Ternopil State Technical University
Physics I
Spring 2008
Course Syllabus
Course Overview
In a wide sense, physics is a science
which
describ
es
a
nature. To reveal the laws of
the
nature, physical
science makes use of experiments, theoretical meth
ods and computer modeling. In the course of Physics 1

2

3 an
account of contemporary physical science will be done. Some of basic physical, already known by you will be
reformulated, an attempt to unite all of physical science to produce an integral descri
ption of nature will be made.
Questions not resolved so far, will be characterized from the point of view of contemporary physical theories.
Emphasis will be made on developing practical skills in building up models of real processes and solving problems
a
nalytically. To improve experimental skills and to illustrate important theoretical questions, parallel laboratory
sessions will be arranged. Note, that completing of the laboratory assignment is mandatory for passing the course.
Course goals
By the e
nd of the 1
st
semester every student will/should be familiar with basic physical phenomena and
laws; master the fundamental physical concepts and classical theories, methods of physical science,
principles of physycal modeling, methods of problem solving,
experimental technics, experimental data
analysis; will develop skills in formulating models of physical features, solving problems on classical
mechanics and thermodynamics.
Recommended Textbooks:
“Fundamentals of Physics” by D.Halliday, R.Resnick an
d J.Walker.
“Light and Matter” by Benjamin Crowell,
www.lightandmatter.com
“Calculus Based Physics” by Jeffrey W.Schnick,
creativecommons.org
Course WebPage
:
http://www.tu.edu.te.ua/kafedra/physics/phys_PK1.htm
Course Structure
М
odule
1
–
Fundamentals of mechanics
Units
Academic hours*
Lectures
Problem
solving
Laboratory
Independent
work
1
Kinematics
and
dynamics
3
4
2
9
2
Mechanical work and energy
.
Mechanical forces
3
2
2
8
3
Rotational motion of a solid
3
2
2
8
4
Mot
ion in non

inertial reference
frames
.
Fundamentals of special
relativity
1
–
J
S
Total
(
hrs
):
8
8
6
46
М
odule 2
–
Oscillations and waves. Molecular physics and thermodynamics
Units
Academic hours
Lectures
Problem
solving
Laboratory
Independent
wor
k
1
Mechanical
oscillations and waves
3
2
2
9
2
Ideal gas model.
2
2
2
6
3
Laws of thermodynamics
2
2
2
6
4
Condensed matter
1
2
2
9
Total
(
hrs
):
8
8
8
30
*
Every lecture, class or laboratory work
lasts 1 hour and 20 min what
is equal to two acad
emic hours
1
semester
Lectures

16
Problem solving

16
Laboratory sessions

16
Total workload
(
academic hours
)

48
Independent work

82
2.1
. Lectures
Topics
1.
Introduction. Methods of physical science
.
Metric
system
of
units. Basic notions of
dynamics: space, time, motion. Reference systems. Physical quantities,
vectors in physics
.
2.
Kinematics of translational and rotational motion
.
3.
Newtonian dynamics of a mechanical system
.
Center of mass and its equation of motion.
Conversation of momentum.
4.
Fundamental interactions. Gravitational forces. Weight an
d imponderability. Elastic
deformations and Hooke’s law. Friction of rigid bodies and fluid.
5.
Mechanical work. Power. Kinetic and potential energy. Physical fields. Conservative and
dissipative forces. Relation between potential energy and force. Condi
tions of equilibrium.
Energy of a strained body. Energy of gravitational interaction. Energy conservation.
Motion of an ideal liquid. Bernoulli equation.
6.
Dynamics of rotational motion. Kinetic energy and work in rotational motion.
Conservation of an
gular momentum. Giroscopes.
7.
Motion in non

inertial frames of reference. Forces of inertia.
8.
Special relativity. Postulates of special relativity. Lorentz transformations. Relativistic
effects. Fundamentals of relativistic dynamics. Relation betwee
n mass and energy. Basics
of general relativity.
9.
Free harmonic oscillations. Simple pendulum, physical pendulum, mass

spring system.
Energy in harmonic motion. Superposition of oscillations. Damped oscillations. Forced
oscillations. Resonance.
10.
Tr
ansverse and longitudinal waves in elastic continuum
.
Wave equation
.
Wave energy
.
The principle of wave superposition. Wave packet
.
Wave interferention and diffraction.
Standing waves. Sound and its perception
.
11.
Statistical
and
thermodynamic
methods. F
undamentals of molecular kinetic theory. Ideal
gas model. Heat capacity of ideal gas
.
Maxwell
distribution
of
molecule
velocities
.
Barometric
formula
.
Boltzmann
distribution
for
particles
in
external
potential field
.
Mean
free
path
of
molecules
.
Diffusion
,
thermal
transport
,
internal friction in a fluid
.
12.
1
st
law of thermodynamics and its applications to iso

processes in gases. Adiabatic
processes. Work in iso

processes
.
13.
Reversible and irreversible processes
.
Cycles
.
Heat engines and refrigeratin
g plants.
Carnot
cycle
and
its
thermal
efficiency
.
2
nd
law of thermodynamics
.
Free energy and
entropy
.
14.
Deviations from ideal gas laws. Models of intermolecular interaction.
Van

der

Waals
equation. Critical state of a matter.
Gases liquefaction
.
15.
Characteristics of liqiuds.
Viscosity and superfluidity
.
Structure and thermal properties of
solid state.
Defects in crystals
.
16.
Phase equilibrium condition. The simplest phase diagram. Phase transitions of 1
st
and 2
nd
order. Clapeyron

Clausius equatio
n. Matter at extreme conditions
.
2.2.
Problem solving
Topic
1.
Problem solving strategies
.
Kinematics
.
2.
Dynamics
of
translational
motion
.
3.
Forces in dynamics
.
Work and energy
.
4.
Rotational motion of a rigid body
.
5.
Mechanical oscilla
tions and waves. Motion in non

inertion reference frames
.
Fundamentals of special relativity
.
6.
Molecular theory of an ideal gas.
7.
Laws of thermodynamics
.
8.
Real gases, liquids and solids.
2.3.
Laboratory sessions
1.
Introductory lection
: safety measures
, physical
measurements, data and error analysis
.
Estimations
.
Experimental
techniques
and
appliances
. (2
hrs
.)
2.
Team work on demo

assignment. Application of physical
measurements technics, data and error
analysis in the lab.
(2
hrs
.)
3.
Work
on
individual
assignments
(
12
hrs
.)
Subject of laboratory experiment
Acronym
1.
Demonstration of physical
measurements techniques, data and error analysis
on example of determination of a rigid body density
Lab
1
2.
Study of translational
motion laws with Atwood machine
Lab
2
3.
Study of rotational motion of rigid body on Oberbek pendulum
Lab
3
4.
Determination of a fly

wheel moment of inertia and friction torque
Lab
4
5.
Determination of moment of inertia using torsion pendulum
Lab
5
6.
Determination of Young modulus by bending test
of metallic bar
Lab
6
7.
Determination
of
free
fall
acceleration
using
physical
pendulum
Lab
7
8.
Determination
of
logarithmic
decrement
and
damping
coefficient
of
oscillator
Lab
8
9.
Study
of
m
echanical
laws
on example of torsion pendulum
Lab
9
10.
Determination
of
sound velocity by interferention method
Lab
10
11.
Determination
of
liquid
viscosity
by Stockes method
Lab
11
12.
Determination
of
liquid
viscosity
using capillar viscosimeter
Lab
12
13.
Determination
of
mean
free
path
and
effective
diameter
of
molecule
by
measuring
of
air
viscosity
Lab
13
14.
Determination
of
the
rate
of
specific
heats
by Clemand

Desormes method
Lab
14
15.
Determination
of
surface tension
coefficient
by
drops
c
omparison
method
Lab
15
16.
Determination
of
surface tension
coefficient
by
a
ring
tearing from a liquid
surface
Lab
16
17.
Determination
of
linear thermal expansion coefficient for a solid
Lab
17
2.4
. Topics for independent work
Topics
1.
Met
ric
system
of
units. Basic notions of dynamics: space, time, motion. Reference
systems. Vector algebra
.
2.
Equations of kinematics for translational and rotational motion and their application to
one

dimensional, two

dimensional and circular motions
.
3
.
Application of the law of momentum conversation to elastic collisions. Motion of a
system with varying mass
.
4.
Fundamental interactions. Gravitational forces. Weight and imponderability. Elastic
deformations and Hooke’s law. Friction of rigid bodies
and fluid.
5.
Mechanical work. Power. Kinetic and potential energy. Physical fields. Conservative and
dissipative forces. Relation between potential energy and force. Conditions of
equilibrium. Energy of a strained body. Energy of gravitational interacti
on. Energy
conservation.
Motion of an ideal liquid. Bernoulli equation.
6.
Dynamics of rotational motion. Kinetic energy and work in rotational motion.
Conservation of angular momentum. Giroscopes.
7.
Motion in non

inertial frames of reference. Force
s of inertia.
8.
Special relativity. Postulates of special relativity. Lorentz transformations. Relativistic
effects. Fundamentals of relativistic dynamics. Relation between mass and energy. Basics
of general relativity.
9.
Free harmonic oscillations.
Simple pendulum, physical pendulum, mass

spring system.
Energy in harmonic motion. Superposition of oscillations. Damped oscillations. Forced
oscillations. Resonance.
10.
Transverse and longitudinal waves in elastic continuum
.
Wave equation
.
Wave energy
.
The principle of wave superposition. Wave packet
.
Wave interferention and diffraction.
Standing waves. Sound and its perception
.
11.
Statistical
and
thermodynamic
methods. Fundamentals of molecular kinetic theory. Ideal
gas model. Heat capacity of ideal g
as
.
Maxwell
distribution
of
molecule
velocities
.
Barometric
formula
.
Boltzmann
distribution
for
particles
in
external
potential field
.
Mean
free
path
of
molecules
.
Diffusion
,
thermal
transport
,
internal friction in a fluid
.
12.
1
st
law of thermodynamics a
nd its applications to iso

processes in gases. Adiabatic
processes. Work in iso

processes
.
13.
Reversible and irreversible processes
.
Cycles
.
Heat engines and refrigerating plants.
Carnot
cycle
and
its
thermal
efficiency
.
2
nd
law of thermodynamics
.
Free
energy and
entropy
.
14.
Deviations from ideal gas laws. Models of intermolecular interaction.
Van

der

Waals
equation. Critical state of a matter.
Gases liquefaction
.
15.
Characteristics of liqiuds.
Viscosity and superfluidity
.
Structure and thermal properties of
solid state.
Defects in crystals
.
16.
Phase equilibrium condition. The simplest phase diagram. Phase transitions of 1
st
and 2
nd
order. Clapeyron

Clausius equation. Matter at extreme conditions
.
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