SPANNING BOUNDARIES ACROSS THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN: A GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL WATER GOVERNANCE

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Dec 11, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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SPANNING BOUNDARIES ACROSS THE
COLORADO RIVER BASIN:
A GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS OF
AGRICULTURAL WATER GOVERNANCE

OVERVIEW
Setting the Context
Building a comprehensive watershed
database
Developing Geopolitical Methodology


Figure 1: Messerli, et. al., 2004. Mountains of the World:
Vulnerable Water Towers for the 21st Century, AMBIO Special Report, 13, 29-34, pg. 30.
Headwaters: Colorado River, Continental Divide
Micro-processes link to macroscales
Where do rivers begin?
Source: Google Earth, October, 2012
http://www.usbr.gov/climate/SECURE/docs/SECUREWaterReport.pdf
Eight major Reclamation River Basins, SECURE Water Act, 2011

http://www.npr.org/programs/atc/features/2003/aug/water/part1.html
Arid Regions of the United States, Powell, 1878

Colorado River Basin 1908
Hoover Dam
Controls on river:
• Multiple use of river for hydropower, water supply, agriculture, navigation.
• Modify river flows.


http://www.satimagingcorp.com/gallery/geoeye-1-hoover-dam.html
Changing physical boundaries
• Lake Powell experienced severe lower water levels due to drought in 2005.


Lake Powell
http://geology.com/press-release/colorado-river-water-supply/lake-powell-lg.jpg
Grand Canyon
Protected areas:
• Need for management to develop protection strategies
• Mimic natural systems due to upstream activities
NASA 2006

Las Vegas and Lake Mead
Cities:
• Competing water demands
• Water quality
http://www.sciencephoto.com/images/download_lo_res.html?id=670071241
All American Canal
Link to other watershed for services:
• All American Canal transfers Colorado River water for agriculture in the Imperial Valley,
California
http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_1333.html
Salton Sea and Imperial Valley 2008
Colorado Delta
Crossing scales:
• Colorado Delta - UNESCO World Heritage site

http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=4610
BUILDING A COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE
The Nature Conservancy: Demonstration Mapping for
Increasing Agricultural Water Security across the
Colorado River Basin

Environmental Defense Fund: Colorado River Basin
Governance Geospatial Layer for Agricultural Water
Users

USDA


Addressing Agricultural Water Security in the
Colorado River Basin: Planning for Water Research,
Extension, and Education

ADDRESSING WATER FOR AGRICULTURE IN THE COLORADO
RIVER BASIN (
WWW.CRBAGWATER.COLOSTATE.EDU/)
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

Situate
Ag
w
ater
s
upply
o
rganizations
within governance structures in the CRB
 Link jurisdictional and hydrological
boundaries to policy


Answer how new
water
-
sharing
arrangements
are changing governance
patterns and processes in the CRB

INTEGRATED MIXED METHODS APPROACH
Developing Geopolitical Methodology

 Interviews (NVIVO)
 Boundary Analysis (GIS)
 Policy Analysis (Coding)


Earth Systems
Governance
Geopolitical
Systems
Boundary
Analysis
Coding
Forms
Boundaries
Policies
Bureau
Projects
Case
Studies
Mixed
Methods
Unit of
Analysis
Interviews
Water-Sharing
Arrangements
NVIVO
Analytical
Framework
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
Water
Banks
Governance
Layers
Policies
Boundaries
Digital
Maps
Coding
Forms
Geodata-
base
Relational
Database
ArcGIS
Access
NVIVO
Data
Collection
Methods
Data
Container
Data
Processing
Software
Interviews
Bureau
Projects
Relational
Geospatial
Database
Unit of
Analysis
DATA MODEL
INTERVIEWING
FARMERS IN THE
COLORADO
RIVER BASIN
GEOPOLITICAL SYSTEMS
Boundary Type

Governance Layer

Geo
-
political
Pattern

Physical

Hydrologic Unit Code
Hierarchical
Hydrographic Territorial
Sovereignty
Administrative

Legislative
Federalist
Judicial
Federalist
Political
Hierarchical
Sector

Agricultural Water Supply
Organization
Polycentric


LAW OF THE RIVER
(BASED ON GEOGRAPHY)
CO River Compact
of 1922
The Boulder
Canyon Project Act
of 1928
California Seven
Party Agreement
of 1931
The Mexican
Water Treaty of
1944
Upper CO River
Basin Compact
1948
CO River Storage
Act 1956
The AZ v. CA U.S.
Supreme Court
Decision of 1964
The CO River
Basin Project Act
of 1968
Minute 242 of the U.S.
Mexico Intl Boundary &
Water Commission of
1973
The CRB
Salinity Control
Act 1974
The Criteria for Coordinated
Long-Range Operation of CO
River Reservoirs 1970
UPPER BASIN
LOWER BASIN
MEXICO
MANAGING AUTHORITIES
(BASED ON GEOGRAPHY)
Secretary of the Interior
Bureau of Rec
(Lower Basin/ Hoover
Dam)
CAP
Pima, Pinal and
Maricopa counties,
including the cities of
Phoenix, Mesa and
Scottsdale, agricultural
irrigation districts, and
12 Indian tribes.
Palo Verde
Irrigation District
County of San
Diego
City of San
Diego
Metropolitan
Water District
Coachella Valley
Irrigation District
Imperial
Irrigation District
Yuma Project
Upper Colorado
River
Commission
BoR (UCRSP)
Flaming Gorge, Glen
Canyon, Navajo, Curecanti
Comision Nacional
del Agua
International
Boundary & Water
Commission
UPPER BASIN
LOWER BASIN
UNITED STATES
MEXICO
CONCEPTUAL GEOPOLITICAL PATTERNS
State

Tribe

Federal

Government

POLYCENTRICITY
FEDERALISM
TERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY
NESTED HIERARCHY
Federal Government

State/Tribe Government

International

Intra
-
national

Inter
-
state

Intra
-

state

GEOSPATIAL DATABASE
TERRITORIAL SOVEREIGNTY

NESTED HIERARCHY

Interviews:

BOR
CONCEPTUAL RELATIONAL DATABASE ARCHITECTURE
Water-sharing
Arrgmnt
AWSOs
Project
Policy
Arrgmnt:Party
Org:Part
y
Policy:Party
Project:Party
LKU_Arrgmnt
LKU_Orgs
LKU_Policies
LKU_Projects
RELATIONAL
DATABASE
NEXT STEPS
New arrangements have lead to new
governance patterns and processes
 Identify governance processes and patterns
by analyzing the interviews
 Join the relational and geospatial
databases
 Graphically demonstrate and describe new
governance patterns and processes
THANK YOU & QUESTIONS?
Many thanks to:

Dr
. Melinda
Laituri, advisor

PhD Committee


Dr. Reagan Waskom


Dr. Steve
Mumme


Dr. Tanya
Heikkila

Colorado
Water Institute

Environmental Defense Fund

USDA and USDA CRB Project Team

Center for Collaborative Conservation

Environmental Governance Working Group

Karie

Boone, Research Assistant