508: ICT Accessibility Resources

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Oct 28, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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508: ICT Accessibility Resources




“Partners for Progress”

April 18, 2013


Tennessee Association on Higher Education and
Disability (TNHEAD)

2013 Spring Conference


Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville, TN

Agenda:

I.
Introduction

II.
WCAG 2.0 Overview

III.
Document Accessibility

IV.
Procurement

V.
Resources

I. Introduction


Recent developments: information and
policies about Section 508



508 Refresh: Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking (NPRM)

Recent developments:

DOJ 508 Survey
(2012)
: Biennial survey of 508 practices
in federal agencies.

http
://www.ada.gov/508
/



508 Strategic Plan
(2013)
: Memo by Office of
Management and Budget (OMB) setting bench marks for
Federal agencies to follow when implementing Section 508:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/procurement_index_m
emo/


Section
508 Refresh: NPRM





(Pending publication, Fall, 2013
.)
www.access
-
board.gov




The “Refresh” of Section 508:


The “Refresh” is an update of:



Section 508 standards for electronic and
information technology (“E&IT”) (procured by
Federal agencies)



Section 255 guidelines for telecommunications
products

“Refresh” of the
508 standards
:

Proposed changes from 2011 ANPRM
-

1. Organize technical provisions by functions,
rather than product types



“two way voice communication” NOT

“telephones”

2.
Reference external standards




WCAG 2.0
; ANSI C63.19
-
2011

3. Provide technical assistance within the
document.

4. Define “covered electronic content”


II. WCAG 2.0 Overview

“Web Content Accessibility Guidelines”


Organization:


1. General principles


2. Guidelines


3. Success Criteria (3 levels:
A
,
AA,

AAA)



http://
w3.org/tr/wcag

Why use WCAG 2.0?


Supports International harmonization


OMB
Circular A119


TEITAC recommendation


Widely
-
Vetted and deliberate process to
develop



WCAG
2.0 Success Criteria


Written to be technology neutral


Written so they can be evaluated as true/false
statements


Benefits of WCAG 2.0, Continued


Robust Linked Resources


Understanding Documents


Intent


Background Material


Examples


References


How To Meet Documents


Sufficient Techniques


Common Failures


http://w3.org/tr/wcag

The WCAG 2.0 Documents

http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/wcag20

Sample WCAG Success
Criterion


1.4.1 Use of Color:
Color is not used as the only
visual means of conveying information, indicating an
action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual
element. (Level A)


Compare to current Section 508
:


§
1194.21 Software applications & OS
(i
) Color coding shall not be used as the only means of
conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a
response, or distinguishing a visual element.

WCAG 2.0 Conformance


Apply to web pages, software, documents


Must follow all Level A and AA Success
Criteria and Conformance Requirements


International standard for accessible web
pages


Wealth of Guidance Materials


http://w3.org/tr/wcag

III. Document Accessibility


The following examples are taken from


WCAG 2.0:

1.1.1 Non
-
text Content


All non
-
text content that is presented to
the user has a text alternative that serves
the equivalent purpose


502.2.1 Equivalent Purpose

(draft p. 54)


Word 7


Context → Size → Alt Text

1.1.1 Non
-
text

Content
Exceptions


Sometimes “descriptive identification” is or other
specific text alternative is required:


Controls, Input


Time
-
Based Media


Test


Sensory


CAPTCHA


Decoration, Formatting, Invisible


ALT=""


Usually, the above exceptions are concerns for
web and software developers, not document
authors.

1.3.1 Info and Relationships


Information, structure, and relationships
conveyed through presentation can be
programmatically determined or are
available in text.


503.2 Information,

Structure, and
Relationships (draft p. 57)


Word 7


tabbing vs. tables


formatting vs. styles

1.3.2 Meaningful Sequence


When the sequence in which content is
presented affects its meaning, a correct
reading sequence can be
programmatically determined.


503.3 Logically Correct Reading Sequence

(draft p. 57)


Word 7


Text Boxes vs. Paragraph Borders

More Examples


1.3.3 Sensory Characteristics:

Instructions
provided for understanding and operating content
do not rely solely on sensory characteristics of
components such as shape, size, visual location,
orientation, or sound.


1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum):

The visual
presentation of text and images of text has a
contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1


1.4.4 Resize text:

Except for captions and
images of text, text can be resized without
assistive technology up to 200 percent without
loss of content or functionality.

IV. Accessible Procurements

Federal model: Agencies MUST procure
accessible ICT which conforms to the
Section 508 standards and “best meets” the
business needs of the agency.


Tools:


BuyAccessible

Wizard


Government Procurement Accessibility
Template (VPAT)


Procurement resources

BuyAccessible

Wizard!



An online tool to facilitate compliance with
the requirements of Section 508


https://app.buyaccessible.gov/baw/Browse
r.jsp

Government Procurement
Accessibility Template(GPAT)


A document used by agencies to
document their “market research” when
procuring an ICT product.


It is a
chart of the 508 standards with a
column to describe how a product
does/does not conform and a column for
an explanation.


Agencies must choose product which
“best meets” their business needs.


Quick Links


tool used in
procurements


Quick Links


sample

solicitation
language
for
a series of commonly
procured items, e.g. printers. This is a
generic GPAT filled out for the vendor.
Ther
e is also solicitation language for
large or small purchases.



phttps://app.buyaccessible.gov/baw/Quick
-
Links/index.jsp


Solicitation Language for
Smartphone


This is an example of suggested
language
from a Quick Link. It
should
be cut and pasted into the solicitation documentation. ……


Section 508 Program Need


Requirements for accessibility based on Section 508 ……….


Section 508 Deliverable Requirements


Technical standards from 36 CFR part 1194 Subpart B ………


Section 508 Evaluation Factors


Responses to this solicitation will only be considered for award …..


Section 508 Acceptance Criteria


Smartphones delivered as a result of this solicitation will be
accepted ….




V. Resources

Resources


CIOC Accessibility Committee
: www.CIO.
gov


Best Practices subcommittee for Section 508

http://www.cio.gov/committees.cfm/csec/3/cid/
\



www.Section508.gov


FAQs,
procurement



www.Access
-
board.gov


§
508 &
§
255

WCAG 2.0 materials: http://www.w3.org


UNDERSTANDING
-
WCAG 2.0


Techniques for WCAG 2.0

Resources


Creating Accessible flash:


https://cio.gov/creating
-
accessible
-
flash/



Creating Accessible Websites:

https://cio.gov/creating
-
accessible
-
websites/


Creating

Accessible

Word 2007 and PDF
Documents:

https://cio.gov/creating
-
accessible
-
word
-
2007
-
and
-
pdf
-
documents/


Creating Alternative Text for
Images:

https://cio.gov/writing
-
alternative
-
text
-
for
-
images/


Testing tool for
a website:
http://wave.webaim.org
/


CIO.gov Accessibility Policies and
Governance



Top Ten CIO Strategies
:

https://cio.gov/top
-
ten
-
things
-
cios
-
should
-
know
-
about
-
accessibility/


Performance Metrics and
Measures
:

https://cio.gov/performance
-
metrics
-
and
-
measures/


Agency
-
wide Accessibility
Policy
:

https://cio.gov/agency
-
wide
-
section
-
508
-
policy/


Internet Accessibility Policy
:

https://cio.gov/internet
-
accessibility
-
policy/


Directives Review Process
:

https://cio.gov/it
-
directives
-
review
-
processes/


CIOC Accessibility Statement Best
Practices


Accessibility Statement Checklist and example
statement developed as a template for agencies:




http://www.section508.gov/docs/CIOC_Accessibi
lity_Statement_Best_Practices_vFNL.docx



Accessible Media:

Accessible Conferencing/Media:


The TAP Bulletin

http://www.resna.org/tap/tapbull/tapaug.htm
-

a monthly publication of the
RESNA (Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of
North America) Technical Assistance Project. This publication outlines
some basic considerations when arranging Accessible Meetings.



"Access for All, Helping to make participatory processes accessible for
everyone,"

(http://www.eenet.org.uk) Assembled by Ingrid Lewis, Save the Children.
Adobe Acrobat file available for download or reading online.



A Guide To Planning Accessible Meetings

http://www.jik.com/gpam.html
-

this resource has been compiled by June
Isaacson
Kailes

and Darrell Jones for the Independent Living Research
Utilization (ILRU) program of The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research
(TIRR).

Accessible Resources, continued


Resource Directories

http://www.loc.gov/nls/
-

from The Library of Congress’ National Library
Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS). This site provide
plain text document listings of libraries and other resources for the visually
-
impaired.


Large
Print and Low Vision Resource
Network; Duxbury
Systems
2000
-

Offers
an extensive listing of Braille
resources.(http://www.duxburysystems.com/resource.asp)



CSUN'S Sixteenth Annual International Conference "Technology and
Persons with Disabilities" Conference Proceedings.

http
://www.csun.edu/
-

Archived conference proceedings on many different
assistive technologies.


WGBH
Caption Center Online

Resources and information on
captioning.(http://main.wgbh.org/wgbh/pages/captioncenter/)





Section 508 Best Practices
Webinar series 2013


Sponsored by the U.S. Access Board,
CIO Council and
eFedlink
.


Held bi
-
monthly: January, March, May,
July, September and November 2013


Past webinars:
http
://
www.adaconferences.org/CIOC/Arc
hives/


More information: Creagan@access
-
board.gov

Accessible Webinars

Great Lakes ADA Center:


312
-
413
-
1407 (V/TTY)


h
ttp://www.adagreatlakes.org/WebForms/ContactUs/



Training on Accessible Webinars:
http://www.accessibilityonline.org/Archives/ind
ex.php?app=4&type=transcript&id=2012
-
09
-
06

Contact us

Technical assistance:



Creagan@access
-
board.gov


508@access
-
board.gov


(800) 872
-
2253 (voice)


(800) 993
-
2822 (TTY)

Website:


http://www.access
-
board.gov


Thank you!

www.access
-
board.gov