NetWare Novell developed with NetWare a network operating ...

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Oct 27, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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NetWare

Novell developed with NetWare a network
operating system that no complex and
overweighted GUI needs for use on servers.
Novell provides simple but powerful text
-
based
menus on the command line for the
configuration since the first NetWare release.

The administration of resources like printers,
files and users is possible with a client and a
graphical window system and granted
administrator rights. Since NetWare 6 no more
client is necessary for this, the configuration can
be done completely on the
server.


NetWare needs only low hardware requirements and has memory protection. It protects
single processes from each other and is very stable through this in operation. Virtual
memory is used reliably. By IFS file systems can be exchanged. This operati
ng system
is used for all sorts of fields of application. Use as a directory service, Internet server,
Intranet server, file server or also application server is part of it.


The first release of NetWare was 1983 for the operating system DOS. In 2005 the
current version of the network operating system Open Enterprise Server was published
in different variants. Either with NetWare 6.5 kernel or Linux kernel of the Suse
Enterprise 9 server, no matter which variant is used the same services are available.

Ne
tWare 3.0

With the version NetWare 3.0 the 32
-
bit performance of the Intel 386 CPUs could
already be used fully. The following versions 3.1 and 3.11 eliminated many bugs from
the main release. NetWare 3.11 had great popularity in companies and worked very
reliable and stable. NetWare can respectively manage at most 32 TByte harddisk
storages for at most 64 Volumes per servers. Novell cancelled the support for the
version 3.2 in the year 2002.

NetWare 5.0


Structure information


-

64 mbyte RAM, 550 mbyte fi
xed storage disks are minimal

-

SMP up to 32 CPUs, ASMP

-

Monolithic kernel

-

preemptive multitasking

-

integrated Java applications and development tools (JVM)

-

32
-
bit operating system

-

64
-
bit file system NSS (Novell Storage Services)


System env
ironment


-

graphical installation

-

TCP/IP is standard protocol now (before IPX/SPX)

-

Program format is
NLM

(NetWare Loadable Module)

-

Configuration over Novell Client32 possible

-

Web optimized, offers network management

-

JavaScript and VB Script

support

-

Reads FAT16 partitions

-

Server connects different platforms

-

Maximum size of Volumes: 8 terabyte with
NSS


-

New network functions like WAN Traffic manager

-

DHCP and DNA integrated in NDS 8

NetWare 5.1


-

Application platform for interne
t & intranet applications

-

NDS 8
, Novell Directory Services, efficient database model

-

supports NFS (Network file system), AFP (Apple Filing Protocol)

-

optimized for the services of Microsoft Office 2000

-

supports the web publishing (NetWare Netpub
lisher optional)

-

NetWare Enterprise Web server

3.6 with Frontpage support or Apache web server

-

Novell International Cryptographic Infrastructure modul, 56
-
bit encryption, 128
-
bits
optional

-

NetWare client for Windows 2000, planned for Mac and Linux


-

uniform user administration for different platforms

-

use as a
FTP server


-

NetWare Management Portal
, Administration of network installations over a browser

-

Cluster services upgradeable as Add
-
On

-

Hardware requirements for the full installation
: 512 mbyte RAM, 2 gbyte harddisk
storage

NetWare 6.0


-

Cluster services integrated, up to 32 NetWareserver in one system group

-

Console One

as a NetWare management program

-

NFA

(Native File Access) replaces the NetWare client, access from different
platforms possibly, supported:

-

CIFS

(Computer Internet File System) for Windows Clients

-

AFP

(Appletalk Filing Protocol) for Mac Clients

-

NIS/NFS

for Unix Clients

-

FTP

(File Transfer Protocol) for data exchange

-

NSS

3.0 (Novell Storage Services)
, up to 8 tbyte harddisk storage, 64
-
bit processing
depth

-

Mirroring of
NSS

partitions with Raid 0 and Raid 1, use of virtual partitions, Storage
Pools, up to 255 Logical Volumes

-

I
-
Folder

for virtual work directories and synchronization tasks (with co
mparison by
-
bits), with I
-
Folder client by HTTP(S), Blowfish (128
-
bits)

-

I
-
Print

is further development of
NDPS

(Novell Distributed Print services), inclusive
Drive Map

for graphical location plan

-

IPP

(Internet Printing Protocol) for control of printe
rs over the Internet

-

Minimum: Pentium II or AMD K7 (Server class), 256 mbyte RAM, DOS partition
with 200 mbyte of size, 2 gbyte for sys Volume

NetWare 6.5


-

support for Mac, Windows and UNIX networks

-

modul
-
based Installation, server profiles for Ap
p, DNS, Print, ...

-

Browser based administration and control

-

E
-
Directory, formerly NDS (as like Active Directory of Microsoft)

-

simplified Administration and use of network resources

-

Virtual Office portal, remote access to working environment

-

counts on OpenSource solutions, mySQL is integrated

-

Minimum: Pentium II or comparable, 512 mbyte RAM, 200 mbyte start partition and
2 gbyte for system partition



Versions

Date

Version

1983

NetWare/286 needs an additional DOS partition

1985

NetWare 1.
0,

1986

NetWare 2.0 simple Bindery

1988

NetWare 2.2 and advanced NetWare 2.15

1989

NetWare 3.0,

1991

NetWare 3.11,

1993

NetWare 3.12 and NetWare 4.0: first time with NDS (NetWare
Directory Services) instead of Bindery, incl. improvements


NetWare 3.2

incl. patches and updates, with graphical
Admintool SYSCONW


NetWare 4.1,


NetWare 4.11 increased directory entries from 2 Mio. up to 16
Mio., SMP for up to 4 CPUs, 100% J2K compatible


NetWare 4.2 Netshield for NetWare and VirusScan, Extended
SBACKUP,

Bordermanager, Fastcache


NetWare 4.54,


NetWare 4.61,

1998

NetWare 5.0

2000 Jan.

NetWare 5.1

2001 Oct.

NetWare 6.0 (cobra)

2003 Aug.

NetWare 6.5 (nakoma)

2005

Open Enterprise Server 1.0, based on SUSE LES 9, with Linux
or NetWare kernel

2007

Open

Enterprise Server 2.0, based on SUSE LES 10, optional
NetWare 6.5 SP7 usable, more than 4 gb RAM usable, 64 bit
CPU support, Xen virtualization