Regulators

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Regulators’ use of
standards

Neftegazstandart

conference,

9
-
11 September 2009, Kazan


Alf Reidar Johansen

OGP Standards Manager

Introduction


This presentation reflects the current situation
of national regulators' reference and use of
standards in their regulatory documents.


Particular focus on offshore petroleum
industry and standards for materials,
equipment, systems and structures.


This presentation is based on a draft OGP
report
*

that analyzes the documents prepared
by the regulators themselves.

*)

Assumed to be published fall 2009 and freely available at
www.ogp.org.uk.

Standards’ place in the package

Regulators covered


Canada, represented by:


Canadian
Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board (
CNSOPB)


Canadian
Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board (CNOPB)


Danish Energy Agency (DEA); Denmark


Department of Labour (DoL), New Zealand


Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico (MES), Italy


National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (
ANP
),
Brazil


National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority (NOPSA), Australia


Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD), India


Petroleum Safety Authority (PSA), Norway


State Supervision of Mines (
SODM),

The Netherlands


UK Health and Safety Executive (HSE), UK


United States represented by:


US Coast Guard (USCG)


US Minerals Management Service (US MMS).



Areas examined

Purpose of
OGP Report


Provide for better understanding of use of national,
regional, international and industry standards in
the regulatory documents


provide a good basis for OGP interactions with the
relevant regulators and in particular the IRF


provide relevant background material for the
prioritization of international standards work


provide a better basis for the evaluation of OGP’s
position on development and use of international
standards. Ref. OGP Report No. 381, April 2007


provide a benchmark on regulators' use of
standards.



Numerous types of regulatory

documents


Acts


Law


Decree


Regulations


Executive orders


Directives


Amendments to Acts and
Regulations



Guidelines


Management practices


Standards


Rules


Guidance Notes


Code of Practices


Memoranda


Interpretations.


Regulators references to standards

1.348 references in total


Summary of references by
Standards Development Organisations

7

3

2

3

2

26

3

225

1

33

3

1

6

55

25

1

4

3

26

2

3

4

50

1

1

2

14

73

2

11

152

145

4

7

7

3

2

14

6

2

35

7

2

49

10

6

4

2

2

1

3

3

1

2

1

1

27

29

2

21

0
50
100
150
200
250
ABNT
ABS
ACI
AGA
AGMA
ANSI/ASME
AODC
API
APPEA
ASTM
AWS
AWWA
AS/NZS
BS
CAN/CSA
CSWIP
DIN
DMAC
DNV
DPVOA
DS
EEMUA
EN
IADC
ICEL
IEE
IEEE
IEC
IGE
IMO
ISO
IS
ISA
IP
IMCA
LRS
MSS
NACE
NEMA
NEN
NFPA
NOHSC
NORDTEST
NORSOK
NS
NZS
MIL
OCIMF
OGP
OIAC
OIML
OLF
OMHEC
OSD
SNAME
TEMA
UKOOA
UL
WHO
Other
Same
standard or
part

counted
once
only,

1.142 references in total

API

BS

ISO

IS

IEC

EN

NORSOK


Summary of references by
regulators analyzed


1.348 references to standards in total


1.142 of these references are to different,
individual standard titles.


From more than 60 different standards
development organisations around the globe.


Of the 1.142 different standards, as many as 989
or 87% are referenced by one regulator only.


Only 13% of the standards to be referenced by
two or more regulators.


Note: Russia not included and China has no specific references to
standards in their regulatory documents.



Number of standards referenced by
individual regulator

0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
13

15

72

11

5

289

404

188

63

202

86

0


Category of standards referenced by
individual regulator

0
50
100
150
200
250
PSA
US
DEA
NOPSA
ANP
CANADA
OISD
UK HSE
SUM %
88

39

23

1

30

4

21

72

21

62

150

3

5

7

25

144

74

35

38

13

37

7

35

57

239

143

44

Number of standards + Sum
in %

International
National
Industry
Standards mostly referenced


API Spec 6A
*

Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment


IMO Mobile Offshore Drilling Units (MODU) Code



API RP 14B
*

Subsurface Safety Valve Systems


API Spec 17J
*

Unbonded Flexible Pipe


IEC 60331
-
11 Fire resisting characteristics of electric cables


API RP 14C
*

Basic Surface Safety Systems


API RP 521
*

Pressure
-
Relieving and Depressuring Systems


API Spec 14A
*

Subsurface safety valves


NFPA 13 Installation of sprinkler systems.


ANSI/ASME VIII
-
1 Pressure Vessels


NACE MR 01
-
75
*

Standard Material Requirements, Metals for
Sulfide Stress Cracking and Stress Corrosion Cracking Resistance
in Sour Oilfield Environments




*) also available as ISO/TC 67 standard

By 4 regulators

By 5


Duplicating standards for

pipelines transportation systems


ANSI/ASME B31.4 Liquid Transportation Systems for Hydrocarbons


ANSI/ASME B31.8 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems


API RP 1102 Pipelines Crossing Railroads and Highways


API RP 1111 Offshore Hydrocarbon Pipelines


CAN/CSA
-
Z184
-
92, Gas Pipeline Systems


CAN/CSA
-
Z187
-
M87 Offshore Pipelines (replaced by Z662
-
07)


DNV OS
-
F101 Submarine Pipeline Systems


EN 14161 Pipeline Transportation Systems (Adoption of ISO 13623)


ISO 13623 Pipeline transportation systems


NEN 3650 Requirements for pipeline systems


NZS 5223 High Pressure Gas and Petroleum Liquids Pipelines


PD 8010
-
2 Code of practice for pipelines: Subsea pipelines



Country of origin of standards
referenced

India; 144

UK; 106

Austalasia, 20

Brazil, 7

Canada, 25

Norway, 90

US, 414


Region of origin of referenced
standards

21%

40%

24%

15%

International
America
Europe
Asia & Australa
Oil & gas industry can influence

API, 225

APPEA, 1

IADC, 1

IEC, 7

ISO, 59

NORSOK, 49

OCIMF, 2

OGP, 2

OIML, 3

OLF, 3

OMHEC, 1

UKOOA, 27

Summary so far


References to industry standards (44%) dominates,
then to national standards (35%) and finally
international standards (21%).


Regional origin of standards is 40% from SDOs in
N&S America, 24% from Europe, 21% are
international standards and 15% emanates from
SDOs in India and Australasia.


API standards are dominating with 225 references,
including 49 API MPMS standards.


ISO has delivered 152 of the standards, including 59
from the work of ISO/TC 67.



Sharing and single references:
Canada and US regulators

Joint, 16, 6%

Canada, 71,
26%

US, 184, 68%


Sharing and single references:

Denmark, Norway and UK regulators

DK
-
UK, 13

NO
-
UK, 37

DK
-
NO, 15

All, 6

Denmark, 28

Norway, 130

UK, 236

Other observations


Many standards referenced cover the same
subject and duplicate each other.


E.g. offshore structures and pipelines.


Mix of references to dated (e.g. Norway, US)
and undated revisions.


Referenced standards appear to be voluntary
in most of the regulatory regimes.


Other technical solutions can be opted for
provided proof of compliance can be
documented.


Conclusions


Standards play an important role in the
regulators definition of the desired safety level
of oil and gas installations they regulate.


The diversity of references provides a
challenge for international operators.


Duplication of standards should be looked into
for harmonization.


The oil and gas industry is able to directly
influence the content of 380 of the standards
listed in this report and therefore is largely
responsible for their development and
maintenance.


Conclusions cont.


There is a significant increase in the reference
to international standards and a sharp
decrease in references to national standards
compared with PETROL96.


However, with the figure of only 21%
references to international standards by the
regulators, it is evident
there is still a lot of
work to be done.


Global
Standards
Used Locally
Worldwide

Questions?

Alf Reidar Johansen

OGP Standards Manager

Email: arj@ogp.org.uk

Mobile: +47 95 029 079