DISCURSIVE ESSAYS

taxmanstrongBiotechnology

Dec 11, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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DISCURSIVE ESSAYS

“The advantages of genetic engineering outweigh the risks.” Do you agree?


1) Think about the question.

Underline the key words in the question.
What do they mean?

What is genetic engineering?

What could be the risks and what could be
the advantages?



2
) Vocabulary



ask students to brainstorm words which they might be able to use in this
essay. Put them into different categories. They could do a mind map to help them think about
words.


Verbs

Nouns

Adjectives








3) Brainstorm



you need to have some strong arguments for your essay. First of all, ask
yourself some questions as this may encourage you to find some ideas.


Example:

a) What are the benefits of genetically
-
modified vegetables and fruit for farmers? Could this
be of he
lp in developing countries, such as those in Africa?

b) How do you feel about the fact that we can buy genetically
-
modified food in shops? Do
you feel enough tests have been done on such products?

c) We have all heard of Dolly, the sheep


do you think it

would be a good idea to clone
animals that are on the brink of extinction? (Think about the film Jurassic Park).

d) Do we have the right to use animals for such experiments?

e) Should we use gene therapy to correct “abnormal genes”? What is an abnormal ge
ne?

f) In the future parents might be able to choose “designer babies”


how do you feel about
this?

g) If we find a gene for aggressive behaviour, should the government be able to change a
person’s genes? What are the dangers of such actions?

h) Do we ne
ed to set limits on such genetic engineering?

i) Do you think scientists will ever be able to clone humans and if yes, how do you feel about
this?


Now organise your best ideas into two columns:


Advantages







Risks










4) Writing your essay


a)
Yo
u can set out your answer in a variety of ways:


Introduction




Introduction

Paragraph 1:



Advantage




Advantage

Paragraph 2:



Advantage




Risk

Paragraph 3:



Risk





Advantage

Paragraph:



Risk





Risk





Conclusion




Conclusion


b) Use some go
od connectors


Weighing up the pros and cons

One of the major risks is that …

On the one hand, …. On the other hand, …

Although, it could be argued that …., it is also a fact that …

While some scientists argue that …., others claims that …

It is important
to remember that …


Sum up your arguments:

Overall (All in all) , I believe that / think that …

In conclusion / On balance, I think that …

Taking everything into consideration, it seems to me that …


c) Writing a good paragraph

Each paragraph should open
with a THESIS STATEMENT


this is your
main

idea and it
should answer the question. Then in the rest of the paragraph, you develop and explain this
main idea and provide examples or evidence. Each paragraph should only have one main idea.
If you want to in
troduce another major idea then you need a new paragraph.


Look at the paragraph below and comment on its strengths and weaknesses:


Another major advantage of genetic engineering is connected to the field of medicine. It is
clear that with new advances be
ing made every day, scientists will soon be able to use genetic
engineering to eradicate diseases before babies are even born. Gene profiling will allow
doctors to check a baby in the womb, identify potential diseases or a propensity for
developing illness
es like cancer, “correct” or remove the gene, and so allow a healthy baby to
be born. Whilst, many people may see this as progress, other voices are being heard and
questioning as to the consequences of such meddling? Will it lead to designer babies


with

parents being able to choose the type of baby they want from a catalogue? They fear that
parents will soon be able to choose the eye and hair colour of their baby, and ultimately the
personality of their baby? It is for these reasons that some people are
calling for stricter laws
on how genetic engineering develops in the future, before it is too late.


Now have a go at writing your own paragraph.