Meditations on COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE

slipperhangingAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Meditations on

COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE

Pierre Lévy

Collective intelligence

the new source of empowerment


Tools

: digital communication, sharing of memory,
perception and imagination.


Process

: collective learning and creativity,
exchange of knowledge, competitive cooperation
and cooperative competition in the production of
knowledge


The Art

of multiplying intelligence


Games

where the winners enhance and use the
available intelligence and cooperate more
efficiently


Ground

: living unity and diversity of the
noosphere: the world of language interconnected
in cyberspace

Society = Mind

Individuals = Nodes

Emotions = Links

Evolution du

monde des idées

Technology = Structure

Evolution of

the World of Ideas

Community = Network

Collective intelligence = learning power

π

meaning

π

Conceptual

intelligence

Practical

intelligence

Emotionnal

intelligence

Religion, ethics, law,
institutions, psychology,

relational thinking

Mathematics, philosophy,
communication, art, litterature,
semiotics, abstract thinking

Energy, tools, architecture,
agriculture, industry,
engineering, practical thinking

Collective intelligence = harmony between the
three dimensions of human learning

Collective intelligence dynamics

Collective

Intelligence

creation

creation

creation

creation


Reproduction, mutation,

transmission



Dialectic of memory


and interprétation


creation of meaning

(
evolutive time

)


Virtuality


Dialectic of problems

and learning


Opening of meaning

(
existential depth
)

Questions

Dialogues

Stories and
descriptions

Reciprocal

implication


Otherness
, meeting of the other


Network of multilogic communication


Circulation and translation of meaning

(
Space of differing universes
)

Collective intelligence dialectic

Evolution of language life :
improvements of collective memory

Constitution of the
noosphere

: ubiquity and

interconnection of cultural signs in

cyberspace. Writing gains abilities for
autonomous action (software and robots)

Technical self
-
reproduction of the
alphabet and images

Writing becomes digital and universal

Autonomous technical memory of
language

myths, rites, oral transmission,

memory inscribed in matter

Orality

Writing

Alphabet

Printing Press

Cyberspace

Evolution of language life :

forms in progress

Orality

Writing

Alphabet

Printing Press

Cyberspace

Agriculture, livestock farming , city, state, law,

systematic knowledge, school

Technique, art, images, music, religion,

complex social rules

Monotheism, money, commerce, citizenship,

universal science

Experimental science, mass industry, capitalism,
global market, human rights,

modern democracies

Deliberate collective intelligence, omnivision,
economy of knowledge and ideas, global
cyberdemocracy, culture of diversity, conscious
piloting of biospere’s evolution

Cyberspace

Printing press

Alphabet

Information
economy

Science

Religion

World wide Web

Library

Bible

Orality


Economy

: hunting, gathering


Politics

: tribe


Religion

: animism, chamanism


Knowledge

: myths, rituals, know
-
how


Space

: centered cosmos


Time

: cyclic

Writing


Economy

: agriculture


Politics

: State, law, justice


Religions

: polytheist with priests


Knowledge

: systematic


Space

: territory


Time

: History


Power

: great civilisations of ideographic
writing : Egypt, Mesopotamia, China,

Pre
-
Columbian cultures, etc.

The Alphabet


Economy

: commerce, money


Politics

: city, democracy


Religion

: monotheism, buddhism


Knowledge

: sciences & philosophies with
universal scope


Space

: universal but abstract


Time

: consciousness of history


Power

: alphabetical empires (Alexander,
César, Mahomet)

The Printing
Press


Economy
: Industry, global market, capitalism


Politics
: public opinion, modern democracies,
human rights


Religion
: reform, religions of terrestrial
salvation (socialism, liberalism)


Knowledge
: modern experimental science


Space
: interconnection of the earth


Time
: revolutions


Power
: the printing press civilisation (Europe)
dominates the world

Cyberspace


Economy

of ideas. Collective intelligence
and creativity.


Politics
: towards a global confederation
with electronic democracy


Religion
: planetary syncretism. Eastern /
Western merging. Evolutionism.


Knowledge
: Simulation & Omnivision


Space

: virtual (the real territory is
semantic)


Time
: real


Power:

civilization of computers, “global
-
american”

Three evolutionary spheres


Digital code = DNA

: life, self organized
molecular processes


Digital code = Nervous systems

:
perception
-
action, phenomenal worlds


Digital code = Language

: culture


Writing : memory of language detached from
speakers


Alphabet : universal code


Printing Press : autonomous self reproduction
of language


Cyberspace : ubiquity and autonomous action
of language. Universal sphere of language.
Techno
-
noosphere. Culture
-
Biology merging.

The three ecologies

Semantic ecology

Emotional and
perceptive ecology

Organic ecology


Techno
-
noosphere

DNA

Organisms

Molecular processes

Perception

Nervous Systems

Languages

Cyberspace

universality

CYBERSPACE

inclusiveness

EVERYBODY

has his website


is included in the public
sphere


is a source of meaning


is a facet of the collective
intelligence


has a voice


participates to the concert

civilisation of dialogue

the concert is

more harmonious

when


everybody


listen to

everybody

Transparency

omni

vision

Everything and
everyone wants to
be acknowledged

Anybody can see
everything from
anywhere

Everyone can
show everything
to anybody

making the
invisible visible

Being transparent
= empowerment

DIGITAL = PUBLIC

human society is
becoming
transparent to itself

Evil fears
light

Vision is a
creative process

Universality


general interconnection

Noosphere : virtual biosphere

of human langage in cyberspace






Nervous system of Gaïa piloting

the future biological evolution

LIFE born out of freedom

signs reproduce themselves, live in
society, act by themselves (softwares,
simulations, artificial life, societies of
robots and knowbots)

GAÏA

LIFE giving birth to freedom :

collective intelligence of the human mind


EXPANSION OF DIVERSITY

Knowledge in flux : the
second flood


The end of knowledge in stock ; knowledge
in flux and general drifting


Young people can be more skilled than their
elders, ancient ways of cultural transmission
are outdated


What must we put in the ark ? Classifications
and hierarchies are temporary and incidental.
Several arks practicing collective intelligence.


Growing responsibility of individuals and
groups in the search, production and
selection of knowledge.


Learning navigation (there will be no landing)

The web as an embodiment of CI


The collective mind as a semantic network

= sites + links


Energetic, emotional and practical aspects

= hits + money + transactions


Reminding processes = search engines


Ideas = web sites


Mix of discursive interpretation and sensory memory (text
and multimedia)


Every «

idea

» is a virtual center of the mind

=> Mobile and entangled hierarchy between areas of
knowledge and ideas


Portals = universal «

concepts

»


Sites = «

ideas

» of individuals


Mind’s life or «

world of ideas

» = wild evolutionary
noetic ecology

Collective intelligence

digital

grace

informational

capitalism

cyberdemocracy

cyberdemocracy

PEACE

ONE

MANY

cyberspace

science

technology

market

freedom

human race

art

biosphere

planet

love

virtual

communities

ideas

tribes

interests

traditions

tastes

species

territories

religions

global

law

justice

government

Continuous improvement

of collective intelligence

Free circulation

Creation of diversity



digital cities



local

e governments



virtual agoras



votes on line

Cyberdemocratic governance

intelligence


collective

Simulation

biosphère

omnivision

Biosphere

simulation


Dialogue

Dialogue

Dialogue

Networks of
virtual agoras and
parliaments,

Internet

voting

Network of
transparent
budgets

Environnemental
simulation
networks

the transparent state

COLLECTIVE

INTELLIGENCE

collective
intelligence
reflected in
the mirror of
the
transparent
state

The state serving collective intelligence

Informational
capitalism

creation

from

digital

grace

regulation

from

cyberdemocratic

law

main economic goods


non destructive consumption

ubiquity in cyberspace

main production factor

unexpected

communism

Planetary public
services

Megamergers :


3 multinational

companies for each

econommic sector
worldwide.


Conscious
investment


Shares possessed
by the global
population playing
the stock marcket
on line..


Conscious
consumption

controlled by

a transparent
cybermarket.


Information


collective


intelligence and

creativity

Learning

organisations

Intertwining virtual
?

communities of

knowledge workers,

consumers, investors

and partners.


Continuous

revolution


in products,

management,

finance, marketing,

etc.


Cooperative

competition

Competitive

advantage to the

inventors of the

most cooperative

games.

Money

Ideas

Informations

Creation

Orientation

Idea

=
knowledge form (memory)

Information

=
knowledge novelty (perception)

Money

=
knowledge energy (action)

Knowledge Economy

Ideas to be
discovered

Ideas to be
discovered

Ideas to be
discovered

Ideas to be
discovered

Appropriate ideas

Area of maximal

collective intelligence

The economic expansion of the world of ideas


“appropriate” = “appropriated”

Public domain

Working = cultivating ideas

Producers of appropriate ideas
:
designers, authors, artists,
scientific researchers, engineers,
entrepreneurs

Ideas achievers
:
administrators,
producers, engineers,
workers...

APPLICATION IDEAS OF

APPLICATION IDEAS

IDEAS

APPLICATION IDEAS

Collective intelligence
farmers
: managers, leaders,
community animators, critics...

Ideas broadcasters
:
performers, publishers,
distributors, sellers, advertisers,
communicators, professors...

The company, a virtual community


The company: intertwined symbiotic virtual
communities



customers, employees, partners, investors


The transparent company


Flat hierarchy


Open communication with partners, customers and
shareholders (collaborative business)


Hypertext company : web, intranet, extranet


The virtual company


= coordination and actualisation of skills unit


≠ legal or spatio
-
temporal unit


The company: a project of collective intelligence


Art of cooperation and synergies between
informational and intellectual resources


Art of service and
dialogue.
Ethics of conversation.

The market, intertwined virtual
communities


Every market is determined by a (second)
information market

concerning trends, prices and
qualities of goods and services.


Cyberspace
is

an information market and a
transversal (many to many) communication space.


Markets (including the jobs market) become
on
line conversations

networks
in a transparent global
space.


Economic actors become web
-
media and self
-
media in a global communication space structured
by the conversation dynamics of virtual
communities.

What does
distinguish

the philosophy of
collective intelligence ?


Mind’s life

-

negative dialectic in the inner monologue of the absolute mind

-

mutual questioning and cross interpretations of stories in the
multilogic meeting place of collective intelligence

Ontology and epistemology

-

realism : we should recognize that things are as they are

-

constructivism : we are committed to a creative co
-
evolutionary
process with our environment

Goal


-

power (sterilization of the other)

-

empowerment (fertility, creativity)

Practical strategy

-

power struggle (what is at stake is defeat or victory)

-

interpretation relationship (what is at stake is creation of meaning)

Collective intelligence ethics


Each one of us is an autonomous and responsible
source of meaning.


We can enrich our world by integrating others as
autonomous interpretation centers who are
complete worlds in themselves.


What is to be done with the other’s
meaning
production

?

Ignore it, tolérate it, despise it, beat it, imitate it…?
this would not be a dialogue.


Collective intelligence is the reciprocal implication
and mutual recognition of autonomous world

’s
sources.

Design

No theories

Added value

Culture

design

Continuous

learning

Cognitive

systems

design

Design oriented

organisations

d
i
g
i
t
a
l


g
r
a
c
e

INFINITE EMPTINESS

mystic

quest

CREATION

technoscience

art

philosophy

new

forms

new

meanings

new

ideas

new

questions

new
games

improvements of
collective intelligence

new life

new ways to
bridge minds

new
bodies

new
perceptions

new
languages