Ag Science 2 Objective 6 Assessment: Evaluate the importance of Biotechnology including food safety, economic and other global issues.

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Oct 23, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Ag Science 2 Objective 6 Assessment: Evaluate the importance of Biotechnology
including food safety, economic and other global issues.

ASSESSMENT
:

PART 1
-

1. According to the lesson, when did modern biotechnology begin as a new science?


A. 1930s

B.
1950s

C. 1970s

D. 1990s

2. Which of these is another name for biotechnology?


A. Biochemistry

B. Genetic engineering

C. I mmunology

D. Zoonosis

3. Which of these would biotechnology NOT study?


A. Animals

B. Bacteria

C. Plants

D. Machines

4. Which of the
se jobs would likely require a Ph.D.?


A. Greenhouse worker

B. Laboratory assistant

C. Sales position

D. Research director

5. Which of these involves the study of viruses?


A. Agronomy

B. Cell culture

C. I mmunology

D. Serology

6. Which of these degrees r
epresents two years of study after earning a high school
diploma?


A. Associate

B. Bachelor's

C. Doctorate

D. Master's

7. Which of these follows a bachelor's degree?


A. Associate

B. Bachelor's

C. Doctorate

D. Master's

8. A person with an interest in sal
es and marketing as well as in science could likely find
an interesting career with a biotech company. TRUE or FALSE?


PART 2
-

1. The main purpose of "biotechnology" is to learn more about the nature of all living
organisms including plants, animals and
humans. TRUE or FALSE?

2. List the three factors that help to define biotechnology.


A.


B.


C.

3. Each gene that carries specific genetic information is located at a specific location
on a cellular structure. That structure is called:


A. A genome

B. Re
combinant DNA

C. A chromosome

D. DNA

4. A method called __________ __________ is used by scientists to locate and identify the
specific genes that control specific traits of a plant or animal.

5. List four general areas of activity in which biotechnology

is being used to produce
human benefits.


A.


B.


C.


D.

6. DNA is made up of chromosomes. TRUE or FALSE?

7. What are the four letters of the alphabet used to represent the four molecules that
make up DNA?


A.


B.


C.


D.

8. Which is a more complicated

structure?


A. Chromosome

B. Gene

9. Which is a more complicated structure?


A. Gene

B. Genome

10. Selective breeding can only be made between members of the same species. TRUE
or FALSE?

PART 3
-

1. An understanding of DNA has made it possible for the
science of genetics to extend
into technologies such as genetic engineering and biotechnology. TRUE or FALSE?

2. The two strands of DNA are made up of an arrangement of similar units called
nucleotides. What are the three molecules that make up the nucleo
tides?


A.


B.


C.

3. The four letters A, T, C and G identify each of four bases that are an important part of
DNA. Name the four:


A. A stands for


B. T stands for


C. C stands for


D. G stands for

4. Which of these provides a carrier for genes?


A.
Chromosomes

B. DNA

C. Genes

5. Which of these is the basic unit of heredity?


A. Chromosomes

B. DNA

C. Genes

6. Which of these has a two
-
strand twisted structure?


A. Chromosomes

B. DNA

C. Genes

7. Which of these has a rod
-
like structure?


A.
Chromosomes

B. DNA

C. Genes

8. The chromosomes that determine sex are called autosomes. TRUE or FALSE?

9. Which of these represents the chromosome pair for a female?


A. Two X chromosomes

B. Two Y chromosomes

C. One X chromosome and one Y chromosome

10.

Which of these represents the chromosome pair for a male?


A. Two X chromosomes

B. Two Y chromosomes

C. One X chromosome and one Y chromosome

PART 4
-

1. About how many genes are thought to be found in human DNA?


A. 3,000,000,000

B. 3,000,000

C. 30,000

D. 3,000

2. Which of these terms describes the basic unit of inheritance?


A. Gene

B. Genome

3. Which of these terms describes the total inherited makeup of a person, plant or
animal?


A. Gene

B. Genome

4. Which of these types of maps shows the location

of identifiable landmarks on DNA
regardless of inheritance?


A. Linkage maps

B. Physical maps

5. Which of these types of maps shows the relative position of genes on a
chromosome?


A. Linkage maps

B. Physical maps

6. Which of the following statements is

true?


A. There are more genes in human DNA than there are chemical bases.

B. There are more chemical bases in human DNA than there are genes.

7. Which of these are bottom
-
up maps useful for finding genes in a small area?


A. Contig maps

B. Macrorestrict
ion maps

8. Which of these are top
-
down maps where a single chromosome is cut into large
pieces?


A. Contig maps

B. Macrorestriction maps

9. The chromosomal location of some disease genes including cystic fibrosis is now
known. TRUE or FALSE?

10. Which
statement is true about genetic markers?


A. They have a known coding function.

B. The are easily detectable in the laboratory.

C. They are identical in all individuals.

PART 5
-

1. Which of these best describes application and use of knowledge?


A. Resea
rch

B. Technology

2. Which of these terms describes an animal transformed with foreign DNA?


A. Clone

B. Embryo screening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

3. Which of t
hese describes separating blastomeres to produce identical offspring?


A. Clone

B. Embryo screening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

4. Which of these describes producin
g an embryo in the laboratory?


A. Clone

B. Embryo screening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

5. Which of these describes an exact copy of another animal or organism?


A
. Clone

B. Embryo screening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

6. Which of these describes joining two one
-
celled embryos to create a single embryo?


A. Clone

B. Embryo sc
reening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

7. Which of these describes replacing an egg nucleus with a diploid nucleus from a
different organism?


A. Clone

B. Embryo scree
ning

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

8. Which of these involves moving an embryo from one animal to another?


A. Clone

B. Embryo screening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

9. Which of these describes separating sperm into male vs. female?


A. Clone

B. Embryo screening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear tr
ansplantation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

10. Which of these involves producing embryos, then selecting for genetic traits before
implanting?


A. Clone

B. Embryo screening

C. Embryo transfer

D. Fusion

E. I n vitro fertilization

F. Nuclear transpla
ntation

G. Sexing

H. Splitting

I. Transgenic

11. Researchers have recently discovered how to isolate and culture human pluripotent
stem cell lines. What is the special characteristic of pluripotent stem cells?

PART 6
-

1. Stem cells are the only cells that carry genetic code in their DNA. TRUE or FALSE?

2. Pluripotent stem cells have the ability to specialize, giving rise to the many different
types of cells found in the human body. TRUE or FALSE?

3. A cell formation c
alled a "blastocyst" forms in the first four days after fertilization of an
egg and several cycles of cell division. TRUE or FALSE?

4. Which cells in a blastocyst go on to form the placenta and other tissue needed to
support a fetus?


A. The inner cell ma
ss

B. The outer layer

5. Which cells in a blastocyst eventually grow into virtually all of the tissues of the human
body?


A. The inner cell mass

B. The outer layer

6. Which term describes specialized pancreatic cells which produce insulin?


A. I slet cel
ls

B. Multipotent stem cells

C. Pluripotent stem cells

D. Totipotent stem cells

7. The stem cells used in research at the University of Wisconsin and at John's Hopkins
University were harvested from two different sources. What were they?


A.


B.

8. Which

of these terms best describes a fertilized egg?


A. I slet cells

B. Multipotent stem cells

C. Pluripotent stem cells

D. Totipotent stem cells

9. Which of these terms best describes specialized stems cells like those that make
blood cells?


A. I slet cells

B. Multipotent stem cells

C. Pluripotent stem cells

D. Totipotent stem cells

PART 7
-

1. What is another name for hybrid vigor?


A. Cultivar

B. Heterosis

C. Propagation

2. What is another name for reproduction in plants?


A. Cultivar

B. Heterosis

C. Prop
agation

3. Which term describes a plant variety?


A. Cultivar

B. Heterosis

C. Propagation

4. Which type of plant reproduction uses the vegetative parts of plants?


A. Sexual propagation

B. Asexual propagation

5. Which method of plant reproduction involv
es a new plant growing from a seed?


A. Sexual propagation

B. Asexual propagation

6. Which method of plant reproduction produces plants which are identical in tissue
and genetics to the original plant?


A. Sexual propagation

B. Asexual propagation

7. Bio
technology has only been used to propagate plants for the last ten years. TRUE or
FALSE?

8. Which economist predicted worldwide hunger due to population increases?


A. Norman Borlaug

B. T. R. Malthus

9. Which plant breeder won the Nobel Peace Prize?


A.
Norman Borlaug

B. T. R. Malthus

10. Which is the male part of a flower?


A. Pistil

B. Stamen

PART 8
-

1. Plasmids are circular pieces of DNA found inside the chromosome. TRUE or FALSE?

2. Restriction enzymes are like genetic scissors that recognize spec
ific gene sequences
and are capable of cutting DNA into fragments. TRUE or FALSE?

3. Genetic engineering is often used when a desired change is not possible with
traditional crossing or plant breeding. TRUE or FALSE?

4. Restriction enzymes are used in th
e process of genetically engineering a transgenic
plant to:


A. Find compatible genes in foreign sources.

B. Serve as a vector to move DNA molecules from one cell to another.

C. Provide a way to paste segments of DNA together.

D. Recognize and cut specific

DNA sequences from a chromosome.

5. Ligase is used in genetically engineering a transgenic plant to:


A. Find compatible genes in foreign sources.

B. Serve as a vector to move DNA molecules from one cell to another.

C. Provide a way to paste segments of
DNA together.

D. Recognize and cut specific DNA sequences from a chromosome.

6. Plasmids are used in genetically engineering a transgenic plant to:


A. Find compatible genes in foreign sources.

B. Serve as a vector to move DNA molecules from one cell to a
nother.

C. Provide a way to paste segments of DNA together.

D. Recognize and cut specific DNA sequences from a chromosome.

7. Plants made through tissue culture are exact duplicates of the parent plant. TRUE or
FALSE?

8. Which of these can differentiate
into any plant organ?


A. A germ cell

B. A somatic cell

9. Which of these turns blue when exposed to an indicator chemical?


A. Agrobacterium tumefaciens

B. Bacillus thuringiensis

C. GUS reporter gene

D. Luciferase reporter gene

10. Which of these is lum
inescent when exposed to an appropriate indicator chemical?


A. Agrobacterium tumefaciens

B. Bacillus thuringiensis

C. GUS reporter gene

D. Luciferase reporter gene

11. Which of these is a natural insecticide found in soil?


A. Agrobacterium tumefaciens

B
. Bacillus thuringiensis

C. GUS reporter gene

D. Luciferase reporter gene

PART 9
-

1. Which of the following carries genes and traits from two animals?


A. A cloned animal

B. A purebred animal

C. A transgenic animal

2. Which of the following contains gen
es from only one animal?


A. A cloned animal

B. A purebred animal

C. A transgenic animal

3. Which of the following carries genes and traits from a foreign source it could not get
through the mating of two animals?


A. A cloned animal

B. A purebred animal

C. A transgenic animal

4. Where does meiosis take place?


A. Within reproductive organs

B. Within normal cells

5. Where does mitosis take place?is a type of cell division. Where does it take place?


A. Within reproductive organs

B. Within normal cells

6
. A cloned animal is the result of a diploid cell called a zygote. TRUE or FALSE?

7. Which type of cells contain only half the genetic material of the cells from which they
were formed?


A. Diploid cells

B. Haploid cells

8. Some transgenic animals may co
ntain altered DNA in only some of their cells. TRUE or
FALSE?

9. Transgenic animals can pass their altered genetic traits on to their offspring. TRUE or
FALSE?

PART 10
-

1. A clone cannot reproduce normally. TRUE or FALSE?

2. A clone is the result of an asexual reproductive process. TRUE or FALSE?

3. Both plants and animals can be cloned. TRUE or FALSE?

4. The groundbreaking work done by Dr. Wilmut to produce Dolly has become the
standard method used by others to clone ani
mals. TRUE or FALSE?

5. Which of these were cloned first?


A. Medicines and vaccines

B. Plants

C. Animals

6. Which cells are more specialized?


A. Differentiated cells

B. Undifferentiated cells

7. The term "somatic" refers to special animal cells that h
ave the ability to regenerate
and specialize into different types of cells. TRUE or FALSE?

PART 11
-

1. All new technologies have some risk, but those that have been proven by the test of
time are risk
-
free. TRUE or FALSE?

2. Some risks can be avoided en
tirely while others cannot. TRUE or FALSE?

3. What is the wise course of action when the risk of trying a new technology is high and
potential benefits are small?

4. What is the wise course of action when the risk of trying a new technology is low and
th
e potential benefits are large?

5. Planting a herbicide
-
tolerant soybean variety represents a greater risk than planting a
conventional variety. TRUE or FALSE?

6. Planting a herbicide
-
tolerant soybean variety offers a greater potential benefit than
plant
ing a conventional variety. TRUE or FALSE?

PART 12
-

1. I t is in the public interest to regulate biotechnology in order to balance the __________
of unintended outcome against potential __________ .

2. The Declaration of I ndependence clearly states that we should expect to have less
government regulation and more freedom in our lives. TRUE or FALSE?

3. I t was research in biotechnology that caused the first real public concern about the
dangers of new

technology. TRUE or FALSE?

4. Scientists have been proven wrong often enough that careful testing and regulation
are needed. TRUE or FALSE?

5. Give an example of a biotechnology that proved to be too dangerous after it had
been put into widespread use.

6. List two of the groups which are concerned about how biotechnology is regulated.


A.


B.

7. Public fears leading to overregulation are also a risk. TRUE or FALSE?

8. Give an example of a technology that was at first controversial, but then became
wid
ely accepted.

PART 13
-

1. Which of these regulates food, food additives, human drugs, medical devices,
animal drugs, animal biologics, plants and animals when in relation to food?


A. Animal and Plant Health I nspection Service (APHIS)

B. Environmental Pr
otection Agency (EPA)

C. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

D. Food Safety and I nspection Service (FSI S)

E. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

2. Which of these helps to enforce rules regarding food use, food additives, plants and
animals?


A. Anima
l and Plant Health I nspection Service (APHIS)

B. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

C. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

D. Food Safety and I nspection Service (FSI S)

E. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

3. Which of these is involved when the mi
croorganism is a plant pest, animal pathogen,
or regulated article requiring a permit?


A. Animal and Plant Health I nspection Service (APHIS)

B. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

C. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

D. Food Safety and I nspection Servi
ce (FSI S)

E. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

4. Which of these becomes involved when there may be an impact from the release of
an organism or substance into the environment?


A. Animal and Plant Health I nspection Service (APHIS)

B. Environmental

Protection Agency (EPA)

C. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

D. Food Safety and I nspection Service (FSI S)

E. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

5. Which of these regulates the rights to own and market specific developments?


A. Animal and Plant He
alth I nspection Service (APHIS)

B. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

C. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

D. Food Safety and I nspection Service (FSI S)

E. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

6. Which one or more of the agencies listed are branche
s of the U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA)?


A. Animal and Plant Health I nspection Service (APHIS)

B. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

C. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

D. Food Safety and I nspection Service (FSI S)

E. U.S. Patent and Trademark
Office (USPTO)

7. Why did the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office decide in 1987 that genetic engineers
could patent modified or changed life forms they create in the laboratory?


A. I n order to make it easier to regulate the use of these products

B. To prov
ide an incentive for research by making it profitable to create new products

8. Concerns about regulation of DNA research date back to the early 1970s when the
first recombinant DNA molecules were generated. TRUE or FALSE?

9. National guidelines for DNA
experiments are yet to be written. TRUE or FALSE?