Everything you Need to Know About Robots

stagetofuAI and Robotics

Oct 29, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Ev
erything you Need to K
now
About R
obots















All articles and documents written by
the students of

Principles of Information Technology

Lytle Junior High

Spring 201
2

2





Preface


The articles or documents contained in this book are the results of many hours of hard work by
all the students in Business Computer Information Class (BCIS) at Lytle High School. The
purpose for this project served several purposes. Two of these were to

provide an opportunity
for students to investigate and study new and emerging technologies as well as some of the
advanced features of the MS
-
Word 2007 program. Many simple and sophisticated documents
were created and compiled into this book.


Students h
ad the opportunity to learn and practice college or work related skills such as Internet
research and fact gathering so knowledge learned could be shared with others. Due to the
complexity of this project, students practiced the skills of listening, follo
wing directions, paying
attention to details, exercising basic grammar, spelling and punctuation skills, problem solving as
well as taking pride in the quality of work produced. Students collaborated across all class
periods in the creation of the articles

and documents included in this book. This is not to
mention the patience needed for countless rounds of editing and polishing to ensure a quality
product.


In the use of MS
-
Word 2007, many basic skills were used. A number of intermediate and
advanced fe
atures were also learned and practiced. The MS
-
Word skills needed for this book are
listed but not limited to the following:




Changing font style and size



Aligning text



Inserting, resizing, positioning, rotating and adding text wrapping of graphic
images



Adding footnotes



Inserting book marks and creating hyper
-
links



Inserting files into an existing document



Inserting page Numbers



Creating, resizing and positioning of text boxes



Modifying color and borders of text boxes



In some documents, the adding
of hyperlinks to an Internet video



Creating a CD label



Burning their electronic book on to a CD


On behalf of all the hard working BCIS students in the spring of 2010, we all hope you enjoy
perusing, reading and learning from this book.



Joe Corona

Learn
ing Facilitator

Business Computer Information Systems



Lytle High School

2009


2010


3


Table of Contents


1
st

Period

Robo
phobia (
Matthew Antu
)

................................
................................
................................
...........
7

Robots as Doctors Today (
Yesenia Carbajal
)

................................
................................
..................
8

Different Kinds of Robots (
Destiny Carrasco
)

................................
................................
................
9

Robot Jobs (
C
arlos Carrillo
)

................................
................................
................................
..........
10

Robotic Replacements: Fact or Fiction (
Desiree Dear
)

................................
................................
.
11

Fear of Robots (
Andrea De Loera
)

................................
................................
................................
12

Big Robots (
Garrett Downs
)

................................
................................
................................
..........
13

Robot or Human?

(
Alexis Geigenmiller
)
................................
................................
.......................
14

History of Robots (
Arielle Gomez
)
................................
................................
................................
15

How to build a robot (Brett Hawkins) *

Robots Hardware and Software (
Jason Hernandez
)

................................
................................
......
16

Robots Found in Careers (
Morgan Jackel
)

................................
................................
....................
17

Robots in Humans

(
Ashley Martinez
)

................................
................................
...........................
18

Artificial Intelligence and its History (
Jake Martinez
)

................................
................................
..
19

Robot Humans
(
Jasmine Medrano
)

................................
................................
...............................
20

The University of Texas at Austin (
Lupe Rodriguez
)

................................
................................
...
21

Could Robots Evolve? (
Safire Rodriguez
)

................................
................................
....................
22

Artificial Intelligence (
Fabian Ruiz
)

................................
................................
..............................
23

Building a Robot (
Adrian Valdez
)

................................
................................
................................
.
24

Are there Humans Who are Part Robot? (
Jeanette Wimberly
)

................................
......................
25


3
rd

Period

All about Robots (
Mi
k
e Aguilar
)
................................
................................
................................
...
26

History of Robots (
Michael Aguinaga
)
................................
................................
..........................
27

Robots Friendly or Fearful (
Justin Barnes
)
................................
................................
....................
28

The Fear of Robots (
Ezra Cadena
)
................................
................................
................................
.
29

4


3
rd
Period (Continued)

Artificial Intelligence (
Anthony Castro
)

................................
................................
.......................
30

All about Robots (
Sara Cortez
)

................................
................................
................................
......
31

Humans who are Part Robot (
Hannah
Jimenez
)

................................
................................
............
32

How to Build Robots (
Andres Lazardi
)

................................
................................
.........................
33

Types of Robots (
Victoria Mendez
)
................................
................................
...............................
34

Robots in our World (
Victoria Morin
)

................................
................................
...........................
35

What are the Different T
ypes of Robots (
Richard Ramirez
)

................................
.........................
36

Fears and Issues that People have about Robots (
Joseph Santos
)

................................
.................
37

Types of Robots (
Justine Soto
)

................................
................................
................................
......
38

Robotic Degrees (
Erika Vasquez
)

................................
................................
................................
..

39


4
th

Period

Types of R
obots (
Blanca Camacho
)

................................
................................
..............................
40

The History of Robots (
Elizabeth Fraide
)
................................
................................
......................
41

Are There Humans who are Part Robot? (
Patrick Garcia
)
................................
.............................
42

How to Bu
ild a Battle Bot (
Cesar Gonzalez
)

................................
................................
.................
43

Frankenstein Syndrome (
Daniel Hernandez
)

................................
................................
.................
44

Uncanny Valley (
Cody Hinshaw
)

................................
................................
................................
..
45

What Are Different Types of Robots? (
Aaron Jimenez
)

................................
..............................
46

How to Build Robots (
Crescencio Medrano
)
................................
................................
................
47

History of Robots (
Ashley
Noriega
)

................................
................................
..............................
48

History of Robots (
Bianca Sanchez
)

................................
................................
..............................
49


5
th

Period

Human Robots: Fact or Fiction? (
Natasha Clontz
)

................................
................................
........
50

History of Robots (
Abel Deloera
)

................................
................................
................................
.
52

Different Types of Robots (
Julia Estrada
)

................................
................................
....................
53

Different Types of Robots (
Jezebel Godina
)

................................
................................
.................
54

Are there Humans Who Are Robots? (
Peyton Graham
)
................................
................................
55

5


5
th

Period (Continued)

History of Robots (
Osvaldo Guerra
)

................................
................................
..............................
56

Different Types of Robots (
Juan Guerrero
)

................................
................................
...................
57

Automaton Phobia (Lili Hernandez)
*

Our Fear of Robots (
G
abby Jones
)

................................
................................
................................
58

Robots as Veterinarians (
Amber Lange
)
................................
................................
........................
59

Robots (Joseph Martinez)*

Different types of Robots (
Marc Ohlhausen
)
................................
................................
.................
60

Humans with Robot Parts (
Brandi Potter
)

................................
................................
.....................
6
1

Robots Used in the Medical Field (
Kelci Potter
)

................................
................................
...........
6
2

How to Build a Robot (
Bart Ramos
)
................................
................................
..............................
6
3

Robots as Doctors (
Brian Thayer
)

................................
................................
................................
.
6
4

Frankenstein Complex (
Jack Touchet
)

................................
................................
..........................
6
5

Half Human Half Robot (
Antonio Valdez
)
................................
................................
....................
6
6

Artificial Intelligence (
Tiffany Ybarra
)

................................
................................
.........................
6
7



7
th

Period

Artificial Intelligence (
Jose Aguinaga
)

................................
................................
..........................
68

Robots in movies (
Michael Antuna
)

................................
................................
.............................
69

Humans with Robot Parts (
Samantha Barrera
)

................................
................................
..............
70

Are There Humans Who Are Part Robot? Do They Exist? (
Kileen Bragg
)

................................
..
71

Robots in the Medical Industry (
Desiree Campuzano
)

................................
................................
..
72

Robots in Various Careers (
Taylor Carrillo
)

................................
................................
.................
73

Artificial Intelligence: Evil or
Not? (
Mary Copeland
)
................................
................................
...
74

Artificial Intelligence (
Amber Flores
)

................................
................................
...........................
75


Robots in College (Corina Garcia) *

Fear of Robots (
Paul Giller
)
................................
................................
................................
...........
76

All about Robots (Raquel
Gutierrez) *

Medical Robots (
Victoria Hernandez
)

................................
................................
...........................
77

Human or Robots (
Pedro Martinez
)
................................
................................
...............................
78

Robot Smarts (
Kyle Patrie
)

................................
................................
................................
............
79

6


7
th

Period (Continued)

How to Build

a Robot (
Ray Sanchez
)

................................
................................
............................
80

Humans with Robotic Body Parts (
Lindsey Scarborough
)

................................
............................
81

All about Robots (
Trenton Smith
)

................................
................................
................................
.
82

Are There Humans That Are Part
Robot? (
Hailey Stewart
)

................................
..........................
83

Robot History (
Taylor Vincent
)

................................
................................
................................
.....
84

Robots in the Military (
Nathan Whitson
)

................................
................................
......................
85



8
th

Period

Robots come to the Medical Field (
Allisha Ayala
)

................................
................................
.......
86

Can Humans Have Robotic Parts? (
Klayton Bippert
)

................................
................................
...
87

Top schools that offer Mechanical Engineering and Robotics (
Jeremy Cana
)
..............................
88

How to Build a
Robot (Vangie Carrillo) *

Robot History (
Cynthia De Luna
)
................................
................................
................................
..
89

Fear or Other Issues Regarding the Integration of Robots

In our Society (Leighanna Kensing) *

Different Types of Robots (Jasmine King) *

Different Types of
Robots (Genesis Lopez) *

Different Types of Robots (
Pablo Orta)
................................
................................
.........................
90

Artificial Intelligence (
Juan Perez
)

................................
................................
................................
91

Careers and Robots (
Morgan Petrash
)

................................
................................
...........................
92

Different Types
of Robots (
Brittany Rodriguez
)

................................
................................
...........
93

Different Types of Robots (
Daniel Rodriguez
)

................................
................................
.............
94

Different Types of Robots (
Daniel Romero
)

................................
................................
.................
95

History of Robots (
Gerald Salinas
)

................................
................................
................................
96

Fear or other Issues Regarding the Integration of Robots into our Society (
Tabitha Solorzano
)
..
97

Robots in Today’s Medical (
Jacob Sul
)

................................
................................
.........................
98

Bu
ilding Robots (
Kathryn Villareal
)

................................
................................
.............................
99


* Due to unforeseen circumstances, an article was not available.

7


Robophobia

Written By: Matthew Antu

(1
st

Period)




There are some people who actually fear
robots. They think that

one day they will take over
the world and kill all of the humans in the world.
People say that we need to unite as one group to
defeat the robotic beings. The human race would
be unstoppable if we are to work as a whole.

You would think that these people are
crazy, and some of them probably are, but what if
they do. Then they will be prepared and we won’t.
They say that we should practi
ce our 2
nd

amendment and buy a gun. They say that robots
can be reprogrammed to turn against themselves.
The fate
of humanity is
all up to the
people that want to help save the world.
1

If you want to have a chance to survive this attack on
humans, then
stock up on food
and water. Don’t
use a laptop with
Wi
-
Fi
connectivity.
Robots can hack
into the internet
and see what
your plan is.
Make sure that if you
use a CB radio, you
get your own codes
so the robots cannot hear what you are saying. You should recommend getting guard dogs so they can put
up a little resistance and you can get ready for the attack
.

2




Good luck and be safe!



Table of Contents




1
JC.
http://feartherobots.net/

http://feartherobots.net/
. Editor N/A. Date /Version Number N/A. Name of Sponsoring
Institution N/A. 12/16/09


2

JC.
http://feartherobots.net/ http://feartherobots.net/
. Editor N/A. Date /Version Number N/A. Name of Sponsoring
Institution N/A. 12/16/09



Figure
1
http://www.blog2blog.nl/uploads/999prologic999_ter
minator2.jpg

Figure
2
http://s3.amazonaws.com/memebox
/uploads/
2914/irobot
-
glance.jpg

8


Robots as Doctors Today

Written by: Yesenia Carbajal

(1
st

Period)


Have you ever thought of going to the doctor and instead of getting
your regular doctor to check you, you see a robot in front of you?
Now with the advanced technology that we have, this might be
possible soon. However
they are not replacements for doctors
.
They are technologically advanced tools to assist doctors in
performing their jobs efficiently. Many patients prefer a robot as
their doctor because they are more accurate with some things and
they feel more comfortable with them. The picture on the left
, it
shows a nurse taking to a robot with a doctor on the screen. The
robot like that can go anywhere a person goes and it can store a lot
of information. If robots are used in the future, it will make life
easier.







Robots in the future will be a great help for doctors
while in surgery. Robots are used by some
surgeons to assist them in surgical procedures.
Surgical robots are robotic arms that a
re
controlled by a surgeon through
computer

equipment attached to the robot. The computer
controlled robot, gives the surgeon a magnified
view of the procedure. The robotic arm can perform
surgical procedures with more precision than a human
hand could. Even a surgeon with the steadiest hands
can’t

stay as still as a robotic arm. The human eye
can’t see as well as a magnified computer image. Robotic arms can reach areas that are unreachable
by a human hand. Combining the steady movement gives
surgeons the ability to perform complex surgeries with a
higher
success rate.
3

According to MSNBC, in California they are
manufacturing mobile robo
-
docs. They have also been pl
aced in
hospitals and nursing homes nationwide. This will help older
people at home to call a doctor when they have a robo
-
doc at
home in case of an emergency. They have flat video screens for
heads and video cameras serve as their eyes and ears. Hopefully
,
with the new and adva
n
ce technology that we have, we will

all
have a robo
-
doc at home that will always be there as our own

personal doctor to take care of us.
4





3

Christine O’Donnell, “
Robots assisting doctors with surgery”
OSSolutions.

Editor N/A.

December 16, 2009,
NBC. Dece
mber 9, 2009 <http://www.nbcaugusta.com/news/georgia/78615892.html>

4

Author N/A. “
Robot doctor gets

thumbs
-
up from patients

Health Care

Editor. N/A.
May 11, 2004
.

MSNBC.
December, 9, 2009. <
http
://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4946229>

Figure 2
http://spectrum.ieee.org/images/public_html/au
tomaton/DaVinci
-
Robot.jpg

Figure
3

http://www.mtbeurope.info/news/ima
ges/robotroundingnurse.jpg

Figure 3
http://www.ohgizmo.com/wp
-
content/uploads/2008/07/robot
-
doctor.jpg

Table of Contents

9



Different Kinds of Robots

Written By: Destiny Carrasc
o

(Period 1)






In class we are learning about robots. We
watch a movie, and I learned a lot about robots. Many
kinds of robots have different kinds of control in the
robot. Robots have self control in them and many have
to follow three law so they won’t harm human .Some
robots are used to investigate hazardous and
dangerous environment .Some types of jobs that
robots do: load bricks, die cast, drill, fasten, forge,
handle parts, measure, monitor radiation .etc. Robots
can do mainly a lot of jobs that they can do.



A R
obot is a virtual or mechanical artificial
agent. They are usually an electro
-
mechanical
machine, which is guided by computer or electronic
programming. A robot often conveys a sense that it
has intent or agency of its own. A robot is a or
physical vir
tual software .Robots tends to do some
all of the following; move around, operate a
mechanical limb, and manipulate their
environment, and also intelligent behavior .Which
mimics humans or other animals. Also robots
inform to commonly used term for a set

of traffic.
Modern robots are usually used in tightly
controlled environments such as a assembly lines,
because they have a hard time responding to
unexpected interference. It is difficult to compare
numbers of robots in different countries.


Some experts and academics have questioned the
use of robots military combat, especially when some of
the robots are given some of autonomous functions.
However robots do follow the 3 laws of robots. 1 .It can’t
harm humans; 2.Has to obey, 3. has to defe
nd itself.
These are the three laws of robots.




Table of Contents



10


Robot Jobs


Written by: Carlos Carrillo


(1
st

Period)


Robots are everywhere in houses, businesses and
practically everywhere else. Robots are mechanical
engineered people, more or less. The military use little
robotic car with M16’s
, AA 12 shotgun’s, grenade launchers
or to drag the dead or wounded. Their guns are able to be
detached for ground soldiers to use.

The robot on the right is
MAARS (Modular Advanced Armed Robotic System).
Some of these robots are able to be controlled or
operate by
itself. The problem with operating by itself is that trying to
get not to fire at Americans and allies. Foster
-
Miller is
building a new modified robot with precautions and being
able to fire round in the field of war. These robots have been
equi
pped to have GPS transmitter so it can be located and
see

through it

eyes or machinery
.

5

In Tokyo they made a robot chef, named Chef Robot. Last week or two he made octopus
balls, the critics liked it. It was built with a robotic arm and hand but the hand

is human like.

The
Japanese plan on putting these types of robots in every restaurant globally.
6











Robots will be in every home, building, and on the battle field. They will replace jobs that are
too hard for humans. These robots will be the next generation to civilization. They explore the
deep emptin
ess of space. They will explore the deepest parts of our oceans. They will discover
new life everywhere they will become human.


Table of Contents






5

Darren Murph Engadget at
CES 2010. Military War Robots, February 29, 2008. Engadget

6

Donald Melansnn, Engadget, Chef Robot, June 15 2009

Figure
4
www.enga
dget.com

Figure
5

www.ubergizmo.com/photos/2009/6/
chef
-
robot.jpg


11


Robotic Replacements: Fact or Fiction

Written By: Desiree Dear

(
1
st

Period
)


Are the latest advancements in technology we find in
blockbuster Science Fiction films, such as
I, Robot

or
Terminator
, real? The combination of
robots and men are
growing amazingly popular in the new sci
-
fi films. We see
characters such as Detective Spooner (
I
,

Robot
) and Anakin
Skywalker a.k.a. Darth Vader (
Star Wars
), who are perfect
examples of men with machine parts. Can we put humans and
robo
ts together to create something better? Is our technology
close to erasing the line between human and machine? Are
the
y

works of fiction really fiction, or just
a
little known truth?

Increased studies in the fields of Biomechatronics have
opened up doors for artificial limbs and exoskeletons that will
increase our ability

to use lost parts or increase abilities

altogether. The difficultly with applying robotic
replacements to the human body is the complexi
ty of
human mind and functions.

The
process of taking a
simple step is a long, complex process. First the brain
must send impulses to the foot and leg muscles,

nerve
cells in the foot tell the brain to adjust the muscle
groups or amount of force needed to walk, leg muscles
then spindle nerve cells that sense and send the
position of the floor back up to the brain, and finally
the foot is raised to step and signa
ls are sent to muscles
in the leg and foot to set it down.
7

And we do all this
without even realizing just how much it takes to do it.

S
ensors (detect the users intent), actuator
(artificial muscle), and interfacing (connecting device to muscles and
nerves
) are all major components in creating robotic parts.

Today it’
s not science fiction to see people walking on robotic
legs or waving with robotic arms. Peopl
e like Cameron Clapp (in the
picture on the right) have regained basic parts of life like walking,
swimming, and skating. Technology
is a

major help in the process of
making robotic limbs. New lightweight composite material, keener
sensors, and smaller mic
roprocessors have advanced development of
robotic parts.
8

We

look to the future with hopes of giving the injured
more of

their lost abilities back. It’
s not a common sight to see people
with robotic replacements
, but it is a fact. In this instance
, ‘seein
g is
believing.’


Table of Contents




7

Author N/A. Biomechatronics. Wikipedia. Editor N/A. November 9, 2009. Sponsoring Institution N/A. December
9, 2009 <
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomechatronics

8

Michel Marriott. Getting a leg up, thanks to robotic limbs. The New York Times. Editor N/A. June 21, 2005.
Sponsoring Institution N/A. December 10, 2009 <http://ww.nytimes.com/2005/06/21/technology/21iht
-
legs.
html?_r=1&pagewanted=print>

Figure
6

(http://threekidcircus.com/threekidcircus/darth
-
vader/jpg)

Figure
8

(http://www.oandp.com/articles/imag
es/2006
-
02_01/Fea1
-
2.jpg)

Figure
7

(http://readymade.typepad.com/.a/6
a00d8341f98b5
53ef01156fe486d29670b
-
pi)

12


Fear of Robots

Written By: Andrea De Loera

(1
st

Period)



Robots are returning theme in science fiction.
They interest us because they show us a new
species born of human technology with powers
greater than human beings.
9


We outnumber
robots
, and we can still do many
tasks they have not been able to achieve. Robots
are not great innovators; they are good at
improving our own ideas however. We do not
know their full potential, but
people
believe that a
robot war at this time would be victoriou
s for
humans, there would be many losses
.






Humans have the fear that one day robots
will decide to eliminate humans. The fears
are centered on the idea th
at robots would
replace human beings in the workplace.
These fears have been somewhat realized.
Robots and modern technology have
reduced the number of workers needed in
a variety of industries.


Another fear is that the techn
ology we
create has the ability to be smarter and
stronger than human beings. The human
body is weak compared to the metal and

machine parts of the average robot or computer.


Many people’s point of view is that the future

offer the idea that in creating

robots and artificial

Intelligence, humanity suicidal created the means

to our own extinction.
10

Table of Contents






9

Alissa Grosso. “Science Fiction Themes: Robots, Androids, and AI (Part 1).
Title of The Site: N A.

Editor: N A.
Jan. 4, 2009. Suite 101. Date of Access: N A <http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/writing_science_fiction/88271/1

10

JC. “Welcome All Humans to Fear The Robots.Net”.
FEAR THE ROBOTS.NET.

Editor: N A. Date and/or
Version Number: N A. Name of Sponsoring Institution: NA. Date of Access: N A.
http://feartherobots.net/









http://www.ais.uni
-
bonn.de

www.boston.com/bigpicture

13


Robots
in our Worl
d

Written by:
Garrett Downs

(Period 1)









































Table of Contents


The cost of a robot can
be as low as $100.00
to $200.00. Many
robots can costs
millions of dollars.

The robots will make life a little easier. It can
play with your dog when you are gone.

This robot walks around and sells drinks and
snacks.

14


Robot or Human?

Written by: Alexis Geigenmiller

(1st Period)



In the world, our technology is so far advanced that we can put robotic parts in humans to
help them do the things they can no longer do
on their own. When people can’t do things on their
own and they need assistance doing the simple things that normal people can do, people start to
treat them like outcasts and give them dirty looks. But with the new advancements in our
technology almost an
ything is possible; people can go on with their daily lives without any
trouble at all. Below are two of the newest ways robotics are helping humans.

An Italian team of scientists were
the first to
successfully give an amputee a robotic arm that they
could control with their thoughts. The team said “it was
the first time an amputee could make complex
movements using his mind to control a biomechanical
hand connected to his nervous system
.” The scientists
last year implanted electrodes into the arm of the
patient; they were removed after a month. During that
month the man was able to wiggle his ‘fingers’ and
make other small movements all by thought. The arm
has 4 pneumatic muscles, from t
he shoulder to the wrist
that help the arm move. The device is still in the
prototype stages but when it is cheaper I know it will
greatly help all amputees around the globe.
11

Each of these legs are equipped with computer chips
as well as built in

motors, to help with long distance walking.
These legs are made for people that don’t have both legs that
work.
E
ach leg mimics t
he other, thanks to Bluetooth,
that
sends signals over a short distance. When
the man

stands up
and leans forward, the legs ge
t the signal to start walking.

After several steps the legs coordinate with each other and
keep walking until the man sends the legs a signal to stop by
pushing back with the canes he has. These legs will greatly
help anyone that has lost both of their leg
s and will make
walking something everyone can do without all the hassle.
12




Table of Contents





11

Bob Hirshon. Robotic Arm.
Science Ne
tLinks.

Editor N/A. Sponsoring Institution N/A. December 15, 2009
<http://www.sciencelinks.com/sci_update.php?DocID=271>

12

Bill Chris tens en. Bluetooth
-
Enabled Robot Legs Talk To Each Other.
Technovelgy.com

Where Science Meets
Fiction.

Editor N/A. Spons orin
g Ins titution N/A. December 15, 2009
<
http://www.technovelgy.com/ct/Science
-
Fiction
-
News.as p?News Num=1418
>

Thi s i s the prototype of the actual arm they
gave to the amputee.

Shown are the Bl uetooth enabl ed l egs that the
man i s actual l y usi ng to do everyday tasks.

15


History of Robots






Written by:
Arielle Gomez







(1
st

Period)

Robots have been out for a very long time now.
They have been around since

270

B
.
C
., A
n ancient


Greek engineer named Ctesibus made organs and water clocks with
movable figures.

13
I
n
1956
,

George

Devol and Joseph Eagleburger
formed the

world's

first robot company.
Before that,
t
wo years earlier
Devol

had already

secu
red the
patents

for the robot technology in the
company's
Unimate

robot.

They installed their

first industrial robots at
General Motors

in 1961.


Over the next two decades,

the Japanese took
the lead by investing heavily in robots to replace people performing
certain tasks.

In 1966, Eagleburger and a Unimate robot appeared
on
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
. In the segment, the robot
poured

a

beer, sank a golf putt, and directed the band.

14

Researchers designed the Rancho Arm at Rancho

Los

Amigos Hospital in Downey, California as a tool
for

the
handicapped.

The Rancho Arm´s six joints gave it the flexibility

of a human arm.

Acquired by Stanf
ord University in
1963, it holds a place among

the first artificial robotic arms to be
controlled by a computer
.

In
1968
,
Marvin Minsky

developed the Tentacle Arm, which moved like an octopus. It had
twelve joints designed to reach around obstacles. A PDP
-
6 computer controlled the arm,

powered by hydra
ulic fluids.
Mounted on a wall,
it could lift the weight of a person.


In
1969
,

Victor
Scheinman´s Stanford Arm
was the first successful
electrically
powered, computer
-
controlled robot arm.

By 1974, the Stanford Arm could assemble
a Ford Model
T

water pump, guiding itself with optical and contact sensors. The
Stanford Arm led directly to com
mercial production. Scheinman went on to design
the PUMA series of industrial robots for Unimation, robots used for automobile
assembly and other industrial tasks.

In 1970
,
SRI International´s Shakey became
the

first mobile robot controlled by artificial i
ntelligence. Equipped with sensing
devices and driven by a problem
-
solving program called STRIPS, the robot found its
way around the halls of SRI by applying information

about

its environment to a route.
Shakey used a TV camera, laser ra
nge finder, and bum
p sensors to
collect data
.










Table of Contents





13
Author .N/A. “Robot Timeline.”
A Short History of Robots
.
Editor

N/
A
. Date N A. NASA. 12/9/20009.
<http://prime.jsc.nasa.gov./ROV/history.
html>

14
Author N
\
A.”History of Robots.”
Robots in Antiquity
.
Editor

N A. Date N/A. Wikipedia. 12/9/09
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History>

16


Building a R
obot and Hardware and Software

Written By: Jason Hernandez

(1
st

Period)



I know about a little bit about robots and what they are
used for.


Like this robot here is used for war that is why it
has two AA12 shotguns. A few careers were robots can be
foun
d are military and space. For going into space were
humans can’t go. This one here to your right is used to go
into places first so that way our troops won’t have to.


The robot here is a robot called DRobot XR4000 it is
made for carrying a robot arm. W
hich no other robot is
able to do. The Software in this robot is the XDREV
Library, the NROBOT Daemon and the xrm Kernel
Module. The Hardware in this robot is
15


ANU Battery Circuit to keep the ba
tteries evenly charged.



New arcnet Cable



ANU Recharge Station



Instructions for getting a recharging power supply.

That’s about all for my page and I think you know about the
software and hardware of a robot. And know you know why people
build them.





Table of Contents






15

Darren Murph, Engadget at CES 2010, Military War Robots, February 29, 2008, Engadget

2 David Austin, DRobot, Noma
dics Robot Software and Hardware Support, XR4000, Nomadics.




Fi gure
9
http://www.engadget.com

Fi gure
10

http://drobot.sourceforge.ne
t/xr4000.html

17


Robots Found in Careers

Written by: Morgan Jackel

(1
st

Period)


Robots can be found in the medical field. Robots
can be used in surgery, they call it Robotic
Surgery. In supervisory
-
Controlled System
Robotic surgery the procedure is completely
solely by the robot. In Telesurgical System
Robotic Surgery, the doctor cont
rols the robots
arms during the procedure. There are many
upsides and down falls to using robots in
surgery.
16




One kind of commonly used robots on earth is an
industrial robot. Robots can cut and shape fabricated
parts, assemble machinery, and inspect manufactured
parts. Some jobs that they do are load bricks, die cast,
drill, fasten, forge, make glass, grind, heat

treat,
load/unload machines, machine parts, handle parts,
measure monitor radiation, weld, and so much more.
They complete these tasks more than twice as fast as
a human could. Outside of the manufacturing world
robots complete difficult task that may be
too
dangerous for a human being. They hand hazardous
materials, fight fires, and deal with military war fares.


Robots can also be found in space missions.
There are only two proven space robots, the
Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV), and the
Remote Manipul
ator System (RMS). Both of
these robots are unmanned “space crafts” that
orbit around in space. They land in various places
and collect samples that are sent back down to
earth for us to observe. Sending a robot into
space rather than a space shuttle is ch
eaper,
easier, and much safer.
17




Table of Contents




16

Howe, RD, Matsuoka. “Overview, Further Division.” “Robotic Surgery.” Editor N A. 2005. “Annual Review
Biomedical Engineering.” December 14, 2009. <http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/B1108_2005_G
roups/04/>

17

Author N A. :Robots on Earth.” “Types of Robots.” Editor N A. Date N A. “The Rover Ranch.” December 14,
2009. <http://prime.jsc.nasa.gov/ROV/types.html>

Fi gure
11
www.bi omed.brown.edu

Fi gure
12
www.jsc.nasa.gov

Fi gure
13
www.dept.physi cs.epenn.edu

18


Robots in H
umans

Written
By: Ashley Mar
tinez


(Period 1)


Robots have been known to do many different jobs

such

as building cars, assisting doctors in operations, helping
out the military, and yes even helping humans walk or move.
Many people who have lost their arms or legs in war or in an
accident have chosen to get robotic limbs. The artificial arms
and legs wor
k just as well as normal ones except for the fact
they are metal and have wires. They can bend, twist, and
rotate, just like human limbs can. The picture shows that
even people with artificial body parts, can do anything you
and I can do.
18





The robotic arms and legs help humans

accomplish everyday tasks such as picking things up,
grasping door knobs, and holding things. These
robots are designed to help the body function
normally and naturally. They are programmed to
follow an assembly
line of motions in order to do
the jobs needed. This allows the machine to move
into difficult angles, precisely, just as required.
People living with robotic arms or legs have
received full mobility and motion once again.
19




The
machines try to recreate the muscle system, skeleton system,
and nervous system. As you can see, robot limbs are almost an
exact replica of a normal one. Artificial arms are typically
made up of seven metal segments, joined by six joints, giving
the ar
m seven degrees of freedom. Your arm’s job is to move
your hand from place to place, similar to the robotic arm’s job
which is to move the metal pieces from place to place. Robotic
hands have pressure,

sensors to tell the computer how hard you are gripping an
object helping you not to break whatever you are carrying.
20



Table of Contents





18

Author N/A. “Artificial limbs.”
Wikipedia
. N/A, December 11,2009. Wikimedia Foundation.

December 14, 2009.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_limb

19

Author N/A. “Robotic Muscles.”
eSmart
.
N/A. August 17, 2009. SMA/MEMS Research Group. December
14,2009.

http://webdocs.cs.ualberta.ca/~database/MEMS/sma_mems/muscle.html

20

Author N/A. “Ro
bot Arm Wrestling” Windows Live. N/A. December 17, 2009. 2010 Microsoft. January 6, 2010

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https://y2mzuw.blu.livefilestore.com/


Fi gure
16
www.robot
-
a
rm
-
wrestling

Figure
14
www.cat_innovation_designe.html

Figure
15

www.courierpostonline.com

19


Figure
19

http://www.talkingdesktop.com/Artific
ial_intelligence.jpg

Arti
fici
al Intelligence and its History

Written by: Jake Martinez

(1
st

Period)



Artificial intelligence is where computers can be trained
to
think like a human. It allows computers to learn from
experience to recognize patterns in large amounts of
complex data and decisions based on our knowledge and
reasoning skills. It has grown to new levels of studying
and creating new Artificial intelligen
ce. We use Artificial
Intelligence in computer science, which has evolved over
time. Neuroscience is using Artificial intelligence, which
is the study of the nervous system. Cognitive science is an
evolved branch of neuroscience, which is the internal
ment
al processes of
thought such as visual processing, memory, problem solving,
and language. For example, the pictures show that a robot can
be automated to look, touch or feel things, as for the other, it
shows how they can take the form of a human but be
co
mputerized.


The Artificial field was born in the summer of 1956 at a
conference on the campus of Dartmouth College. The people
who
attended would become the leaders of AI Research for
decades to come. John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Allen
Newell and Herbert Simon founded the First AI laboratories at
MIT, CMU, and Stanford. With the help of their students, the
founders wrote programs tha
t were just astonishing. Computers were
solving word problems in algebra, proving logical theorems and
speaking English.
21


By the mid 60’s

their research was heavily funded by DARPA
and make many predictions about their research, but most never
came true. They failed to anticipate the problems they had faced,
such as, lack of raw computer power, the intractable
combinatorial explosion of the
ir algorithms, the difficulty of
representing commonsense knowledge and doing commonsense
reasoning. Through time we have made different discoveries and
evolved our thinking of artificial intelligence. We have more
advanced technology to study this and bet
ter understand it.
22


Table of Contents




21
Author N/A, “What is Artificial intelligence.”
ITC Software Advanced Information Technol
ogy Solutions
.

Editor
N/A. December 9, 2009. Neural Network Links. December 9, 2009. <http://www.itcsoftware.com/AI.htm>

22

Author N/A, “What is Artificial intelligence.”
ITC Software Advanced Information Technology Solutions
.

Editor
N/A. December 9, 2009.

Neural Network Links. December 9, 2009. <http://www.itcsoftware.com/AI.htm>

Fi gure
17
(
http://i rtfoundati on.org/mai n/i mages
/IRTFMedi a/arti fi ci al
-
i ntel l igence.jpg
)

Fi gure
18
http://theosophi st.fi l es.wordpress.c
om/2008/08/arti fi ci al
-
i ntel ligence
-
1203420977.jpg

20


Human Robots

Written by: Jasmine Medrano

(1
st

Period)



As a human race we have advanced over many years creating
ways to benefit human life. It may not be the same way as before
but
nothing ever is. You will be reading articles of ways humans have been
given a second chance to live like any other person with the help of
robots. Robots are the future and as we go, the more they can benefit us.
It’s up to us to allow this advancemen
t.


A powered robotic ankle was developed by the
biomechantronics groups at MIT’s Media Lab. This product was
demonstrated by Hugh Herr who lost both his legs below the knee from
a rock climbing accident in 1982. This may the world’s first ankle
prosthesi
s. The powered robotic ankle is a biomimetic device that
imitates the energy storage performed by a living human ankle. The
energy
-
storage is similar to regenerative breaking used in hybrid cars.
“This is the first prosthesis that allows for a humanlike ga
it. It’s strong
enough to push my body forward and to propel me up stairs.” Herr
Says.
23


A robotic leg has been
developed by

the Japanese automaker
Honda. They developed a new
technology called the experimental
walking device (the robotic leg). To
use the legs the user must wear special
shoes that adjust the seat so that your
weight is supported. Two motors move
the frame and s
eat position while
lithium powered batteries keep the
system powered for the length of about
two hours when fully charged. Some
people say the robotic legs look like the
lower half of the Stars Wars droid.
24


Table of C
ontents





23

Bill Christenson. “Robotic Ankle First Such Powered Prosthesis.”
technovelgy
.
com
. Editor N/A. 2007.
Sponsoring Institution N/A. December 16, 2009.

24

Jeremy Korzeniewski. “Honda

unveils supplemental robot legs for humans.” Autoblog.com. Editor N/A. 2008.
Sponsoring Institution N/A. December 16, 2009.


Fi gure
20

(www.technovel gy.com)

Fi gure
21
(www.autobl og.com)

21


The University of Texas at Austin

Written by: Lupe Rodriguez

(1
st

Period)


One of the best robot engineering
schools is The University of Texas At
Austin. Their Robotics Research Group
(RRG) is dedicated to the advancement of
robotics. The Robotics Research Group has
three major research thre
ads: Intelligent
Actuators, Manipulation Software, and
Integrated Work cells. The University of
Texas at Austin offers a
Master’s and Ph.
D

Degrees in robotics
25

The Robotics
Research Group at The University of
Texas at Austin is by far one of the best
scho
ols for robotic engineering. Every
alumni has achieved a PhD or a Masters in
their career.


The goal of the Robotics Research Group is to make actuators that will be the building
blocks for the architecture of these intelligent machines that will be assem
bled in demand like
modern computer systems.

The actuators have the same components as all
the other actuators, but will have a different torque,
speed, and other performance and design requirements.

If
you decide to

choose

a career in robotics you will n
eed to
take the 10 Actuator classes:
26




Standardized



High Torque



High Rigidity



Intelligent



Precision/Small Motion



Hybrid



Energy Saver



Fault Tolerant



Dual Input/Layered Control



2
-
DOF Modular

















25

J.J. Pickle.”Robotics Research Group”.
Robotics Research Group: The University of Texas at Austin.
Editor N/A.
2009.

Department of Energy
-

University Research Program in Robotics
. December 9, 2009
.
<www.robotics.utexas.edu/rrg/>

26

J.J. Pickle. “Robotics Research Group.”
Robotics Research Group: The University o
f Texas at Austin.
Editor N/A.
2009.
Office of Naval Research
. December 9, 2009.

<www.Robotics.utexas.edu/rrg/research/actuator_design/>

Fi gure
22

Robots <
www.metro.co.uk
/weird/426208
-
robots
-
tread
-
the...
>

Fi gure
23

El ectromechani cal Actuator Desi gn
<
www.robotics.utexas.edu/.../actuator_des
ign/
>




Table of Contents

22


Could Robots Evolve?

Written By: Safire Rodriguez

(
1
st

Period
)


Robots are found everywhere around us, they may not be the kind that
walk and talk, like in movies, but they are in the everyday machinery that we
use. You may not like robots or may even be scared of them but chances are that
whatever career you choose wi
ll most likely involve robots. For Example one of
my career choices is engineering, this career deals mostly with robots some
engineering jobs even involve building robots. There are many types of robots
around now. None of them are very human like but our

technology is advancing
everyday and we aren’t very far from having those kinds of robots.


The time of robot advancement is soon approaching.
One

day they will be so advanced that they would be able to
take over. You may say “this is impossible we will program
them to obey our commands.” But if these robots are so advanced won’t they be able
to come up with a way to alter their programming; eventua
lly being able to take over.
This fear, Automatonophobia, has whole movies based off of its concepts such as the
movie “
I, Robot”
. In this movie a Virtual Interactive Kinetic Intelligence (VIKI),
sort of like a robotic brain, is in control of all robots. T
hese robots were invented to
protect humanity and to be able to do this they are programmed with these three
laws.

1. Robots cannot harm Humans

2. Robots must follow any order given to them by man if it doesn’t conflict with the first law.

3. Robots can de
fend themselves only if it doesn’t conflict with the first two laws.

VIKI finds a way to override these laws and orders the robots to kill humans they see as a threat to
humanity, in order to ensure the overall survival of humanity. The scary thing is thi
s could possibly
happen maybe not now but in the future
27


Why are we so afraid of robots? It’s believed that the reason for this is
humanity’s lack of knowledge of how robo
ts are engineered. Robots are quite
amazing. We’ve engineered them to be able to manipulate our actions and
interact with us; compared to nature that took millions of years to evolve to
where we are now. They are used even in medical surgeries. There is re
ally
nothing to be afraid of, robots are not self
-
aware even though it may seem that
way because of their physical human traits. Robots are used just about
everywhere; without them there would be too many jobs that needed filling.
Robots are vital to our f
actories without them many factories wouldn’t have
enough qualified workers, due to how quickly people age, to get the jobs done
and there would be a shortage of many demands. According to movies robots
will apparently become so much like humans, only stro
nger and smarter, and begin to conquer and
enslave us. Awesom
-
o does not agree and believes “there is no reason why self aware
-
robots will develop
to be evil and hate humanity, there is a good chance that the robots may decide to help humans.”
28







27

Rena. Pacella.

“Could Robots Take over the World?”
Popular Science.

Editor N/A. 08.05.2004. Popular
Science. December 15, 2009 <www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2004
-
08/could
-
robots
-
take
-
over
-
world>

28

Awesom
-
o. “Our fear of robots.”
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics.

E
ditor N/A. Blogspot.
August 16, 2009
.
<
smart
-
machines.blogspot.com/2009/08/our
-
fear
-
of
-
robots.html
>

Figure
25

(www.popsci.com/scitec
h/article/2004
-
08/could
-
robots
-
take
-
over
-
world)

Figure
26

(i539.photobucket.com/.../sm
o0or/ADVANCES.jpg

Figure
24

(img.zdnet.com/techDiect
ory/_FMC.GIF)

Table of Contents

23


Artificial Intelligence

Written by: Fabian Ruiz

(1
st

Period)


Artificial intelligence is a basically a huge
brain

that controls pretty much everything such
as security, purchases, so on and so forth.

It can solve problems in a creative way.

It will understand speech and detect problems
in your voice levels. It will be the smartest
thing around in the future.







It will be able to detect credit card fraud,
manage an entire bank system, control
telephone systems, and give helpful advice
when needed. IBM used a computer system
like this to create a robot chess player that
beat the world champion Gary Kasparov.
They
also used something like it to make a
car that drove itself from Washington DC to
San Diego At a rate of 63 miles an hour day
and night rain or shine.
29





The future will be changed because of this. It will make life easier not just for the governmen
t
but for everybody. By that time we should have autonomous vehicles for our personal use it may
take a while but it will be worth it. Artificial Intelligence will make things more secure then ever.
Just imagine not having to lift a finger to drive it may
seem a little scary now but we will adjust
to these great changes. The worlds will be unbelievable, now all we can do is wait for these
exciting Inventions.
30











Table of Con
tents





29

David L. Waltz. Artificial Intelligence. Washington.edu. Editor N/A. Date N/A. NEC Research Institution.
December 9, 2009.
www.cs.washington.edu/homes/lazowska/cra/ai.html


30

Dr. Mark Humphrys.The Future of Artificial Intelligence.Robot Book.com.Editor N/A.DateN/A.Univers ity of
Edinburgh.Januray 5,2010.

http://www.robotbooks.com/artific
ial
-
intelligence
-
future.htm

24


How to Build a Robot

Written By: Adrian Valdez

(Period 1)



To build a robot you need the right tools and
equipment. I am going to tell you what you will need and
how to get started. First a good plan if you are building your
first robot is the K
ISS (keep it

simple stupid) approach.

To
start obviously you need money. Robots can get expensive
but a skilled robot cist can build a robot for just $50. But
you can expect to spend about $100
-
$200. Next you need to
design your robot you can make some drawing but
remember if it is your first

robots don’t get to imaginative.
31



Now you’re ready to start building
.

First you will
need a motor and a source of energy.
Use a
rechargeable
battery but it must have high mAh (energy
capacity), and can put out at least an amp at any
time. Consider put
ting both batteries parallel and
in series to vary/control total voltage. NiMH
(nickel metal hydride) batteries are good. You
can charge them as much as you want; they have
good current output, and ha
ve the highest energy
capacity.



Wi
th that you will ne
ed the right tools to
put it together
a list of what you will need a
soldering iron, electronic solder, diagonal cutter,
1.5 volts motor, battery holder, and a SPDT
switch. Once you have all of that you
just have
to put it together. It is recommended to bu
ild 3
robots with the KISS (keep it simple stupid)
method, and then slowly start to get more
imaginative. Now with the information I have
given you go build your robot.






Table of Contents






31

Author N/A. “Society of Robots.”
How To Build a Robot Tutorial.

Editor N/A. DATE N/A. societyofrobots.
12/11/2009
http://www.societyofrobots.com/robot_tutoria
l.shtml
.

25


Are

There Humans who are Part R
obot?

Written by: Jeanette Wimberly







(1
st

Period)



Robots are made to make a humans life easier. Some robots
make things, some take down things, either way; they help make
peoples life easier.
32
Dean Kamen
, as shown to the left, is
showing off his mind
-
controlled prosthetic robot arm he invented
in 2007. His prosthetic robot arm is fully articulated, giving him
the same amount of movement as a natural arm. It is so much
like a natural arm; it is sensitive e
nough to pick up a piece of
paper, a wineglass, or even a grape.



33
Artificial limbs
on humans are
a type of robot.
In the figure on the right, the p
rosthetic arm is
inserted directly into the skin, giving him more
movement. This type of artificial limb is given to
patients who had lost their fingers and or thumbs.
However, not all artificial limbs are made for
fingers, some are made for feet. Further
trials
using arms and legs are being used as well.


Some artificial limbs are made for the fashion sense.
34
The
currently ‘Immaculate’
prosthetic

was designed by Hans
Alexander Huseklepp and looks like a
robot's arm
.

The
concept "
immaculate" from Hans Alexander Huseklepp
explores the idea of turning a handicap into a high
-
performance, cybernetic fashion statement. The
neurological prosthetic is clad in technology
-
packed corian
plates with dome
-
joints that offer a larger degree of f
reedom
than that motherly
-
issued arm of yours.

Therefore, it’s not
only nice looking, but it works just like a regular arm.





Table of Contents




32

Dylan Tweney. “Dean Kamen’s Robot Arm Grabs More Publicity”
Gadget Lab
.

Editor N/A. May 29, 2008.
Sponsoring Institution N/A. December 15,2009.<www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2008/05/dean
-
kamens
-
rob/>

33

N/A. “Artificial Limbs Attached Directly To Human Skeleton” Editor N/A. July 3, 2006. Sponsoring Institution
N/A. December 15, 2009.<www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/46475.php>

34

N/A. “‘Immaculate’ Prosthetic Aims To Make Fake Limbs More Attractive, They

Totally Succeed.” Geekologie.
Editor N/A. February 10, 2009. Sponsoring Institution N/A. January 5,
2010.<www.geekologie.com/2009/02/10/peg
-
arm
-
1.>

Fi gure
27
(www.wi red.com)

Fi gure
28
(www.wi red.com)

Fi gure
29
(www.geekol ogi e.com)

26


History of Robots

Written By:
Mike Aguilar

(Period 3)


Robots have been around us for many, many years now.
A
robot

is a
virtual

or mechanical artificial agent. In
practice, it is usually an
electro
-
mechanical machine

which is guided by computer or electronic
programming, and is thus able to do tasks on its own.
Another common characteristic is that by its appearance
or movements, a robot often conveys a sense that it has
intent

or
agency

of its own.


At the beginning all this stuff of robots was just the stuff
of science fiction. It started with clocks and then to big
frame computers to calculating engine
s then to space
ships and humanoids! Its becoming a reality as today we
have a handful of interactive robots with humans and it
evolve into to
something more
.
In 1956, George Devo
l and Joseph
Engelberger formed the world's first robot company.
35

Devol predi
cted that the industrial robot would "help
the factory operator in a way that can be compared to
business machines as an aid to the office worker". A
few years later, in 1961, the very first industrial robot
was "employed" in a General Motors automobile
fa
ctory in New Jersey. Since 1980, there has been an
expansion of industrial robots into non
-
automotive
industries. The main factor responsible for this growth
has been the technical improvements in robots due to
advancement in microelectronics ("ME") and
co
mputers.
36



And now days we have a bunch of outrageous robots doing things that we would only dream
about back then. This is a great testimony to humans and what we can accomplish. Hopefully the
future holds humanoid robots in our society to make this wor
ld a better and easier place to live
in. and hopefully society accepts future robots to be integrated with us. I feel it will be best for
the future of humans and robotics.

Table of Contents




35

Mary Bellis, “about.com”.
Timeline of Robots.

n/a 2009 About.com. n/a 1/5/10<
http://inventors.about.co
m/od/roboticsrobots/a/RoboTimeline.htm>.

36

Mary Bellis, “about.com”.
The Story of Robots.

n/a.
©2009 About.com
. n/a. 12/16/09.<

http://inventors.about.com/od/rstartinventions/a/RobotStory.htm
>.

Figure
30

Asimo Interactive Robot

Figure
31

Military Robot

27



History of Robots

Created By: Michael Aguiñaga

(Period 3)





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r潴ating 摲um select潲sK

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Table of Contents


28


Robots Friendly or Fearful


Written By: Justin Barnes

(Period 3)


Programmed to obey our every demand the fear that they might turn on you is always about in the
air. Robots may be very helpful at times but will there programs not be enough to hold them back
from attack? The question floating around is do robots know rig
ht from wrong and how will they act
when acted upon. An will robots be able to slowly start to become smarter and develop human like
characteristics, and if they do how will this effect society as we speak? Some people think that
robots are on a rise to

take over the world but others disagree.
After a lot of the
big movies that
have come out
people have
become more
aware of robots
and what they
might be capable
of. Other people
are afraid of what the military might be doing and not
telling us about it.
There are websites that people
made from so information they think is right.


There is all sorts of real and fake information on the
internet these days. A lot of movies that have come
out are have scared a lot of people into think that are
bad and are ca
pable of doing things that some
humans can’t stop them from doing, some of that may be so but some of it also isn’t true at all.
Robots may be a threat in the future when they are more advanced but they will also be a great
amount of help as well. So shoul
d we even fear robots or
get ready for what lies ahead.


They are also helpful. These were just some of the new
medical tools on display at a conference on rehabilitation
robotics in Chicago this week. "We're still learning how
and discovering how to u
se these robots," conference
chairman James Patton of the Rehabilitation Institute of
Chicago said Tuesday. Robots can help people with limited
mobility become more independent by feeding them and
carrying out other household tasks. They can also help
phys
icians diagnose and treat patients through
teleconferencing or by collecting home therapy session
data. And they are helping people with severe injuries or illnesses gain greater control over their
movements.
37


Table o
f Contents




37

All information was written by information I already knew.

29


Robots in Our Future

Written By: Ezra Cadena

(Period 3)



The robots are programmed to do everything we tell them to do. But in
the movie I Robot the super computer Viki

finds a way to blame the
humans that there doing wrong so she starts to send out a signal telling
the robots to gather the humans so they could get rid of them.


There was a report a few that a robot in the military was controlling its
self. The military

said it was because of the weak A.I. or artificial
intelligent’s in the robot. And this brings me back to my last point
about the movie I Robot in the movie the doctor his name is doctor
lanning any way he said that the robots will one day will have thoug
hts

And also dreams he said that the robots will evolve so much that this
action will take place. The picture that you see here is the mechanical
robot that the article was written about.



The picture that you see here is the predator drone,

The drone

is used to carry out attacks or to go spy on
the enemy when the military needs to move out an
assault on the enemy or just to go out and take the
drone out for a little spin

You wouldn’t think that many people would not be
scared of the thought of robots

but if look deep
enough on the internet you can find millions of people
that are scarred of just the thought of the military using robotic things to do the work for them I
printed out a blog from this one guy that says a whole bunch of stuff about the rob
ots and here it
is. Why are we afraid of robotic technology? Is it the fact that the robots could short out and do
some harm to the people around it. Most of the military’s things are made from robotic things
form the robot that dis arms the bombs to the d
rone that takes to the sky to go spy on the enemy
or do the bombing the enemy the one major thing that the military does not know is that the
computer technology does advance and grow by itself.
38










Table of Cont
ents




38

All the pictures I got from the internet

30


Artificial Intelligence

Written By: Anthony Castro

(Period 3)



Artificial Intelligence is a drive for the future.
Artificial Intelligence or A.I.

is a computer that, in a
sense, has the ability to learn. The computer
analyzes all possibilities of a situation that could
maximize the chances of success for the computer.
In the movie I, Robot, the character V.I.K.I. is an
artificial intelligence

computer that controls all of the
robotic equipment in the city. She learns that despite
all that she and the other robots do to obey the three
Laws of Robotics, they are incapable of keeping
human beings from harm. She learns that in order to
succeed i
n protecting human existence she must hold
all of them captive. She analyzed her situation and
learned from the outcomes. That is one of the key
ideas about artificial intelligence. Robots with the
ability to learn. John McCarthy defines this term as bei
ng “the science and engineering of
making intelligent machines.”
39

Artificial intelligence would be a great advancement in present day technology. If we
had a robot that had the ability to learn on its own, it could be by factories and other
manufacturing
corporations and quite possibly to run the electrical robotics of a town such as the
one seen in I, Robot. This type of technology could change the entire outlook of the future for
humanity. Of course the fear of the robot becoming defiant is quite real.


Trying to restrict the machine seems almost unrealistic. Telling a person or something to
“learn this but don’t learn that” is not possible. That is a quote from the movie stealth. The
robot plane known as E.D.I. is similar in nature to
V.I.K.I. He

is designed to learn from others and
increase his chances of success and completing
assigned missions. It is a super computer that can
communicate with people and calculate outcomes at
an extremely advanced rate.

Artificial intelligence is a great aspe
ct of the future
that could greatly improve modern
-
day and future
-
day society. It seems kind of out there to teach a
computer to learn, but it is already being done. Soon
the idea will be perfected artificial intelligence will be
a real part of society.

Table of Contents





39

‘Artificial Intelligence.”
Wikipedia.

Editor n/a. 2009. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. December 16, 2009
<
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence
>

Fi gure
32

(www.jacobbrowndesi gns.com)

31


All About Robots

Written by: Sara Cortez

(Period 3)





These robots are designed to
stand and walk like human
beings.





Some robots can be toys as
shown in this picture.




This robot looks like it is built
to takes pictures in dangerous
places where humans cannot
go.






You will see all kinds of
robots in movies.






This robot is being designed to
do many things

like a human
can.






Robots can even be found in
some magazines.




Imagine a band of robots
playing your favorite music?





Toy robots can a fun to play
with.




Some robots explore places
too dangerous for us humans.


Table of Contents



32


Humans who are Part R
obot

Written by
:

Hannah Jimenez

(3
rd

Period)


We humans are so interested in robots and new technology
. We always wonder if we will have
robots helping us with daily tasks whether it’s cooking a meal or taking out the trash. These are
things the society may have if the technology continues to become more advanced. Some
questions are, “When will we have rob
ots in our society”, and “Are there any humans who are
part robot”. My answer is yes we do have humans who are part robot.

Cyborg

is a term for a man or woman with bionic or
robotic implants. Cyborgs are more for people who
use cybernetic technology to repair or overcome the
physical and mental constrains of their bodies. In the
picture in the right is a disabled man using his new
r
obotic arm! Kamen’s arm, is an incredibly
sophisticated bit of engineering that’s light years
ahead of the clamping "claws" that many amputees
are forced to use today. The arm is fully articulated,
giving the user the same degrees
of movement as a
natural
arm,
and is
sensitive enough to pick up a
piece of paper, a
w
ineglass o
r even a grape
without
mishap.
40

Here on your right is a lady with a prosthetic leg. She is
competing in race. This race is for people who have
prosthetic legs. The idea of new prosthe
tic started from
people’s perception of prosthetic legs; both the amputees and
spectators: which is a sad reality but true. Prosthetic has been
developed based on the understanding of body anatomy and
movement.
41





Fi gure 2 www.
34
prsthtcs.tuml r.com


Table of Contents




40

Dylan Tweney. “Gadget lab.”
Dean Kamen’s

Robot Arm Grabs More Publicity.
Editor n/a.
2008.

Sponsoring n/a.

December 16,
2009
.
<
http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2008/05/dean
-
kamens
-
rob/
>
.

41
Author n/a. “
Prsthtcs
.”
Everything you need to know about prosthetics
.
Editor n/a. 2009. Sponsoring n/a.
December 16, 2009 <prsthtcs.tumlr.com>.
41


Fi gure
33

www.wi red.com/gadgetl ab/2008/05/deankamens
-
rob/

33




How to Build Robots

Written By: Andres Lizardi

(Period 3)



The brain of y
our robot will be a microconverter board,
required four layers to fit all the routing on it.


To build a robot you need to have money. You need
about 100
-
200 minimum
on your first
robot. For choosing motors would involve calculations of
weight, gearing rat
ios, desired terrain, desired velocity
and acceleration, voltage, power consumption,
controllability. The motor will have a voltage of 5
-
8. The torque is going be double then you
think.


The power comes next. No, solar power and eating slugs
won’t work. U
se a battery.
Size, strength, and lasting
power are all factors to take into account when making
your selection
. Alkaline batteries are the most common.


When buying a motor, there are two current ratings you
should pay attention to. The first is
operating current
.
This is the average amount of current the motor is
expected to draw under a typical torque. Multiply this
number by the rated voltage and you will get the average power draw required to run the motor.
The other current rating which you n
eed to pay attention to is the
stall
current
. This is when you power up the motor, but you put enough torque
on it to force it to stop rotating.




Photoresistors

are the most basic. Put one
on each side of the robot, and run a binary
algorithm. If the sensor on the left see’s
more light than the one on the right, tell you differential drive to
turn left. If they see the same amount of light, tell your robot to
dri
ve straight. Aim the photoresistors on the ground and you have
instant obstacle avoidance


your robot will avoid the shadows
cast on the ground by objects in the way.


Table of Contents


34





35



Types of Robots

Written by:
Victoria Mendez

(Period 3)



Many of the robots that we have developed over the years
are mostly built the same way, their virtual, mechanical
artificial agent. It’s giving a command to do something or
to follow a direction. Our social hope for robots, th
at they
become more and more advanced, and sophisticated. Many
experts have explored the questions that might affect the
behavior of robots intelligence. The word robot was
introduced to the public by a writer named Karel Capek.


Now these days’ scientist
s have wanted to compete with other scientists or with the fact that they
wanted to see how far they can go with making a robot that would be more human like and to blend
in with people and act the way we would do but just try to do more than people. Like