Why Assistive Technology?

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Nov 17, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Why Assistive Technology?

Kathy Rielly

Assistive Technology Specialist

Integrated Center for Child Development

Canton, MA

Newton, MA

Assistive Technology devices and services

help individuals with special needs:



read



work with numbers



write



use a computer



study




see



hear



communicate



play



remember

Why Assistive

Technology?




promotes self esteem



improves quality of life



increases productivity



enhances performance



increases independence


Assistive Technology and IDEA

http://idea.ed.gov/

Assistive Technology Device

...any item, piece of equipment or product that is used to
increase, maintain or improve functional capabilities of
individuals with disabilities.



Low
-
tech




pencil grip



adapted books



slant board



highlighters, tape



magnifiers



color coding



picture communication



sign language



picture schedule



extra time



peer support


Mid
-
Tech




word processor



text to speech



spell checker



calculator



digital recorders



organizers



e
-
books



adapted keyboard



adapted mouse



adapted toys



CCTV


High
-
Tech




computer



smartphones,
smartpens



PDAs



OCR software



magnification software



speech output devices



switch, joystick access



scanning access



voice recognition



environmental


control devices

Assistive Technology Service:

Any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in

the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology
device, including:

Assistive Technology and IDEA

http://idea.ed.gov/



Evaluation



Providing Devices



Selecting, Customizing, Adapting, Applying AT
solutions



Coordinating AT with other providers’ services



Training and Technical Assistance
-

Individual and Family



Training and Technical Assistance
-

Professionals

Assistive Technology Evaluation: the SETT Framework

developed by Joy Zabala

SETT Framework is built on the premise that in order to
develop an appropriate system of assistive technology
devices and services, teams must first gather:




information about the
student




information about the
customary environments

in which
the students spend their time




information about the
tasks

that are required for the
students to be active participants in the teaching/learning
processes that lead to educational success

Assistive Technology Evaluation: the SETT Framework

developed by Joy Zabala




The Tasks



Specific tasks in the student’s natural environments that address IEP


goals, objectives



Specific tasks required for
active

involvement in these environments




The Tools



Devices, services and strategies needed to help the student succeed



Analyze info gathered on Student, Environments, and Tasks



Is student unlikely to make progress toward goals
without

AT devices and


services?



If yes, describe a useful system of AT devices and services



Brainstorm tools to address student’s needs



Select promising tools and develop implementation plan



Collect data on effectiveness and revise AT support plan as appropriate

Assistive Technology Solutions: Reading and Writing



Computer word processor with operating system level supports



Vision: color, size of icons, display options, zoom



Hearing: captions, visual alerts



Physical
-
Motor: keyboard
-
cursor options, automated tasks



Text to Speech



Operating system
(Mac: Preferences: Speech, PC: Narrator)



Word Talk
for
MSWord on PC:
http://callcentre.education.ed.ac.uk/wordtalk/index.html



Internet: Mac: speech controls, PC:
Click,Speak
(download,Firefox))



Read the Words
(upload, listen or MP3)




Classroom Suite, Clicker



Kurzweil
(Kurzweil)

Read & Write
(TextHelp), both in USB versions now



WordQ
(Quillsoft)



Recordings for Blind & Dyslexic,
Bookshare

and

Read OutLoud

Assistive Technology: Access to Reading




Read the Words:













Assistive Technology: Access to Reading and Writing




Word Talk:













Assistive Technology: Access to Reading





Bookshare.org













Assistive Technology: Access to Reading




Read OutLoud: Don Johnston

Read:OutLoud is an accessible text reader that provides below
-
grade level readers access to the
general curriculum. Since 92% of students with IEPs are reading below proficient levels, a
widespread solution is necessary. Up until now, it has been cost
-
prohibitive to provide technology to
every student with an IEP.










Assistive Technology: Access to Writing




bubbl.us:













Assistive Technology: Access to Writing





Kidspiration













Assistive Technology Solutions: Reading and Writing



Organizers



Inspiration,
Kidspiration
(Inspiration): click to outline, export to document



FREE online
-

save, print, share: Exploratree.com,
Bubbl.us










Speech
-
to
-
Text



MS Word, Powerpoint
(Microsoft)



Dragon Naturally Speaking
(Nuance),
MacSpeech Dictate



SpeakQ
(Quillsoft)



Word Prediction, Word Completion



autocorrect, form fill



CoWriter
(Don Johnston)



Read and Write Gold
(TextHelp),

Kurzweil
(Kurzweil)



WordQ
(Quillsoft)



Classroom Suite
(Cambium)

Assistive Technology at Work:

Universal Design for Learning

http://udltechtoolkit.wikispaces.com/

Assistive Technology Solutions: Reading and Writing Hardware



Language Master
-
Califone Card Master

Califone
(www.califone.com)



ClassMate Reader

Humanware
(http://www.humanware.com/en
-
new_zealand/products)



Neo
,
Dana

Alphasmart Direct
(www.alphasmart.com)



?
Fusion

Advanced Keyboard Technologies
(http://www.keyboardinstructor.com/)



Livescribe Smartpen
Livescribe
(Livescribe.com)



Kindle

Amazon (now with text
-
to
-
speech option)



Rocket Reader

AbleLink Technologies



Ipod Apple


Assistive Technology Solutions: Computer Access


Mac/PC operating system accessibility features



Alternative Keyboard, Layout, Keyguard



Programmable keyboard, onscreen keyboard



Modified Mice



Joystick



Trackball



Switch Access with visual or auditory scanning



Mouth Stick, Head Pointer, Sip and Puff



Voice Recognition



Touchscreen

Assistive Technology Solutions: Studying
-
Organization



web
-
based tools



CueCard

(PC)
Flashcard Exchange
(Mac
) excellent tools, online
-
print



Awesome Highlighter
(
http://www.awesomehighlighter.com/
) wow!



Google:
easy to access, organize, share documents, calendar, notebook



Delicious
:
save, share, access your bookmarks anywhere



Idictate
:
dictate documents by phone, receive them by email



Jott
:
dictate doccs, thoughts, reminders by phone, receive them by email



Evernote:

capture info, access and search from anywhere



PDAs (
SymTrend
), Pocket Endeavor and DynaVox CoPilot (
AbleLink Tech
)



smartphones, smartpens (
Livescribe
)



pagers, cell phones



digital voice recorders (
Olympus
)



portable (mini
-
laptops), handheld, wearable computers

Assistive Technology Solutions: Recreation



adapted recreation



sensory input, reinforcement devices (Enabling Devices, AbleNet)



mainstream battery operated toys: switch access



adapted bowling, baseball, bubbles, art, music



reading: Bookworm, ClassMate, Kindle, Rocket Reader, books on CD, DVD



video:
BrainPop
,
Discovery Streaming




online resources: literacy



Tar Heel Reader



Storyline Online



Starfall



MagicKeys



Literacy Center Education Network



Woodlands Junior School



StoryPlace



Reading A to Z

and companion site
-

RazKids



Audible



Tumblebooks

Assistive Technology Solutions: Recreation




online resources: games, activities



Priory Woods



Zac Browser



Arcess



Do2Learn



PBS Parents



Help Kids Learn
(Inclusive Technology’s site)




Other



Wii



social networking sites (Imbee, Toontown)



adapted Ipods, remotes, games (
RJCooper
)



Leap Frog: Tag books,
Bookworm


Assistive Technology Solutions: Communication



PECS



communication books, boards, aprons



talking photo albums



leveled communicators: Step by Step



single message devices


Talking pockets, buttons



Minspeak systems: semantic compaction


Vanguard



Dynamic display pictographic devices



Dynavox: MT4, V
-
Max, Palm Top



Tango, Proloquo2Go



Other communication devices



Tech/Speak



GoTalk, Cheap Talk

Assistive Technology Supports: Autism


Vizzle



Facial Expressions Game



Emotions Game



Social Skills Builders



Visual Strategies




Autism Software by Mousetrial

…links!



AT for Children with Autism




Simplified Technology
…links!



Visual Supports



Article: Prescribing Communication Devices



Hiyah



Help Kids Learn



DT Trainer


Iphone
-
Ipod Apps:


Iprompt


Bloom


Behavior Tracker Pro


Proloquo2Go

Assistive Technology Considerations:

what does this mean for parents?



Know the Law and the IEP:



IDEA, NIMAS



IEP: all teams
must

consider Assistive Technology (PLEP B)



limitations: impossible to
consider

what they do not have knowledge of



Pay close attention to these well intentioned,
sometimes

appropriate


accommodations and modifications:



extra time!



peer assistance, TA support



reduced workload
-
fewer problems, sentences, etc.



consider…. could they perhaps do more, with greater independence,


if provided with access to appropriately matched AT tools and strategies?



Assistive Technology recommendations require taking a closer look:



programming: specific tools and strategies in place



types and levels of support being provided



what does it “look like”?