How do the 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics affect biological systems?

thoughtgreenpepperMechanics

Oct 27, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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How do the 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics affect biological systems?

In general, how are rates of chemical reactions increased?

Why do biological systems require increased chemical reaction rates?

How do biological systems increase reaction rates?

What is an enzyme and how does it function?

What are coenzymes and cofactors?

Why do biological systems use ATP as an energy carrier? Why is it particularly well
suited to this purpose?

What are NAD
+
, NADP
+
, and FAD?

Why do certain cells in your body
undertake fermentation?

Which is more efficient, aerobic or anaerobic metabolism? Why?

Where inside the cell do glycolysis, fermentation, the Krebs cycle, and the electron
transport system take place?

How is ATP produced in the electron transport system
?

Why do plants use only visible wavelengths of light for photosynthesis?

Why do plants have multiple colored pigments?

How are photosynthesis and respiration similar?

How do photosynthesis and respiration differ?

How do the light
-
independent and ligh
t
-
dependent reactions differ?

Explain how sunlight causes the production of O
2

and H
2
O.

How do C
3

plants differ from C
4

plants?

What is the ultimate fate of the carbon dioxide absorbed into plant cells?

Do plants use oxygen? If so, for what purpose?