Reengineering the SIPP: The New Dynamics of Economic Well-being System

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Nov 16, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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1

Reengineering the SIPP:

The New Dynamics of Economic
Well
-
being System

David Johnson

Brookings/Census Roundtable

Brookings Institution

June 8, 2006


2

Goals for Roundtable



To describe our progress and options for the new
Dynamics of Economic Well
-
being system.


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particular, the components that are necessary to
retain from the SIPP as well as the items that users
are willing to give up.


3

Reengineering the SIPP

4

Goals for Dynamics of Economic
Well
-
being system


The value
-
added of the dynamics of economic
well
-
being system is in providing a nationally
representative sample that can be used to
evaluate the annual and sub
-
annual dynamics of
income, the movements into and out of
government transfer programs, and the
interactions between these items.


5

Goals for Dynamics of Economic
Well
-
being system


The Dynamics of Economic Well
-
being system will


include a new survey data collection,


require fewer resources than the current SIPP program,


improve processing efficiency,


be releasable to the public in a timely manner,


integrate survey data and administrative records data


make use of the richness of the new data collection in
the American Community Survey (ACS).


6


Department of Agriculture


Model food stamp eligibility and participation


Department of Health and Human Services


Measure the economic effects of welfare reform on children
and adults, and determine "triggers" that cause people to go
on or to go off programs.


Social Security Administration


Model SSI benefits, and examine the effects of benefits for
couples and surviving spouses.


Researchers


Use both the longitudinal and cross
-
sectional nature of SIPP


Census Bureau


Produce P70 reports on Dynamics of Economic Well
-
being




Current Uses of SIPP

7

Purpose of SIPP


“The two primary goals of SIPP should be to provide improved
information on the distribution of income and other economic
resources for people and families and on eligibility for and
participation in government assistance programs.”


The Future of the Survey of Income and Program Participation, NAS, 1993


“... [The SIPP] provides an unprecedented opportunity to
ascertain the nature of income flows and program
participation, both for relatively short periods of time and over
extended periods of time, for individuals and families as they
experience changes in household composition, income, and
labor force participation.”


Improving National Statistics on Children, Youth and Families, 1984


8

SIPP and Administrative data


“The planners of SIPP are to be congratulated for
their intention to combine administrative data
with field survey measurements. It is…clear that
combining such disparate sources of information
provides much richer insights into the status and
behavior of individuals.”



-

James Smith,
Journal of Economic


and Social Measurement
, 1985

9

Planning the new system


Develop new survey component


Content, Survey design, Survey instrument


Construct cross
-
walk between current data
needs and administrative records availability


Develop prototype


National level and State level


Develop data products


Work with stakeholders to determine users’
needs



10

New Survey: Basic versus supplemental products

Basic Topics


Demographics General Income

Labor Force Health Insurance


Assets Education

Program Participation

Child Support

Well
-
being

Disability

Wealth

11

Possible sample sources


There are several options for generating a
sampling frame:


sampling from the Master Address File;


sampling directly from ACS interviewed cases;


sampling directly from administrative data;


selecting all CPS cases matched from one ASEC to the
following year’s ASEC;


using all CPS cases in outgoing rotations (all months);
and,


using the existing SIPP sample already identified.

12

Possible modes of data collection


Mail out/mail back




Paper and pencil




CAPI


computer assisted personal


interviewing




CATI


computer assisted telephone


interviewing


13

Possible Recall Periods

4


month recall



3 interviews per year


each interview asks about each of the preceding 4 months

6


month recall


2 interviews per year


each interview asks about each of the preceding 6 months

12


month recall (2 options)


1 interview per year asking about each of the preceding 12
months


1 interview per year and an event history calendar to derive
each of the preceding 12 months

14

Administrative records successes

Medicare Enrollment
Database (MEDB)

Medicare health insurance coverage

Master Beneficiary
Record (MBR)

Work disability and source of general
income (e.g., Social Security)

IRS 1040, 1099
-
INT,
and 1099
-
DIV

Asset ownership, income/earnings from
a job, profit from a business,
unemployment compensation, receipt
of alimony

Census Numident

Demographic characteristics such as
age, race, Hispanic origin, citizenship

SSA SSR

Receipt of Federal/state SSI

HUD
-
TRACS

Public housing and receipt
of rent subsidies

15

Match rates between survey data and
administrative SSN

50.2%
36.4%
6.9%
0.0%
20.0%
40.0%
60.0%
80.0%
100.0%
2001 CPS
SSN Verification
Address Search
Name Search
94%

16

First Prototype: Matching CPS
and Medicaid (MSIS) data

MSIS data

Receipt of
Medicaid

MSIS

No Medicaid

Match and
possible
receipt

CPS

Recipient


0.4%


4.5%


6.2%

CPS

Non
Recipient


0.4%


84.5%


4.2%

17

First Prototype: Matching CPS
and Medicaid (MSIS) data

MSIS data

Receipt of
Medicaid

MSIS

No Medicaid

Match and
possible
receipt

CPS

Recipient


0.4%


4.5%


6.2%

CPS

Non
Recipient


0.4%


84.5%


4.2%

18

First Prototype: Matching CPS
and Medicaid (MSIS) data

MSIS data

Receipt of
Medicaid

MSIS

No Medicaid

Match and
possible
receipt

CPS

Recipient


0.4%


4.5%


6.2%

CPS

Non
Recipient


0.4%


84.5%


4.2%

19

Possible Data Products

Complete

Public

Data

Internal files

and RDC

Synthetic

Data

DEWB

20

SIPP ’04 Panel

Data Collection

2/04


9/06

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

DEWB Data

Collection

2009 and on

Prototype

Release

2008

DEWB Planning

2006


2009

SIPP ’04 Panel

Data Files Released

9/05


2/08

Time period
covered by
SIPP ’04 Panel
data files

2/04


9/06

Time period
covered by
the
prototype

2006
-

2007

Time period
covered by
DEWB data
collection

2008

21

URL: http://www.sipp.census.gov/sipp/




Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Demographics Survey Division,

Survey of Income and Program Participation branch

Created: February 14, 2002

Last revised: May 10, 2006




Census Bureau Links:



Home


Search


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-
Z


FAQs


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Contact Us








Assessing Users’ Needs

22

Questions


What aspects of the current SIPP do you feel are
the most important for measuring economic well
-
being? And in particular, what would you be
willing to give up?


Do you have examples of research (or products)
that you regard as “best practices” in the use of
SIPP data?


Do you have needs for both the cross
-
sectional
and longitudinal aspects of the data?


23

Additional slides

24

Synthetic Data:

Means for various retirement income sources using actual admin
data are similar to synthetic data for many demographic groups

(SIPP 2004 Panel and Monthly Benefit Amount)

0
200
400
600
800
1000
Own Retirement
Disability
Aged Spouse
Black Males - Admin
Black Males - Synthetic
White Males - Admin
White Males - Synthetic
25

Percent found by SSN verification, ADDRESS,

and NAME search (CPS, SIPP and ACS)

67.5%
0.0%
36.4%
17.8%
74.4%
7.7%
15.1%
50.2%
6.9%
0.0%
20.0%
40.0%
60.0%
80.0%
100.0%
2001 CPS
2001 SIPP
2001 ACS
SSN Verification
Address Search
Name Search
94%