Theology, Religion and Artificial Intelligence

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Religion and AI Bibliography
August 3, 2006
1
Stephen Garner
www.greenflame.org
Theology
, Religion and
Artificial Intelligence
A non-exhaustive bibliography
Introductory material
Foerst, Anne.
God in the Machine: What Robots Teach Us About Humanity and
God
. New York: Dutton, 2004.
Herzfeld, Noreen L.
In Our Image: Artificial Intelligence and the Human Spirit
Theology and the Sciences, ed. Kevin J. Sharpe. Minneapolis: Fortress
Press, 2002.
Puddefoot, John.
God and the Mind Machine: Computers, Artificial Intelligence
and the Human Soul
. London: SPCK, 1996.
Other books and articles (from religious perspectives)
Barbour, Ian G. "Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence, and Human Nature:
Theological and Philosophical Reflections."
Zygon
34, no. 3 (1999): 361-
398.
________.
Nature, Human Nature, and God
. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press,
2002.
Boden, Margaret A. "Ethical Issues of AI and Biotechnology." In
Creative
Creatures: Values and Ethical Issues in Theology, Science and
Technology
, eds. Ulf Görman, Willem B. Drees and Hubert Meisinger,
123-133. London; New York: T & T Clark, 2005.
Brown, Warren S., Nancey C. Murphy, and H. Newton Malony.
Whatever
Happened to the Soul? : Scientific and Theological Portraits of Human
Nature
Theology and the Sciences, ed. Kevin J. Sharpe. Minneapolis:
Fortress Press, 1998.
Cobb, Jennifer J.
Cybergrace : The Search for God in the Digital World
. 1st ed.
New York: Crown, 1998.
D'Aquili, Eugene G., and Andrew B. Newberg.
The Mystical Mind: Probing the
Biology of Religious Experience
. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1999.
Davis, John Jefferson.
The Frontiers of Science & Faith: Examining Questions
from the Big Bang to the End of the Universe
. Downers Grove:
InterVarsity Press, 2002.
Foerst, Anne. "Artificial Intelligence: Walking the Boundary."
Zygon
31, no. 4
(1996): 681-693.
________. "Cog, a Humanoid Robot, and the Question of the Image of God."
Zygon
33, no. 1 (1998): 91-111.
________. "Embodied AI, Creation, and Cog."
Zygon
33, no. 3 (1998): 455-
461.
________. "Robot: Child of God." In
God for the 21st Century
, ed. Russell
Stannard, 137-140. London: SPCK, 2000.
Religion and AI Bibliography
August 3, 2006
2
Stephen Garner
www.greenflame.org
________. "The Body of Christ: Embodied Robots and Theology." In
God, Life,
Intelligence and the Universe
, eds. Terence J. Kelly and Hilary D. Regan,
37-59. Adelaide: Australian Theological Forum, 2002.
Garcia-Rivera, Alejandro. "Artificial Intelligence and De Las Casa: A 1492
Resonance."
Zygon
28, no. 4 (1993): 543-550.
Gerhart, Mary., and Allan M. Russell. "Cog Is to Us as We Are to God: A
Response to Anne Foerst."
Zygon
33, no. 2 (1998): 262-269.
Green, Joel B. "Body and Soul, Mind and Brain: Critical Issues." In
In Search
of the Soul: Four Views of the Mind-Body Problem
, eds. Joel B. Green
and Stuart L. Palmer, 7-32. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2005.
Herzfeld, Noreen. "Creating in Our Own Image: Artificial Intelligence and the
Image of God."
Zygon
37, no. 2 (2002): 303-316.
________. "Co-
Creator
or
Co
-Creator? The Problem with Artificial
Intelligence." In
Creative Creatures: Values and Ethical Issues in
Theology, Science and Technology
, eds. Ulf Görman, Willem B. Drees
and Hubert Meisinger, 45-52. London; New York: T & T Clark, 2005.
Kalin, Sari.
Are You There God? (It's Me, Hal)
. Darwin Magazine, December
2001. Accessed 27 April 2003. Internet. Available from
http://www.darwinmag.com/read/120101/hal.html.
Kelly, Kevin. "Nerd Theology."
Technology in Society
21, no. 4 (1999): 387-
392.
Kull, Anne. "Cyborg Embodiment and the Incarnation."
Currents in Theology
and Mission
28, no. 3-4 (2001): 279-284.
Lillegard, Norman. "No Good News for Data."
Cross Currents
44, no. 1 (1994):
28-42.
Machuga, Ric. "The Challenge of Artificial Intelligence: Calling the
Materialist's Bluff." In
In Defense of the Soul: What It Means to Be
Human
, 100-110. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2002.
Noble, David F.
The Religion of Technology: The Divinity of Man and the Spirit
of Invention
. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.
Palmer, Norris W. "Should I Baptize My Robot?: What Interviews with Some
Prominent Scientists Reveal About the Spiritual Quest."
CTNS Bulletin
17, no. 4 (1997): 13-23.
Peterson, Gregory R.
Minding God: Theology and the Cognitive Sciences
Theology and the Sciences, ed. Kevin J. Sharpe. Minneapolis: Fortress
Press, 2003.
________. "Imaging God: Cyborgs, Brain-Machine Interfaces, and a More
Human Future."
Dialog
44, no. 4 (2005): 337-346.
Reich, K. Helmut. "Cog and God: A Response to Anne Foerst."
Zygon
33, no. 2
(1998): 255-262.
Rosenfeld, Azriel. "Religion and the Robot: Impact of Artificial Intelligence on
Religious Anthropologies."
Tradition: A Journal of Orthodox Thought
8
(1966): 15-26.
Religion and AI Bibliography
August 3, 2006
3
Stephen Garner
www.greenflame.org
Rossano, Matt J. "Artificial Intelligence, Religion, and Community Concern."
Zygon
36, no. 1 (2001): 65-66.
Sennett, James F. "Requiem for an Android."
Cross Currents
46, no. 2 (1996):
195-215.
Watts, Fraser. "Brain, Mind and Soul." In
Science Meets Faith: Theology and
Science in Conversation
, 59-72. London: SPCK, 1998.
Wertheim, Margaret.
The Pearly Gates of Cyberspace: A History of Space from
Dante to the Internet
. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999. Reprint, London:
Virago Press, 2000.
Wylie, Margie.
Study of 'Artificial Intelligence' Pushes Clergy, Scientists to
Define the Soul
. Baptist Standard, 22 September 1999. Accessed 29 April
2003. Constructions. Available from
http://www.baptiststandard.com/1999/9_22/pages/soul.html.
Other books and articles of interest
The following covers a range of material that may be useful in stimulating further
engagement.
Boden, Margaret A., ed.
The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence
. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1990.
________. "Artificial Intelligence and Human Dignity." In
Nature's
Imagination: The Frontiers of Scientific Vision
, ed. J. Cornwell, 148-160.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Breazeal, Cynthia L.
Designing Sociable Robots.
Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press,
2002.
Brooks, Rodney A.
Robot: The Future of Flesh and Machines
. London:
Penguin, 2002.
Clark, Andy.
Natural-Born Cyborgs : Minds, Technologies, and the Future of
Human Intelligence
. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Crevier, Daniel.
AI: The Tumultuous History of the Search for Artificial
Intelligence
. New York: BasicBooks, 1993.
Fritz, Sandy.
Understanding Artificial Intelligence
Science Made Accessible.
New York: Warner Books, 2002.
Hayles, N. Katherine.
How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in
Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics
. Chicago, Ill.: University of
Chicago Press, 1999.
Heim, Michael.
The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality
. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1993.
Kurzweil, Ray.
The Age of Spiritual Machines: How We Will Live, Work and
Think in the New Age of Intelligent Machines
. New York: Viking, 1999.
Reprint, London: Phoenix, 1999.
Moravec, Hans.
Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence
.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988.
________.
Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind
. New York: Oxford
Religion and AI Bibliography
August 3, 2006
4
Stephen Garner
www.greenflame.org
University Press, 1999.
Pepperell, Robert.
The Posthuman Condition: Consciousness Beyond the Brain
.
Bristol: Intellect, 2003.
Turing, Alan M. "Computing Machinery and Intelligence."
Mind
59, no. 236
(1950): 433-460.
Turkle, Sherry.
The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit
. New York:
Simon and Schuster, 1984.
Useful web sites for theology, religion and A.I. material
Counterbalance Foundation
www.counterbalance.org
Metanexus
www.metanexus.net
Science and Theology News
www.stnews.org