Green Procurement - National Contract Management ...

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Nov 9, 2013 (4 years ago)

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Green Procurement


Chuck Drury

Charles.drury@hanscom.af.mil

781
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225
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0170

Summary


Introduction


Executive Order (EO) 13101, Greening the Government
through Waste Prevention, Recycling and Federal
Acquisition


Section 6002 of the 1976 Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act (RCRA)


Environmentally preferable products


Energy efficient products


Products
manufactured from recovered materials


Biobased
products


Conclusion

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Introduction


The US Government has the world’s broadest
program in the world (A wide variety of details
are available at
www.fedcenter.gov
)


Additional information on all green purchases by
the US Government is available at
www.greening.usda.gov/purchasing.htm


Each agency’s progress and performance is
tracked by OMB with the Environmental
Stewardship Scorecard


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EO 13101
-

Greening the
Government


It is the national policy to
prefer:


pollution
prevention, whenever feasible.


Pollution
that cannot be prevented


should be recycled; pollution that cannot be
prevented or recycled should


be treated in an environmentally safe manner.
Disposal should be
employed only
as a last resort.

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EO 13514


Federal Leadership in
Environmental, Energy, and Economic
Performance


Signed 5 October 2009, Executive Order 13514 (Federal Leadership in
Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance) adds green
requirements to EO 13101


This Executive Order requires agencies to meet a number of energy, water,
and waste reduction targets, including:


30% reduction in vehicle fleet petroleum use by 2020;


26% improvement in water efficiency by 2020;


50% recycling and waste diversion by 2015;


95% of all applicable contracts will meet sustainability requirements;


Implementation of the 2030 net
-
zero
-
energy building requirement;


Implementation of the
stormwater

provisions of the Energy Independence
and Security Act of 2007, section 438; and


Development of guidance for sustainable Federal building locations in
alignment with the Livability Principles put forward by the Department of
Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Transportation, and the
Environmental Protection Agency.


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EO 13514


Federal Leadership in
Environmental, Energy, and Economic
Performance Continued


The Contracting Bottom Line:


EO 13514 requires that 95% of new contracts (excepting weapon
systems) for products or services be green in one of the following
ways:


energy
-
efficient (Energy Star or Federal Energy Management
Program (FEMP) designated)


water
-
efficient


Biobased


environmentally preferable (e.g., Electronic Product Environmental
Assessment Tool (EPEAT) certified)


non
-
ozone depleting


contain recycled content


or are non
-
toxic or less
-
toxic alternatives


This applies where the products and services meet agency
performance requirements


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Resource Conservation and
Recovery Act (RCRA)


According to the EPA:


The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
gives EPA the authority to control hazardous waste
from the "cradle
-
to
-
grave."


This includes the generation, transportation,
treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste.


RCRA also set forth a framework for the management
of non
-
hazardous solid wastes.


The 1986 amendments to RCRA enabled EPA to
address environmental problems that could result
from underground tanks storing petroleum and other
hazardous substances.


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Environmentally Preferable
Products



EPP: The EPA manages the
Environmentally Preferable Purchasing
(EPP) Program


Environmentally preferable means
"products or services that have a lesser
or reduced effect on human health and
the environment when compared with
competing products or services that
serve the same purpose," according to
the
Instructions for Implementing
Executive Order 13423 (PDF)



According to the EPA: The United States
federal is the single largest consumer of
goods and services within the United
States, with total spending estimated at
$350 billion for goods and services each
year.


We are expected to use the purchasing
power of the government to incentivize
the development and increase availability
of environmentally preferred products



Many products are available in
the following categories:


Buildings and Construction


Carpets


Cleaning


Electronics


Fleets


Food Services


Landscaping


Meetings & Conferences


Office
Supplies
Paper



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Environmentally Preferable Products
Continued


Policy and training:


EPA's Final Guidance on
Environmentally Preferable
Purchasing


Executive Orders


Federal Acquisition Regulation


EPA's Green Purchasing Guides


Green Product and Service
Standards


Tools available:


General Tools and Training


Product
-

and Service
-

Specific
Tools and Calculators


Database of Environmental
Information for Products and
Services


Guides:


Greening Your Purchase of Carpet:
A Guide For Federal Purchasers


Greening Your Meetings and
Conferences: A Guide For Federal
Purchasers


Greening Your Purchase of
Cleaning Products: A Guide For
Federal Purchasers


Greening Your Purchase of Copiers:
A Guide For Federal Purchasers


Newsletter:
EPP Updates


Case Studies:
Case Studies


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Energy Efficient Products


The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP): As
with goods and services the Federal Government is the
nation’s largest consumer of energy, therefore the
Department of Energy was given the responsibility to
monitor and manage the Federal Government’s energy
uses in three (3) areas:


Energy Management at Federal Facilities


Energy Management at Department of Energy (DOE)


Fleet and Transportation Management


For the most part we’re interested in the program as it
relates to Federal Facilities and the Fleet/Transportation,
since that effects us on a day to day basis

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Energy Efficient Products
Continued

Programs:


Federal Facility
Management



What is offered:



Designing, operating, and maintaining high
-
performance buildings

includes:


new construction


retrofit projects,


operations and maintenance


Audits: energy, heat and power assessments, O&M
assessments, laboratory design protocols, independent
evaluations of technologies, and advanced metering



Evaluating and procuring energy
-
efficient
products



FEMP provides guidance through the publishing of
purchasing specifications. This guidance includes energy
efficiency requirements, purchasing tips, cost data, user
information, and calculators

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Energy Efficient Products
Continued

Programs:


Fleet and
Transportation



What is offered:


Managing energy
-
efficient and
alternative
-
fuel vehicle fleets


FEMP provides guidance on and assistance for
implementing and managing energy
-
efficient
and alternative
-
fuel vehicle fleets


This includes helping Federal agencies meet
fleet management requirements, such as
reducing petroleum consumption by two
percent per year through FY 2020 relative to a
FY 2005 baseline and increasing alternative fuel
use by 10 percent per year relative to the
previous year through 2015.

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Energy Efficient Products
Continued


There are four (4) elements to this aspect of Green
Procurement:


ENERGY STAR:

A joint program of the EPA and the Department
of Energy intended to save money and protect the environment
through energy efficient products and practices. In 2010 the
program prevented greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to
those from 33 million cars (~$18B).


Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Designated
Products:
This program covers many categories including
heaters and lighting.


Low Standby Power Products:
Set by the Department of Energy,
the general requirement is that the product cannot draw more
than one (1) Watt of electricity in standby mode.


Environmentally Preferable Products (EPEAT):
This provides a
searchable database of suppliers and products.

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Products Manufactured
From Recovered Materials




In the Comprehensive
Procurement Guideline (CPG)
the EPA designates products
made from recovered
materials; providing guidelines
for their purchase and use


Federal agencies are required
to purchase products with the
highest recovered content
practicable


Eight (8) product categories are
designated by the EPA in the CPG:

Construction Products


Landscaping Products


Nonpaper

Office Products


Paper and Paper Products


Park and Recreation
Products


Transportation Products


Vehicular Products


Miscellaneous Products


Note:

CPG products do not include
biobased products. EPA’s web site does
not have information on them. Biobased
products are designated by the US
Department of Agriculture as a
requirement of the Farm Security and
Rural Investment Act (2002 Farm Bill),
Section 9002. Information can be found
on the
USDA
BioPreferred

web site
.


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Biobased products



The Department of Agriculture has
oversight of biobased products


The purpose of the USDA
BioPreferred
®

program is to
promote the increased purchase
and use of biobased products.


The increased purchase of biobased
products is expected to reduce
petroleum consumption, increase
the use of renewable resources,
better manage the carbon cycle, and
may contribute to reducing adverse
environmental and health impacts.


Two Major Initiatives

The USDA
BioPreferred

program has two
major initiatives:



Product Labeling

USDA certifies and awards labels to
qualifying products to increase
consumer recognition of biobased
products.

Federal Procurement Preference


USDA designates categories of
biobased products that are afforded
preference by Federal agencies
when making purchasing decisions.
If you are interested in suggesting a
new product category for
designation


There are 64
BioPreferred
®

designated
product categories required for preferred
Federal purchasing


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Additional Categories


Water Efficient


Requirements can be found on the EPA’s website, and they also
provide lists of products granted the Water Sense Label


Non
-
Ozone Depleting Substances (SNAP)


These requirements are mainly covered by previously discussed
sources, such as AbilityOne


Alternative Fuels and Vehicles


Fleet site detailing requirements as well as sources for fuels
www.eere.energy.gov/afdc



Low Toxic or Non
-
hazardous Chemicals


These requirements are mainly covered by previously discussed
sources, such as AbilityOne


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Green Contracting for
Services


Utilizing Green Contracting when procuring
services:


Somewhat more complex than purchasing
supplies


Clauses requiring green products and procedures
are available in the FAR for insert into contracts


The greatest difficulty lies in tracking and
confirmation of compliance due to the tertiary
nature of the requirements in
most cases

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Conclusion


Over the course of this discussion we have
addressed:


The US Government’s Green Procurement
Program requirements


Specific aspects of the program


Sources for supplies, services, and information


Any Questions?

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Resources

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Resources

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U
SAF GUIDE TO
GREEN PURCHASING


January

200
5


Air Force Center for

Environmental Excellence









As of:

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Criteria for Energy Efficient Products


FEMP energy and water efficiency criteria, cost
effectiveness information and buyer tips are online
at
www.eere.energy.gov/femp/technologies/eep_eerecommendations.cfm



Energy Star
® qualified product listings are online at
www.energystar.gov/products



Energy
Star
® can also be awarded to whole buildings
www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=government.bus_government


commercial and residential programs


based on energy performance compared to other buildings


Low Standby Power product criteria and buyer
information for office equipment, audio/video
products


www.eere.energy.gov/femp/technologies/eep_standby_power.cfm


As of:

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AFVs, Alternative Fuels and Fuel Efficient
Vehicles


What to Buy Green:


AFVs
-

sedans, pickup trucks, sport utility vehicles, vans, shuttle
buses, medium
-
duty vehicles (such as delivery trucks), heavy
-
duty
buses, and heavy
-
duty trucks


Fuels


biodiesel, ethanol, hydrogen, natural gas, propane, electricity


Advanced Technology Vehicles


fuel cells, hybrid drives


For more information:


Alternative Fuels Data Center



www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/



Alternative Fuels Information Station

www.desc.dla.mil/DCM/DCMPage.asp?PageID=591


Advanced Technology Vehicles

www.eere.energy.gov/cleancities/atv/


GPP Regulatory Requirements


The GPP plan is driven by numerous regulatory
requirements such as:


EO 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management,


subsumes EOs 13101, 13149, 13148, 13123, and 13134


EO 13221, Energy Efficient Standby Power Devices


Air Force Instruction (AFI) 32
-
7080 and 32
-
7086, EQ/Pollution Prevention (P2) and Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT)


DOD Policy Memorandum 27
-
08
-
2004 (100% GPP compliance)


Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976
(RCRA) Section 6002 (AP for solid waste disposal)


FAR, Subparts:


7, Acquisition Planning


11, Describing Agency Needs


23.2, Energy and Water Efficiency and Renewable Energy


23.4, Use of Recovered Materials and Biobased Products


23.7, Contracting for Environmentally Preferable Products and Services


Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002

(Farm Bill), Public Law 107
-
171 for Biobased


Clean Air Act of 1990,
Title VI (Ozone)


Energy Policy Act of 2005
(EPACT)


Biomass R&D Act of 2000


Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG)


Federal Electronics Challenge (FEC), voluntary


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