Ms. Bunn 8/30/12

strangerwineAI and Robotics

Oct 19, 2013 (4 years and 20 days ago)

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Ms. Bunn

8/30/12

There are 4 lobes of the brain


The frontal lobe
-

top front


The parietal lobe
-

middle section


The temporal lobe
-

below the parietal
lobe


The occipital lobe
-

back of the brain



See the photo on the next page…

The brain

Frontal lobe


The frontal lobe is located in the front of
the brain
-

it controls reasoning, motor
skills, higher order thinking and
expressive language


Your frontal lobe will not be fully
developed until you are 24 years old


The frontal lobe receives messages
from other lobes and utilizes the
information to carry out body
movements

Parietal lobe


The parietal lobe is located in the middle
of the brain
-

controls processing tactile
sensory information
-

such as pain,
pressure, and touch


The somatosensory cortex is located
here, which is essential for the body to
processes your senses
-

remember
-

see,
hear, taste, touch, smell

Temporal lobe


The temporal lobe is located at the
bottom of the brain
-

this is where you
will find the primary auditory cortex
-

which means that it is responsible for
interpreting sounds and language we
hear (the word auditory refers to sound)


The hippocampus is located here as
well
-

which is associated with memories

Occipital lobe


The occipital lobe is located in the back
of the brain and is associated with
interpreting visual stimuli (what we see)


The primary visual cortex is located
here, and this is where information is
received and interpreted from the retina
of the eye

Brain stem


The brain stem is divided into 2 parts
-

the hindbrain
and the midbrain


The hindbrain connects the spinal cord to the brain


The medulla is located directly above the spinal cord
and controls many vital autonomic functions such as
heart rate, breathing and blood pressure.


The
pons

connects the medulla to the cerebellum
and helps coordinate movement on each side of the
body.


Check out the photo on the next page


The reticular formation is a neural network located in
the medulla that helps control functions such as
sleep and attention.

Hindbrain

Brain stem



The midbrain is the smallest region of the
brain that acts as a sort of relay station for
auditory and visual information.


The midbrain controls many important
functions such as the visual and auditory
systems as well as eye movement.
Portions of the midbrain called the
red
nucleus

and the
substantia

nigra

are
involved in the control of body movement.


Midbrain

Cerebellum


The cerebellum is also known as the “little
brain”, lies on top of the
pons

behind the
brain stem.


The cerebellum is comprised of small lobes
and receives information from the balance
system of the inner ear, sensory nerves,
and the auditory and visual systems. It is
involved in the coordination of motor
movements as well as basic facets of
memory and learning.


Cerebellum

Left brain
vs

right
brain thinking


According to the theory of left
-
brain or
right
-
brain dominance, each side of the
brain controls different types of thinking.
Additionally, people are said to prefer
one type of thinking over the other. For
example, a person who is "left
-
brained"
is often said to be more logical,
analytical and objective, while a person
who is "right
-
brained" is said to be more
intuitive, thoughtful and subjective.

Which side of your brain is
dominant?


Go to the following website and take the
quiz
-

bring your results to class with a
plan for how this information can help
your learning


http://homeworktips.about.com/library/br
ainquiz/bl_leftrightbrain_quiz.htm


Have fun


see you in class