# Pascack Valley Regional High School District

Mechanics

Oct 31, 2013 (4 years and 8 months ago)

101 views

Pascack Valley Regional High School District

Pascack Hills High School, Montvale, New Jersey

Pascack Valley High School, Hillsdale, New Jersey

Course Name:

Conceptual Physics

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
Conceptual Physics

Conceptual Physics is d
esigned for students to reach an understanding of the important concepts of physics without
necessarily achieving mastery of the mathematical relationships and equations governing the physical laws of nature.

This course will investigate the following top
ics:

Scientific Method

Momentum

Measurement Systems

Rotational Motion

1D Motion

Waves and Vibrations

2D Motion

Sound

Newton’s Laws

Light and
Optics

Forces

Electricity

Work and Energy

Magnetism

This inquiry
-
based college preparatory course seeks to

develop a student’
s understanding and
appreciation for the
physical world. Each unit will begin with an authentic and troublesome

issue that currently faces society. Solutions to
these problems require that students develop a

conceptual understanding of p
hysics principles through the use of online
and hands
-
on problem
-
based activities.

Overview of Conceptual Physics

Curriculum

1.

D
iscoveries
of physical laws
are made through processes of scientific inquiry

2.

Objects in the universe obey the laws of physic
s which describe the interactions between matter and energy

3.

Newton’s Laws can be used to describe the motion of bodies in response to forces

4.

Vibrations cause waves which transmit energy through matter and space

5.

Sound is the result of vibrations transmi
tted though matter and perceived by living beings

6.

Light has unique properties which are fundamental to the nature of the universe and the behavior of all particles

7.

Electricity and magnetism are closely related and can be used to cause electromagnetic fi
elds and forces

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 1: Introduction

After Unit 1, the student will be able to:

1.

Describe the steps of the
scientific method and
demonstrate this me
thod by
solving problems scientifically.

2.

Compare and contrast an
experimental setup with a
control setup while learning
how to design a scientific
experiment.

3.

Evaluate the importance of a
universal system of
measurement.

The student will:

1.

U
se the sc
ientific
method as a guide to
evaluate and solve real
life problems

2.

Analyze and construct
scientific experiments
which contains both the
experimental and
control setup

3.

Utilize the metric
system as a
measurement tool
during science
laboratory exercises and
activities

Students will use

the
fo
llowing technological
resources
:

This introductory unit will
take place prior to laptop
distribution

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.A.1

5.7.A.2

5.7.A.3

5.7.A.4

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 2: 1D Motion

Afte
r Unit 2
, the student will be able to:

1.Distinguish between average and
instantaneous speed.

2. Distinguish between speed and
velocity

3.Understand the relationship between
velocity and acceleration.

4.Apply graphing techniques to gain a
clearer understan
ding of speed, velocity
and acceleration.

5.Apply uniform acceleration concepts
in free fall problem solving.

6. Manipulate the two formula

In order to solve for each variable

The student will:

1. Perform

several experiments
involving distance vs. time data.

2.Perform several experiments
involving an object freely
falling under the influence of
gravity

3. Free fall demonstrations

4. Construct water powered
rockets to study the effects of a
constant acceler
ation.

5. Physics 500 activity

6. Water
-

Balloon drop

Students will use

the
fo
llowing technological
resources
:

1.Explore Learning motion
Activities

2. Kinetic books motion
applets and virtual labs

3. Pasco motion sensors and
Data studio software.

4. Aqua
-
port rocket system
with Pasco flex picket fence

5.Phet web site 1 D motion

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.
1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.A.1

5.7.A.2

5.7.A.3

5.7.A.4

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 3: 2D Motion

After Unit 3
, the student will be able to:

1.

Determine what facto
rs affect the
motion of a object that is fired
horizontally

2.

Determine what factors affect the
trajectory of an object fired or
launched at some angle to the
horizontal.

3.

Reason that the vertical motion of
an object is independent of the
horizontal motion.

4.

R
ealize 2D motion is a product of
vertical and Horizontal motion.

The student will:

1.Perform experiments utilizing
the “Arbor air Rockets”

2.Kinetic books virtual labs.

3.“Ball
-
in
-
cup lab”

4. “Monkey
-
Hunter
demonstration

5. Phet web site 2 D motion
in
teractive activities.

6.Labs involving Fired
Horizontal projectiles

Students will use

the
fo
llowing technological
resources
:

1.Pasco Data acquisition
instruments. (Photogate)

2.”i” movie to video
trajectory of projectile.

3.Explor learning activiti
es

4.Phet 2D motion simulations

5. Kinetic Books 2D
simulations

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.A.1

5.7.A.2

5.7.A.3

5.7.A.4

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 4: Newton’s Laws and Forces

After Unit 4
, the student will be able to:

1.

Distinguish the difference
between Kinematics and
Dynamics

2.

2.Name the forces in nature and
give examples of each

3.

State Newton’s 3 laws of
motion and display a conceptual
understanding of their
applications.

4.

Be able to use Newton’s second
law in solving problems

5.

Recognize that it is
a “net”
force that causes an
acceleration, not an action

reaction pair of forces.

6.

State the Law of Conservation
of energy and understand it’s
roll in everyday events.

7.

Recognize friction as a non
-
conservative force.

8.

Calculate the power of device

9.

Recogni
ze Gravitational
Potential energy and Kinetic
energy

10.

Demonstrate an understanding
of “Resultant force” and
equilibrium.

11.

Name and label several “Simple
Machines”

12.

Display an understanding of

The student will:

1. Perform lab activi
ties
involving constant force on an
object

2.Investigate the factors
affecting friction through Hover
and 4wheeled crafts.

3.Construct a 4wheeled Lego
motorized device to climb a hill
illustrating work/time=power

4. Perform activities involving
action

re
action pairs

5.Examine the requirements in
order to perform the “Iron
Cross” in gymnastics.

6.Examine everyday devices
that utilize a simple machine.

7. Investigate the physics
principles of a roller coaster
through it’s construction and
testing

St
udents will use

the
fo
llowing technological
resources
:

1.

Pasco motion sensors

2.

Pasco Photo gates

3.

Data studio motion
graphing for Position
vs. time and velocity
vs. time of Lego
vehicle

4.

Phet interactive
simulations

5.

Kinetic Books virtual
Labs

6.

Explore learning

activities

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.A.1

5.7.A.2

5.7.A.3

5.7.A.4

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

COURS
E NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 5: Circular and Rotational Motion

After Unit 5
, the student will be able to:

1.

Calculate the center seeking force
necessary to keep an object
moving in
a circular path.

2.

Demonstrate an understanding of
Tangential velocity along the
radius of a rotating body and the
distance from the axis of rotation.

3.

Understand the misconception
centrifugal force.

4.

Understand the concept of
Rotat
ional inertia and its
applications in every day life.

The student will:

1 Perform experiments
involving objects traveling in
circular paths.

2.Solve problems involving
tangential speeds of a point
along the radius of a ridged
rotating body.

3. Comple
te labs involving
Rotational motion and circular
motion

Ex. Rotating disk at given
RPM, measure tangential
velocity at given point along

Students will use

the
fo
llowing technological
resources
:

1.

Pa
sco Data acquisition
equipment, Photo gate,
Explorer

2.

Data studio program

3.

Kinetic Books virtual
and interactive labs

4.

Phet interactive
simulations

5.

Explore learning
activities on rotational
and circular motion

6.

Rollercoaster
modeling with
interactive Physics

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.A.1

5.7.A.2

5.7.A.3

5.7.A.4

COURSE NAME:

Conc
eptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 6: Waves and Vibrations

After Unit 6, the student will be able to:

1.

Understand that waves are
caused by vibrating particles

2.

Distinguish between mechanical
and elect
romagnetic waves.

3.

Distinguish between transverse
and longitudinal waves.

4.

Define basic wave
characteristics (frequency,
period, wavelength, etc).

5.

Understand types of wave
interactions (reflection,
refraction, interference, etc.).

6.

Recognize and describe
prop
erties and examples of
standing waves.

The student will:

1.

Demonstrate examples
of different wave types

2.

Draw and label wave
parts and waveforms

3.

Solve basic problems
involving wave
properties

4.

Complete labs (e.g.)

Types of Waves

Standing Waves

Students
will use the
following technological
resources:

1.

Explore Learning Wave
Activities

2.

Pasco Wave Generator

3.

Web based wave
simulations

4.

Kinetic Books Wave
activities

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.B.1

5.7.B.2

5.7.B.3

5.7.B.4

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 7:

Sound

After Unit 7, the student will be able to:

1.

Identify the properties of sound
waves

2.

Recognize the difference
between frequency and
loudness

3.

Understand the Doppler Effect

4.

Understand the concept of
resonance

5.

Appreciate the differences in
hearing sensi
tivity among
humans and animals

The student will:

1.

Create and analyze
sound waves of varying
characteristics

2.

Solve basic problems
involving sound waves
and speed

3.

Complete labs (e.g.)

Speed of sound

Resonance

4.

Complete problem
based project (e.g.)

Musical

instruments

Resonance

Doppler Effect

Students will use the
following technological
resources:

1.

Explore Learning
Sound Activities

2.

Pasco Waveport
Software

3.

Web based sound
simulations

4.

Kinetic Books Sound
activities

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
a
ctivities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.A.1

5.7.A.2

5.7.B.1

5.7.B.2

5.7.B.3

5.7.B.4

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIV
ES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 8: Light and Optics

After Unit 8
, the student will be able to:

1.

Understand the properties of
light

waves

2.

Identify the parts of the
electromagnetic spectrum

3.

Understand the concepts of
refl
ection and refraction

4.

Und
erstand how mirrors and
lenses are used to produce
images

The student will:

1.

Explore and research
various parts of the
electromagnetic spectrum

2.

Draw ray diagrams for
mirrors and lenses

3.

Solve basic problems
involving light waves

and
speed

4.

Complete labs (e.g.)

Mirrors

Lenses

5.

Complete problem based
project (e.g.)

Periscope

Solar cooker

Students will use the
following technological
resources:

1.

Explore Learning Light

Activities

2.

Pasco

Optics Equipment

3.

Web based optics

simulation
s

4.

Kinetic Books Light

activities

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.B.1

5.7.B.2

5.7
.B.3

5.7.B.4

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOLOGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 9: Electricity

After Unit 9
, the student will be able to:

1.

Describe the causes of electrostatic
charges and forces

2.

Define voltage
, current and
resistance

3.

Understand and apply ohm’s law

4.

Describe and design various types
of electrical circuits

5.

Understand the differences between
AC and DC current and circuits

The student will:

1.

Explore electrostatic
charges and forces

2.

Determine pro
perties of
conductors and insulators

3.

Draw electrical circuit
diagrams

4.

Solve basic problems
involving ohm’s law and
circuits

5.

Complete labs (e.g.)

Electrostatics

Ohm’s Law

Circuits

6.

Complete problem based
project (e.g.)

Circuit design

Analog or digital
comput
er

Students will use the
following technological
resources:

1.

Explore Learning
Electricity

Activities

2.

Web based electricity

simulations

3.

Kinetic Books Electricity

activities

4.

Electrical meters and
equipment

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activitie
s

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.B.1

5.7.B.2

5.7.B.3

5.7.B.4

COURSE NAME:

Conceptual Physics

OBJECTIVES

ACTIVITIES

TECHNOL
OGY
ACTIVITIES

EVALUATION

N.J.C.C.C.S.

Unit 10: Magnetism

After Unit 10
, the student will be able
to:

1.

Describe the causes of magnetic
fields and forces

2.

Understand the importance of the
earth’s magnetic field

3.

Identify magnetic and non
-
magnetic material
s

4.

Understand electric current can
produce magnetic fields and vice
versa

The student will:

1.

Explore magnetic fields and
forces

2.

Determine magnetic
properties of various
materials

3.

Research the causes and
effects of earth’s magnetic
field

4.

Complete labs (e
.g.)

Magnetic Force

5.

Complete problem based
project (e.g.)

Electric Motor

Electromagnet

Students will use the
following technological
resources:

1.

Explore Learning
magnetism a
ctivities

2.

Web based magnetism

simulations

3.

Kinetic Books magnetism

activities

Homework

Quizzes

Tests

Laboratory
activities

Projects

Presentations

Webquests

Problem
-
based
learning

5.1
.A.1

5.1.A.2.

5.1.A.3

5.1.A.4

5.1.B.1

5.1.B.2

5.1.C.1

5.2
.A.1

5.3
.A.1

5.3.D.1

5.4
.B.1

5.4.C.1

5.7
.B.1

5.7.B.2

5.7.B.3

5.7.B.4