PARKING IN BALANCE:

surfscreechingSoftware and s/w Development

Dec 11, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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PARKING IN BALANCE:
A A G Ge eo os sp pa at tiia all a an na ally ys siis s o of f e ef ff fiic ciie en nc cy y o of f p pa ar rk kiin ng g s sy ys st te em m
AUTHOR:
Mitava Chaturvedi
CO-AUTHORS:
Dr. Ir. M.H.P. (Mark) Zuidgeest
Ir. M.J.G. (Mark) BrusselPARKING
STATUS QUO
“Politics ain't worrying this country one-tenth as
much as where to find a parking space”
Will Rogers (1879-1935)SUPPLY
IMBALANCE
P PA AR RK KH HA AU US S G GA AR RC C A AO O G GN N E EG G P P E E A A S SR R T TK K E EIID D N N G G P PA A ,, E E R RN N K KS S IIN N C C G G H H E E L LO O D DE E T TON - STREET
PARKINGINCREASING VEHICULAR
OWNERSHIP
600
500
400
300
200
100
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000
WESTERN EASTERN C.I.S
EUROPE EUROPE COUNTRIES
V VE EH HIIC CL LE ES S P PE ER R 1 10 00 00 0 P PE EO OP PL LE EPARKING PROBLEMS
EXISTING APPROACH
POLICY PROBLEMS
EFFECTIVENESSA GIS BASED MODEL
ASSIMILATE
INTEGRATE
ILLUSTRATION
G GIIS S
PRESENTATION
STORAGEADVANTAGES
A GIS BASED MODEL
S Sp pa at tiia all
S Sc ce en na ar riio o
A An na ally ys siis s
D De ev ve ello op pm me en nt t
M M M Mu u u ullllt t t tiiii – – – – C C C Cr r r riiiit t t te e e er r r riiiia a a a
F Fa as st te er r A An na ally ys siis s & &
A An na ally ys siis s
V Viis su ua alliis sa at tiio on n
E Ea as siie er r D Da at ta a
M Ma an na ag ge em me en nt t
S Siim mu ulla at tiio on n & &
M Mo od de elllliin ng gGOAL
A GIS BASED MODEL
To devise a GIS tool which can simulate the working of parking policy
interventions, assess the effects of these interventions on the parking system and
indicate the future problem areas.PARKING POLICY
BASIC CHALLENGES
DEFINING DEMAND CONSIDERING
VARIABLE NON-MONETORY
COSTS
1 1 2 2
HOW DO WE OVERCOME
THESE CHALLENGES?
4 3
DEFINING MEASURING
SCALE OF IMPACT EFFECT OF A POLICYPARKING POLICY
BASIC CHALLENGES
DEFINING DEMAND
VARIABLE
VEHICLE OWNERSHIP ?
1 1 2 2
UTILISATION?
4 3
TT R R IP IP S S M M A A D D E E ?
DEMAND
?PARKING POLICY
BASIC CHALLENGES
DEFINING DEMAND CONSIDERING
VARIABLE NON-MONETORY
COSTS
VEHICLE OWNERSHIP ?
1 1 2 2
UTILISATION?
4 3
TRIPS MADE?
PROXY INDICATORS
DEMAND
?PARKING POLICY
BASIC CHALLENGES
CONSIDERING
NON-MONETORY
COSTS
DEFINITION OF
EFFECTS
1 1 2 2
QUANTIFICATION
OF EFFECTS
4 3
MEASURING
EFFECT OF A POLICY
EFFICIENCY
SPATIAL USER GROUP ECONOMICPARKING POLICY
BASIC CHALLENGES
DEFINITION OF
EFFECTS
P PA AR RK KIIN NG G
LOCATION
1 1 2 2
PARKING
QUANTIFICATION
TARIFF
OF EFFECTS
4 3
PARKING
CAPACITY
DEFINING MEASURING
SCALE OF IMPACT EFFECT OF A POLICYCONCEPTUAL
FRAMEWORK
DEMAND
TRAVEL DEMAND
PROJECTIONS
POLICY
DEMAND
SUPPLY
INTERVENTIONS
ATTRACTIVE
ALLOCATION
NESS
EQUILIBRIUM
EFFICIENCYDATA REQUIREMENTS
PARKING PARKING PARING LOT
OTHER
SUPPLY DEMAND ATTRACTIVENESS
Character wise O/D data Behavioural Major Activity
• On street surveys location
• • W We ee ek kd da ay y p pe ea ak k
• • O Of ff f s st tr re ee et t
Trip
Current parking
• Weekend peak
Attributes
characteristics
policies
• Location
• Weekday off
• Capacity
peak Future land use
• Tariff
developments
Actual Utilization
• Operating time
• Maintenance
• Weekday peak
costs
• Weekend peak
Parking zoning
• Weekday off
system
peak
A Geo Spatial Analysis of efficiency of Parking system 04/02/2013METHODOLOGY
Parking Choice model Parking allocation model Parking efficiencyCOMMUNITY VIZ. MODEL
PARKING CHOICE SMCE MODEL
Trip Characteristics • Walking time from parking place to
destination (in minutes)
• Trip purpose
Location characteristics • Parking charges
• • “ “N No ottiice cea ab biilliitty y” ” o off tth he e ffa aci cilliitty y ( (a assu ssum me ed d tto o b be e
related to the size of the facility).
• Condition of parking surface (whether
smooth paved, rough paved with potholes or
cracks, gravel or dirt)
• Type of winter provision
• Safety of the driver and driver’s vehicle-
assumed to concern vandalism
• Ease of searching a parking lot (assuming
that if it is on street it is well visible)
A Geo Spatial Analysis of efficiency of Parking system 04/02/201304/02/2013CONCEPTUAL MODEL
CASE- ENSCHEDE, THE NETHERLANDS
Administrative Divisions,
Enschede city
DESTINATION ZONE
ORIGIN ZONE
AGENT / TRIPCONCEPTUAL MODEL
Commercial
AREA 3
Commercial
AREA 2
Commercial
AREA 1CONCEPTUAL MODELFINDINGS
BASE SCENARIO
 Parking lots in zones 2
and 7 are less than 25%
utilized
 3 zones have demand
s sp piilllliin ng g a an nd d p pa ar rk kiin ng g llo otts s
in10 zones have less
than 25% utilization
 Most of the parking lots
in the center are over
utilized
 Parking lots in the
periphery are
underutilizedFINDINGS
SCENARIO 1A- PARKING TARIFF IN ZONE 1 INCREASED BY 20%
BASE SCENARIO
 By increasing the tariff it
was expected that the
utilization of the lots
outside the centre will
iin nc cr re ea as se e w wh hiille e r re ed du uc ciin ng g
the stress within the
centre but only a minimal
reduction is noticedFINDINGS
SCENARIO 1B- PARKING CAPACITY IN ZONE 1 DECREASED BY 20%
BASE SCENARIO
 By decreasing the
capacity it was expected
that the utilization of the
lots within the centre will
b be e tto o c ca ap pa ac ciitty y a an nd d
problems of
underutilization outside
the centre will reduce
although only few zones
noticed changes in spatial
balance.FINDINGS
SCENARIO 2- FUTURE TRAVEL DEMAND
BASE SCENARIOHOW DOES THE STUDY HELP?
USES
IIN NF FO OR RM ME ED D D DE EC CIIS SIIO ON N M MA AK KIIN NG G
A A A As s s ss s s se e e es s s ss s s s ffffu u u uttttu u u ur r r re e e e
A A A As s s ss s s se e e es s s ss s s s e e e effffffffe e e ec c c ctttts s s s
p pr ro ob blle em m a ar re ea as s
A As ss se es ss s e ex xiis sttiin ng g o off d diiffffe er re en ntt
o on n w wh hiic ch h
p pa ar rk kiin ng g b ba alla an nc ce e p pa ar rk kiin ng g p po olliic cy y
p po olliic ciie es s s sh ho ou ulld d
iin ntte er rv ve en nttiio on ns s
ffo oc cu us sRECOMMENDATIONS
Within the framework
C Ca alliib br ra at tiio on n o of f t th he e m mo od de ell
IIn nt te eg gr ra at te ed d m mo od de ell
IIIIn n n nt t t te e e er r r ra a a ac c c ct t t tiiiiv v v ve e e e t t t to o o oo o o ollll
Further research
M Mo od de ell b be eh ha av viio ou ur r o of f u us se er rs s
M Mo od da all s sh hiif ft t p pa at tt te er rn ns s
A Geo Spatial Analysis of efficiency of Parking system 04/02/2013THANK YOU…QUESTIONS…