B.E. SEM V (CIVIL) SUBJECT: C-501 DESIGN OF STRUCTURES I

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B.E. SEM V (CIVIL)


SUBJECT: C
-
501 DESIGN OF STRUCTURES


I

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Teaching scheme :
-

Examination sc
heme:
-

Theory:
-

4 Hours/week Theory:
-
100 Marks (4 Hours)

Pract/Drg:
-

4 Hours/week Pract/oral:
-
25 Marks







Term work:
-
25 Marks



Total :
-

150 Marks

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


(1)LOADS:
-

Indian Standard specification for dead, live and wind load on b
uildings. Wind
load on typical roof trusses.

(2) REINFORCED CONCRETE:
-

Theory of simple bending as applied to R.C.C. Elastic and
Limit state design theories. Rectangular beams, simply supported slabs one way and two way
reinforced. One way reinforced conti
nuous slabs, Tee and Ell beams, shear and bond,
temperature and shrinkage reinforcement. Axially loaded short and long columns ,links and
helical reinforcement. Isolated footings

square, rectangular and round shapes. Stair case, Deflection of beams. Li
mit state design of
beams , slabs and columns.

(3) STEEL STRUCTURES:
-

Tension members, compression members, single built up sections
, connections and splices, including eccentric connections . Simple roof trusses.

Simple beams and purlins , rolled section
s deflection. Simple beams and connections of beams,
Columns and trusses. Axially loaded columns , single and built up sections, choice of sections
, lacing and battening , end conditions. Foundations


Gusseted , grillage and slab base. Base
plates.


TER
M WORK:
-

Design and analysis examples based on syllabus.


PRACTICAL:
-

Shall consist of Oral and sketching based on topics of the syllabus.


NOTE:
-

The syllabus should be taught with reference to relevant codes.





Books:1.Reinforced concrete structure
design
-
Ramamrutham


2.Design of steel structures
-
L.S.Negi.















B.E. SEM V (CIVIL)


SUBJECT:
-

C
-
502 ADVANCED CONSTRUCTION :
-

------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------

Teaching scheme:
-

Examinition scheme:
-

Theory:
-

4 Hrs/week. Theory:
-

100 Marks

Pract/Drg:
-

2 Hrs/week. Term work:
-

25 Marks.



Total:
-

125 Marks.


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1)FOUNDATION CONSTRUCTION :
-

Site preparation and preliminary works,

including
setting out foundations. Excavation methods in different soils and situations. Timbering and
sheet piling.

(2)PILE FOUNDATION: Types of piles, Method of construction, suitability of type of piles,
pile driving equipment, Method of pile driving.

(3)COFFER DAMS: Introduction and definitions behaviour, Types of cofferdams, suitability
of different types of coffer dams, method of construction, prevention of seepage, economical
height of coffer dam.

(4)WELL AND CASSON FOUNDATION: Introduction and defi
nitions, types of cassions,
Material of construction, sinking of cassion and wells.

(5)CONTROL OF GROUND WATER IN EXCAVATION: Different methods of ground
water contour dewatering equipments and pumps.

(6)SHORING AND UNDERPINNING: Introduction, Method of sh
oring and underpinning
commonly adopted.

(7)TEMPORARY TIMBERING TIMBER AND STEEL CONSTRUCTION: False work used
for arches, bridges and other structures, details of construction, method of erection and removal
of trestles Gantries, scaffolding, formwork for

concrete structures.

(8)DRILLING EQIPMENTS: Classification of drilling bits, drilling equipments commonly
used, jack
-
hammer, wagon drill, drilling method and equipments used of air compressor.

(9)EARTH EXCAVATION AND TRANSPORTING EQIPMENTS: General consid
eration,
earthmoving principles, bulldozer, power
-
showel, drag
-
line, trencher, ripper, scraper, grader,
dumper, trailer, selecting of suitable equipment.

(10)COVEYING EQIPMENTS: General consideration of screw conveyors, bucket conveyors,
belt conveyors, ca
ble
-
way, aerial rope
-
way.

(11)HOISTING EQIPMENT: Pulley and sheave block, chain hoists, jacks, winches, fork
-
lift
truck, derricks and cranes, selection of suitable hoisting equipments.

(12)TUNNELLING: Advantage of tunneling
-

selection of routs, Approach an
d access,
geological investigation, size and shape of tunnels, method of tunneling, soft ground tunnelling
with timber with lever plates, shield tunnelling planum process, tunnelling in rocks and firm
grounds, shaft sinking in rocks, firm and soft soils, v
entilation and dust control, safety in
tunnelling.

(13)CONCRETE MIXING PLANT: Concrete mixers, batching plant, concrete transporting
devices, grouting and grouting equipments.


Term work: shall be based on above syllabus.


Books:1.Advanced construction te
chnology
-
Peurifoy


2.Building construction
-
Sushilkumar


B.E. SEM V (CIVIL)


SUBJECT: C
-

503 FLUID
-
MECHANICS
-
II

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Teaching scheme:

Examination scheme

Lect: 3 Hours/week Theory 100 Marks (3hrs)

Pract: 2 Hours/week Pract: 25 Marks



Termwork : 25 Marks


------------------------------



150

Marks

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


(1)FLUID CONCEPT AND BASIC EQUATIONS: Continuity equation, Euler’s equation of
motion, concept of stream line and stream tu
be, Derivation if Bernoulli’s equation from Eular’s
equation, velocity potential and stream functions, graphical addition of stream lines, flow nets.

(2)LAMINAR FLOW: Flow between the fixed parallel plates, flow through circular section,
flow through porou
s media, flow around a sphere, instability of laminar flow, measurement of
viscosity by different viscometers.

(3)TURBULENT FLOW: Introduction, prandtl mixing length theory, one seventh power of
velocity distribution, universal velocity distribution , vel
ocity distribution for turbulent flow in
smooth and rough pipe , resistance equation for turbulent flow in pipes, moody’s diagram.

(4)BOUNDARY LAYER ANALYSIS: Different definition of boundary layer thickness,
analysis of laminar and turbulent boundary lay
er, drag force due to boundary layer, boundary
layer separation and control.

(5)DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND HYDRAULIC SIMILITUDE: Concept of dimensions
and dimensional homogeneity, Rayleigh’s method, Buckingham’s II theorem, important
dimensionless numbers a
nd their significance, applications of dimensional analysis to the fluid
flow problem. Model study, similitude, geometric, kinematic, and dynamic similarity, distorted
models, scale effect.

(6)WATER HAMMER: Elementary theory of water hammer, effect of wate
r hammer on
penstocks and rising main, pipe network.

(7)PUMPS AND TURBINES: Type, suitability, working and characteristics etc.



TERM WORK: shall be based on the syllabus and practical / oral examination shall be based
on the term work.

Oral examinat
ion shall be based on the term work done in the laboratory.


Books:1.Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machinery
-
Modi and sheth


2. Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machinery
-
R.K.Bansal.









B.E. SEM V (CIVIL)





SUBJECT :C
-
504 TOWN PLANING AND ARCHITECTURE

--------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Teaching scheme:
-

Examination scheme:
-

Lecture:
-
4 hrs /week Theory:
-

100 Marks (4 Hrs )

Pract/Draw :
-

4 hrs /week Term work:
-

50 M
arks





Pract/Oral:
-

25 Marks








-----------------


Total 175 Marks


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---------





PART

A TOWN PLANNING (40 Marks)

(1)GENERAL:

Historical background of the modern city planning movement, evaluation of the modern city
and relation of architecture and engineering problems of the city development and civil design.

(2)ELEM
ENTS OF CITY PLANNING :

Fundamental principles of city and regional planning , use of civil survey for development
scheme, Land use pattern site panning, influence of zoning on planning of building,
Lands cape, social centers, civil amenities an
d aesthetics, master man.

Improvement schemes for existing town, slum clearance, Housing problems, Necessity of
modern building bye
-
laws and principles underlying them.





PART


B ARCHITECTURE (60 Marks)

(1)FUNCTIONAL PLANNING

Investigations of requ
irements and solution for building problems, Selected from different
fields of human activity viz, habitation education, health, recreation, industry and
transportation.

(2)RELATIONSHIP OF PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL ENVIROMENT :

Technique of organization space of

different kinds in relation to each other, climate, orientation
and selection of appropriate materials and methods of construction acoustical, fire resistant
construction, Air conditioning and its effects of planning of building bye
-
laws.

(3)AESTHETICS:

U
nity of concept, expression of purpose, stability , scale, symmetry and balance, light and
shade.

(4)ELEMENTS OF PERSPECTIVE DRAWING.

(5)DRAWING

Preparation of working drawing for approval of local authority and purpose of detailed
estimates. Detailing of
constriction features.



Term work of Part


A


Working drawing, plan, elevation, sections, site plan, perspective view of

Residential building

Public building


Term work of Part


B

Civil survey for a specific problem of observations from vie
w point of town planning for a
part of town e.g. location of ST terminus, location of industrial area.

ORAL

The practical examination shall consist of oral and sketching on the term work.

Books:1.Building drawing
-
Shah, Kale and Patki.


2.T
own planning
-
S.C.Rangwala

B.E. SEM V (CIVIL)


SUBJECT: C
-
505 TRNSPORTATION ENGINEERING
-

II

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Teaching scheme:

Examination scheme

Lect : 3 Hours/week Theory : 100 Marks (3hrs)

Prac t: 2 Hours/week Pract: : 25 Marks



Termwork : 25 Marks


------------------------------



150 Marks


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1)TRANSPORTATION PLANNING:

Basic of transport & environmental planning, policy objectives & constraints, plan
formulation. Analysis frame
work of transform demand studies, survey & data collection
techniques, forecasting demands, generation & distribution of trips.


Transportation planning with particular reference to urban area, mass transportation system,
rapid transit system. Principles o
f transport economies, cost
-
benefit analysis.


(2)TRAFFIC ENGINEERING:

Elements of traffic engineering, interaction between road user vehicles and road characteristics,
road user human behavior characteristics, reaction perception, PIVE theory, vehicular
c
haracteristics affecting road design.


Traffic studies, time and delay studies, origin & destination studies. Traffic volume
characteristics, collecting data, sampling theories, traffic capacity studies, count and inventory,
accident studies & characterist
ics, preventive measures, traffic control.


(3)HIGHWAY ALIGNMENT & FIELD SURVAYS:

Engineering surveys for highway location, soil surveys, material location surveys, drawing &
report.

(4)GEOMETIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAYS:

Road cross section features, sight dista
nce, horizontal alignment, vertical alignment, transition
curves, widening of pavement on horizontal curve, typical highway cross section.

(5)HIGHWAY MATERIALS & TESTING:

Stone aggregates, tests like like crushing strength, abrasion, attrition, impact, sha
pe bituminous
materials, tests on bituminous like penetration, point ductility, viscosity, softening point, flash
& fire point, bituminous paving mixes.

(6)PAVEMENT DESIGN:

Factors affecting pavement performance flexible pavement design, rigid pavement de
sign.

(7)CONSTUCTION OF PAVEMENTS:

Low cost roads, bituminous pavement, cement concrete pavement.


Term work: shall be based on the syllabus and practical/oral examination shall be
based on the term work.


Books:1.Highway engineering



Khanna and Justo.


2.Highway Engineering By Kadiyali

SEMESTER
-

VI (CIVIL)


SUBJECT :C
-
601 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
-
II


___________________________________________________________________________

Teaching Scheme:

Examination Scheme:

Theory : 4 Hours/Week Theory : 100 Marks (4 Hours)

Tutorial : 2 Hours/Week Term Work : 25 Marks



_______________________


Total : 125 Marks

____________________________________________________________________________

(1)PLASTIC ANA
LYSIS OF STEEL STRUCTURES: Elementary plastic theory of bending
moment. Curvature relationship, load factor, collapse load, plastic hinges, collapse mechanism,
plastic moment of resistance, shape factor. Equilibrium mechanism and yield conditions of
bendin
g moment distribution at collapse. Method of virtual work and combining elementary
mechanisms. simple designs of continuous beams and portal frame.

(2)ELEMENTS OF STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS :Introduction , degrees of freedom,
damping, Free vibrations, One Degre
e freedom, Raleigh’s method, Forced vibrations, steady
and transientvibrations,structures subjected to Earthquakes.

(3) INFLUENCE LINES : Influence lines for redundant structures and influence coefficient,
Muller Breslau principle, influence lines for prop
ped cantiliver,fixed and continuous (two
span) beams, Two hinged girder, suspension bridges and two hinged arches.

(4) DOMES : Membrane stresses due to symmetrical loading hemispherical and conical
domes, Ring Beams.

(5)STIFFNESS AND FLEXIBILITY METHODS :
Formulations of the problems of analysis
of indeterminate structure by the flexibility and stiffness methods. Analysis of continuous
beams, Portal frames, grids and stress.

(6)FINITE ELEMENTS METHOD : Introduction, Basic Elements, Stiffness Matrix


TERM WO
RK : Shall Consist of of at least 20 Problems on the course under “structural
Analysis

II”


Reference Books (1) Structural Analysis Vol. II By Vazirani and Ratwani


(2) Mechanics of Structure s By S.B.Junarkar
















SE
MESTER
-

VI (CIVIL)


SUBJECT :C
-
602 APPLIED GEOLOGY

-
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:

Theory : 2

Hours/Week Theory : 50 Marks (4 Hours)

Tutorial : 2 Hours/Week Term Work : 25 Marks


_________
______________


Total : 75 Marks

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1)GEOLOGICAL EXPLOR
ATION : Methods of Geological exploration surface and sub
surface investigation. Method of Geophysical exploration, seismic and resistivity method.

(2) RESORVOIR AND DAM SITE : Selection of Geologically suitable dam site and reservoir
site,Favourable and u
nfavorable geological conditions.

(3) GROUND WATER : Ground water exploration ,origin and occurrence of ground water
formations, water table and confined aquifer, Artesian wells well logging, Cone of depression.

(4) EARTHQUAKES : Causes of earthquakes, ear
th quake waves, Intensity and magnitude of
earthquakes, seismic zones of India

(5)EARTH MOVEMENTS : Classifications of earth movements, Causes and preventive
measures, subsidence.

(6)TUNNELING : Geological considerations, Anticipation of Difficulties durin
g tunneling
depending on the nature and structures, Geological conditions to be availed.

(7)BUILDING STONES : Characteristics of Good building Stones, Aggregates for concrete,
physical properties of aggregates.


TERM WORK : It shall be based on the topics
of course under “APPLIED GEOLOGY”



Reference Books :

(1) Engineering Geology By Praising



















SEMESTER
-

VI (CIVIL)


SUB :C
-
603 ADVANCED HYDRAULICS AND WATER RESOURCES
ENGINEERING:

--------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------

Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:

Theory : 4 Hours/Week Theory : 100 Marks (4 Hours)

Pract/Drg.: 2 Hours/Wee
k Term Work : 25 Marks


Pract/oral : 25


______
_________________


Total : 150 Marks

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


PAR
T “A” ADVANCED HYDRAULICS
-

50 MARKS

(1)STEADY UNIFORM FLOW IN OPEN CHANNEL : Classification of flow, velocity
distribution in open Channel, Geometric elements of channel sections ,economic channel
sections, Derivation of Chevy’s formula for uniform flo
w variation of roughness coefficients,
specific energy, critical flow concepts in rectangular and trapezoidal sections, bed slope, water
surfaces slope and friction slope .types of slope
-
mild critical steep
slope,horizontal,adverse,flow measurement by vent
ure flume, standing wave flume,parashall
flume.

(2)GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW IN OPEN CHANNEL :Differential equation for gradually
varied flow,classification of surface profiles, examples of backwater and draw water curves,
determination of length of water prof
ile by direct and standard step method, graphical
integration method, direct integration methods.

(3) RAPIDLY VARIED STEADY FLOW : Hydraulic jump:
-

pressure momentum
relationship, hydraulic jump on horizontal and sloping rectangular channel, types of jump,

length and location of jump, efficiency of jump as energy dissipator,pressure on spillway,
aeration of nappe.

(4)GRADUALLY VARIED UNSTEADY FLOW : Flood waves,monoclinical wave,
oscillating wave, rapidly varied unsteady flow surge analysis of positive and
negative surge.




PART : B WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING


50 Marks

(1)HYDROLOGY :

Hydrological cycle, precipitation forms of precipitation, Rain gauge networks, Mean
precipitation over an area, Intensity
-
duratio
n
-
frequency relationship, Depth area Duration
relationship. Depth area Duration relationship, probable maximum precipitation.

Abstraction from precipitation losses
-
such as evaporation,evapotranspiration runoff
-
surface
and sub surface, factors affectingg,r
unoff Hydrograph
-
components of Hydrograph, base flow
seperation,effective rainfall, unit hydrograph, base flow seperation,effective rainfall, unit
hydrograph, derivation of unit hydrograph, unit hydrograph of different durations, synthetic
unit hydrograph,

S Curve hydrograph. Flood frequency studies,Gumble’s method. Limitation
of flood frequency studies, design storm design flood most probable flood.

(2) GROUND WATER : Types of aquifer, Storages and transmissibility coefficients,Darceys
Law. Hydraulics of W
ells,Dupits theory for steady flow. yield from confined and unconfined
aquifers, unsteady flow to a well, well functions, Artificial recharge of wells seawater
intrusion.

(4) WATER POWER ENGINEERING: Types of water power development ,classification of
hydr
oelectric schemes, principal components of hydroelectric schemes, such as foray ,surge
tank penstocks,scrollcasing,draft tube and tail race.

(4)PLANNING FOR WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT : Identification of objectives,
data needed, projection for planning, p
roject formulation, project analysisi,Multipurpose
project cost allocation for multipurpose projects.


Reference Books :

(1)Hydraulics Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery _BY Modi and Sheth

(2) Hydraulics fluid mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery
-

By R.K
.Bansal

(3) Water Resources and Hydrology


By S. K. Garg






































B.E. SEMESTER VI (CIVIL)


SUBJECT: C
-
604


ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
-
I

____________________________________________________________________________

Teaching Sch
eme




Examination Scheme

Lecture

4 Hrs/Week



Theory




100 Marks(3 Hrs.)

Practical

2 Hrs/week



Practical


25 Marks







Term work


25 Marks








------------------------







Total



150 Marks

_______________________________________
____________________________________

(1)INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENT:

Environment, concept and scope, components of environment, earth’s natural atmosphere, type
and extent of human activities, polluting the environment, environmental impact studies,
Legisl
ation for pollution control.

(2)ELEMENTARY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH:

Ventilation, natural and artificial, comfort zone, Lighting, noise pollution and its adverse
effects. Infections diseases and their transmission through air, water, milk and food. Control
m
easures.

(3)AIR POLLUTION

Nature of problem, cause of air pollution, classification of pollutants, effects of air pollution.
Metrological factors, abatement measures.


Hazards due to radio activity.

(4)STREAM POLLUTION:

Normal biological cycle, effect
s of waste discharge. Oxygen depletion,


reairation, self purification of streams, zones of pollution and haulage,

various methods of disposal.

(5)REFUSE SANITATION:

Characteristics and composition of municipal refuses, collection and haulage,

various met
hods of disposal.

(6)RURAL SANITATION:

Problems of rural sanitation, provision of drinking water, suitability of sources of water and
their sanitary protection, disposal of night soil, types of laterals, their suitability and location.

(7)EXAMINATION OF W
ATER AND WASTE WATER:

Requirement of wholesome water, quality criteria, sampling of water, standards for potable
water, physical, chemical and biological tests of water.

Characteristics and composition of sewage, testing of sewage, population equivalent.

(8)WATER SUPPLY AND WASTE WATER COLLECTION

Estimation of water demand, provision under various heads, population forecast,


Variation in demand, sources of water, surface and ground water. Collection of water from
various sources, intake and pump horses.

Construction, testing, operation and maintenance of house drainage system.

Various systems of sewerage and waste disposal, components of sewerage system.

Layout and planning, estimation of quality of sewage, design of sewers, materials for sewers,
appur
tenances, pumping of sewage, maintenance of sewerage system.


TERM WEORK A journal consisting of report on the laboratory work / assignments based on

above course shell submitted as term work.

Practical Oral examination shall be on based on term work.


Re
ference Books (1)Environmental Engineering an overview By Baljeet Kapur


(2) Water Supply and Sewage Treatment By S.K. Hussain













































SEMESTER
-

VI (CIVIL)


SUBJECT :C
-
605 TRANSPORTATION ENGIN
EERING

III

________________________________________________________________________

Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:

Theory : 4 Hours/Week Theory : 100 Marks

(3 Hours)

Pract/Drg : 0 Hours/Week


_______________________


Total

: 100 Marks

_________________________________________________________________________

PART “A” DOCKS AND HARBOURS (50 MARKS)

(1) GENERAL :

Maritime History of India, development of port in India, General Definitions, slip
characteristics.

(2)NATU
RAL PHENOMINA :

Wind,Waves,tides and Currents, their generation and effect on marine structurtes,littorel drift.

(3)HARBOURS :

Classification of harbours,general principles of planning and design, Lay
-
out of
Harbours,entrance channel.

(4)BREAK WATERS & DOC
KING PLATFORMS :

Types of break water, general principles of design, Selection of types of break waters and their
construction,jetties,wharves,quays,piers,landing stages.

(5)DOCKS :

Classification of docks, general principles of design, Dock entrance, appr
oach channel, Locks
and Locks
-
Gates.

(6) MINOR STRUCTURES :

Minor structures,fenders,dolphins,pierheads,navigation aids,buoys,beacons,lighthouses.

(7) AMENITIES

Transit Sheds,Warehouses,quay side lighting, communication in dock uyards,cargo handling
facil
ities,passanger terminal facilities.

(8)MAINTENANCE :

Dredging of Harbours,types of dredgers, coast protection



PART “B” AIRPORT ENGINEERING (50 mark)

(1)INTRODUCTION :

Brief account of air transportation, Airport terminology. Ty
pes of air crafts, component parts of
air crafts, component parts of air craft, aircraft caharacteristics,Airport Classification

(2)AIRPORT PLANNING :

Regional planning, Airport Masterplan,Development of New Airport, Steps in planning, airport
selection su
rveys and drawings, Airport capacity.

(3)AIRPORT CONSTRUCTION:

Zoning Laws, Approach and turning Zones, Imaginary surfaces.

(4)RUNWAYS :

Orientation ,wind rose diagrams, preferential runways, basic runway, length
correctiopns,Geometric design standards, Ru
nway Configuration

(5)TAXIWAYS

Factors controlling Lay
-
out, Geometric Design Standards, exit taxi ways, Location, separation,
Clearance between parallel traffic ways, Holding apron.

(6)TERMINAL AREAS :Design of terminal buildings,Passangers,Barrages and c
argo handling
systems, Apron
-
gate system, Apron utility requirements, vehicular parking,hangers,Blast.

(7)VISUAL AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS :

Airport markings, Airport lighting, Navigational aids, Air traffic Control.

(8)PAVEMENT DESIGN:

General principles of
design, determination of ESWL structural design of (i) Flexible pavement
by CBR and FFA Method.(ii) Rigid Pavement by PCA 7 FFA Method.

The LCN System of Classifications of Airport pavements and Aircraft overlays.




Reference Books :

(1) Docks and Harbor
Engineering : S.P.Bindra

(2) Airport Engineering : Khanna and Arora



































SEMESTER
-

VI (CIVIL)


SUBJECT :C
-
606 ADVANCED SURVEYING

____________________________________________________________________________

Teaching Scheme:

Examination Scheme:

Theory : 4 Hours/Week Theory : 100 Marks (3 Hours)

Tutorial : 2 Hours/Week Term Work : 25 Marks



Practical : 25 Marks


_______________________



Total : 150 Marks

____________________________________________________________________________

(1)GEODETIC TRAVERSE SURVEYING :

Introduction, Specification for triangular survey,triangulation,reconnaisence survey, Types of
f
igures, Strength of figures, Length of Lines, Signals ,Towers,intervisibility between two
stations,baseline,correction applied to base line measurments,Use of EDM for base line
measurement, Measurement of angles, Reduction to Centre,computation of length a
nd plane
coordinates. trilatertion.

(2)ASTRONOMICAL SURVEYING :

Scope., Definitions of astronomical terms Dependent and independent co
-
ordinate system,
Relation among Latitude altitude and declination, PZS triangle and its solution, Elongation and
Transiti
on of stars, time, solar and sidereal time, civil time, Equation of time, standard time,
solar observation,semidiameter correction. parallax correction, Refraction correction,
Declination of Sun Latitude by observation on sun at noon, Azimuth and Longitude
, by Solar
observation , Azimuth and Longitude by solar observation, Azimuth by observation on Polaris
at any time and at any elongation, Determination of Latitudes time, Longitude and Azimuth.

(3)PHOTOGRAMMETRY SURVEYING :

Introduction and Scope, Types of

aerial ,photographs, photographic scale, Relies displacement,
photograph overlap, Ground control for photogrammetry,Mosaic,Stereoscopy and Parallax,
Advantages and Disadvantages of Photo grammetic Mapping.

(4) THEORY OF ERRORS :

Nature of errors, probabil
ity of errors, condition of least square, standard deviation,propogation
of errors, Weighted measurments,Adjustments of weighted measurments,Adjustment of level
circuits, Adjustment of quadrilateral by conditional equations, Approximate Method,
correlation

method.

(5)ELECTRONICSS DISTANCE MEASURING INSTRUMENTS :

Principles, Instrument used, error and accuracy of EDM


(1) TERM WORK : It Shall consist of the Project on geodetic traverse survey.

(2) Practical/oral shall be based on termwork


Reference Books:

(1) Surveying Vol III By Dr. B.C.Punamia

(2) Surveying and leveling Part II BY Kanetkar and Kulkarni