Biometrics and ID

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Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID


Bill Perry

Independent Consultant


Email: billperry@btinternet.com

Phone: 077 8683 6764



12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID

Background


Identity Documents


Been around a long time


Proliferated throughout Europe / EU


Recently (last 10 yrs) in other countries


Primarily based on secure card with no
electronic storage

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID

Purpose


Identity Documents


Voluntary identification


Mandatory identification


Travel within EU and other participating
countries


Laterly e
-
commerce / e
-
government
initiatives (usually requires electronic data)

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID

Biometrics Explained


Measurement and subsequent electronic
comparison of certain physical or biological
characteristics of an individual.


Examples include: Fingerprint, Facial
features, Voice, Signature, Iris, Hand or
Finger geometry, etc.

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID

Biometrics Explained

Three basic processes


Enrolment or registration


Adding a biometric template to a database or card


Verification (1 : 1)


Matching against a single record


Answers “Am I whom I claim to be?”


Identification (1 : N)


Matching against all the records in a database


Answers “Who am I?”

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID

Background


Biometrics


Been around a long time


Large scale applications usually for
government (AFIS and 1
-
1 verification)


Medium scale Recently (last 10 yrs) in other
countries


Primarily based on secure card with no
electronic storage

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID

Purpose


Biometrics


Voluntary identification


Mandatory identification


Travel within EU and other participating
countries


Latterly e
-
commerce / e
-
government
initiatives (usually requires electronic data)

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID

Why now?


E
-
Government initiatives


Improvement in government services


Reduction in benefit fraud


September 11
th

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID



Is it that easy


In short
---

NO!


Biometrics need


Secure electronic storage


Lots of it (template sizes 256


2000bytes)


Need for more than one template?


Need standards to facilitate international
interoperability


12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID


Is it that easy


Practical issues


Deployment of reader equipment


First time enrolment (ID check)


Who does it


What safety checks are required


In what environment

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID


Is it that easy


Acceptability issues


Public perceptions


Public acceptability


Privacy and DPA issues


Templates, Images


Biographical data


Private data

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID
-


UK Today


UK


Passports, Drivers Licence, etc (voluntary)


Passport


Paper / laminate based


Human biometric (face)


Machine readable zone (2 x 44 characters)


Drivers Licence


Card based


Human biometric (face)

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID



Standards


ISO (SC17, SC37, etc)


ANSI (89F4, etc)


BioApi, CBEFF, etc.)


INCIST


M1


ICAO (9303 Part 3, etc)


Book and cards specs for travel docs


LDS & MRZ specifications


Biometric recommendations

12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID



Conclusion

Whatever happens will:


Not be overnight


Will require private sector partnerships


Will require public acceptance


Must provide multi
-
functionality


Will almost certainly be smart card based



12 November 2002

Digital Identity Forum


London

Biometrics and ID



Conclusion



Thank you.


Any Questions ?