Collaborative Content Development

tiredbeginnerInternet and Web Development

Dec 8, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Collaborative Content Development











by






Ajazur Rahman





DRTC, ISI, B’lore






ajaz@drtc.isibang.ac.in





(26
th

Feb 2009)



Outline of talk


What is Collaboration & CCD?



Areas of collaboration on the web


Online encyclopedia


Learning Management System



Application of CCD in Libraries



Issues and Challenges




Conclusion


What is collaboration?


People interacting with other individuals, teams, ideas and
information to create and deliver value.



Collaboration requires everyone working together toward a common
goal


unified content



Great discoveries and improvements invariably involve the co
-
operation of many minds
.
(Alexander Graham Bell)



Working jointly with others










Contd..



Collaborative models


Partnership


Outsourcing


Strategic alliance


Skill sharing


Team work


Networks


Digital consortium (Largest & complex
collaboration)



What is CCD?


CCD is
web
-
based

collective action by a group of people for
developing a helpful content.



Collaborative content applications are providing new means for self
-
expression, individual creativity and development.




Application of CCD implemented in the field of web
-
based
information only after the existence of web 2.0




Difference b/w web
-
based & printed



collaboration



Web
-
based



Collaborative content


Editable


Availability 24x7


Group thought


Global level


Impartiality


Easy to convey




Printed



Collaborative discussion


Not editable


Availability (certain time)


Individual thought
(some extent)


Regional level


Partiality


Difficult to convey

Web 2.0 internet based services


Social networking sites



YouTube



My space video



Flickr



Orkut



Webshots



Yahoophotos, etc.



Wikis (Wikipedia, Scholarpedia, Wiktionary, Wikimapia etc.)



Communication tools ( IM, Conferencing tools, videos etc.)



Folksonomies



Areas of collaboration on the web


Online encyclopedia



Learning Management System



Collaborative Portals



Community Information System



Content Management System




Project management






Wikipedia


Wikipedia is a collaborative content initiative that aims to create
freely available information resources.




Anyone can create, modify, enhance, delete and discuss existing
or new content,
but only a small number of administrators have
higher level management rights for the content and the power to
solve disputes and lock pages.



Supported by Wikimedia Foundation which is free multilingual
encyclopedia project.



Launched in January 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.





Contd..


June 2008 survey shows that Wikipedia had 253 different
language version, of which 236 are active.



The English Wikipedia is the largest online encyclopedia with
over 2,397,000 articles.



Alexa.com suggests in August 2008 that Wikipedia reached
9.2% of the global internet audience.



Wikipedias have 9.5 million registered users.



Coverage





Users participation



US


(26%)


Japan (11%)


Germany (8%)


India (5%)


UK (4%)




Language coverage



English version (52%)


Spanish version (19%)


French version (5%)

Wikipedia article development




Scholarpedia


Scholarpedia is the free peer reviewed encyclopedia written by
scholars from all around the world.




It is an English
-
language online wiki
-
based encyclopedia.



Only registered users can edit an article, and those edits are subject
to approval by the curator of the article, who is typically the author.



The project was created in February 2006 by
Eugene M. Izhikevich
, a
researcher at the Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California.



Wiktionary


Wiktionary is a sister project of wikimedia foundation.



Wiktionary is a collaborative project to produce a free
-
content
multilingual dictionary.



Wiktionary includes a thesaurus, a rhyme guide, phrase books,
etymologies, pronunciations, sample quotations, synonyms,
acronyms, antonyms and translations etc.



Covers 68 languages, biasness free



Entries may include text, images, sounds etc



Regional terms coverage





Learning Management System


A Learning Management System (LMS) is a set of software tools
designed to manage user learning interventions.



An LMS is usually a database driven, dynamic website that provides
students and teachers an environment where testing and reporting can
be made.



An LMS include course catalogs, registration, tracking etc.



It distribute courses over the Internet and offering features for online
collaboration.





ThinkQuest


ThinkQuest is an international website building competition sponsored
by the Oracle Education Foundation. Founded by
Allan H. Weis

in 1996.



It is a collaboratively learning platform where teachers and students
create learning projects and participate in a website competition.



ThinkQuest is a medium of development of collaboratively creative and
innovative websites.



For creating a websites it select a Student teams, consisting of 3 to 6
students and a Coach
.



Process of website creation

1.
Enroll:



-

Only a librarian, teacher or school administrator can

enroll as a coach through online application.




-

After submission the application ThinkQuest team review

the application and verify that the school is accredited or not.




-

Finally the school contact is now ready to create

projects and join

the competition.


2.

Assemble a team:



-

All teams need a Coach (teacher), assistant coach

(additional) and 3
-
6 students.




-

There should be 3 age groups: 19 & Under, 15 & Under, and 12 &

Under.






Contd..



-

Extra

points

will

be

awarded

to

teams

that

have

members

from


different

countries,

cultures,

and

backgrounds
.

3
.

Build

a

website
:



-

Coaches

choose

a

topic,

assemble

a

team,

and

build

a

website
.





-

These

websites

are

published

in

the

ThinkQuest

Library,

a

public


presentation

of

competing

websites
.


4
.

Win

prize
:



-

Prizes

for

ThinkQuest

competition

winners

may

include

a

trip

to


ThinkQuest

Live

in

San

Francisco,

laptop

computers,

digital


cameras,

and

school

monetary

grants
.








Areas of subjects


ThinQuest

has

categorized

into

12

different

fields

to

develop

a

website
.

These

are



1.

Arts & Entertainment

2.

Books & Literature

3.

Business & Industry

4.

Computers & the Internet

5.

Geography & Travel

6.

Health & Safety

7.

History & Government

8.

Math

9.

Philosophy, Religion & Mythology

10.

Science & Technology

11.

Social Science & Culture


12. Sports and recreation



Evaluation criteria of ThinkQuest websites



Content:
Website expertly explores the chosen topic, evidenced by
depth of information, supporting details and a variety of sources. All
content should be accurate and current.



Writing & Organization:

Content should be written in English using
correct grammar, punctuation and spelling. Writing should be concise
and easy to understand.



Originality:

Website should be creative and original in its approach to
presenting the topic. The majority of written content should not be
paraphrased or copied from outside sources.



Educational Relevance:
All content (written, media elements) should
be educational and informative and should be written and organized for
a student audience.






Contd..


Global Impact:
-

Website should intentionally raise awareness,
presents action steps, and effectively engages others in addressing the
issue and making a difference.



Collaboration:
-

Site Profile and website should include a candid
narrative on how the team worked together to create the website,
divide tasks, share responsibilities, and overcome challenges.



Team Diversity:
-

Student team members come from multiple
socioeconomic backgrounds, cultural groups, or have overcome other
challenges to participate so Site Profile and website should explain how
the team is diverse.



Website Structure, Appearance, and Function:
-

The site’s design
and layout make it easy to use. Every page should be visually well
organized. Colors, fonts, and overall layout should be creative, artistic
and consistent across the website.


Sakai



Sakai is a community of academic institutions, commercial organizations
and

individuals who work together to develop a common Collaboration
and Learning Environment (CLE).



CLE is a free and open source product that is built and maintained by the
Sakai community.



It is a powerful and flexible solution that supports teaching and learning
along with research and administrative collaboration.



It is an active community of educational institutions working together to
solve common problems and share best practices.




CCD as library perspective


Summary creation or abstract



Review or critical notes



Tagging (subject Indexing)


Through a digital library


Online web opac



Glossary (using wiki tools to index a technical terms or jargons)



Weblogs and wiki



User rating



Library consortium


Issues & challenges of CCD

1.
Quality of content:



--

Information accuracy and reliability







--

Production quality




--


Legal and personal misuse



(infringements of copyrights and moral rights)




--


Infringing usage of content





Contd..

2.


Risk of Digital Divide:



--

Internet usage divide







--

Internet skills divide







--

Advanced digital competence


3.
Privacy & security


4. Internet security threats


5. Challenges for organizations (question of productivity)








Conclusion



The

key

feature

of

collaborative

content

is

that

it

is

created,

reviewed,

refined,

enhanced

and

shared

by

interactions

and

contributions

by

a

number

of

people
.



Collaborative content, created with web2.0 technologies, is part of the
social computing phenomenon .



Finally, CCD is completely based on web only after the existence of web
2.0




References


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ThinkQuest



http://www.thinkquest.org/en/



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management_software



http://sakaiproject.org/portal



http://www.ohloh.net/p/3551




JRC Scientific and Technical Reports by Kirsti Ala
-
Mukta, (pdf)