Le temps des pionniers la reconstitution de l'Abbaye de Cluny

slipperhangingAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Towards new digital
cultural spaces


by Jean
-
Pierre Dalbéra

National Museum of European and
Mediterranean Civilisations


Head of research and technology department
of the french Ministry of Culture

since 1990 to 2003.


Cultural Heritage and technologies


a cohesive approach

http://www.culture.gouv.fr/


Scientific research


Technical Innovation (
new tools
)


Digitisation (
catalogues and documents
)


Dissemination and publishing


International cooperation

to foster economic development, education,
tourism, art creation, social relations…


Knowledge


Research programmes for archaeology, art
history, ethnology, architecture,..



Inventories, catalogues, books,..



Methodologies, descriptive systems, thesaurus
(
monuments, objects, archives, intangible
heritage, museums,…)



67 cultural databases (
free access
)

http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/bdd

Musée Guimet : national museum of asiatic arts

Musée Guimet (Paris)

Joconde (french museums database)

Examples of sculptures of « musée Guimet »

Examples of rolls of « musée Guimet »

«

Mémoire

» : historical photographs database

Historical photographs of China (database)

Virtual reality and cultural heritage

15 years of innovation


A powerful instrument of knowledge


A tool for education


Allowing public access to monuments that
are closed for the visit


Reconstructing objects and environments


Allowing a new vision without constraints in
space and time


The traditional method of reconstruction

by drawing and water
-
colour



OUDHNA (TUNISIA)



The antique roman city of Oudhna
reconstructed by J.C. Golvin (CNRS)



The Acropolis today


The pioneers of virtual reality : Paris in 1789



The reconstruction of Paris in 1789


for French Revolution Bicentenary


by a french society «

Ex
-
Machina

» (1989)


http://www.mediaport.net/en/CP/CyberScience/BDD/fich_037.en.html

Pixel INA Award 1990

Illumination techniques

1990 : one of the first simulation projects.

Virtual illumination of the «

Bonsecours

» church

by the MAP/CRAI laboratory (Nancy, France)

http://www.crai.archi.fr/

The virtual museum of Louvre by night

1992 : The virtual illumination of Louvre

A partnership between the MAP/CRAI laboratory

and the LORIA (INRIA),
(Nancy, France),


with the sponsoring of «

Electricité de France

»

The first virtual reconstruction of Cluny Abbey


A reconstruction realizead in 1992 by «

le Centre d'Enseignement

et de Recherche ENSAM

» of the city of Cluny

with a sponsoring of IBM

(
by the archaeologist

K. J. Conant
)

http://www.cluny.ensam.fr/

Inside reconstruction of Cluny Abbey

First virtual model realized in 1992

has been improved since this date by ENSAM of Cluny

Televirtual visit of Cluny Abbey

Imagina 1993, Monte
-
Carlo, France :

The first experiment of televirtuality :

a virtual visit of the «

père Di Falco

» in Monte Carlo

guided by the curator of the historical monument in Paris

http://imagina.ina.fr/Imagina/2000/Actu/feedback.fr.html


Virtual Illumination of bridges of Paris



1993 : The virtual illumination of the «

Pont Neuf

» (Paris)

by the MAP/CRAI laboratory (Nancy, France),

with the sponsoring of «

Electricité de France

»

The sanctuary of Athena 3D
-
model (Delphes)



1997 : the 3D reconstruction of the sanctuary of Athena

(Delphes, Greece)

A partnership between MAP/CRAI laboratory (Nancy, France),


«

la maison de l’archéologie

» (Bordeaux, France),

«

Ecole française d’Athènes

»

with the sponsoring of «

Electricité de France

»

Virtual reality and haptic feedback

on a famous greek sculpture of «

musée du Louvre

»



An experiment

of the research

and technology

department

of the ministry

of culture

and a french society

SeamTeam (2000)


On the left : Catherine Tasca,

the french minister


of culture can see and

touch the virtual

sculpture


Realtime augmented reality :

Cathedral of Amiens (France)

3D
-
model of sculptures

and virtual application

of mediaeval colours


We can see on the

photography on the left

the effects obtained

by projection of light

on the front of the

Cathedral of Amiens


SeamTeam and other

Partners (2000)


The MAP laboratory : « Models and simulations for
architecture, town planning and landscapes »



1998 : a new laboratory is created

(a partnership between the National Center

of Scientific Research and the

Ministry of culture)



(
Marseille, Nancy, Lyon, Toulouse, Strasbourg
)

http://www.map.archi.fr/

The national programme :
3D Monuments


A national programme :


to coordinate 3D models production on
historical monuments


to promote data normalisation,


to develop method of photomodelling and 3D
laser scanning


to produce 3D models for restauration of
historical buildings, but also for e
-
education,
e
-
culture, e
-
tourism


Acquisition methods

: Laser scanning, digital photographs

3D
-
Monuments

: a french national programme

for modelising monuments and buildings

3D
-
Monuments

: Extraction of relevant profiles
and architectural knowledge
-
based modeling

Glossary, grammar and knowledges organized par Livio de Luca (MAP)
2002 to elaborate a 3D
-
model of the roman temple of Dougga (Tunisia)

Elements of architecture

Grammar of architecture

Knowledges of 3D
-
model

3D
-
Monuments

database for the scene wall

of roman theater of Arles

Livio de
Luca,

Michel
Florenzano


(MAP)


2003

3D
-
Monuments

: Image matching and 3D model for a
temple of Dougga (Tunisia)

The temple of Dougga (Moustapha KHANOUSSI, Michel FLORENZANO, Jean
-
Claude GOLVIN, Véronique REDDÉ, Livio DE LUCA)


3D
-
Monuments : Augmented reality


for the roman theater of Arles

The roman theater of Arles has been built at the end of the 1st century B.J.C..

3D
-
Monuments

: Augmented reality

for the roman theater of Arles

Reconstruction by Michel Florenzano and Livio De Luca

(MAP) 2003

3D
-
Monuments

: some 3D models available
on the website


La saline d’Arc et Senans

Le Palais royal (Paris)

Le casino d’Aix
-
en
-
Provence

L’hôtel de Sully (Paris)

http://www.map.archi.fr/3D
-
monuments

3D immersive virtual spaces for cultural institutions ?


We inaugurated, in october 2004, at Bavay in the north of France,

the first immersive space in an archaeological museum.


Immersive room in ENSAM (Cluny)


I
mmersive parabol (2002)

Great archaeological sites : a collection

for the Web


16 multimedia publications to
valorize archaeological
research (1996
-
2004),


On free access


Collaborations between
researchers, web
-
designers,
technicians, educators,..


6 international awards for the
collection,


100.000

visites by month
(2003).

Produced by research and
technology department of
the french ministry of
culture

With the National Center of
Scientific Research (CNRS)

Great archaeological websites

3D model of neolithic houses



Great archaeological websites

3D model of the Akhethetep’s mastaba

Great archaeological websites

Mobius

Heritage 2003 international Award

European projects on virtual reality and
cultural heritage

Research on multimedia guided tours or
exhibitions





ARCHEOGUIDE

(
augmented reality
-
based cultural heritage on
-
site guide
)
Olympie, Greece


PAST

: PAD, Bibracte (France),…


LIFE PLUS
: Pompeï (Italy),..


EPOCH

: european network of
excellence


STRABON
, euromediterranean
plateform for cultural heritage and
sustainable tourism


….


Le «

cyber
-
carnet : Visite +
» Cité des
sciences et de l’industrie, (Canada
exhibition)





Jean
-
Pierre DALBERA


Mission pour le musée national des civilisations de

l’Europe et de la Méditerranée

Musée national des arts et traditions populaires

6 avenue du Mahatma Ghandi

75116 Paris France


Téléphone : 33 1 44 17 60 21

Fax : 33 1 44 17 60 60

E
-
mail :
jean
-
pierre.dalbera@culture.gouv.fr

Personal website :
http://www.dalbera.nom.fr/



URL of the conference :
http://site.voila.fr/dalbera2/3D/chine.ppt