FOT PreTest.docx

squeegovernorBiotechnology

Dec 3, 2012 (4 years and 9 months ago)

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FOUNDATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY

Pre
-
Test

DO NOT WRITE ON TEST







Matching
: Read each statement. Select the best answer from the items given.


1)

Select the best definition of “Technology”.


A)

Technology is the application of
computers and other
things to solve

problems and

help people
extend
their possible abilities

C)

Technology is the application of
knowledge tools and skills to solve
problems and extend human
capabilities.

B)

Technology is the application of
scientific discovery

combined with

math to make things like computers
and cellular phones
.

D)

Technology is the application of
machines and tools to make things
that we need.


2)

The use of technology has helped lead to longer life for many people. One of the
reasons for this includes
____________________.



A)

creating better buildings blocks of life

C)

striving for excellence


B)

conquering many diseases

D)

creating genetically modified
organisms


3)

The stability of any technological system is its dependence on ______________.


A)

evaluating its effectiveness through a
feedback loop

C)

the ability of the technology to never
change

B)

looking how it effects the environment

D)

none of the above


4)

The concept of “Systems
-
Thinking” indicates that we apply
___________________
with appropriate compromises in complex real
-
life
problems.


A)

our knowledge and skills

C)

science, technology, engineering and
mathematics

B)

tools and machines

D)

logic and creativity


5)

__________________ is an ongoing process of designing or making a product
and is dependent on criteria and constraint.


A)

Technology applications

C)

Manufacturing

B)

Science

D)

Optimization


6)

Technological innovation and invention are often driven
by ______________ .


A)

curiosity

C)

the need to solve a problem

B)

profit

D)

someone being lazy


7)

Convert the following inches to centimeters
:


12.5 inches = ______________ cm


A)

31.75 cm

C)

12.5

cm

B)

30.625 cm

D)

4.92 cm


8)

Products and
ideas are often protected by the process of _____________.


A)

law and order

C)

patenting

B)

trials and other lawsuits

D)

none of the above


9)

The application of technology promotes the advancement of
__________________________.


A)

computers and
electronics

C)

social science and psychology

B)

engineering

D)

science and mathematics


10)


What is the distance between the two lines?




A)

1


7/8 inches

C)

2


14/16 inches

B)

2
-

9/16 inches

D)

1


9/16 inches


11)

When
determining the use and application of any new technology, a thorough
evaluation of the ________________ trade
-
offs must be done.


A)

profit and risk

C)

positive and negative

B)

science and technological

D)

expected and unexpected


12)

Select an instance where ethical considerations have impacted the development,
selection, and use of technologies.


A)

Human Genome Project

C)

Search for life on Mars

B)

Genetically Modified Organisms

D)

Nuclear Power Plants


13)

I
ndividual citizens have to make informed decision about the development and use
of technology.


A)

This statement is always true

C)

Decisions about technology need to
be left to other people.


B)

This statement is always false

D)

Decisions about
technology are not
really needed.


14)

Cars have contributed to the air pollution in many cities. To help with this problem,
people have ___________________________.


A)

to drive less and take the bus

C)

to buy better fuel efficient cars

B)

devise
technologies to reduce the
negative consequences

D)

created new technologies that have
eliminated air pollution


15)

The continual development of the transistor is an example of a
___________________.


A)

natural process

C)

computer

B)

communication
revolution

D)

technological process


16)

The evolution of civilization has been directly affected by, and has been in turn
affected, the development and use of ____________________.


A)

computers and cell phones

C)

tools and materials

B)

skills and
knowledge

D)

science, technology, engineering and
mathematics


17)

Early in the history of technology, the development of many tools and machines
was based on ________________________.


A)

scientific knowledge

C)

application of mathematics

B)

technological know
-
how

D)

use of engineering


18)

Most technological development has been ________________, the result of a
series of refinements to a basic invention.



A)

evolutionary

C)

new inventions


B)

revolutionary

D)

complementary



19)

The Iron Age was defined by the use of ___________ as the primary materials for
tools.


A)

iron and tin

C)

iron and steel

B)

iron and bronze

D)

iron and metal


20)

The Industrial Revolution saw the development of continuous manufacturing,
sophisticated transportation and communication systems, advanced construction
practices, and _____________________________.


A)

improved education

and ignorance

C)

new techniques
and sporting events

B)

improved computer integrated
manufacturing and ignorance

D)

improved education and leisure time


21)

The design process is a _____________, iterative, approach to problem solving
that yields design solutions.


A)

systematic

C)

creative

B)

innovative

D)

visionary


22)

The design process includes the following steps:


A)

Be given a problem, brainstorming,
researching and generating ideas,
identifying criteria and specifying
constraints, exploring possibilities,
selecting an approach, developing a
design proposal, making a model or
prototype, testing and evaluating a
design
, using specifications, refining a
design, creating or making it, and
communicating processes and
results.


C)

Ask a question, do background
research, construct a hypothesis, test
your hypothesis by doing an
experiment, analyze your data and
draw a
conclusion, communicate your
results


B)

Defining a problem, brainstorming,
researching and generating ideas,
identifying criteria and specifying
constraints, exploring possibilities,
selecting an approach, developing a
design proposal, making a model or
prototype, testing and evaluating a
design, using specifications, refining a
design, creating or making it, and
communicating processes and
results.


D)

Define a problem, do background
research, generate ideas, construct a
hypothesis, select an approach,
do
the experiment, make a model or
prototype, test your experiment,
refine the design, make it,
communicate your results and
processes


23)

When trying to solve a problem, it is understood that design problems are
_____________ in a clearly defined form


A)

always presented

C)

seldom presented

B)

mostly presented

D)

never presented


24)

For a design to be finalized, the designs need to be continually
________________________, and the ideas of the design must be redefined and
improved.


A)

changed
and adapted


C)

measured and evaluated

B)

modified and reproduced

D)

checked and critiqued


25)

There are established design principles that are used to evaluate existing designs,
to _______________, and to guide the design process.


A)

collect data

C)

create products

B)

measure results

D)

apply knowledge tools and skills


26)

Engineering design is influenced by personal characteristics, such as creativity,

__________________
, and the ability to visualize and think abstractly.


A)

originality

C)

resourcefulness

B)

wits

D)

imagination


27)

Refining a design by using ________________ help to ensure that quality,
efficiency, and productivity of the final product can be met.



A)

inventions

C)

innovations

B)

prototypes

D)

mock
-
ups


28)

Cutting a piece of plastic to length is an example of a ___________________.



A)

assembly process

C)

molding process

B)

forming process

D)

machining process


29)

To
drill a

hole in a piece of metal, the best type of drill bit to use would be a
___________________________.


A)

Brad point bit

C)

Forstner bit

B)

Spade bit

D)

Twist bit


30)

_________________________ is a specific problem
-
solving approach that is used
intensively in business and industry to prepare devices and systems for the
marketplace.


A)

Product development

C)

Research and development

B)

The engineering design process

D)

Market research and accounting


31)

Mechanical, structural, electrical, electronic, thermal, fluid, optical, bio, and
material technologies as they are applied in the designed world are known as
________________________.


A)

the Building Blocks of
Technology

C)

basis of engineering

B)

the Core Technologies

D)

the concepts of the designed world.


32)

The application of: Levers, Inclined planes, Wedges, Wheels and axles, Pulleys,
Screws, Gears, Cams, and Linkages are all examples of
_________________.



A)

Mechanical Technology

C)

Mechanical Engineering

B)

Simple Machines

D)

None of the above


33)


The
application of
: Post and beam, House Framing, Suspension Bridges, and
Cantilevers are example of
______________________.


A)

Construction Technology

C)

Civil Engineering


B)

Structural Technology

D)

Carpentry Technology



34)

Science concepts and mathematical concepts such as: Strength of shapes,
Forces, Center of gravity, Moments of inertia, Stress, Strain, Deflection, and
Efficiency is known as ______________________.


A)

Materials Technology


C)

Physics

B)

Manufacturing Technology

D)

Engineering Concept Technology


35)


A nuclear power plant is an example of _________________________.


A)

Thermal Nuclear Technology


C)

Electrical Technology


B)

Light Amplification by Stimulated
Emission of Radiation Technology

D)

Electron Stimulating Technology


36)

The application of science concepts and mathematical concepts such as
electromagnetic waves, digital logic, binary numbers, frequency, and amplification
is known as ___________________.


A)

Computer Technology

C)

Analog Technology

B)

Scientific
Technology

D)

Electronic Technology


37)

An Air Conditioner is an example of _______________________.



A)

Heating, Ventilation and Air
Conditioning


C)

Thermal Dynamic Technology


B)

Air Cooling Technology

D)

Thermal Technology



38)


A bicycle air
pump is an example of ________________________.


A)

Fluid Technology

C)

Gaseous Induction Technology

B)

Compressed Air Technology

D)

Pneumatic Technology


39)

The bar code reader is an example of _______________________.


A)

Laser Technology

C)

Optical Technology

B)

Information Technology

D)

Product Inventory



40)

Insulin production is an example of _____________________________.



A)

Medical technology

C)

Genetic Engineering

B)

Biotechnology

D)

none of the above



41)

_________________________ include prevention and rehabilitation, vaccines and
pharmaceuticals, medical and surgical procedures, genetic engineering, and the
systems within which health is protected and maintained.



A)

Medical technologies

C)

Physical
Therapy

B)

Biotechnology

D)

Health and Human Services


42)

The application of ___________________ processes produce: Agricultural
products, Pharmaceuticals, Food and beverages, Medicine and Energy


A)

manufacturing

C)

biotechnology

B)

agriculture

D)

farming



43)

________________ uses a wide array of products and systems to produce,
process, and distribute food, fiber, fuel, chemicals, and other useful products.


A)

Manufacturing

C)

Biotechnology


B)

Transportation

D)

Agriculture



44)

Thermal,

radiant, electrical, mechanical, chemical, and nuclear are all forms of
_________________________.


A)

air pollution

C)

electricity

B)

power and energy

D)

positive and negative forces


45)

The following concepts: Source, Encoder, Transmitter,
Receiver, Decoder,
Destination, can be use describe the parts of ______________________.


A)

a communication system

C)

a cellular communication company

B)

computer science

D)

computer applications


46)

The idea that it takes many different forms of
transportation to bring products to
the market is known as ___________________.


A)

Transportation Technology

C)

Multi
-
transportation system

B)

Intermodalism

D)

none of the above


47)

__________________are designed to operate for a long period of time, while non
-
durable goods are designed to operate for a(n) _____________ period of time.



A)

Durable goods, extensive

C)

Durable goods, short

B)

Enduring goods, short

D)

Enduring goods,

extensive


48)

The manufacturing of a product like Coca Cola is an example of
_____________________.


A)

mass production


C)

batch production

B)

customized production

D)

continuous production



49)

The underlying base or basic framework of a
construction system is known as a(n)
___________________________.


A)

infrastructure

C)

substructure

B)

superstructure

D)

road and rail network


50)


Put in order the steps in the construction process


A)

1.

Preparing the site

2.

Setting foundations

3.

Building the framework

4.

Enclosing the structure

5.

Finishing the interior and exterior

6.

Installing utilities

7.

Completing the site


C)

1.

Completing the site

2.

Preparing the site

3.

Building the framework

4.

Setting foundations

5.

Enclosing the structure

6.

Installing utilities

7.

Finishing the interior and exterior


B)

1.

Preparing the site

2.

Setting foundations

3.

Building the framework

4.

Enclosing the structure

5.

Installing utilities

6.

Finishing the interior and exterior

7.

Completing the site


D)

1.

Preparing the site

2.

Enclosing the structure

3.

Building the framework

4.

Installing utilities

5.

Setting foundations

6.

Finishing the interior and exterior

7.

Completing the site