Emerging Technologies in ESL Teaching

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Dec 10, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Jorge F.
Figueroa
-

Flores,
PhD

Assistant

Professor

of ESL/
English

Universidad del Este

Carolina, PR

jffigueroa@suagm.edu



Emerging Technologies in ESL Teaching

Before we start…


You can access this presentation at:



http://tinyurl.com/drjfindlay



Objectives


By the end of this presentation you will be able to:


1.
Identify emerging technologies for your classroom.

2.
Compare and contrast web 2.0 technology with other
technologies used in ESL.

3.
Evaluate different options for your classroom or unit
incorporating emerging technologies.

4.
Incorporate emerging technologies into your teaching.



Introduction


For many years we’ve heard about the use of
technology in the ESL classroom
.


What about the applications?


What software is the best?


According to Ybarra and Green (2003),
computers can play an integral part in providing
ELL students with valuable language
experiences as they learn a new language.

Technology Use for ESL


On Site use


involve learning that takes place in the classroom or
computer lab in a teacher
-
led,
whole
-
group setting.


supplement to the core curriculum and are carried out
within normal course meeting times.


the use of software programs designed for language
learning.

Technology Use for ESL


Blended use


a supplement to the primary course curriculum and is
used both within classes or labs and outside the
classroom (e.g., in the home, library, or community
center) without the teacher.



According to Chapelle (2008), technologies that lend
themselves to blended uses include software, and
computer
-
mediated communication
(CMC).



A LMS is necessary to carry out this type of use.

Technology Use for ESL


Project
-
Based Web Learning



learners work together

to complete tasks that are
primarily Internet
-
based and may involve the use of e
-
mail and word processing.



Webquests
are a specific type of

Project
-
based Web
learning

that focus on inquiry and group work and
involve gathering information and resources from the
Internet

Technology Use for ESL


Smith

Stoner & Willer (2005), mention that
Web
-
based games
can be accessed from the classroom
and other locations.



Examples include crossword puzzles, games b
ased
on grammar, vocabulary, and spelling, matching
games etc…


Technology Use for ESL


Online Learning


is entirely Internet
-
based.


Teachers never meet onsite


A LMS is necessary to carry out this type of
teaching/learning.



Communication and the transmission of course
content take place online.


Reynard (2003) has named this type of learning for
ESL computer mediated
distance education (CMDE)


Well known LMS include: Blackboard, Web CT,
Moodle.


Technology Use for ESL


Three examples of online learning projects are
English for All, USA Learns, and Learner Web.


Are we using Emerging
Technologies?


The answer is……. “partially”.


We use links, sites, and software.


But we are not using all the advantages of the
emerging technologies.


Remember that emerging technologies involve
innovation, communication, and last generation
systems.

Emerging Technologies are….

The Transition…

Look around….and always look
around your classroom…

How can we benefit our ESL
students?


The answer is the Web 2.0


According to O’Reilly(2005), the Web 2.0 are
web applications that facilitate interactive
information sharing, interoperability, user
-
centered design, and collaboration on the World
Wide Web.


The evolution of traditional technologies into web
applications focusing on the end user.


Web 2.0 is an attitude not a technology



Applications that move away from the traditional
desktop.


A second generation of web
-
based communities
and hosted services such as social networking,
sites, wikis, blogs, and folksonomies


How can we benefit our ESL
students?

O’Reilly Graphic

Directories are needed


Web 2.0 Directory (
http://www.go2web20.net
)


Find all Online tools and applications on one page, get a
short description, compare, read reviews, see what
people are saying about each one on the web.



Listio (
http://www.listio.com
)


Listio is a
directory

of
web 2.0

applications and tools.
Users can submit new
web 2.0

sites, or vote and
comment on the best
web 2.0

websites

Integrating Web 2.0 to ESL


Most students use Web 2.0 technology thanks in
part to video streaming and social networks:


You Tube, Google Video


Facebook, Twitter, MySpace


Podcasting



My Proposal….


Integrate blogs, wikis
and podcasts to the
ESL/English course
and keep promoting
social networking and
video streaming.


Combine the
traditional classroom
setting with Web 2.0
technology.


What is a Blog?



A Blog is a website where entries are commonly
displayed in reverse chronological order.



Many blogs provide commentary or news on a particular
subject; others function as more personal online diaries.



A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other
blogs, web pages, and other media related to its topic.



The ability for readers to leave comments in an interactive
format is an important part of many blogs


Why Blogs?


Engage students with native speakers


Good for assessing writing


Let instructors post and track homework


Empower students


Integrate Internet resources as links


Blogs in the ESL Classroom


The use of blogs in the ESL classroom


Use as a journal or diary.


Promotes critical thinking.


Open Classroom walls.


Can assess student writing.


Promotes Process Writing


Shows the wider world what is happening:


students+students with other schools+parents+organizations


Anyone with Internet connection


Could create language learning communities


To Create a Blog….


Blogger (
http://www.blogger.com
)



is a free blog publishing tool from Google for easily sharing your
thoughts with the world.
Blogger

makes it simple to post text, photos
and video.



Wordpress (
http://www.wordpress.com
)



is web software you can use to create a beautiful website or blog.



Blog (
http://www.blog.com
)


provides a fully
-
featured publishing platform for
free
.
Blog

by yourself
or establish a writing community, all under an address

What is a Wiki?


Is a software that allows users to easily create,
edit, and link pages together.



Why Wikis?


Because content is the priority and not the design.


They are easy to read and follow up by the learners.


They combine video and audio.


Used for creating collaborative websites.


Empower communities.


Wikis in ESL?


We use Wikis for…


Collaborative projects


Classroom projects


Web pages


Integrate audio, video, text, files, and images


Discussion boards


Online platforms


To Create a Wiki


Wikispaces

(
http://www.wikispaces.com
)


Wikis are simple web pages that groups, friends, and families can edit
together. Starting your wiki at
Wikispaces

is fast, free, and easy.



PbWiki

(
http://www.pbwiki.com
)


Wiki website where you can start your project and have a cool online
collaboration.



Wiki (
http://www.wiki.com
)


A web site that makes it simple for anyone to create and share web
pages, images, and much more in an instant. If you can browse, you
can wiki!


Podcasting


Is a collection of digital media files which is
distributed over the Internet using syndication
feeds (RSS of XML) for playback on mobile
devices and personal computers



Why Podcasting?


Use voice to connect students


Audio and video can be integrated


Bridges cultures


Motivate students


Because a real audience exist

Podcasting benefits for ESL


Podcasts benefits


Record classes


Students record episodes


Good for assessing pronounciation


Short radio shows


Flexibility


Playback


Synchronization of Episodes


To Create a Podcast


Podomatic (
http://www.podomatic.com
)


Get a free podcast, share your faves.



GabCast (
http://www.gabcast.com
)

Is a podcasting and audioblogging platform that offers
virtual communities, individuals and organizations an
easy way to create and distribute audio content.



ODEO (
http://www.odeo.com
)


Share your voice with the world. Insert your audio and
create a podcast to share in your blog.


How we know this works?


Universidad del Este in Santa Isabel is one of the
branches of Universidad del Este and part of the
Ana G. Mendez University System


It’s located in the city of Santa Isabel in the South
of Puerto Rico


It offers undergraduate and graduate programs
and has over 1,000 active students



The students are mainly young adults from the
cities of Santa Isabel, Salinas, and Coamo.


The family background includes low income and
limited education.


Mostly are first generation students
.


The institution presented a retention problem
within the Basic English/ESL courses.


Retention rate in the Basic English/ESL courses
was 64% in 2007.


How we know this works?

How we know this works?


After integrating Web 2.0 to the Basic
English/ESL courses the retention rate increased
to 94% in 2008 and was kept in 93% in 2009.


0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
1
2
3
After the success…


It was decided to integrate Web 2.0 applications
to all the general education courses including
Spanish and Mathematics.


85% of the professors from the School of Social
Sciences and Humane Studies are blogging.


New technologies have been implemented.


Training in Web 2.0 and Open Source software
has become essential.

What are we implementing now?


Web Streaming



It means taking the video and broadcasting it live over
the Internet.



The process involves a camera for the video, an
encoder to digitize the content, a video publisher
where the streams are pushed to and a content
delivery network to distribute and deliver the content.




The URL can then be viewed by end users live

What are we implementing now?


Ustream (
http://www.ustream.com
)


Broadcast video LIVE to the world from a computer,
mobile, Android or iPhone in minutes, or watch
thousands of shows from news to entertainment.



Live Stream (
http://www.livestream.com
)



Broadcast and
live stream

your own channel for events,
performances, sports,
...

Sign up for a Producer account
to stream live to millions from
Livestream
.com.


What are we implementing now?


Virtual mentoring and tutoring for ESL students.


Students sign up for mentoring or tutoring
individually or in groups to a maximum of 6.


The professor, the teaching assistant, or the tutor
provides the service on schedule thru audio or
video conference


We use Skype (
http://www.skype.com
) and
ooVoo (
http://www.oovoo.com
)



What are we implementing now?


Cloud Computing


It’s an emerging technology for the user.


It gives access to the user of controlling or backing up
information without any hardware.


Frequently used with virtual flash drives.


File Sharing at it’s best.


What are we implementing now?


Using the cloud for ESL


By using file sharing with the students the professor
provides online feedback of the document without
expending paper.


Anyone could use this technology for document’s back
up, file sharing, and creating web documents.


We use Box.net (
http://www.box.net
) because it offers
5gb of free space.


Another cloud is Dropbox (
http://www.dropbox.com
) it
serves for the same purpose.


Video engines


-

Youtube

(
http://www.youtube.com
)


is a place to discover, watch, upload and share videos.


-

Teachertube

(
http://www.teachertube.com
)


Our goal at
TeacherTube
.com is to provide an online
community for sharing instructional teacher videos.
Upload your lesson plan videos or watch students.


Important Applications for your
Classroom


Web Site creators


-

Webnode

(
http://www.webnode.com
)


is the best way to create and manage your own
website or blog for free. You can add picture galleries,
discussion forums or widgets and gadgets.


-

WIX (
http://www.wix.com
)


Create a free website with
Wix
.com. Use
Wix

free
website builder to design stunning Flash websites
designs with drag and drop website builder.


Important Applications for your
Classroom

Important Applications for your
Classroom


Converters


Zamzar (
http://www.zamzar.com
)


Online file conversion, covering a wide range of
different image, document, music, video and
compression formats. Free for files up to 100MB.



Comet Docs (
http://www.cometdocs.com
)


Over 50 different conversions. On the fly OCR
conversion capabilities.







Presentations


Share your presentation on the Internet . Create links and
embedded codes using Author Stream
(
http://www.authorstream.com
) or Slideshare at
(
http://www.slideshare.net
)





Create multimedia presentations with Animoto at
http://www.animoto.com







Important Applications for your
Classroom

Open Yourself to Open Source
Software


Open Source software


It’s the user freedom to copy, execute, distribute, and
change the application.


It’s a development method for
software

that harnesses
the power of distributed peer review and transparency
of process.


How are we implementing Open
Source software?


Most of our students are on a limited budget.


They have no money to purchase software.


For every software there is an Open Source.


We are providing our students with Open Source
Software such as Open Office, Moodle, and Cam
Studio.


Open Office


Download at
http://www.openoffice.org



A multiplatform and multilingual
office

suite and an
open
-
source project. Compatible with all other major
office

suites, free to download, use, copy, and
distribute.


Insert the download tool in the blog or wiki to facilitate
it to the students.


Cam Studio


Download at
http://www.camstudio.org



As an instructor you can use Cam Studio to do
different tutorials with your students and publish
them on the web.


The recorded file has two formats AVI and SWF.


You can select areas to record live.


It has a clear sound.

Moodle


Is a Course Management System (CMS), also
known as a Learning Management System
(LMS) or a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE).


It is a free web application that educators can
use to create effective online learning.


Moodle


Places to work with Moodle (Free Web Hosting):



Key to School (
http://www.keytoschool.com/
) At Key To School
(KTS), we believe that Moodle is indeed a gift to all educators.



Gnomio (
http://www.gnomio.com
)

If you are interested in having your own
free unlimited

learning
site with admin privileges fill the next form and you will have it
online within seconds!



Global Classroom (
http://www.globalclassroom.us/
)

Create your own school.



And remember….


We are living “The Battle of the Apps”.


We don’t know what else is coming.


We should be ready and use it in the classroom.


We need to hear the learners because they
dominate the technology.


We need to think a few things


Copyright


Authorship


Identity


Ethics


Aesthetics


Rhetoric


Privacy


Commerce


Governance


Love


Family


Ourselves


QUESTIONS????



Jorge F. Figueroa
-
Flores, PhD

jffigueroa@suagm.edu