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Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Technologies for




Homeland Security

Shana Dale

Chief of Staff and General Counsel

Office of Science and Technology Policy

October 29, 2004

The President

Office of
Management
and Budget

Other Boards,
Councils, etc.


OSTP

Role of White House Office of

Science & Technology Policy


Advise the President


Provide S&T analysis and judgment with

respect to major policies, plans, programs, & budgets


Lead the interagency effort to develop sound
S&T policies and budgets


Set forth (along with OMB) the R&D priorities to guide
the agencies when developing their budget


Co
-
chair National Science & Technology Council
(NSTC)


Committee on Science


Committee on Technology


Committee on Environment & Natural Resources


Committee on National & Homeland Security

OSTP Organization Chart

FUNCTIONAL

STAFF

ADMINISTRATIVE

STAFF

Director

Assistant

Director

Hmld. Security

Assistant

Director

Nat. Security

Chief of Staff

& General Counsel

Senior Director

Security

Associate Director

for Technology

Deputy Associate

Director for

Technology

Assistant

Director

Space

Aeronautics

Assistant

Director

Telecom

& Infm. Tech

Assistant

Director

Technology

Associate Director

for Science

Deputy Associate


Director for Science

Assistant

Director Life

Sciences

Assistant

Director

Environment

Assistant

Director

Physical

Sciences

Engineering

Assistant

Director

Education

Social Science

Legal affairs

Legislative affairs

Budget analysis

Communications

Administration

Budget

Office Support

Computing

PCAST

NSTC

OSTP / OMB Guidance Memorandum
for FY 06 R&D Priorities


Homeland Security R&D


Networking & Information Technology


Nanotechnology


Physical Sciences


Biology of Complex Systems


Climate, Water, and Hydrogen R&D



**
Each Agency is required to request a budget that


sustains the research important for its mission

NSTC: Coordination of Federal
Policy and Interagency Programs


A Cabinet
-
level council of advisers to the
President on Science and Technology


Principal means to coordinate science and
technology matters within the Federal
research and development enterprise


Means to establish clear national goals for
Federal science and technology
investments

Current NSTC

Structure

September 2004

Biotechnology

National Security R&D

Radiological/Nuclear

Countermeasures

International

Social, Behavioral & Econ.

Infrastructure

IWG on Dioxin

WMD Medical

Countermeasures


Health and the Environment

Oceans

WH: Dale

DOD: Wynne

DHS: McQueary

WH: Russell

DOC: Bond

WH: Olsen,

EPA: Gilman,

DOC: Lautenbacher

NSTC

Director, OSTP

Technology Dev.

Nanoscale Science, Eng.

& Technology

Networking & Information

Technology

Under development

Informal

Legend

WH: Olsen, NSF: Bement,

NIH: Zerhouni

Aquaculture

Human Subjects Research

IWG Plant Genome

IWG Physics of the Universe

Large Scale Science

Education & Workforce Dev.

Research Business Models

R&D Investment Criteria

Research Misconduct Policy

Global Change Research

IWG Earth Observations

Disaster Reduction

Ecosystems

Toxics & Risks

Water Availability & Quality

Air Quality Research

Standards

Committee on

Environment &

Natural Resources

Committee on

Science


Committee on

Technology


Committee on

Homeland and

National Security

Aeronautics

Manufacturing
Research and
Development

IWG Prion Research

IWG Trans
-
boarder Samples

IWG Multinational Orgs

IWG Dom. Animal Genomics

National Strategy for Homeland
Security (July 2002)


Three priority objectives for homeland
security:

1. Prevent terrorist attacks within the U.S.

2. Reduce America’s vulnerability to
terrorism

3. Minimize damage and recover from
attacks

National Strategy for Homeland
Security (July 2002)


Cont’d.


Critical Mission Areas:

-

Intelligence & Warning

-

Border & Transportation Security

-

Domestic Counterterrorism

-

Protecting Critical Infrastructure & Assets

-

Defending against Catastrophic Threats

-

Emergency Preparedness & Response


Foundations:

-

Law

-

Science & Technology

-

Information Sharing & Systems

-

International Cooperation

National Strategy for Homeland
Security (July 2002)


Cont’d.


S&T Priorities (in S&T Foundations Chapter):

-

CBRN Countermeasures

-

Systems for Detecting Hostile Intent

-

Biometric Technology

-

Technical Capabilities of First Responders

-

R&D Coordination

-

Homeland Security Laboratories

-

Technical Analysis

-

Rapid Prototyping

-

Demonstrations & Pilot Deployments

-

Standards for Homeland Security Technology

-

Cutting edge Research

Defending Against Catastrophic
Threats (Biological)


Detection: Biosurveillance Initiative


National Biosurveillance Integration
System (health and intelligence data
integration)


Project BioWatch (biological sensors)


Project BioSense (analysis of key
medical data)


Defending Against Catastrophic
Threats (Biological)


Cont’d.



Medical Countermeasures: Bioshield


-

Develop & stockpile drugs, vaccines & medical
equipment for rapid distribution in emergency
situation

Biometrics


NSTC Interagency Working Group on
Biometrics


U.S.
-
VISIT is up and operating


Several projects are underway to further
test biometrics technologies

Detecting Hostile Intent


Social,
Behavioral, and Economic Sciences


Basic research in human & social dynamics


Detection of deception


DHS Center of Excellence in Behavioral and
Social Aspects of Terrorism and Counter
-
Terrorism


Coordination through NSTC’s Social,
Behavioral & Economic Sciences
Subcommittee


1
st

Responder Technology


Speed existing
technology to the
field


Develop standards
to guide state/local
technology
purchases



Research and Technology Development

-

Interoperable Communications

-

Search & Rescue Robotics


1
st

Responder Technology (Cont’d)


Medical Emergency Preparedness

-

Noble Training Center

-

HHS guides for deploying medical
countermeasures


Emergency Planning

-

Protective Action Guides (PAGs)

-

Critical Infrastructure Protection


Decision Support System (CIP
-
DSS)


“We refuse to remain idle while modern
technology might be turned against us; we will
rally the great promise of American science and
innovation to confront the greatest danger of our
time.”



--
President Bush, July 21, 2004

Conclusion