Biomedical Information II

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Biomedical Information II

Evidence
-
Based Practice and Knowledge Management



Source:
http://www.who.int/countries/arm/en/


This map

is a

WHO

approximation of actual country borders.





Instructor

Charles J Greenberg

Special Projects Librarian, Cushing/Whitney Medical Library, Yale University

Lecturer, School of Library and Information Science, San Jose State University



Funding Provided by a
FULBRIGHT SPECIALISTS GRANT
,
administered by the Bureau of Educational
and Cultural Affairs, United States Department of State with the cooperation of the

Institute of International Education


Project ID:
5104


Host Institution
s
:

Yerevan State Medical University

Republican Scientific Medical Library



Grant Period:

June 20, 2012


July 10, 2012



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



ii

NOTES


This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution
-
Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.


To view a copy of this license,
visit


http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by
-
nc/3.0/us/


or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300,
San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Notes

Contents

I
NTRODUCTION

................................
................................
................................
.............

1

C
OURSE
T
OOLS
O
VERVIEW

................................
................................
...........................

2

M
EDICAL
S
UBJECT
H
EADINGS
(M
E
SH)

................................
................................
..........

3

M
E
SH

T
OOLS

................................
................................
................................
..............

4

S
EARCHING WITH
M
E
SH

-

V
IDEO
L
ESSONS

................................
................................
....

4

E
VIDENCE
-
BASED
P
RACTICE
(EBP)

P
ERSONALIZATION OF
P
UB
M
ED
:

M
Y
NCBI

................

5

V
IDEO
T
UTORIALS
-

M
Y
NCBI

................................
................................
.........................

6

E
VIDENCE
-
B
ASED
P
RACTICE
(EBP)

D
ATABASE
S
EARCHING

................................
...........

7

U
SING
P
UB
M
ED
(HINARI

P
UB
M
ED
)

FOR
E
VIDENCE
-

B
ASED
S
EARCHING

.........................

8

EBP

L
IBRARIAN
A
CTIVITIES

................................
................................
..........................

9

I
MPORTANT
O
RGANIZATIONS
&

C
ONCEPTS FOR
A
UTHORS OF
S
YSTEMATIC
R
EVIEWS

......

10

G
OOGLE
C
USTOM
S
EARCH
-

N
ETTING THE
E
VIDENCE

................................
....................

11

L
IBRARIANS AS
EBP

EXPERTS
:

K
EEPING
C
URRENT

................................
......................

13

R
ECENT
A
RTICLES ON
EBP

L
IBRARY
S
ERVICES

................................
...........................

14

C
ITATION AND
R
EFERENCE
M
ANAGEMENT
T
OOLS

................................
.........................

15

W
EB
-
B
ASED
N
O OR
L
OW
-
C
OST
C
ITATION
M
ANAGEMENT
O
PTIONS

...............................

16

S
PRINGSHARE
L
IBRARY
P
RODUCTIVITY
T
OOLS

................................
.............................

17

S
PRING
S
HARE
A
PPLICATIONS AND
T
ERMINOLOGY

................................
........................

18

Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
1


Introduction

Based on the 2008 experience of training Yerevan medical librarians and medical research
university staff in basic database and information competence,
Biomedical Information II

focuses on building advanced competence and skill to support evidence
-
based pr
actice
(EBP) by doctors, nurses, and other health professionals, combined with contemporary
information and knowledge management tools for research and education support. In the
rapidly expanding digital library environment, librarians, researchers, and he
alth care staff
must maintain their skill and expertise while forming collaborative partnerships to improve
the health standards of the Armenian population. Teaching competence in health
information management is effective when teaching faculty and librari
ans collaborate to
identify clinical scenarios and problems and demonstrate the efficacy of biomedical
information resources and information management tools for improving health care
outcomes.


The content of this workbook is accompanied by
course materi
als

posted at the web site
www.hyelibrarians.net





Students will work individually and in pairs to complete assignments and be assessed for
learning and evaluation of the presented content. Workbook space
has been reserved for
note
-
taking during class at the bottom of each page.


Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



2

NOTES


Course Tools Overview

Key Tools


Hyelibrarians Course Site

www.hyelibrarians.net

PubMed (Hinari
Interface)

http://www.who.int/hinari

MeSH Database (Hinari Interface)

http://www.who.int/hinari

MyNCBI

http://ww
w.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/myncbi/

Springshare Library Productivity Tools

http://springshare.com/

Cochrane Library(Hinari Interface)

http://www.who.int/hinari

EBM Librarian
Google Site (Wiki)

https://sites.google.com/site/ebmlibrarian/

Zotero

3.0

http://www.zotero.org/

WizFolio

http://wizfolio.com/

Mendeley

http://www.mendeley.com/

Google Docs and Drive

http://docs.google.com/

TinyURL or
Goo.gl

http://tinyurl.com

or
http://goo.gl/

Key Concepts and Terminology



Cloud Computing



Citation Management



EBM/EBP Best Evidence



Systematic Review



Screen
-
Capture



Auto
-
Alert



RSS
-

Really Simple Syndication

Learning Objectives:



Biomedical
Information II s
tudents, librarians and clinicians,
should
understand the potential
power and influence they possess to organize and distribute information
in ways others will
find useful and use to save lives
,
cure
, and prevent

illness.




Knowledge manage
ment (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used in an
organization to identify, create, represent, distribute, and enable adoption of insights and
experiences.



Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
3


Medical Subject Headings

(
MeS
H
)

Learning Objectives:



Students should be able to discuss the history of and locate, when necessary, relevant
medical subject vocabulary in electronic formats.



Students should also be able to demonstrate the appropriate use of MeSH structures
and tools, such as subheadings, "tree" hierarchies of relevant terms, alpha
-
numeric
classified equivalents, and major
-
minor subject heading designations for cataloging
and/o
r searching purposes.


Key Points

1.

Searching

for a MeSH term includes alternative meanings.

2.

MeSH searching improves relevancy of search results, providing a single term
for many variations authors may use.

3.

New concepts may

not yet have a specific MeSH term

4.

PubMed Searching includes articles with and without MeSH terms.

5.

Advanced OVID searching conveniently “maps” search terms to MeSH terms

6.

The MeSH database is conveniently found in the NCBI PubMed interface.

7.

The assignment o
f MeSH vocabulary terms to Medline citations is done by
NLM staff, not a machine. Humans understand the nuances of meaning;
humans also are subjective and, rarely, incorrect. For this reason, a
Systematic (comprehensive) search must include both MeSH and n
on
-
MeSH
terms
.

Key Concepts

and Terminology



Subheadings (qualifiers)



MeSH Tree (hierarchy)



MeSH alpha
-
numeric classification



Scope Note



Specificity

Rule for Indexing



Check Tags



Publication Types




Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



4

NOTES


MeSH Tools



MeSH

is the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus



There is both a MeSH Browser and a MeSH Database



MeSH Browser



Medical Subject Heading look
-
up tool



http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mes
h/MBrowser.html




MeSH Database



Entrez database of NLM controlled vocabulary used for
indexing articles for MEDLINE/PubMed



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=m
esh





MeSH descriptors are arranged in both an
alphabetic

and a
hierarchical
structure.




MeSH is also available in a variety of electronic formats



http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/filelist.html




Overvie
w
Video

in PubMed Tutorial



http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/video/




The Basics of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH®) in MEDLINE®/PubMed®



http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/mesh/




Using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH®) in Cataloging (self
-
paced quizzes included)



http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/cataloging/trainingcourses/mesh/


Searching with

MeSH
-

Video Lessons



Searching with the MeSH Database

(
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/viewlet/mesh/searchin
g/mesh1.html
) (3 min., February 2011)



Combining MeSH Terms Using the MeSH Database

(
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/viewlet/mesh/combining/mesh2.html
) (3 min., February 2011)



Applyin
g Subheadings and Other Features of the MeSH Database

(
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/viewlet/mesh/subheadings/mesh3.html
) (3 min., February
2011)

Why is a controlled medical vocabu
lary like MeSH important?



Authors use different terms that mean the same thing.



Searchers may only think of their own term, and “mapping”
from an “entry” term
to the
MeSH term helps to resolve this problem

of not knowing synonyms



MeSH is updated and revised annually, as knowledge is always changing.



Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
5


Evidence
-
based Practice (EBP) Personalization of PubMed
:
MyNCBI



Learning Objectives:



Students should be able to create a
myNCBI

account and create
collections

of
references th
at can be shared with others, create saved searches that contain
EBP search steps, and set up
email alerts

directed to their own email or to
others
.

You can direct myNCBI to continue delivery, automatically.


Key Points

o

MyNCBI represents

w
eb 2.0 personalization
for individual users.

o

M
yNCBI functionality sa
ves time and provides searching alert c
urrency

o

C
itation collection
s

can support
the creation of
content
-
rich web sites.


o

Permanently saving EBP searches will help to e
mpower EBP practices

o

Providing automatic search results to groups enhances the organization’s
reputation with minimal effort.


Key Concepts and Terminology



Saved Searches and
Settings



Email Alert



My Bibliography



PubMed



PubMed Central



Recent Activity



Collections, Public and Private



Filters



Direct URL





Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



6

NOTES


Video Tutorials
-

MyNCBI

http://tinyurl.com/myncbi
-
vid






Why is a
personal
portal like myNCBI

important?



You can retrieve search strategies and collections of citations anywhere

internet is
available.



You can share collections of citations publicly.



You can keep track of your own PubMed
-
indexed articles



You can have a personal co
llection of PubMed searching filters.



Saved search strategies will identify new emerging research automatically.



Providing an EBP
-
filtered collection of citations promotes EBP awareness.




Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
7


Evidence
-
Based Practice (EBP) Database Searching




Source:
www.ebmpyramid.org



L
earning Objectives:



Students should be able to identify and describe the value of

qualita
tive
levels of evidence
and

demonstrate

the systematic application of EBP
filters to obtain desired level of evidence.



Students should be able to demonstrate

competence with basic
biomedical database searching for best evidence.


Key Points
:

o

EBP database f
iltering relieves information overload, when properly applied

o

The most
urgent

infor
ma
tion needs

can be addressed by readily available filters,
providing more time for more difficult questions

o

P
re
-
constructed EBP
searching
techniques

provide current research.


Key Concepts and Terminology



Levels of evidence



Hedge



Clinical Queries



Clinical Question



Specific or Narrow



Sensitive or Broad




Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



8

NOTES


Using PubMed (HINARI
PubMed) for Evidence
-

Based Searching




Clinical Queries
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/clinical


o

Rapid filtering when there is no time to do a comprehensive search





PubMed’s Clinical Querie
s’ Study Categories represent
types of clinical questions and
types of research studies

o

Explanation:
http://tinyurl.com/ebp
-
studies




Diagnosis
--
how to select and interpret diagnostic tests



Therapy
--
how to select treatments to offer patients that do more good than
harm and that are worth the efforts and costs of using them



Prognosis
-
-
how to estimate the patient's likely clinical course over time and
anticipate likely complications of disease



Harm/Et
iology
-
-
how to identify causes for disease (including iatrogenic forms)



Clinical Prediction Guides (
http://tinyurl.com/clinpreguide
)
--
P
rediction of
some aspect of a disease or condition
,
enhancing clinical
judgment.



PubMed’s Systematic Reviews
presents search results filtered for systematic reviews that have
appeared in PubMed
-
indexed literature. Also
meta
-
analyses, reviews of clinical

trials
, consensus
development conferences, and guidelines.



Medical Genet
ics
filters articles related to genetics, genotypes, and genetic counseling.



The
PubMed screen design

has been updated to provide
immediate access to EBP
f
iltering

Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
9


EBP Librarian Activities

https://sites.google.com/site/ebmlibrarian/


Learning Objectives:



Students should be able to access and apply examples from the
EBM Librarian site



Students should be able to o
rganize lessons and examples

that improve that application
of

EBP
to clinical p
ractice
.



Students should u
nderstand the librarian role in the Systematic Review process


Key Points
:

o

Relevant examples are more likely to be remembered and emulated. For a
pediatric audience, use a pediatric example.

o

“Brand” your library efforts. For example, organize a guide or web page

that is
current

and promotes library services,
linking

to EBP resources
.

o

There are very specific roles for librarians in
EBP which complement the
physician and nurse roles
.


o

EBP
training for nurses who provide direct care is appropriate.

o

Librarian support for
systematic review

creation, when done carefully and in line
with a physician group’s expectation, is a valuable service.


o

Librarians can also educate clinicians and nurses about
evidence grading systems

(
USPSTF

and
GRADE
)
,
that provide a qualitative rankin
g to clinical research
articles, as well as expected reporting requirements (
PRISMA
) that reviews
must have if expected to

be published.


Key Concepts and Terminology



Cochrane Collaboration



Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta
-
Analyses

(PRISMA)



Levels of evidence (LOE)



US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)



Grading of Reco
mmendations Assessment, Development and
Evaluation

(GRADE) Working Group



The
TRIP Database





ATTRACT





Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



10

NOTES


Important
Organizations &
Concepts for Authors of Systematic Reviews

Cochrane Collaboration

http://www.cochrane.org/


The Cochrane Collaboration, established in 1993, is an international network of more than 28,000
dedicated people from over 100 countries. We work together to help health care providers, policy
-
makers, patients, their advocates and carers

by preparing
, updating and promoting the accessibility of
Cochrane Reviews


over 5,000 so far, published

online in
The Cochrane Library

(available in HINARI
under REFERENCE SOURCES)


PRISMA:
Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta
-
Analyses
http://www.prisma
-
statement.org/


The aim of the
PRISMA Statement

is to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and
meta
-
analyses. PRISMA may also be useful for critical appraisal of published systematic reviews,
although it is not a quality assessment instrument to gauge the quality of a systematic rev
iew.

The
PRISMA Statement consists of a 27
-
item checklist and a four
-
phase flow diagram. It is an evolving
document that is subject to change periodically as new evidence emerges. This website contains the
current definitive version of the PRISMA Statement
.


Levels of evidence (LOE)

http://www.cebm.net/index.aspx?o=1025



T
he
Oxford Centre for Evidence
-
based Medicine

suggests levels of evidence (LOE) according to the study
designs and critic
al appraisal of prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, and harm studies
.

(Levels
include 1a
-
c, 2a
-
c, 3a
-
b, 4, & 5) When systematically reviewing articles for their evidence content, LOE is
helpful for identifying flawed studies that can be removed fro
m systematic consideration. Some EBP
resources adopt LOE
standards for rating articles.


US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)

http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/


An
independent group of national experts in prevention and evidence
-
based medicine that works to
improve the health of all Americans by making evidence
-
based recommendations about clinical
preventive services such as screenings, counseling services, or preven
tive medications.

The USPSTF
conducts scientific evidence reviews of a broad range of clinical preventive health care services (such as
screening, counseling, and preventive medications) and develops recommendations for primary care
clinicians and health s
ystems. These recommendations are published in the form of "Recommendation
Statements."


Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group

http://www.gradeworkinggroup.org/


Propose a single simple system to rate
quality of
study design

and
strength of recommendation
.

See article in BMJ:
http://www.bmj.com/content/336/7650/924.full


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
11


Google Custom Search
-

Netting the Evidence

http://tinyurl.com/netevid


http://www.google.com/cse/



Learning Objectives:



Students should be able to bookmark or link to
the
ready
-
made
Netting the Evidence

Search



Students should be able to articulate the

difference between
Netting the Evidence

Search

and TRIP or ATTRACT



Students should be able to create and apply their own
Google Custom Search

to any
existing web pages
.



St
udents should be able to create and apply to their

own specifications
…not limited to
EBP


Key Points
:

o

The
Netting the Evidence custom search

is promoted by one of the organizers
of the EBM Librarian
s
ite
.

o

Netting the
Evidence

provides EBP Methodology guidance for designing studies
or education.

o

Google allows anyone with a Google account to create a custom search.

o

A search result provides information for clinical decisions but cannot substitute
for clinician expertise

o

Compare this kind of EBM filtered search result to the
TRIP Database

(
http://www.tripdatabase.com/
) which
also provides actual research article
evidence

o

Compare the TRIP database to
ATTRACT

(
http://www.attract.wales.nhs.uk/
)



Key Concepts and Terminology



EBP Methodology



Google Custom Search Edition



AdSense

(or Not)



Disclaimer



Tag Cloud





Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



12

NOTES


Netting the
Evidence

http://tinyurl.com/netevid



Search engine dedicated to the
methodology of evidence based practice




S
earches at least 107 sites including:
http://www.york.ac.
uk/inst/crd/

,
http://www.sbu.se

/,
http://hiru.mcmaster.ca/hiru/

,
http://www.cebm.net/

,
http://www.cche.net/


, areas of NCBI, etc.



Try searching
NNT

or
Critical Appraisal
, two concepts in EBP



Note that no Google Ads appear in the results of Netting the Evidence. Certain
non
-
profit organizations or individuals can apply for exemption from
AdSense,
Google’s income engine. Commercial users can pay a fee to eliminate ads. This is
described at:
http://www.google.com/cse





http://www.google.com/cse/




Requires a login to a Google account



Do work ahead of time and gather the URL’s that you will use to build the
custom search



Decide if you can tolerate the
Ad Sense

or want to apply for an exemption.






Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
13


Librarians as EBP experts
: Keeping Current

Biomedical Librarianship
Literature Resources:


Professional Journals




Journal of the Medical Library Association




http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/93/





Journal of Electronic Resources
In Medical Libraries



HINARI (Taylor & Francis)




Biomedical Digital Libraries



http://tinyurl.com/bio
-
diglib

(2004
-
2007)




Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet



HINARI (Taylor & Francis)




Medical Reference
Services Quarterly



HINARI (Taylor & Francis)



Health Information & Libraries Journal



HINARI (
John Wiley & Sons
)


Electronic Mailing Lists to seek Assistance and Problem Solving


MEDLIB
-
L

http://www.mlanet.org/discussion/medlib_l_faq.html

expertsearching

http://pss.mlanet.org/mailman/listinfo/expertsearching_pss.mlanet.org




Medical Librarians Blogging

http://liswiki.org/wiki/Weblogs_
-
_Medical_Librarianship


Biomedical Information II

Workbook


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#
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14

NOTES


Recent Articles on EBP
Library
Services



Anuradha S, Kruesi L, Eriksson L, Steele M, Harrison T, Lewis M, et al.
Evidence
-
based pr
actice in action: how
can your medical librarian help?

Evid Based Med 2010 Apr;15(2):36.



Bradley DR, Rana GK, Lypson ML, Hamstra SJ.
A centralized practice
-
based learning and improvement
curriculum for residents and fellows: a collaboration of health scie
nces librarians and graduate medical
education administration.

J Med Libr Assoc 2010 Apr;98(2):175
-
178.



Gardois P, Calabrese R, Colombi N, Deplano A, Lingua C, Longo F, et al.
Effectiveness of bibliographic searches
performed by paediatric residents and i
nterns assisted by librarians. A randomised controlled trial.

Health
Info Libr J 2011 Dec;28(4):273
-
284.



Li P, Wu L.
Supporting evidence
-
based medicine: a survey of U.S. medical librarians.

Med Ref Serv Q
2011;30(4):365
-
381.



Shurtz S, Foster MJ.
Developing and using a rubric for evaluating evidence
-
based medicine point
-
of
-
care
tools.

J Med Libr Assoc 2011 Jul;99(3):247
-
254.


Source:
Evidence
-
based practice in action: how can your medical librarian help? (2010)


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
15


Citation and Reference Management
Tools

C
omparison:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_reference_management_software



Learning Objectives:



Students should be able to describe and understand an
d compare citation management
software features



Students should know that the voluntary nature of Wikipedia up
dating means that an
individual manufacturer’s or distributor’s description will always be more current.



Students should be able to demonstrate fe
atures of citation management programs for
creating bibliographies and formatting in
-
context citations.



Students should be able to describe and apply the information organization and display
features of citation management tools.


Key Points
:

o

The Wikipedia
Citation and Reference Management Tools

comparison chart
benefits from community updating and reports
.

o

With so many choices, it is unlikely that any one person can stay up to date.
Library services t
o support citation management adapt well to a team or
collaborative approach.

o

Decent free or low cost alternatives exist
.


o

Many applications that are not free offer a no
-
cost trial.


o

Web
-
based programs can allow you to organize and host a public “book
shelf” of
useful citations.

o

Yale and other institutions give away high quality instructional videos that can
expand your service.

(
http://library.medicine.yale.edu/guides/
)

o

Simple and easy
-
to
-
underst
and program are often preferred over complex
programs with more features.

Key Concepts and Terminology

o

Export file formats

o

Import file formats

o

Citation styles

o

Reference list file formats

o

Word processor integration

o

Database connectivity




Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



16

NOTES


Web
-
Based

No o
r

Low
-
Cost Citation Management Options

WizFolio


http://wizfolio.com/



Web
-
based and multi
-
platform compatible



Levels of Subscription


Free
is Ad
-
s
ubsidized
http://wizfolio.com/Pages/Registration.aspx



Import references directly from PDFs



Upload Files and automatically obtain bibliographic data



Local downloaded component and public sharing

Zotero


http://www.zotero.org/



Originally integrated into
the Firefox

web browser

as a plug
-
in



3.0 version has a local component
http://www.zotero.org/support/3.0



Developed by a University as a
free

alternative to commercial products



Local download


component
synchronizes with

public sharing


Mendel
e
y

http://www.mendeley.com/



Emphasizes d
iscover
y of papers
relevant to your
research interests



Groups and Users within Groups



Reference Manager




Browsing

by discipline and popularity (most read)



Local downloaded component and public sharing



Free

and upgraded subscription levels
http://www.mendeley.com/upgrade/

Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


NOTES
17


Springshare Library Productivity Tools

http://springshare.com/


Learning Objectives:



Students should be able to describe and understand
how each Springshare component
can improve the
organization, delivery, and evaluation of
public web page and library
service

information.



Students should be able to adapt an institutional common look or theme

to LibGuides
.



Students should be able to
discover existing guides and adapt the
topic or
design locally
.



Students should be able to
access collaborative groups and attend
SpringyCamp Virtual
Conference
s

to expand their knowledge and practice
.



Key Points
:

o

More than 2600 libraries globally use Spingshare
products
.

o

A strategic institutional approach to LibGuide creation can mean little need for
updating.

o

CampusGuides/CommunityGuides

provide advanced features that enhance
and
integrate
basic
LibGuides

for a larger institution
.

o

LibCal

simplifies

Event manage
ment, appointment
and

room
scheduling
.

o

LibAnswers

supports

reference/
FAQ pages

,

SMS, Twitter,
real
-
time reference.

o

LibAnalytics

supports library statistics
on just about anything
you want to track
.


Key Concepts and Terminology

o

Widgets

o

API (application programming interface)

o

Hosted system

o

Template

o

LibGuides community

o

Web 2.0

o

RSS

o

SpringyCamp

o

SpringShare Groups



Biomedical Information II

Workbook


Fulbright Specialists Project

#
5104



18

NOTES


SpringShare Applications

and Terminology


Widgets

o

A small content delivery application.

Many different widgets can be integrated into
LibGuides and CampusGuides

API (application programming interface)

o

A computer programming specification
that allows

software components to communicate
with each other
.

o

A blog page that has a youtube™ video
embedded so you can play the video without visiting
youtube™ is possible because of a youtube™ API specification.

Hosted System

o

Sprinshare hosts your LibGuides, not you. Eliminates need for local system maintainance
and provides constant backup and editing

from anywhere.

Template

o

Any existing LibGuide can be a template or starting point for your own page. Your LibGuides
can be starting points for others. A common look and feel for all your pages can be based on
a common template.

LibGuides Community

o

All library LibGuides can be searched and discovered here:
http://libguides.com/community.php


Web 2.0

o

New ways of creating, collaborating, editing and sharing user
-
generated content online

RSS
:
Really Simple Syndication

o

Content delivered automatically from one web page or site to another

o

Effect use of RSS will allow web pages to always be current and fresh with minimal work

SpringyCamp

o

Springshare supports virtual collaborative learning events fo
r library staff

o

The informality and unpressured feeling of a summer camp for adults

SpringShare Groups

o

Discussions, forums, and information for users of SpringShare products

http://springsharelounge.com/