Biology Syllabus - TeacherWeb

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Dec 12, 2012 (4 years and 10 months ago)

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B
i
ology

Yearly Overview

Quarter 1 (
August 31
, 201
1

to November
4
, 201
1
)


Unit

Days


Unit Title and Essential Questions

Notes

1
.
1

1
2

Ecosystems






How w
ou
ld
t
he
r
e
m
oval
o
f a pre
d
a
to
r f
r
om
an





ecosys
tem
c
hange t
he a
vai
la
bl
e a
moun
t of energy





at eac
h t
ro
p
h
i
c
le
vel?






How do energy a
nd
matte
r m
ove th
r
oug
h
t
h
e





b
iogeoc
h
em
i
ca
l
cyc
l
es?






How
d
o t
h
e p
r
ocesses of
p
hotosyn
t
hesis an
d
ce
l
l
u
lar





r
espirat
i
on work
t
oget
h
er
t
o cycle
m
atter th
rou
g
h
a
n





ecosys
tem
?






How
d
oes wides
p
read f
l
ooding or extreme d
r
o
u
g
h
t





affect t
h
e cyc
l
i
n
g of
m
atter an
d
the f
l
ow of energy





i
n an ecosystem?


1
.
2

1
0

Evolut
i
on of Ecosystems






Wha
t i
s
th
e re
l
a
t
i
on
s
h
i
p of
vo
l
ca
nic
ac
t
ivit
y
,





earth
qu
akes
,
an
d pl
ate

tec
t
onics to t
h
e locat
i
o
n
of





mountain ranges?






How ca
n
s
u
ccession wit
h
in an ecosystem
b
e





affec
t
e
d b
y a ca
t
as
t
rophic event s
u
c
h
as a vo
l
ca
n
ic





er
u
pti
on
o
r
an ea
r
th
qu
ak
e
?






How ca
n
an ecosystem r
e
ga
i
n e
quilib
r
i
um after a





catastr
op
hic eve
n
t?






How can environ
m
ental
d
isr
u
ptio
n
s res
u
lt in the





extinc
t
ion of some pop
ul
ations an
d
evo
lu
tio
n
of





orga
ni
s
m
s?


1
.
3

1
0

Collecting Data from Ecosystems






What a
r
e some
hum
an act
i
vities t
h
at affect t
h
e





eq
u
i
l
i
b
rium of a
n
ecosys
te
m as it re
l
ates to s
oil
,





water, a
n
d air q
u
a
l
ity
?






How
can
da
t
a
be u
sed
t
o
d
eve
l
op l
o
g
i
ca
l
ar
gum
e
n
ts





conce
rnin
g e
nviron
men
tal i
ss
u
es?






How
d
o
h
uma
n
activities s
u
c
h
as
po
p
ul
ation





growth,
h
a
b
ita
t di
sr
u
ption, agr
i
c
ultur
al prac
t
ices,





ind
u
s
t
r
i
a
l
izatio
n
,
and
u
se
o
f energy tec
h
no
l
ogies





affect ecosystems?


P
r
o
v
i
dence
Publi
c Sc
ho
o
l
s
,
in
coll
a
b
ora
tion
w
i
th
the

C
h
ar
l
es A.
D
ana Ce
n
ter at the U
ni
versity of Texas at Austin


B
-
1

Biolo
g
y Yearly Overview

2010
-
2011


Section
B


Unit

1.4


Days

7


Unit Title and Essential Questions

Humans
a
nd
t
h
e
Ecosystem



How do humans
a
ffect the environment
a
nd the

organisms in it
?



What is the relationsh
i
p between a gr
ad
ual increase

in global temper
at
ure
s
and climat
e
c
h
ang
e
?



H
ow
c
an new technolo
gi
es minimize some

environmental problems that cou
l
d aff
e
ct o
u
r world
?



W
hat
ar
e the
si
gns an
d
sources of global warm
i
ng?


Notes


Quarter 2 (November
7
, 201
1

to January 2
7
,
201
2
)


Unit

Days


U nit Title and Essentia
l
Ques
t
ions

Notes

2.1

12

Sp
e
cializ
e
d S
t
r
uct
ures in a Cell






What
is
the r
e
lat
i
onship
between the structu
r
e o
f
a
n





organ
e
ll
e
and its function?






Wha
t a
re the differences b
e
tw
ee
n prokaryot
e
s and





e
ukaryot
es?






What would be
t
he e
f
fect on
h
omeostasis if the





se
mip
er
meable m
e
mbr
a
nes surrounding the





organelles

became impermeable
?






How doe
s
the p
l
asma (cell) membran
e
mainta
i
n the





integri
t
y of the cell both s
t
ructu
r
ally an
d
functionally?


2
.
2

9

Uni
ce
l
l
ula
r
and Multicellula
r
Sp
ec
i
a
li
z
a
t
ion




How does cell spec
i
alization benefit a mult
i
cellular

organism?



How does a unicellu
l
ar organism survive wh
e
n
a
n

individu
a
l c
e
ll from
a
multicellular organism

cannot
?


2.3


5




How do the subcellular struc
t
ures in a unicellular

organi
s
m compare to the specialized cells in

multicellula
r
organisms
?

Cell Cy
c
l
e



Why do complex organism
s
like humans undergo

mitos
i
s?



What are the advantages and d
i
sad
v
antages of

reproduction by mitosis?


B
-
2

Providenc
e
Public Schools, in coll
a
boration
w
ith the

Charles A. Dana C
e
nt
e
r
a
t the Uni
v
ersit
y
of Texa
s
at Aust
i
n

S
ec
ti
o
n B

Unit



2
.
4


Days

10


U
nit
T
itle and Essential Questions

Factors Tha
t A
ffect
H
omeostasis



Ho
w
d
o
the endo
c
rin
e,
nervou
s,
and immune

s
y
st
e
m
s w
ork to
ge
ther to maintain homeosta
s
i
s
in

the hum
a
n bod
y w
h
e
n
a
disruption in one of th
es
e

sys
t
e
m
s oc
curs
?



Ho
w
d
o
e
x
ternal
a
nd internal environm
e
ntal fa
c
tor
s

imp
ac
t h
o
m
e
o
s
tasi
s of
the human bod
y?



What
ar
e
s
om
e w
ay
s th
a
t the hum
a
n body respond
s

to inte
r
n
a
l changes such as the presence of exce
s
s

salt
?



Ho
w
do n
eg
ati
ve
f
ee
dback loop
s i
n
f
lu
e
nc
e

hom
e
o
s
t
as
i
s
in hum
a
n bod
y
s
ys
t
e
m
s?


B
io
l
og
y
Yearl
y
O
ve
r
v
ie
w

2
01
0
-
2
011

N
otes

(Midterm Exam)


Quarter 3 (January
30
,

2011 to
April
5
,
2011)


Unit

Days


U
nit Title and Essential Questions

Notes

3.1

15

Classical Genetics






Wh
a
t
is
th
e ev
olutio
na
r
y s
i
g
nifi
ca
n
ce
o
f
the
ge
n
e
t
i
c





v
ari
at
i
o
n that re
s
ult
s
from meio
s
i
s?






Wh
y
d
o co
mple
x
org
a
nisms like hum
a
n
s
under
g
o





meio
s
i
s?






How doe
s
the inform
a
tion provided by Punnett





squares
e
xplain var
ia
tion in offsp
r
ing?






Wh
a
t h
a
ppens during th
e
proces
s
o
f
meiosis that





result
s
in the form
a
tion of gamet
es
th
a
t
a
re





g
eneti
ca
ll
y
diffe
r
ent
f
rom the p
a
r
e
nt
c
ell
s?






Wh
y
i
s
m
e
iosis
i
mport
a
nt to th
e
under
s
tandin
g
of





e
v
olu
tio
n
?


3.2

10

D
N
A Structu
r
e






How does complem
e
nt
a
ry

base p
a
iring contribute to





the production of a copy of DNA th
a
t can be p
as
sed





from p
a
r
e
nt to dau
g
ht
e
r cell
?






Wh
y
d
o
the chromo
so
m
es
need to b
e
rela
x
ed durin
g





replic
a
tion but coiled up durin
g
c
e
ll di
v
ision
?






Wh
at is t
h
e
relation
s
hip between D
NA
replic
a
tion





and the
ce
ll c
yc
le
?


P
ro
vidence Publi
c
Schools
,
in
co
ll
a
boration with the

Char
l
es
A
.
Dan
a Ce
nt
e
r at th
e
Un
ive
rsity of T
exas a
t Austin


B
-
3

Biology Yearly Overview

2010
-
2011


Section B


Unit

3.3

3.4

3.5

Unit

4.1


Days

10

7

10

Days

11


Unit Title and Essential Questions

Protein Synthesis



How are proteins created in a living cell?



What is meant by the statement, "Genes are

expressed"?



How do proteins produced by gene expression affect

phenotypes of organisms?

Mutations



How can a change in an organism's environment

cause a mutation in its DNA?



Why don't all genetic mutations contribute to

genetic variations?

Genetic Engineering and Selective Breeding



Why do some people feel it is necessary to modify

the genome of some agricultural products?



How do the benefits gained from genetically

modif
ying foods compare to their disadvantages?



How does genetic engineering compare with

selective breeding to produce desired traits in

organisms?

Quarter 4 (April
9
, 2011 to June
14
, 2011)

U nit Title and Essential Questions

Evolution: History and Evid
ence



How can the geographic location of a species be a

contributing factor in natural selection and

evolution?



How can geographic isolation and adaptive radiation

be used to support the theory of evolution?



How has the work of scientists in geology, biology,

and ecology contributed to our current

understanding of evolution?



How has the understanding of plate tectonics

provided evidence for the theory of evolution?


Notes

Notes


8
-
4

Providence Public Schools, in collaboration with the

Charles A. Dana Center at the University of Texas at Austin

Sec
ti
o
n B


Biology
Year
ly
O
verv
ie
w

20
10
-
2
011


Unit

Da
y
s


Unit
T
itle and E
s
sen
t
ia
l
Que
s
tions

N
otes

4
.
2

8

E
volution:
M
echanism
s






Ho
w
d
o va
riation
, se
l
ec
tion pres
s
u
res (
biotic and





a
bi
o
t
ic)
,
a
nd r
e
lati
ve
r
e
p
r
oducti
ve s
u
c
cess
lead t
o





ev
ol
u
ti
o
n
of a s
p
ec
i
es?






H
ow
d
oes
pun
ct
u
ate
d
e
qu
i
librium dif
fe
r
f
rom
a





m
o
r
e g
r
a
du
a
l mod
e
l o
f
e
v
olution
?






Ho
w
c
a
n
a c
hang
e
in
a
n organi
s
m
's e
n
vi
ronm
e
nt





a
lter i
ts re
l
a
tive fitne
ss?






How
d
o
s
cientists ju
st
i
f
y the stat
e
m
e
nt that





popul
a
tions rathe
r
th
a
n individu
a
l
s e
volve?






Ho
w have a
d
v
an
ces
in
tec
hnolo
gy
imp
r
o
v
ed our





und
ers
t
a
ndin
g
of th
e
inhe
r
itanc
e of
tr
a
its
?


4.3

11

Ev
olu
t
ion
: C
l
ass
i
f
ic
a
tio
n






H
ow
d
o
th
e
p
a
tt
er
n
s fo
und in mol
ec
ul
a
r
an
d f
oss
il





ev
id
e
n
ce s
upport ou
r c
ur
r
ent und
ers
t
a
nd
i
ng o
f





natur
a
l
se
l
e
ction and
ev
olut
i
on?






What
a
re
s
ome adv
an
t
age
s of plac
ing
organi
s
m
s





into
a
h
ierar
ch
y
of
g
r
o
u
ps a
nd
s
ub
gro
up
s
ba
s
ed
o
n





thei
r ev
olutionar
y
r
e
l
a
ti
o
n
s
hip
s?






H
ow
ca
n
tax
onomi
c keys
r
ev
e
a
l r
elat
i
o
n
s
hip
s





bet
wee
n
orga
n
is
m
s?




(Final Exam)