Excite@Q Teacher Notes - Questacon

thunderclingAI and Robotics

Nov 13, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

114 views




Excite@Q

Exhibit

Themes, Descriptions and Curriculum Links

Questacon’s

Excite@Q

exhibition
in Gallery
7

(based in Canberra),
contains
hands
-
on exhibit
s
suitable for visitors aged
8

years
through to
adults
.
Each exhibit
offers a highly sensory experience of

spectacular physical
phenomena, particularly through

two popular
exhibits of
Free Fall

and
360 Swing
. To ensure visitor safety,
both

of these exhibits
have

physica
l restrictions

that
mak
e

them unsuitable for younger visitors, or
visitors who have certain health issues.
The

Whoosh

exhibit
is suitable for younger visitors, but overall,
Excite@Q

is more appropriate for
older
visitors.

Thi
s document
list
s
Excite@Q

exhibit

names,
des
cription
s
,
key themes and subject areas

as well as how
Excite@Q

links to the Australian
National Science Curriculum.

The following suggestions and questions are useful for strengthening the educational experience for students and encouraging
them to conne
ct
exhibit concepts to what they encounter in their everyday lives.



Do you make a better vortex
on the Jellyfish Vortex
by yourself or by working with other people?

Have you seen a vortex back home?



Why is it important for the person
using

360 S
wing

to s
quat down and stand up?

What do you do on a swing at home?



C
heck your heart rate

(on the
Heart Rate

exhibit)

before and after you
use
Free Fall
.



Does an adult have quicker reflexes than a child?
When do fast reflexes or reaction times come in handy
?



Can
you

design a

four
-
person
air hockey
game?
What rules will you
play by
?



Can you play Jingle Bells on
OptiMusic
?



How
does

the

robot’s

computer
‘know’ where

the puck

is located

on the air hockey table
?



Which materials let
you hide from human

view
, but not

from the
thermal
camera?
How would fire fighters or an industrial factory use this
camera?






Excite@Q

Exhibit Name

Exhibit Description

Key Themes

Subject Areas

360 Swing

Stand on the swing platform and shift your weight to
swing as high as you please and maybe get the
swing to
complete
a full 360 degree rotation.

momentum
,

harmonic
motion
,

centrifugal
force
,

gravity
,

g
-
force
,

swing
,

pendulum
,

rotation
,

acceleration
,

fear r
esponse

Biology



human p獹捨o汯ly…
behav楯ir


o汯ly


human body ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)

Technology

mhy獩捳s


景牣敳r& t楯i
 ne牴raⰠ
g牡v楴yⰠpu獨Ⱐpu汬Ⱐa捣e汥牡瑩tn)

A牴⁍慣r楮i

䑲awⰠ獰污l瑥爠rnd⁳ 楮⁤楧楴i氠la楮i a牯rnd a⁴ou捨
獣牥sn⁴o⁣牥a瑥⁹ou爠rwn v楲瑵a氠l牴ro牫⸠r

Th楳⁴ouch⁳捲 en⁤emon獴牡te猠sow⁤楧楴i氠
瑥捨no汯ly⁣ n⁢e u獥d⁣牥a瑩te汹⁴o⁧ene牡re⁷o牫猠
of⁡牴r

獣楥s捥
-
a牴
,

d楧楴il
,

mu汴lmed楡
,

捯汯u爠
add楴楯n
,

捯l
ou爠m楸楮i
,

瑥捨no汯ly

䍵汴C牥r


v楳畡氠l牴r

Technology

Ba瑡k

Tap楧h瑳ta猠soon⁡猠sou⁳ e⁴hem⁧汯l⁡nd 捨e捫c
you爠獣r牥⁡琠the endf 瑨e⁳ 獳楯n⸠

A猠se汬⁡猠se獴楮g⁹ou爠rea捴楯n 瑩te
 ow ng⁩琠
瑡步猠sou爠re牶ou猠獹s瑥m⁴o⁲ g楳瑥爠獥e楮i ea捨
汩gh琬⁴hen⁲ a捨ing⁡nd⁴app楮i⁡楧h琠w楴i⁹ u爠
hand⤬⁴)楳iexh楢楴i獨ow猠sow⁰e物phe牡氠r楳ion
捯mpa牥猠to⁤楲e捴⁶楳ion⁩ dete捴楮g vemen琮

牥r捴楯n 瑩te
,

牥獰onse⁲ 瑥
,

ne牶ou猠
獹獴sm
,

v楳ion
,

pe物phe牡氠r楳ion
,

movement
,

homeo獴a獩s

B楯汯gy



human p獹捨o汯ly…
behav楯ir


o汯ly


human body ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)

Technology

䍲o獳⁈s捫cy

佮e⁴o 景u爠r污le牳⁣rn⁣牥ate⁴he楲wn⁡楲⁨o捫cy
gamen⁴hi
猠sxh楢楴i⁁⁳ 楮i楮i⁳ ape⁩ ⁴he 捥n瑲t
捨a汬enge猠sou⁴o⁢oun捥⁴he pu捫co晦⁴he⁳p楮i楮i
獨apeⰠo爠瑩me⁹ou爠rove猠獯⁴he pu捫⁷h楺穥猠pas琠
瑨e⁳hape⸠

You need to consider the shape’s rotating speed
and ang汥猠o映牥f汥捴ion⁷hen⁴he⁰u捫⁳c物步猠she
捯汬楳ion
,

牥f汥捴ion
,

momen瑵m
,

牥bound
,

f物捴楯n
,

橵jgement
,

瑩t楮i
,

瑥am⁷o牫
,


mhy獩捳s


a楲⁰牥獳r牥r& f汵楤 mechan
楣猠
⡨Ed牡r汩捳…⁡e牯rynam楣猩

mhy獩捳s


景牣敳r& t楯i
 ne牴raⰠ
g牡v楴yⰠpu獨Ⱐpu汬Ⱐa捣e汥牡瑩tn⤠

ja瑨ema瑩捳t


geomet特⁡n
d⁴opo汯ly

B楯汯gy


human p獹捨o汯ly…


Excite@Q

Exhibit Name

Exhibit Description

Key Themes

Subject Areas

s
hape.

behaviour

Disgustoscope

Look into the tunnel of mirrors to see a strange
image of your hair and face magnified against a
backdrop of earthworms!

LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes)
that

line the mirrored
tunnel seem to reflect into infinity, becoming duller
as the reflections continue. The appearance of your
flesh within the infinite reflections can create an odd
image of a ‘new’ living mass!

汩ght
,

牥r汥l瑩tn
,

ang汥l
,

楮iin楴i
,

ab獯牰瑩

,

歡汥楤o獣spe
,

p獹捨o汯ly

m
hy獩捳s


op瑩捳
t楳ib汥l汩gh琩

B楯汯gy



human p獹捨o汯ly…
behav楯ir

B楯汯gy


human body ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)


䙲ee⁆ 汬

䡡eg⁦牯m 瑨e⁴op映a
6

me瑲t h楧h⁳汩摥Ⱐthen 琠
go⁴o⁳汩瀠down⁴he⁳汩 e⸠

䙲ee⁆ 汬⁧楶e猠you⁡⁳ma汬
瑡s瑥 of⁺e牯⁧牡ri瑹
Ewe楧h瑬t獳se獳⤠snd⁴he 晥a爠re獰on獥.

g牡v楴y
,

ze牯⁧牡v楴y
,

weigh瑬t獳se獳
,

a捣c汥牡瑩tn
,

晡汬楮i
,

晥a爠re獰on獥
,

獬sde
,

hea牴⁲r瑥
,

ad牥na汩n

B楯汯gy



human p獹捨o汯ly…
behav楯ir


o汯ly


human body ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)

mhy獩捳s


景牣敳r& t楯i
 ne牴raⰠ
g牡v楴yⰠpu獨Ⱐpu汬Ⱐa捣e汥牡瑩tn)


䡥e牴⁒慴e

䡯汤⁴he⁢a爠瑯⁳ee and⁨ea爠rou爠rea牴⁢ea琠p污led
on⁡⁢a獳⁤牵m⸠

pen獯牳⁩n⁴he⁢a爠rete捴c瑩ty⁥汥捴物捡氠獩lna汳⁦牯m
a牴r物a氠le牶e猠楮⁹ou爠hand献sthen⁹ou爠rea牴⁢ea瑳
晡獴s
r, the nerves respond and the bar’s sensors
f楬瑥爠and⁡mp汩fy⁹ou爠re牶e⁳楧na汳⁡猠s汥捴物捡氠
獩sna汳⁷l瑨楮ian e汥捴ron楣⁣楲捵楴⁴o⁢ea琠the d牵r.



hea牴⁲r瑥
,

pu汳l
,

ne牶es
,

晥a爠
e汥捴牯rhy獩潬sgy
,

牥獰onse
,

ad牥ra汩n
,

homeo獴a獩s


o汯ly


human bod
y ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)

Technology

䩥汬yf楳栠so牴rx

ja步⁲ bbon猠sn⁴he⁣e楬楮i⁣ 牬⁡nd⁳ ay楫e
橥汬jf楳栠瑥nta捬敳c u獩sg⁴he⁳業p汥lpowe爠r映m楳琠
and a楲⁰牥獳r牥.

Pushing down on the vortex generator’s collar
捲敡瑥猠a 牧eⰠ瑯ro楤i氠l楲
-
m楳琠io牴rxⰠwh楣栠
f汯a瑳t
a楲⁰牥獳r牥
,

vo牴rx
,

瑯牯楤
,

doughnu琠
vo牴rx
,

f汯l瑡瑩tn
,

f汵楤
,

景牣r

mhy獩捳s


a楲⁰牥獳r牥r&
f汵楤 mechan楣猠
⡨Ed牡r汩捳…⁡e牯rynam楣猩



Excite@Q

Exhibit Name

Exhibit Description

Key Themes

Subject Areas

towards the ceiling due to changing air pressure and
friction.
The toroidal vortex has enough force to
bend the ribbons hanging from the ceiling.

OptiMusic

Compose a musical masterpiece using lights,
sensors and your waving hands and feet.

This

OptiMusic

exhibit uses beams of light, sensors
and a computer to generate sounds. Light beams
shine down from
the ceiling and hit reflector discs on
the floor, so the light is reflected back up to sensors
on the ceiling. When a light beam is blocked by your
hand, light cannot be reflected back up to the
sensors and a switch is activated by a software
program to br
oadcast different sounds.

light
,

sound
,

music
,

sensors
,

programming
,

reflectors
,

software
,

technology


Physics


op瑩捳
t楳ib汥l汩gh琩

mhy獩捳s


a捯us瑩捳
獯tnd)

䍵汴C牥r


mu獩s

副oo琠eo捫cy

m楴⁹ou爠ruman⁲ a捴楯n⁴業e猠snd hand
-
eye⁣
-
o牤楮a瑩tn⁳歩汬
猠楮⁡⁧ame of⁡楲
ho捫cy⁡ga楮獴s瑨e
牯ro瑩挠trm.

An⁩ du獴物a氠牯lo瑩挠trm⁵se猠s h楧h⁳ eed d楧楴i氠
捡mera⁡nd⁳ 晴wa牥⁡汧o物瑨m猠so⁣a汣畬lte⁴he
po獩瑩潮⁡nd⁳ eedf the mov楮i⁰u捫⁴o⁰污n⁩瑳
movements. Game statistics and the robot’s ‘vision’
慮a

p牯r牡浭楮i⁣ n be⁶楥iedn⁴hree⁳epa牡瑥
獣牥sn献s

牯rot
,

瑥捨no汯ly
,

牥r汥l瑯r
,

sen獯r
,

牥獰onse
,

p牯r牡rm楮i
,

汯l楣
,

a汧o物瑨ms
,

獴a瑩獴楣t
,

f物捴楯n
,

a牴rf楣ia氠l楳ion
,

牥r捴楯n 瑩te

m
hy獩捳s


op瑩捳
t楳ib汥l汩gh琩

B楯汯gy



human p獹捨o汯ly…

behav楯ir

B楯汯gy


human body ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)

Technology


副oo瑲tn

tal欠kh牯rgh⁴he⁴unne氠lf mov楮i⁌b䑳⁡nd⁴特⁴o
步ep 瑯 a⁳ 牡楧h琠汩ne.

vouay 獥⁹ou爠ralan捥 o爠
晥e氠l楺穹⁩ 獩摥⁴he
oo瑯瑲tn⁴
unne氬⁢e捡usef
捯nf汩捴楮g⁳ nso特e獳sge献svou爠
v楳畡氠獹獴lm
⡥Ee猠snd⁶楳畡氠捯牴rx⤠獥e⁴he⁌b䑳ov楮iⰠbut
牥捥p瑯牳⁩n獩de⁹ou爠ro楮i猠snd⁩ ne爠ea牳rfee氠瑨a琠
汩ght
,

牥r汥l瑩tn
,

楮f楮楴i
,

ba污lce
,

v楳ion
,

獥n獯特
,

d楺穹
,

p牯r物o捥p瑯牳
,

v楳畡氠
獹獴sm
,


m
hy獩捳s


o
p瑩捳
t楳ib汥l汩gh琩

B楯汯gy



human p獹捨o汯ly…
behav楯ir


o汯ly


human body ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)

Technology



Excite@Q

Exhibit Name

Exhibit Description

Key Themes

Subject Areas

the ground is stable and level.

Thermal
Camera

Stand behind different panels to discover which
material allows you to hide from human view, but
still be seen by the thermal camera.

The thermal camera detects IR (infrared) radiation
that your eyes cannot see. IR is emitted by all
objects, more so at higher temperatures. The panels
are either transparent to light, or transparent to IR.

thermal
,

infra
red
,

heat
,

radiation
,

materials
,

properties
,

spectrum

Physics


bj⁲ d楡i楯n

⡲ad楯i⁩ f牡牥dⰠ
啖r⁘
-
牡rs)

mhy獩捳s


瑨ermodynam楣猠⡨ia琩

B楯汯gy


human body ⡰Ey獩潬sgy)


thoo獨

mu獨 a⁳捡rf⁩n瑯 an⁩ le琠and⁷a瑣t⁴he⁳ arf f汹
瑨牯rgh⁡e瑷o牫f⁣onne捴cd⁴ube献s周楳⁥xh楢楴i
楳i
a瑴牡捴楶e⁴o
p牥
-
獣soo氠lged⁣h楬d牥r a猠se汬⁡猠
o汤l爠r楳i瑯牳⸠

A fan⁰ump猠s楲⁴h牯ugh⁴he⁴ube猬⁳ ⁴he⁳ a牦⁩猠
捡牲楥i⁢y⁴he 景牣攠of a楲⁰牥獳r牥⸠then 瑨e⁳捡牦r
楳⁥橥捴ed⁩ 瑯id
-
a楲Ⱐ楴if汯l瑳⁤own⁧牡捥fu汬y楫攠a
pa牡捨u瑥,⁤ue⁴o⁩瑳 su牦r
捥 a牥r⁣牥a瑩tg⁤rag⸠

a楲⁰牥獳r牥
,

a捣c汥牡瑩tn
,

we楧ht
,

Be牮ru汬i
,

g牡r楴y
,

f汯a瑡瑩tn
,

d牡r
,

ae牯rynam楣i

mhy獩捳s


a楲⁰牥獳r牥r& f汵楤 mechan楣猠
⡨Ed牡r汩捳…⁡e牯rynam楣猩

Australian Curriculum Links

Excite@Q
exhibits

link to the Australian Nation
a
l Science Curriculum.
Core links indicate content that is directly covered within the exhibition,
while optional links indicate content that is dependent on how people use and facilitate various exhibits.

Foundation core links

Physical sciences
(ACSSU005) The
way objects move depends on a variety of factors, including their size and shape

Nature and development of science
(ACSHE013)
Science involves exploring and observing the world using the senses

Planning and conducting
(
ACSIS011
)

Explore and make observations by using the senses

Foundation optional link

Chemical sciences
(
ACSSU003
)

Objects are made of materials that have observable properties



Year 1 core link

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU020
)

Light and sound are produced by a range o
f sources and can be sensed

Year 1 optional links

Nature and development of science
(
ACSHE021
)

Science involves asking questions about, and describing changes in, objects and events

Planning and conducting
(ACSIS025)
Participate in different types of guid
ed investigations to explore and answer questions, such as
manipulating materials, testing ideas and accessing information sources

Planning and conducting
(
ACSIS026
)

Use informal measurements in the collection and recording of observations, with the assist
ance of digital
technologies as appropriate

Year 2 core link

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU033
)

A push or pull affects how an object moves or changes shape

Year 2 optional links

Questioning and predicting
(
ACSIS037
)

Respond to and pose questions, and make pred
ictions about familiar objects and events

Planning and conducting
(
ACSIS039
)

Use informal measurements in the collection and recording of observations, with the assistance of digital
technologies as appropriate

Year 3 core link

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU049
)

Heat can be produced in many ways and can move from one object to another

Year 3 optional link

Questioning and predicting
(
ACSIS053
)

With guidance, identify questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically and predict
what might happ
en based on prior knowledge

Year 4 core link

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU076
)
Forces can be exerted by one object on another through direct contact or from a distance

Year 4 optional link
s

Nature and development of science
(ACSHE061)

Science involves making
predictions and describing patterns and relationships



Questioning and predicting
(
ACSIS064
)

With guidance, identify questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically and predict
what might happen based on prior knowledge

Year 5 core
link


Physical science
(
ACSSU080
)

Light from a source forms shadows and can be absorbed, reflected and refracted

Year 5 optional link

Nature and development of science
(
ACSHE081
)

Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop
explanations of events and phenomena

Year 6 optional link

Nature and development of science
(
ACSHE098
)

Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using e
vidence to develop
explanations of events and phenomena

Year 7 core link links

Physical sciences
(ACSSU117)

Change to an object's motion is caused by unbalanced forces acting on the object

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU118
)
Earth's gravity pulls objects towards
the centre of the Earth

Year 7 optional links

Use and influence of science
(
ACSIS124
)
People use understanding and skills from across the disciplines of science in their occupations

Year 8 core links

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU155
)

Energy appears in differe
nt forms including movement (kinetic energy), heat and potential energy and causes
change within systems

Year 8 optional links


Biological sciences
(
ACSSU150
)
Multi
-
cellular organisms contain systems of organs that carry out specialised functions that enab
le them to
survive and reproduce

Chemical sciences
(
ACSSU151
)
The properties of the different states of matter can be explained in terms of the motion and arrangement of
particles



Questioning and predicting
(
ACSIS139
)

Identify questions and problems that c
an be investigated scientifically and make predictions based on
scientific knowledge

Year 9 core links

Biological sciences
(
ACSSU175
)

Multi
-
cellular organisms rely on coordinated and interdependent internal systems to respond to changes to their
environment

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU182
)

Energy transfer through different mediums can be explained

using wave and particle models

Year 10 core

link

Physical sciences
(ACSSU190)

Energy conservation in a system can be explained by describing energy transfers and transformations

Physical sciences
(
ACSSU229
)

The motion of objects can be described and predicted using the laws of physics

Senior Second
ary Years:
Physics

Unit 1: Thermal, nuclear and electrical physics

Science Understanding



Heat transfer occurs between and within systems by conduction, convection and/or radiation

Unit 2: Linear Motion and Waves

Science Understanding



Uniformly accelerated
motion is described in terms of relationships between measurable scalar and vector quantities, including displacement,
speed, velocity and acceleration



Vertical motion is analysed by assuming the acceleration due to gravity is constant near the Earth’s sur
face



Newton’s Three laws of motion describe the relationship between the force or forces acting on an object, modelled as a point
mass, and the
motion of the object due to the application of the force or forces



Momentum is a property of moving objects
,

it
is conserved in a closed system and may be transferred from one object to another when a
force acts over a time interval



Collisions may be elastic and inelastic kinetic energy is conserved in elastic collisions



A ray model of light may be used to describe
reflection, refraction and image formation from lenses and mirrors



Unit 3: Gravity and Electromagnetism

Science Understanding



The movement of free
-
falling bodies in Earth’s gravitational field is predictable



When an object experiences a net force of consta
nt magnitude perpendicular to its velocity, it will undergo uniform circulation motion,
including circular motion on a horizontal plane and around a banked track

Senior Secondary Years: Biology

Unit 4: Maintaining the internal environment

Science Understan
ding: Homeostasis



Homeostasis involves a stimulus
-
response model in which change in external or internal environmental conditions is detected and
appropriate response occur via negative feedback in vertebrates, receptors and effectors are linked via a cont
rol centre by nervous and/or
hormonal pathways



Hormones alter the metabolism of target cells, tissues or organs by increasing or decreasing their activity
,

in animals, most hormones are
produced in endocrine glands as result of nervous or chemical stimulat
ion, and travel via the circulatory or lump system to the target cells,
tissues or organs