Immigration & Ethno-cultural Statistics [PPT]

skillfulbuyerUrban and Civil

Nov 16, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Immigration & Ethno
-
cultural
Statistics

Statistics Canada


Tina Chui

Calgary & Edmonton, Alberta

December 10 & 11, 2003

Increasing focus on immigration &
cultural diversity


Increasingly important component of total
population growth as well as labour force
growth



Continuing cultural diversity, particularly in
large urban areas



Economic situation of recent immigrants



Key Immigration & Ethno
-
cultural Data
Sources


Census of Population



Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB)


The Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD) &
IMDB


Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada
(LSIC)



Ethnic Diversity Survey (EDS)



Other household surveys




Census of Population

Census of Population


Long history of questions on:



place of birth


citizenship


year of immigration



In 2001, questions added on birthplace of
parents, religion and language of work

Census of Population


Ethno
-
cultural characteristics


(ethnic origin, visible minority status, languages, etc.)



Education



Labour force activity



Occupation



Income

What Census Data Tell Us


Size & origins of the immigrant population,
children of immigrants, ethnic groups, etc.



Settlement & mobility patterns of immigrants
and ethnic groups over time



Labour market experience of immigrants,
adult children of immigrants, visible
minorities, ethnic groups

Data Availability: 2001 Census


www.statcan.ca



2001 Census Analysis Series



Thematic maps



Multimedia presentation: 100 years of immigration



Highlight tables, Canadian Overview Tables, etc.



Community Profiles


Profiles of immigrant groups, ethnic origins,
visible minority groups and religions


Core tables for the Metropolis Project

Advantages of Using Census Data


More than 100 years of historical data



Detailed information on birthplaces, ethnic
origins, visible minority groups, languages,
etc.



Data available for small geographic areas



Wide range of socio
-
cultural and economic
variables can be used in analysis

Limitations of Census Data


Not longitudinal


cannot follow the same
respondents over time


No year of arrival information


(asks the year landed immigrant status was obtained)


No immigration program information


(e.g. categories of admission; selection characteristics)


Outcome measures, rather than process



Longitudinal

Immigration Database


What is the IMDB?


Administrative database of linked immigration
files with taxation files


Longitudinal: 1980
-
2000; updated annually


All landed immigrants from 1980
-
2000


Tax data from 1980
-
2000


Up to 16 years of information


Supported by a federal
-
provincial consortium,
led by Citizenship & Immigration Canada
(CIC)


Contents of the IMDB


Designed to address the need for
detailed, policy
-
relevant data on the
immigration program


Content includes:


Demographic data & characteristics of
landing


Program & selection information


Detailed income data over time


Geographic location over time

Contents of the IMDB
(continued)


From the immigration portion


primarily
used as independent variables in analysis



Demographic data


Program & selection information


Personal attributes at time of landing


Province of original destination

Contents of the IMDB
(continued)


Selected fields from T1:



Employment earnings


Income from self
-
employment


Employment insurance


Welfare benefits (from 1992)


Investment income


Geographic location for each tax year



SIC(80) from T4 based on dominant
earnings

What the IMDB tells us?


Link between immigrant policy levers (e.g.,
selection criteria) and economic outcomes


Labour market behaviour of different
categories of admission of immigrants over
time


Secondary inter
-
provincial & inter
-
urban
migration of immigrants


Potential information on immigrant children

IMDB: Access & confidentiality


Condition of linkage approval


no public
access to microdata


Access restricted to the IMDB project team


Only aggregated data released outside STC


All data randomly rounded


Screened for confidentiality

IMDB: Products


Compendium Tables



Standard Summary Tables



Ad hoc requests

What isn’t in the IMDB?


No comparison or reference group



No family/household information



No information on skills, education, and
language abilities acquired after landing


What is the Longitudinal Administrative
Databank (LAD)


Longitudinal sample of individuals (20% of
tax
-
filing Canadians, sampled from T1
Family File)



Contains over 270 variables relating to these
individuals and their families



Presently spans 19 years (1982
-
2000);
update as additional years become available


Contents of the LAD


Individual demographics


age, sex, marital status


Family demographics


type of family, number & age of children


Geography


Province/territory, city, town, postal code, census
geography (CMA, CD, CT)


Income variables


Employment income, investment, transfer
payments, other income


LAD & IMDB


Match by SIN, all immigrant tax
-
filers to
the LAD sample



Result, 20% of immigrants



Data are weighted to produce estimates



17 key immigrant variables retained



LAD & IMDB: access & confidentiality


Controlled access


Very limited access to microdata


Confidential data must remain on
-
site


Secure physical environment



Rules to prevent disclosure


Addition of noise, suppression, dominance,
residual disclosure avoidance, rounding



What LAD & IMDB tell us?


19 years of data


Low income measure (LIM)


Family information from T1FF


Census family & SLID census family


Comparison group of all tax
-
filers


Child tax benefit information


QC tax estimates



Questions on IMDB, LAD & IMDB

Heather Dryburgh

Manager, Longitudinal Immigration Database


(613) 951
-
0501

Heather.dryburgh@statcan.ca


Client Services: 613
-
951
-
5979

hfsslf@statcan.ca

Longitudinal Survey of
Immigrants to Canada

Survey Objectives
:


to study
how new immigrants adjust to life in
Canada over
time


to provide information on
the factors that can
help or hinder this adjustment


Longitudinal Survey of
Immigrants to Canada

Target population includes immigrants who
:


arrived in Canada between October 2000 and
September 2001


landed from abroad


Are age 15 and over


About 165,000 immigrants meet these criteria


Sampling frame

Administrative database provided by Citizenship
and Immigration Canada


LSIC Target population and
sampling frame



Longitudinal


3 interviews


approximately
6 months, 2 years and 4 years after arriving
in Canada



Wave 1: April 2001 to March 2002


Wave 2: December 2002 to November 2003


Wave 3: October 2004 to September 2005



LSIC
Survey Timelines



Computer assisted interviewing (CAI), face
-
to
-
face interview environment



Average household visit of 90 minutes



Interviews are conducted in 15 different
languages



The longitudinal respondent is the unit of
analysis; 12,000 individuals interviewed in
Wave 1

LSIC
Survey Design


Socio
-
demographic information (Wave 1
only)


Reasons for coming to Canada (Wave 1
only)


Social interactions


Language skills


Housing


Education


Employment


Health

LSIC Questionnaire Content


Values and attitudes


Citizenship


Perceptions of settlement


Income


Event history analysis for housing,
employment & education experiences
since arrival


Problems encountered, type of help
needed & sources of help received

LSIC Questionnaire Content
(continued)

LSIC Data Outputs




A major release in Statistics Canada’s
The
Daily
, accompanied by an analytical report
of results & tables


September 4, 2003


Joint STC
-
CIC publication


Winter 2004


Production of a set of standard tables


Master microdata files for Research Data
Centres


Remote data access and custom
tabulations


Questions on LSIC

Tracey Leesti

Senior Project Manager

(613) 951
-
5693

Tracey.leesti@statcan.ca


Client Services

1
-
800
-
461
-
9050 or ssd@statcan.ca



Ethnic Diversity Survey

Survey Objectives
:


to provide information on the ethnic & cultural
backgrounds of people in Canada and how these
backgrounds related to their lives today


To better understand how Canadians of different ethnic
backgrounds interpret and report their ethnicity


Target population:


Population aged 15 and over living in private dwellings
in the 10 provinces, excluding Indian Reserves and
Aboriginal


Ethnic Diversity Survey


Two
-
phase stratified design


Phase I: 2001 long census questionnaires (one
-
in
-
five
households in Canada)


Phase II: Selected a sample of respondents from the Census
according to specific characteristics

Sample selection:


Divided the Census population into groups according to
the responses to the following three questions:


Ethnic origin


Birthplace of respondent


Birthplace of parents


Total of 15 strata; random selection within each
strata



EDS Sample design &
selection



57,000 persons selected to be interviewed (no
proxy reporting) between April and August 2002



Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing,
approximately 35 minute interviews



Interviewed in 9 different languages



42,500 people were interviewed


EDS Interviews

EDS Content Modules & Themes


Entry


Ethnic self
-
Definition


Respondent & Family Background


Knowledge & Use of Language


Family Interaction


Social Networks

EDS Content Modules & Themes

(continued)


Civic Participation


Interaction with Society


Attitudes


Trust & Satisfaction


Socio
-
economic activities


Who answered 2001 Census questionnaire

Unpacking Ethnicity

Discrimination
& Unfair
Treatment

EDS

Social Networks

Participation in
Society

Transnationalism

Socio
-
economic
Status

Social Capital

Transmission of
Culture &
Language

EDS Potential Research Areas

EDS Products


Official release in Statistics Canada’s
The
Daily



September 29, 2003



Analytic article:
Ethnic Diversity Survey:
Portrait of a multicultural society



Analysis file for Research Data Centres



Possible Public Use Microdata File in 2004

Questions on EDS

Jane Badets

Immigration & Ethno
-
cultural Statistics


(613) 951
-
2561

Jane.badets@statcan.ca


Client Services: 613
-
951
-
5979

hfsslf@statcan.ca




Other Household Surveys

Other household surveys



Immigration questions are included on most
household surveys….but immigrant samples
tend to be small.



Canadian Community Health Survey


Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics


Youth in Transition Survey


Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey



Questions?

Immigration & Ethno
-
cultural Statistics


Housing, Family & Social Statistics Division


Statistics Canada




Jane Badets



Tina Chui


Ottawa, Ontario


Ottawa, Ontario


(613) 951
-
2561


(613) 951
-
8108


Jane.badets@statcan.ca

Tina.chui@statcan.ca