Biometrics: Myths and Reality

soilflippantAI and Robotics

Nov 17, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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Bi omet r i cs:
Myt hs and
Real i t y

ბიომ ე ტრია
:
მ ითე ბი

და

რ ე ა ლ ო ბ ა

A u t h o r:

d o c t o r a l s t u d e n t

M a g u l i B e d i n e i s h v i l i

m a g u l i 1 0 0 4 @ g m a i l.c o m

R e s e a r c h d i r e c t o r:

d o c t o r o f t e c h n i c a l s c i e n c e s,

p r o f e s s o r

L e v a n

I m n a i s h v i l i

l i m n 5 4 @ g m a i l.c o m

GEORGI AN TECHNI AL UNI VERS I TY

Perception of
"Biometrics"

Modern

Person identification
technology, which uses human
physiological features

Traditional

Static processing of
biological features

Definition of Biometrics

Biometric
Characteristics

Face

Fingerprint

Hand

Iris

DNA

Keystroke

Signature

Voice

Biometric

Barriers to
universality

Worn ridges;

hard or finger
impairment

None

Hand
impairment


Visual
impairment

Speech
impairment

Distinctiveness

High

Low

Medium

High

Low

Permanence

High

Medium

Medium

High

Low

Collectability

Medium

High

High

Medium

Medium

Performance

High

Low

Medium

High

Low

Acceptability

Medium

High

Medium

Low

High

Potential for
circumvention

Low

High

Medium

Low

High

Estimation of Biometric Features

Information of

Acuity
Market Intelligence

Revenue of Biometric Industry

Actuality

million
.
USD

Forecast of technologies
development

2012
-
201
7

1.
Human body
-

energy generator
;

2.
Biometrics in service of information security
;

3.
Mind reading isn't already fiction
;

4.
Mobile phone everywhere and in everything
;

5.
Computer
-

personal assistant.

Actuality

Segment of Market

Fingerprint

58%

Face

Iris

Hand
geometry

Hand
vein

Voice

Signature

Other

Finger papillary lines
:



Depicted on the ancient construction by accident
...



Decorative, mystical elements
...



Person confirmation facility
:



China
-

300
year

B. C
.



Japan
-

702 year A.D.



Europe
-

XVII
-
XIX century



USA
-

1902 year A.D.

Ireland

Ancient China

History

of Biometrics

1880
year

Henry Faulds
:
for person identification
was offered using fingerprint


1858
year

Herschel's fingerprints, which was made within 57
years.

William

Herschel
:
used handprint for
formatting agreement


History

of Biometrics

1882
year

Alphonse Bertillon processed the
technique for measuring the parameters
of prisoners' bodies (Bertillonage)

Francis Galton created the first system of
classification fingerprint

History

of Biometrics

Biometric control of physical access

Biometric control of logical access

Justice and law enforcement scope

Accounting of working time

Medical scope

Border control

Financial and transactional biometrics

Mobile devices

Biometric locks

Consumer biometrics

Learning institutions

Other using scopes of biometrics
-

convenience

Using Scopes

Using Scopes

Fingerprint Types

Image Processing Algorithm

Fingerprints characteristics

Fingerprint

Fingerprint
pattern


Fingerprint
“map”



The Functioning Principle of Biometric
System

Mat cher
( Thr eshol d)

Templ at e
Dat abase

Yes/No

Feat ur e
Ext r act or

Pr epr ocessor

Pr epr ocessor

Enr ol l ment

Aut hent i cat i on

Biometric System Implementation

Identification Procedure


Verification Procedure




FRR



False

Rejection

Rate

T
he

system

makes

decision

to

reject

a

person,

in

spite

of

that,

he

is

already

registered

in

the

database
.




FAR



False

Acceptance

Rate

T
he

system

makes

decision

to

accept

a

person,


even

if

he

isn't

registered

in

the

database
.



Errors of Recognition Stage


FAR

FAR

FRR

EER

Relation of First and Second Category
Errors

FRR

Implemented in Georgian
Technical University

Teachers Biometric Registration System

Biometric Eectoral System

Implemented in Georgian
Technical University

Biometric accounting system of students attendance in
lectures

Developed in Georgian
Technical University

Biometric System of Students’

Admission in Examinations

Developed in Georgian
Technical University

Bi omet r i cs:
Myt hs and
Real i t y

ბიომ ე ტრია

მ ითე ბი

და

რ ე ა ლ ო ბ ა

გმადლობთ

ყ ურა დღებისთვის
!

Thank You
for

Your Attention!

GEORGI AN TECHNI AL UNI VERS I TY