Promoting Promoting Inclusivity Inclusivity in Security through in Security through Biometrics Biometrics

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Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Contribution for WP 9.2
Contribution for WP 9.2
Promoting
Promoting
Inclusivity
Inclusivity
in Security through
in Security through
Biometrics
Biometrics
Partners:
AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Presentation by
Tobias Scheidat
2
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Outline
Outline
￿
Introduction: Project Objectives
￿
Phase 1
￿
An ageing population
￿
Biometrics deployment overview
￿
General biometric usage issues
￿
Specific biometric modality issues
￿
Future Work: Phase 2
3
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Project Objectives
Project Objectives
￿
Systematic Analysis on
Issues of Usability
within
Biometrics to enable an
Elderly Population
to participate
in an increasingly developing
e-Society
￿
Demographics
: Europe has an ageing population
￿
Usability
of biometric systems for elder people
￿
How biometric data and biometric templates behave with aging
and an elderly population
￿
Design of user interfaces
for biometric systems
￿
Recommendations for design, algorithms and operability
￿
1. Phase
: State-of-the-Art Report
￿
2. Phase: policy paper outlining design strategy
4
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Phase 1
Phase 1
￿
Literaturesurvey
and
analysis
w.r.t. the following
aspects
An ageing
population
State-of-the-
Art Report
Non-technical
Implications
Technological Attitudes
and Expectations
Biometric Deployment
Overview
Biometric
Usage Issues
User Interface
Issues
Implementation Issues
Usage Scenarios
Specific Modality Issues
5
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Phase 1
Phase 1
Outline of the State
Outline of the State
-
-
of
of
-
-
the
the
-
-
Art Report
Art Report
1. Introduction
2. An ageing population
3. Biometrics deployment overview
4. General biometric usage issues
5. Specific biometric modality issues
6. Summary and conclusions
6
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
An Aging Population
An Aging Population
￿
Decline in the birthrate
￿
Increase of life expectancy
￿
Report has focussed the background issues of:
￿
Issues of disabilities, impairments and health
￿
Mobility, Money and Governmental Policy
1.1%1.0%Mental Illness
3.8%4.3%Diabetes
2.5%4.9%Fractures/Joints
3.1%8.3%Hearing/Vision
11.1%17.1%Heart/Circulatory
11.8%19.3%Arthritis
% of people over 65% of people over 75Condition
Aging of
Population
7
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
An Aging Population
An Aging Population
￿
We have also reviewed attitudes, apprehensions and
expectations of the elderly towards technology.
￿
Older people
tend to
￿
Be slower to learn new skills
￿
Have difficulty in memorizing and reacting quickly to instructions
￿
Prefer human assistance to using self-service terminals
￿
Biometric systems should take into account the special
needs of older people
8
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Biometrics deployment overview
Biometrics deployment overview
￿
Mandatory
applications
￿
Border control systems using biometric ID documents
￿
Biometric security solutions
￿
Convenience
applications
￿
Make the daily life more comfortable for elderly users
￿
Recommendations for age specific applications
9
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
General biometric usage issues
General biometric usage issues
Human Computer Interface (HCI)
Human Computer Interface (HCI)
￿
UTOPIA
(Usable Technology for Older People: Inclusive
and Appropriate)
￿
Aims relationship between older people and technology
￿
E.g. interview and questionnaire survey
￿
questions about computer use and ownership of older people
￿
353
persons took part who are over the age of 50
￿
Some results
￿
Problems with computers caused by applications and complicated
documentations
￿
Mysterious terms which do not helpthe older user
￿
Analysis and discussion on elder peoples computer use, access,
ownership, activities and problems
￿
Information could be helpful for development of new (biometric)
systems
Utopia Project:
http://www.computing.dundee.ac.uk/projects/utopia/
10
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Specific biometric modality issues
Specific biometric modality issues
￿
Problems
at the comparabilityof biometric systems
￿
Different test
databases and environments
￿
user groups
￿
size of test sets
￿
sensors
￿
algorithms
￿

￿
Different
analysis
of results
￿
enrollment/verification/identification success rate
￿
FAR/FRR/EER
￿

11
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Specific biometric modality issues
Specific biometric modality issues
Face
Face
￿
Face recognition vendor test 2002 (FRVT2002)
￿
Age affects recognition performance
￿
For 18 to 22 old ￿average identification rate: 62%
￿
For 38 to 42 old ￿average identification rate: 74%
￿
For every ten years increase in age, average performance
increases approximately 5% points
￿
BioFaceII2003 / BioPI2004 (template ageing)
￿
The greater the time period between the templates the higher
the false rates
References
Face Recognition Vendor Test 2002 Overview and Summary, 2003 htp://www.frvt.org, 2006
BSI: An investigation into the performance of facial recognition systems relative to their planned use in photo
identification documents BioPI", Public Final Report, Version 1.1, April 2004
BSI: Comparative Study of Facial Recognition Systems, Public Final Report, Version 2.1, June 2003
12
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Specific biometric modality issues
Specific biometric modality issues
Fingerprint
Fingerprint
￿
UK Passport Service 2005
￿
Enrolment success rate: age groups had varying rates ￿differences
are not significant
￿
Verification success rate: younger participants higher rate thanolder
participants
￿
BioPII2005
￿
Older participants: higher FRR
￿
Younger participants: lower FRR
￿
Older people
￿
drier skin ￿image of fingerprint less rich in contrast
￿
hackneyed fingers
￿
problems with handling
References
BSI Study: Evaluation of Fingerprint Recognition Technologies BioFinger, Public Final Report, Version 1.1, August
2004, www.bsi.de
UK Passport Service: Biometrics Enrolment Trial, Report, May 2005
BSI Studie: UntersuchungderLeistungsfähigkeitvon biometrischenVerifikationssystemenBioPII, Öffentlicher
Abschlussbericht, Version 2.0, August 2005 (in German)
13
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Specific biometric modality issues
Specific biometric modality issues
Iris
Iris
￿
UK Passport Service 2005
￿
Enrolment success rate: decreases with age
￿
Verification success rate: participants aged 55 or over were less likely
to verify successfully than participants aged less than 55
￿
BioPII2005
￿
Participants over 50 and under 20 years: lower recognition
performance
￿
3050: higher recognition performance
￿
Over 50
￿
high fraction wear eyeglasses ￿reflection
￿
problems with handling
References
UK Passport Service: Biometrics Enrolment Trial, Report, May 2005
BSI Studie: Untersuchung der Leistungsfähigkeit von biometrischen Verifikationssystemen BioPII, Öffentlicher
Abschlussbericht, Version 2.0, August 2005 (in German)
14
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Specific biometric modality issues
Specific biometric modality issues
Signature
Signature
￿
Individualization starts remarkable soon
￿
Differences develop already at 1
st
grade of school
￿
Kind of script of children and young people changes strongly
￿
Increasing consolidation of writing habits during come of age
￿
Until mid-twenties completed
￿
Also as a grown up one can observe a development of scripture, but it
is weak
￿
During ageing ￿changes in scripture
￿
Ageing of body parts and nervous system involved into process ofwriting
￿
Illness or injury
References
Hecker, M.R.: ForensischeHandschriftenuntersuchung: EinesystematischeDarstellunbgvon Forschung, Begutachtung
und Beweiswert, KriminalistikVerlagHeidelberg, 1993 (in German)
Seibt, A.: ForensischeSchriftgutachten: Einführungin Methodeund Praxis, VerlagC.H.Beck, München, 1999 (in
German)
Michel, L.: GerichtlicheSchriftvergleichung: EineEinführungin Grundlagen, Methodenund Praxis, Walter de Gruyter
VerlagBerlin, 1982 (in German)
15
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Specific biometric modality issues
Specific biometric modality issues
Voice
Voice
￿
Development
￿
Differences between male and female
￿
Differences in younger and older voices
￿
Loss of elasticity of tissue and weakening of muscles
￿
change of attributes of voice
￿
pitch, stability, audibility, amount of noise
References
Markus Brückl: "AltersbedingteVeränderungenvon Frauenstimmen: Eineakustischeund perzeptiveAnalyse."
MagisterarbeitimFachgebietKommunikationswissenschaftderTU Berlin, 2002 (in German)
Markus Brückl, Walter Sendlmeier(2003): "Aging Female Voices: an Acoustic and Perceptive Analysis., In:
Proceedings of the ISCA Workshop Voqual'03 (Voice Quality: Functions, Analysis and Synthesis), S.163-168
Ralf Winkler, Markus Brückl, Walter Sendlmeier:  The Aging Voice: an Acoustic, Electroglottographicand Perceptive
Analysis of Male and Female Voices., In: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Science,
S.2869-2872, 2003
16
Promoting Inclusivityin Security
through Biometrics
JPA WP 9.2: Promoting Inclusivityin Security through Biometrics
Partners: AMSL-BIO, UNIKENT
Future Work
Future Work
￿
Phase 2 ￿
Road
Road
-
-
map Policy Document
map Policy Document
￿
Development of a design strategy paper for future biometric
systems
￿
Highlights potential issues and design strategy fundamentals
￿
Starting in October 2006
Perspectives,
Practicalities
and Policy
Technology and
Security 
Issues of Trust
State-of-the-Art
Summary
User Interface Design
Strategy
Application
Specific Issues
Sensor/Modality
Issues
Recommendations
In-Depth
Modality Study