Genetics Unit Vocab and Objectives - Moses Lake School District

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Dec 12, 2012 (4 years and 11 days ago)

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Unit Four: Genetics

Objectives


Chapter 8 Section

1:

1.

Summarize the three major steps of Gregor Mendel’s garden pea experiments.

2.

Relate the ratios that Mendel observed in his crosses to his data.


Chapter 8 Section 2:

1.

Describe the four major hypotheses
Mendel developed.

2.

Define the terms homozygous, heterozygous, genotype and phenotype.

3.

Compare Mendel’s two laws of heredity.


Chapter 8 Section 3:

1.

Predict the results of monohybrid genetic crosses by using Punnett squares.

2.

Apply a test cross to determine th
e genotype of an organism with a dominant phenotype.

3.

Predict the results of monohybrid genetic crosses by using probabilities.

4.

Analyze a simple pedigree.


Chapter 8 Section 4:

1.

Identify five factors that influence patterns of heredity.

2.

Describe how mutation
s can cause genetic disorders.

3.

Evaluate the benefits of genetic counseling.


Chapter 9 Section 2

1.

Describe the three components of a nucleotide.

2.

Develop a model of the structure of a DNA molecule.

3.

Evaluate the contributions of Chargaff, Franklin, and
Wilkins in helping Watson and
Crick determine the double
-
helical structure of DNA.

4.

Relate the role of base
-
pairing rules to the structure of DNA.


Chapter 9 Section 3

1.

Summarize the process of DNA replication.

2.

Describe how errors are corrected during DNA re
plication.

3.

Compare the number of replication forks in prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA.


Chapter 10 Section 1

1.

Compare the structure of DNA with that of RNA.

2.

Summarize the process of transcription.

3.

Outline the major steps of translation.


Chapter 10 Section 2

1.

Summarize the role of transcription factors in regulating eukaryotic gene expression.

2.

Describe how eukaryotic genes are organized.

3.

Evaluate three ways that point mutations can alter genetic material.



Chapter 11 Section 1

1.

Describe four basic steps
commonly used in genetic engineering.

2.

Evaluate how restriction enzymes and the antibiotic tetracycline are used in genetic
engineering.

3.

Relate the role of electrophoresis and probes in identifying a specific gene.


Chapter 11 Section 2

1.

Summarize two major
goals of the Human Genome Project.

2.

Describe how drugs produced by genetic engineering are being used.

3.

Summarize the steps involved in making a genetically engineered vaccine.

4.

Identify two different used for DNA fingerprints.


Chapter 11 Section 3

1.

Describe
three ways in which genetic engineering has been used to improve plants.

2.

Summarize two ways in which genetic engineering techniques have been used to modify
farm animals.

3.

Summarize the cloning of sheep through the use of differentiated cells.



Unit Four:
Genetics

Vocabulary




1.

heredity

2.

genetics

3.

monohybrid cross

4.

generation

5.

gene

6.

allele

7.

dominant gene

8.

recessive gene

9.

homozygous

10.

heterozygous

11.

genotype

12.

phenotype

13.

Punnett square

14.

probability

15.

pedigree

16.

sex
-
linked trait

17.

polygenic inheritance

18.

incomplete dominance

19.

codominance

20.

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

21.

double helix

22.

nucleotide

23.

nitrogen base

24.

complementary base pairing

25.

DNA replication

26.

replication fork

27.

ribonucleic acid (RNA)

28.

transcription

29.

translation

30.

gene expression

31.

protein synthesis

32.

messenger RNA (mRNA)

33.

codon

34.

genetic
code

35.

transfer RNA (tRNA)

36.

anticodon

37.

ribosomal RNA (rRNA)

38.

intron

39.

exon

40.

mutation

41.

point mutation

42.

deletion mutation

43.

insertion mutation

44.

frameshift mutation

45.

genetic engineering

46.

recombinant DNA

47.

restriction enzyme

48.

cloning

49.

electrophoresis

50.

genome

51.

Human Genome

52.

vaccine

53.

DNA fingerprint

54.

genetically modified foods (GMO)

55.

transgenic
organism