


the region



sktw
-
feb 2009
-
education coop

9

CONSTRAINTS IN IMPLEMENTING
THE PROJECTS


1.
Technical constraints (If it is ICT
-

based)


The impartiality of the Internet dispersion (not
all part of regions internet is available)


The infrastructure problem (bandwidth,
connection, electricity, computer)


Course content management (learning and/or
content management system, good and
readable content).


Complicated software which are not easily
understood

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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)

2. Socio
-
economic constraints


People who are able to operate and who use
ICT as a tool of learning.


Language constraints.



Resistance from the users (even they know
they are rarely to practice)
.


Budget constraints

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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)

3. Political Constraints





a. Lack support from the authority (some cases)


b. Change of curriculum


sktw
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feb 2009
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education coop

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LESSONS LEARNT FROM INDONESIA



Seven success points to produce success
cooperation and networking



--------------------------------------------------------------------


1.
Understanding common problems,


exploring common interests and


identifying mutual gains

of cooperating


on a regional basis



2.
Prioritizing the urgent programs

that will



benefit ASEAN for better life for ASEAN



people

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(continuation)


3.
Using technique (for identifying priority


program) generally called






‘ problem
-
solving approach’.



4.
Making Commitment through Sharing


resources

(budget and/or expertise)



5.
Implementing

joint efforts (join


programs)

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(continuation)


6. Implementing the programs through



win
-
win approach



7. Agreeing
to have regional integration


and expansion
, where regional


institutions can act programs/projects


on behalf of Member Countries to


attain the intended goals and


objectives.

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feb 2009
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education coop

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CONCLUSION

MONE believes that cooperation and
networking in education can be used as
means of effective strategy to:



First
,

increase equity and expansion or
broadening of access to education
---

to
expand capacity of the education units in
accordance with national priorities, and to
provide the same opportunities to all pupils.


Second
,

improve quality and relevance of
education

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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)



Third,

improve governance, accountability,
and public image in all level of management,
in order to help the government on the
allocation of resources and to monitor
overall education performance

sktw
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feb 2009
-
education coop

17

SEVEN CRITICAL ISSUES IN EDUCATION
COOPERATION AND NETWORKING



First,

if they (members) are not able to
identify their common problems, common
interests and mutual gains of cooperating
on a regional basis.


Second
,

if they are not able to identify
priority programs that will give benefit for
people in their respective countries.


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feb 2009
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education coop

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(continuation)



Third,

if they do not use a technique called
‘problem
-
solving approach’ as a basis of
generating harmonization among ASEAN
Members.


Fourth
,

if they are not willing to share their
resources (budget and/or expertise). This is
because sharing resources is a reflection of
commitment.


Fifth
,

if they are not willing to have joint
efforts in implementing the programs.


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education coop

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(continuation)



Sixth
,

if they are not willing to implement
the programs through win
-
win approach,
and finally


Seventh,

if they are not willing to agreeing
to have regional integration and expansion

sktw
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feb 2009
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education coop

20


THANK YOU