t

v

i

v

f

Velocity vs. Time

Deriving the 3 Kinematics Equations

In this activity, you will be using concepts we have already covered in class to derive three new

kinematics

equations

for constant acceleration

. You will use the graph below to work through this

derivation.

1.

Describe the motion of an object whose velocity vs. time

graph is shown to the right.

2.

Is the acceleration constant over the time interva

l

,

t?

How do you know?

3.

Solve for the acceleration in terms of v

f

, v

i

, and t. Then rearrange the equation to solve for v

f

.

This is equation # 1. Box it and write a big

next to it.

4.

Using the graph, write an expression for the displacement

(

⃗

)

of the object during the time interval

,

t. Your

expression should be in terms of v

f

, v

i

, and t.

5.

This equation is a little ugly. We can make it prettier by substituting for

v

f

. Use e

quation

(which

should look like v

f

= ________) to substitute for v

f

.

This is equation # 2. Box it and write a big next to it.

6.

Now that we have these

two

equations, it might be nice if we could have one without time

.

Solve

for t.

7.

** Warning: this step is tough. Try it if you’d like. Otherwise, wait for me to go over it with the class.**

Substitute your expression for t into .

See if you can simplify and solve for

.

This is equation # 3. Box it and write a big next to it.

Kinematics Equations

Strategy steps courtesy of www.physicsclassroom.com

What do I know?

v

i

=

v

f

=

t =

a =

∆

x =

Kinematics

Problem Solving Strategy and Practice

Strategy

1.

Construct an informative diagram of the physical situation.

2.

Identify and list the

following:

giv

en information in variable form

unkno

wn information in variable form

equation that will be used to determine unknown information from

the givens

3.

Substitute known values into the equation and use appropriate algebraic ste

ps to solve for the unknown

information.

4.

Check your answer to insure that it is reasonable and mathematically correct.

Practice

1.

John

is riding along in his new car when he gets stuck behind a dump truck. After some time he

gets a

p

assing lane

and hits the gas, speeding

up from

17.8

m/s to 3

2

.6 m/s in 4.6 seconds.

a.

What was his average acceleration during this time?

b.

How far did he travel while making this pass?

2.

Uh oh. John

spot

s

a police cruiser coming around the corner and hit

s

the brakes, slowing to

27 m/s. His

car travels 100 meters while braking.

How much time did this take?

You may have to solve for an intermediary unknown before

you can solve for

time.

What do I know?

v

i

=

v

f

=

t =

a =

∆

砠㴠

3.

A car is initially traveling due north at 23 m/s.

a.

Find the velocity of the car after 4 s if its acceleration is

2 m/s

2

due north.

b.

Find the velocity of the

car after 4 s

if its acceleration is instead

2 m/s

2

due south.

4.

You are driving along the street at the speed limit (35mph) and 50 meters before reaching a traffic light

you notice it turn yellow. You accelerate to make the traffic light within th

e 3 seconds it takes for it to

turn red. What is your speed as you cross the intersection? Assume that the acceleration is constant.

(1.0 mile = 1609 m)

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