IoT challenges, approaches,

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Feb 16, 2014 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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IoT

challenges, approaches,

and outcomes in the context of

European research projects



Karol
Furdik

karol.furdik
@
tuke
.
sk
,
karol.furdik
@
f
intersoft.sk




Technical University of Kosice
, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics,
Kosice, Slovakia,
www.
fei.tuke
.
sk


InterSoft
,
a.s
.
, Kosice, Slovakia,
www.intersoft.sk

1

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop

August 28
-
29,

2012

2

Contents

Internet of Things


basic concepts, definitions


objectives, applications, R&D challenges,


IoT research in Europe, FP7 priorities and projects


ebbits project


basic facts, concepts, technology


pilot applications: automotive manufacturing, food traceability


achievements, activities, future work


ELLIOT project


basic facts, concepts, technology


the Smart Office pilot application


results, future work


Conclusions


general observations on IoT research


challenges, possible R&D directions in future


K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

3

Internet of Things

Definitions:


a dynamic global network infrastructure of adaptable and interoperable devices integrated
in a common information and communication network (
CERP
-
IoT
-

IERC
,
http://www.rfid
-
in
-
action.eu/cerp/
)


a collection of technologies that make it possible to connect things like sensors and
actuators to the Internet, thereby allowing the physical world to be accessed through
software (
Contiki project
,
http://www.contiki
-
os.org
)


a layer of digital connectivity on top of existing infrastructure and things (
IoT Council
,
http://www.theinternetofthings.eu
)


a vision of employing the networked devices and applications in business, information,
and social processes


Characteristics, features:


well established and continuously expanding research domain


significant outcomes for many sectors of industry already available


enabling technologies:
sensor networks, RFID, multi
-
agent systems, event
-
driven
architectures, service
-
oriented architectures, web services

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

4

Context of IoT research and applications

Internet of Things is an integrated part of the
Future
Internet
(see e.g. at
http://www.future
-
internet.eu
),
which includes IoT, IoM (media), IoS (services),
and IoE (enterprises) and provides respective
applications to society

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

Means of connecting
“things” (smart objects)

in IoT applications:

things / data / semantic
integration

Source:
Internet of Things
-

Strategic Research Roadmap, IERC 2011,

O. Vermesan, Internet of Things
-

Vision and the Technology Behind
Connecting the Real, Virtual and Digital Worlds, 2009

5

IoT objectives and applications

The major
objectives for IoT
are the creation of smart environments / spaces and
self
-
aware things (for example: smart transport, products, cities, buildings, rural
areas, energy, health, living, etc.) for climate, food, energy, mobility, digital
society and health applications.

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

Source:
Internet of Things
-

Strategic Research Roadmap, IERC 2011

Global challenges
addressed

by IoT applications:


energy efficiency
-

power grid,
connected electric vehicles,
energy efficient buildings, ...


environmental protection
-

green
services, green intelligent cities,
CO2 reduction, ...


public health
, aging population


safety
, security and privacy


business and economy
,
continuation and growth of
economic prosperity

6

Challenges on application level


Network management


network technologies should be reliable, intelligent, self
-
managed, context aware and adaptable


Interfaces



to refine interaction between HW, SW, algorithms, devices, ...;

smart human / machine interfaces, enabling mobile SW


Embedded smart functionality


further development of sensors, actuators, storage,
energy sources, middleware, sensor networks, etc.


Multi
-
domain communications


to enhance information and signal processing,
identification technology, discovery and search engine technologies


Security, privacy, business safety


improvements needed by developing novel
security techniques and concepts


Standardisation,
interoperability, validation and modularization
of the IoT
technologies needs enhancements


New governance principles
should be defined



free access to knowledge for further
technology and business development (while maintaining respect for privacy, security and
safety)

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

7

Challenges on technology enablers


Energy


ultra low power devices needed


Intelligence



capabilities of self
-
awareness, adaptability, inter
-
machine communication,
knowledge discovery, etc.


Communication


new smart antennas, protocols, APIs, together with network
management and visualization techniques need to be developed


Integration


wireless ID technologies (RFID) should be integrated to devices


Dependability


individual authentication of billions of heterogeneous devices


S
emantic technologies


large scale distributed ontologies, semantic discovery of
devices, semantic web services, rule engines, ...


Real world IoT scenarios



to evaluate IoT solutions in real large
-
scale industrial
applications; to illustrate business
-
based scenarios


Modeling and design


innovative M
-
D frameworks needed for large scale IoT systems


Interoperability, standards


ensure interoperability of devices by integrating different
standardized architectures, protocols, etc.; define open standards and reference models


Manufacturing


to lower costs of key technologies (e.g., RFID)

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

8

IoT research in Europe

7
th

Framework Programme of EC:


IoT research is included into priorities of ICT


Call 5, 2009
-
2010, Objective 1.3 :
Internet of Things and Enterprise environments


Call 7, 2011, Objectives 1.3:
Internet
-
connected objects
, 1.6:
Future Internet Research and
Experimentation


Call 8, 2011, Objectives 1.1:
Future Networks


Currently, in the last FP7 call


IoT
-
related areas:


Smart Cities


Secure clean and efficient energy


Improving delivery of Public Sector Services


IoT
-
related EU research communities:


IoT European Research Cluster (IERC),

http://www.internet
-
of
-
things
-
research.eu


IoT Council,
http://www.theinternetofthings.eu


IoT Hub Europe,
http://www.internet
-
of
-
things.eu


Internet of Things Expert Group (IoT
-
EG) (E02514)


FInES Cluster (
Future Internet Enterprise Systems
),
http://www.fines
-
cluster.eu


Internet of Things group on LinkedIn,
http://www.linkedin.com/groups?home=&gid=73311

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

9

IoT
-
related FP7 projects

IERC Members:
http://www.internet
-
of
-
things
-
research.eu/partners.htm


CASAGRAS2
, Coordination and Support Action for Global RFID
-
related
Activities and Standardisation


2,
www.iot
-
casagras.org


IoT
-
I
, Internet Of Things Initiative,
www.iot
-
i.eu


IoT
-
A
, Internet Of Things Architecture,
www.iot
-
a.eu


SPRINT
, Software Platform For Integration Of Engineering And Things,
www.sprint
-
iot.eu


SmartAgriFood
, Smart Food and Agribusiness,
www.smartagrifood.eu


iCore
, Internet Connected Objects for Reconfigurable Ecosystems,

www.iot
-
icore.eu


IoT@Work
, Internet of Things at Work,
www.iot
-
at
-
work.eu


Hydra
, FP6 project on semantic IoT middleware,
www.hydramiddleware.eu


...


ebbits

&
ELLIOT

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

10

EBBITS project


basic facts

ebbits:
Enabling Business
-
Based Internet of Things and Services


Integrated EU project, FP7 ICT,

Activity ICT
-
2009.1.3 “
Internet of Things and Enterprise environments
”,

Contract no.: 257852


Duration: 09/2010


08/2014 (48 months)


Web:
www.ebbits
-
project.eu


Coordinator: Fraunhofer Institute, Germany


Project consortium: 9 partners (universities, research institutes, private
companies) from 5 countries (GE,SWE,DEN,IT,SK)


2 pilot applications
-

Italy and Denmark


Main project objective:


To develop architecture, technologies and processes, which allow businesses to
semantically integrate the Internet of Things into mainstream enterprise systems
and support interoperable real
-
world, on
-
line end
-
to
-
end business applications

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

11

The concept of ebbits

The ebbits platform:

1. a bridge between
enterprise and public
information systems,
between human users

and “things” in the

physical world

2. a communication
infrastructure that,

by means of SWS
,
automatically and
dynamically connects to
sensors and devices
in
the physical world
-

in
manufacturing facilities,
retails, smart homes, etc.

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

12

Technology background

LinkSmart system:


Outcome of the FP6 project
Hydra
,
http://www.hydramiddleware.eu


open source solution,
http://sourceforge.net/projects/linksmart/


semantic middleware

for IoT applications

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

Enhancements in ebbits:


new types of devices and
services,


semantic sensor fusion,
more advanced events
processing,


business rules and
business process models,


pilot applications in
automotive industry and
agriculture


13

Outcomes and p
ilot applications


Expected

project

outcomes
:


enhanced

LinkSmart

semantic

middleware
,
optimized

for

real
-
world

business

applications


toolset

for

development

of

semantic

models

and
semantically

annotated

business

rules

/
processes


interfaces

to new
types

of

devices


methodology

for

building

a
LinkSmart
-
based

IoT

solution



Pilot
#1: Deployment in the manufacturing stage:


to manage production optimization with special emphasis on energy
savings and CO2 reduction;


automotive industry, assembly processes;


data collected from sensors in the assembly line, semantically annotated
and processed towards the optimization criteria.



Pilot
#2: Deployment in the consumption stage:


traceability throughout the food chain, from “farm to fork”, across the life
-
cycle history of the food;


collecting data automatically from various actors, sensors and systems,
indexing and intelligently registering it in public databases.

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

14

Automotive manufacturing

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

15

Food traceability

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

Weight =
150

kg

CO2 = 2kg CO2/kg

Feed = organic

Origin = Spain

FarmId = ES123312

Organic T
-
Bone Steak

CO2 = 17kg CO2/kg

Born In Spain, Raised In
Free Farmvile Germany

100% organic grass fed

Rating = 4.5/5


Organic T
-
Bone Steak

CO2 = 15kg CO2/kg

FarmIds = ES123312,
DE121211

PalateId

= 223
-
12231
-
221

To=Aldi Süd 001, Outback
Steakhouse 002


16

Achievements, future work


Work done so far:


architecture of updated LinkSmart specified, implementation is ongoing


OWLIM ontology infrastructure employed for semantics and context awareness


jBoss / Drools framework for business rules processing


M24 demo prepared, focus on the automotive manufacturing scenario



Next steps:


project review in October 2012


further development, focus on the food

traceability scenario



Other activities:


workshops and activities within the
FInES Cluster

(
Future Internet Week
,
IoT Week
)


CeBIT 2012



ebbits
co
-
exhibited with

ActionPlanT project at the stand:

ICT for the

Factories of the Future

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

17

ELLIOT project
-

basic facts

ELLIOT:
Experiential Living Lab for the Internet Of Things

Framework Programme 7, ICT Call 5 : FP7
-
ICT
-
2009
-
5

Objective ICT
-
2009.1.3:
Internet of Things and Enterprise environments

Project type: STREP / Collaborative research, Project No: 287560

Duration: 30 months (September 2010
-

February 2013)

Web:
www.elliot
-
project.eu

Coordinator:
TXT Polymedia S.p.A., Italy

Partners: 9 + 3
(Italy, Germany, France, UK, Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia)


Aims of the project:


the development of an Internet of Things experiential platform,


to directly involve users (customers, citizens) in co
-
creating, exploring and
experimenting new ideas, concepts and technological artefacts,


to study a potential impact of IoT and the Future Internet in the context of the
Open User
-
Centred Innovation paradigm and of the Living Lab approach.

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

18

Living Lab approach to IoT

Objectives, principles of the approach in ELLIOT:


Explore the potential of
user co
-
creation techniques and tools
, such as serious gaming,
participative requirements engineering and verification/validation, in the context of IOT.


Study and develop a set of
KSB (Knowledge
-
Social
-
Business) Experience Models

integrating social, intellectual
-
cognitive, economical, legal and ethical aspects related to
the use of IoT technologies and services into a single, “holistic”, meta model.


K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

19

ELLIOT
-
EEU extension

Extension to the Enlarged European Union (EEU):


Duration: 18 months (September 2011
-

February 2013)


3 new use cases
-

pilot applications: Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia,

as complements to former ELLIOT pilots


Focus of pilots:



Logistics PLM:

Logistics Product Life
-
cycle Management (PLM)

supported by IoT and RFID technologies


BIBA LogDynamics Lab, Bremen, Germany


SafePay Systems Ltd., Hungary



Extended concept of “Well Being” in a hospital environment


San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy


Virtech Ltd., Bulgaria



Green Services @ ICT Usage Lab


INRIA (Sophia Antipolis), France


InterSoft, a.s., Kos
ice,
Slovakia

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

20

ELLIOT Living Lab in Slovakia

Pilot name:
ECOffices
-

Ambient Intelligence in energy saving



The
Smart Office

use case:


Integrates
AmI
-
IoT & semantic technologies
, with respect to the KSB
(knowledge
-
social
-
business) aspects of user interactions


Targets the optimization of energy consumption in offices


Focus, goals:


experiment the ELLIOT outcomes and the new semantically enhanced AmI
technology in the Energy test case in Slovakia


demonstrate the platform capabilities towards a positive impact on
environment (energy consumption, CO2 footprint)


Technology:


AmI
-
IoT: based on LinkSmart middleware, using outcomes of the FP7
project ebbits.


Semantics: device ontology, fusion of generated events, business rules


Devices: energy consumption, environment conditions, and occupancy
sensors
-

Plugwise, Arduino, …




K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

21

The Smart Office concept

From “Smart Houses” to “Smart Offices”

Smart House:


a house that has advanced automatic systems for lighting, heating, air
-
conditioning,

window and door operations, security etc.


many solutions, both commercial and research

Smart Office:


to employ the paradigm of the smart house
in a business environment
,


inclusion of / integration with
business processes
,


optimization

of existing processes in an organization (or office),


ability to implement
new

and
more efficient
business processes,


expected benefits on the user level regarding to more organized and coordinated
social interactions
.

Challenges:


correspondence of AmI
-
IoT with business processes,


acceptance and support from the side of employees (and management),


possible solution: AmI
-
enhanced services and processes should follow the
recommendations of IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL,
http://www.itil
-
officialsite.com
) and
the related standard ISO/IEC 20000:1
-
5.

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

22

Application partner : RWE IT

RWE IT Slovakia
,

http://www.rweit
-
slovakia.com


belongs to RWE group, leading energy (gas,
electricity) distributor in Eastern Slovakia


daughter company of RWE IT GmbH,

IT services provider for RWE


ECOffices pilot

is implemented

in the premises of RWE IT:


office type: open space room


8 employees in the office

(administration department)


central heating, air conditioning individually
controlled within the office


equipment: computers, monitors,

phones, 2 x printers, 1 x scanner / copier

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

23

ECOffices : the Living Lab concept

General Goal:

a systematic and iterative user co
-
creation approach integrating research
and innovation processes towards the energy efficiency in business environment, using
AmI
-
IoT technologies (
enabled by the LinkSmart system
).

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

24

Living Lab scenarios

Scenario #1: Exploration of a suitable occupancy sensing device


4 different types of occupancy sensors identified by
IoT

experts


Goal: Users exploring, experiments and evaluation; Focus: to find a balance between:


Comfortable environment


Amount of saved energy / CO2 emissions


Privacy loss

Scenario #2: Process
-
based adaptation of the working environment


Uses occupancy sensor as an output of scenario #1.


Template process model given, e.g. predefined work hours, seasonal settings of
environment


Adaptation of working environment according to user preferences


Goal: Adapted process model as an explicit representation of the working environment
settings in a given time scale

Scenario #3: Exploration of a suitable occupancy sensing device


Users playing a “game” saving real energy


A visualization showing actual consumption and CO2 footprint data, overall ranking given


Ranking provided to decision makers
-
> e.g. awarding of winners?


K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

25

Pilot implementation (1)

Schedule of the pilot:


1st round: May 18th (
completed
)


2nd round: end of August


evaluation: end of 2012

Technology:


Devices installed (
see figure
)


Data monitored and collected from the 1st
round, evaluation is ongoing, use of the data

in occupancy sensing


Interface to ECOffices system is a web portal


Arduino
-
based prototypes (
see next slide
)

Involvement of users:


Initial user requirements and information about
user habits collected by a questionnaire


Smart Office Portal
-

Web application for
gathering user experiences was developed


Success factors and KPIs (focused on KSB
aspects) were specified and provided for
analysis into ELLIOT platform


K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

26

Pilot implementation (2)

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

Arduino
-
based open HW

Xbee, Thermometer,

Ambient light sensor

SmartOffice Portal


the main user interaction tool

Data
-

log example:

power usage: 46.00W on 000D6F000072AF09 at 11
-
07
-
12 11:17:17

power usage: 42.00W on 000D6F0000D33655 at 11
-
07
-
12 11:17:17

power usage: 3.00W on 000D6F000076937D at 11
-
07
-
12 11:17:17

power usage: 36.00W on 000D6F00007690CB at 11
-
07
-
12 11:17:17


Log format: [
Immediate power consumption in watts
] [
ID: MAC address of sensor
] [
timestamp
]

27

Summary, future steps

Work done so far:


LinkSmart middleware adapted for the ECOffices Living Lab


pilot prototype implemented


1st round of experiments on Scenario #1 accomplished


data from sensors collected and provided to the ELLIOT platform for KSB analysis


Next steps:


new types of devices
-

actuators: air conditioning control, light switches



business rule / process engine, based on Drools framework,
www.drools.org


template process model for Scenario #2 will be developed


Scenario #2 experiments, evaluation



the Smart Office portal will be enhanced to enable the “game” on energy savings


Scenario #3 experiments, evaluation



ECOffices Living Lab has an ambition to join the European Network of Living Labs
(ENoLL,
www.openlivinglabs.eu
) in its next wave.

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

28

Conclusions

General observations:


Innovative applications addressing global challenges needed


Focus on practical applicability of IoT solutions in a real world business environment


Advanced technologies (e.g., semantics, AmI, web services, clouds, ...) could be applied,
but a shift from research to real business is necessary


Wider involvement of users, e.g by means of Living Lab approach, is needed


Challenges, future R&D directions:


Living Lab
, as a co
-
creative environment for design, development, and testing of IoT
solutions, seems to be very promising approach


Semantics
, if applied in IoT, should be improved in terms of powerful intelligent reasoning,
retrieval, matching, etc. (i.e., use relational DBs instead of ontologies, if appropriate)


Business processes and rules
are capable to control the interactions between devices


A framework for managing
provided IoT solutions as IT services


candidate: IT
Infrastructure Library (ITIL,
http://www.itil
-
officialsite.com
)

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

29

Proposal for cooperation

Other IoT
-
related projects:


VENIS
,
Virtual Enterprises enabled by Networked Interoperability Services
,

www.venis
-
project.eu


Adapt4EE
,
www.adapt4ee.eu



a holistic approach to the planning, design & evaluation of energy performance of construction
products at an early design phase and prior to their realization


occupancy behavior , business processes and assets, semantic models of enterprises


INERTIA
,
Maximizing Response Capacity and Surplus of HouseHold and Tertiary Prosumers


starting in October 1
st
, 2012


goal: to develop a framework addressing a) energy efficiency (for steady state load
minimization); b) peak load management (for daily operations); and c) dynamic demand (for
event driven dynamic peak load reduction)


... R&D in areas of Smart City, energy efficiency, IoT
-
supported manufacturing, ...


Opportunities:


Smart Cities and Communities EIP (
European Innovation Partnership
),
released by EC in July 2012


areas of energy, mobility & transport, ICT in urban context (Smart Cities)


international cooperation is encouraged


possibility of a joint project?

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

Technical University
of Kosice

www.tuke.sk

InterSoft, a.s.

www.intersoft.sk

30

Thank you for your attention!



Questions, suggestions, ...?

K. Furdik
: IoT challenges, approaches, and outcomes in the context of European research projects

IVF
-
Taiwan ICT Workshop
,
August 28
-
29,

2012

Contact:


e
-
mail:
Karol.Furdik@tuke.sk
,
Karol.Furdik@intersoft.sk


web:
http://web.tuke.sk/fei
-
cit/furdik/index
-
a.html

Acknowledgements:
The presented work was supported by the ELLIOT project (
http://www.elliot
-
project.eu
) and the EBBITS project (
http://www.ebbits
-
project.eu
), co
-
founded by the European
Commission within the contracts No. 287560 and No. 257852, respectively.