Status of the CUAHSI Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP)

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Feb 22, 2014 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Status of the CUAHSI Community
Hydrologic Modeling Project (
CHyMP
)

Larry Murdoch

Jay Famiglietti

Venkat Lakshmi

Rick Hooper


Community Hydrologic Modeling Project

CHyMP


Objective
: Advance hydrologic sciences by enabling
community modeling.


3 workshops


Scoping
. 20+ participants; Academics, Fed. Agency, Private Sector
March 2008 [
Famiglietti et al
., 2008].


Blueprint
. 50+ participants, March 2009


[
Famiglietti et al
., 2009].


Implementation
. 30+ participants, March 2011. [
Famiglietti et al
., in
prep].



Outcomes


Agree on importance


Recognize ongoing work


Identify next steps

2

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

3

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Motivation

Grand Challenges in Hydrology


“The challenge is to predict changes in freshwater resources and the environment caused
by floods, droughts, sedimentation, and contamination in a context of growing demand
on water resources.”


NRC Report
(2001)



Predict changes in connections throughout the global fresh water system






Alcamo et al
(2008)


Predict


Effects of human activities and natural perturbations


Patterns and variability of processes affecting quantity and quality


Optimal management for sustainability of water resources






WATERS Network. Minsker

(2007)




Multiple processes important at small scale



Societal implications and couplings at large scale

Simulation is key to spanning scales, transferability



Climate change, land use change, water sustainability….

Ground Water Surface Water


Sustainability


gw
-
sw
, a single resource


[Winter, 1999]


Climate


How deep is water table?



[Fan et al., 2007; Maxwell et al. 2007;
Ek

and
Holstag
, 2004



Anyah

et al., 2008; Fan and
Miguez
-
Macho, 2010]


Water balance


Basins as importer/exporter?



[
Toth
, 1963; Schaller and Fan, 2009]


Water quality


Flow paths,
redox
, residence time?



[Nolan et al., 2006;
Shabaga

and Hill, 2011; Carle et al. 2006;




Sudicky, 2008;
Kollet

and Maxwell, 2008]


Flooding


Depth of water table?



[
Jourde

et al. 2007; Finch et al. 2004;
Kreibich andThieken, 2008]





4

[
Jourde

et
al. 2007]

Effect of soil moisture on
cloud development

Shallow
gw

and
atm

boundary layer

Groundwater exchange

Nitrate in
gw

risk

Flow paths and
travel times

U.S. wetlands

Standard climate models

subsidence

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Ground Water Surface Water


Sustainability


gw
-
sw
, a single resource


[Winter, 1999]


Climate


How deep is water table?



[Fan et al., 2007; Maxwell et al. 2007;
Ek

and
Holstag
, 2004



Anyah

et al., 2008; Fan and
Miguez
-
Macho, 2010]


Water balance


Basins as importer/exporter?



[
Toth
, 1963; Schaller and Fan, 2009]


Water quality


Flow paths,
redox
, residence time?



[Nolan et al., 2006;
Shabaga

and Hill, 2011; Carle et al. 2006;




Sudicky, 2008;
Kollet

and Maxwell, 2008]


Flooding


Depth of water table?



[
Jourde

et al. 2007; Finch et al. 2004;
Kreibich andThieken, 2008]





5

Effect of soil moisture on
cloud development

Shallow
gw

and
atm

boundary layer

Groundwater exchange

Nitrate in
gw

risk

Flow paths and
travel times

U.S. wetlands

Standard climate models

subsidence

from Norm Jones

Computation:

How to represent the processes?



Local

continental

scale





Data:

Hydrostratigraphy

?



Water table depth?

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Objective

Community computational resources to enable the
simulation and understanding of water
-
related
processes anywhere in U.S. with the best currently
available resolution and accuracy.

6

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011


Advance
local

continental
-
scale simulations




direct applications to models and data.


Advance capabilities of individual scientists

innovation and discovery.


Enable community collaboration, education



synergy and intellectual sustainability.


7

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Strategy

Proposed
CHyMP

Resources

8

1. Modeling Database


Access to spatial/temporal data


Parameters,
forcings
, results


New digital data
--
hydrostratigraphy


Catalog, Standard format


Extensible

preservation and access to



community
-
derived data


2. Computational Platform


Multi
-
scale/multi
-
process simulation



Applicable anywhere


Transcontinental


Multiple regional


Integrate with climate models


Benchmark
intercomparison



Integrate with database, inverse, HPC

Community access/contribution

3. Simulation Gallery


Community building


Teaching and learning


Modeling practice


Methods, tutorials, benchmarks , data


Citation

= Community Water Model

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Plan for Creating Resources

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

9

Phase 1: Design


Current capabilities


Community needs


Prototype


Phase 2: Develop


Code


Data


Testing


Phase 3: Sustain


Harden code


Community contributes


Growth




Plan for Creating Resources

Phase 1: Design


Current capabilities


Community needs


Prototype


Phase 2: Develop


Code


Data


Testing


Phase 3: Sustain


Harden code


Community contributes


Growth




10

Working Group, 1
-
2 yrs

Chair w/ 3
-
10 members + grad students

Expertise to evaluate and assess

CUAHSI coordinates

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Phase 1: Design


Current capabilities


Community needs


Prototype


Phase 2: Develop


Code


Data


Testing


Phase 3: Sustain


Harden code


Community contributes


Growth




11

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Plan for Creating Resources

PI
-
led Project 2
-
3 yrs

RFP based on input from WGs

Interact with WGs and CUAHSI

Working Group, 1
-
2 yrs

Chair w/ 3
-
10 members + grad students

Expertise to evaluate and assess

CUAHSI coordinates

Phase 1: Design


Current capabilities


Community needs


Prototype


Phase 2: Develop


Code


Data


Testing


Phase 3: Sustain


Harden code


Community contributes


Growth




12

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Plan for Creating Resources

PI
-
led Project 2
-
3 yrs

RFP based on input from WGs

Interact with WGs and CUAHSI

CUAHSI
-
led project 1
-
2 yrs

Guidance from Development Team +
CRN

Working Group, 1
-
2 yrs

Chair w/ 3
-
10 members + grad students

Expertise to evaluate and assess

CUAHSI coordinates

13

Modeling Database


1. Spatial/temporal database


2.
Hydrostratigraphy

Computational Platform


3. Model
Intercomparison


4. Benchmark platforms

Simulation Gallery


5. Prototype

Summary of Activities during Phase I

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011


Data accessibility

Theme

Parameters

Source

Soils

Soil type, hydraulic conductivity, mineralogy

SSURGO,
STATSGO

Streams

Reach location, elevation, flow

NHDPlus

Hydrostratigraphy

Sediment or rock type, composition, hydraulic
conductivity, specific storage

Scattered sources

Groundwater

Hydraulic head, composition

Scattered sources

Topography

Elevation

NED, ASTER

Bathymetry

Elevation

Scattered
sources

Land cover

Categories of land use at different times

NLCD

Species

Range of species

GAP

Ecosystem

MODIS,
CDIAC

Weather

Precipitation, wind speed, temperature,
humidity

NAAR,
RIST

Water isotopes

18
O,
2
H,
3
H

IAEA; GNIP; GNIR;
MIBA

Other?

Modeling Database, Phase I

14

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

15

Modeling Database


1. Spatial/Temporal Data (1
-
D, 2
-
D, 3
-
D, 4
-
D)



Identify needs

data sets, apps, format



Review existing;




HIS, CSDMS, PSU, USGS CIDA, NOAA, NASA…


Evaluate strategies; assemble, discover, serve



Enable input of community data


2.
Hydrostratigraphy



Identify needs

geologic, computational, visualization



Review existing software & formats




(Arc Hydro GW, GEON,
gOcad
,
Aquaveo
,
Earthvis




Stratigraphic

nomenclature (USGS, NACSN, State GS…



Pilot
-
testing on selected regions


Activities during Phase I

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

16

3.
Intercompare

individual models, Continental focus

Build community, focus on processes, measure progress



Identify benchmark problems, evaluation criteria



Scale: continental & large regional



Processes: water flux, store, residence time + other



Identify models



Land
-
atmosphere (VIC, CESM, LIS…)



Integrated
gw
-
sw

(PIHM,
Parflow
, HGS, Cathy…)



Watershed (USGS OMS….)



Evaluate



Solve and compare



Understand differences


Use results to design development effort


One or suite of existing


New model





Activities during Phase I

from Reed Maxwell

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

17

4. Benchmark modeling platforms

Software to enable simulations of diverse range of coupled processes. Combine components
representing different processes, couple different models



Identify Problems, evaluation criteria



Multi
-
scale water balance from decadal climate forecast



Invasive species, e.g. salt cedar in High Plains



Estuary hypoxia



Identify models, datasets





Apply and evaluate


Use results to design


Refine existing platform(s)


Build new one









Activities during Phase I

HydroModeler
/
OpenMI


HIS Team

CSDMS



Univ. Colorado

LIS



NASA

ASCEM



DOE

FluidEarth
/
Pipistrelle
/
OpenMI


HR Wallingford

OMS



USDA

CCSM/ESMF



NASA

IWRSS/CHPS



NOAA

FRAMES/BASINS


USEPA

GeoTop



Univ. Trento

Other……

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

18

5. Simulation Gallery

Software to enable teaching and learning about simulations, exchange information on
modeling practice, standards, benchmarks, model set
-
up, insights from simulation,



Assess needs and capabilities



Evaluate existing sites



CSDMS



IEMHub



WaterHub



HydroModelGallery



FluidEarth




Develop and pilot
-
test prototypes



Use results to design development effort









Activities during Phase I

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

Summary


Community Water Model


Modeling Database


Simulation Platform


Model Gallery



Agency partners


HS


CIF21


EarthCube


other




19

Status of the Community Hydrologic Modeling Project (CHyMP), Larry Murdoch,
HIS User’s Conference, Logan, Utah; June 2011

….CUAHSI will help