Central Mississippi River Basin LTAR PPTX - University of Missouri ...

sixcageyMechanics

Feb 22, 2014 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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CENTRAL MISSISSIPPI

RIVER BASIN

(CMRB)

LTAR

USDA
-
ARS

Columbia Missouri

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia, MO


Setting and context


Infrastructure


Local expertise


ARS


Cooperators


Current research


Plans

Outline

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO

Prairie Peninsula

Salt River
Basin

Goodwater Creek
Experimental Watershed

Long Branch Creek Watershed

Central Mississippi River Basin

LTAR (CMRB)



Represents low
-
permeability soils,
prone to surface runoff.


Originally prairie dissected by
wooded riparian river corridors. Now
the prairie is intensely agricultural.


Primary crops are soybean, corn,
sorghum, and wheat.


Low permeability means cropland is
not drained.


Much of the stream network has been
channelized to combat seasonal
flooding.


Erosion, sedimentation, and
streambank

processes are important.

Claypan

and
Claypan
-
like Major Land Resource Areas

Distribution of claypan and claypan
-
like soils in the Midwest.

These are the major classifications and not the total area of all clay
-
pan like soils

109


Iowa and Missouri
Heavy Till Plain

112


Cherokee Prairies

113


Central
Claypan

Area

114


Southern Illinois and
I
ndiana Thin Loess
and Till Plain

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO

Missouri Prairie Foundation map

of original prairie extent

Rivers in the region
were extensively
channelized
between 1915 and
sometime after
1950.

2010

1950

The North Fork
of the Salt
River


Initial phase, ~1970


4 nested design,


At 12, 28, 72 km
2
(5:1 weirs), and 195 km
2

(USGS)


Emphasis on precipitation,
streamflow
, sediment


MSEA/ASEQ projects, ~1990


Finer scale


Replicated 0.34
-
ha plots (
Parshall

flumes)


Up to 35
-
ha fields (3:1 weirs)


Emphasis on water quality


B
oth surface and groundwater


Pesticides and nutrients


CEAP, ~2003


12 watersheds at larger scale, up to 1200 km
2


Emphasis on effects of conservation practices


Infrastructure

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO


Rain gage network of 9 in 72 km
2


Implementing telemetry


Automated weather station


Downloaded via telephone under PC control


Data visible on web daily


Univ. of Missouri Ag Weather Network


NOAA GHCN network

Infrastructure


Weather

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO


Continuing nested design at 72, 195, 466 km
2


Parallel to 195 km
2
scale


Re
-
commission 12 km
2
scale weir


Retain 35
-
ha field weir


Installed 18
Parshall

flumes with berms, approaches,
and samplers on 0.35
-
ha plots


Infrastructure


Surface water

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO

Plot sample structures

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO

Upstream view of plot sampler

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO


Nests in 5 locations in 35
-
ha field


Nests of 5 wells screened at depths to 20
-
30 m


Much more information in earlier era

Infrastructure


groundwater

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO


Greenley

Memorial Research Center


South Farm


Bradford
Research
and Extension Center


Horticulture and Agroforestry Research Center


Jefferson Institute


Midwest
Claypan

Research Farm (McCredie Farm
)


Baskett

Wildlife Research
and Education Area


Tucker Prairie Natural Area

Infrastructure


Collateral U of Mo

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO


ARS Scientists


Hydrology, soil fertility, soil chemistry, microbiology, soil
physics, sensor engineering, irrigation engineering


University of Missouri Departments


Soil and Atmospheric Sciences, Biological Engineering,
Plant Sciences and Soils Extension, Agroforestry,
Forestry, Agricultural Economics, Rural Sociology, Water
Quality Extension

Expertise

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO


Water quality laboratory sampling and analytical tools


Conventional and GIS database, analysis, and
programming capabilities


Process
-
level modeling tools and support


Full range of fabrication capabilities


Sensor design, construction, and testing


Electronic systems integration


Field
-
scale farm equipment


Rainfall simulation facilities




Supporting Capabilities

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO


Discussions with MU Water Quality Extension about
leveraging CMRB with an MU Water Center


SCAN weather station


Multi
-
location projects


Leveraging for competitive grants


Filling gaps in shared research strategy


Relying on cooperators

Plans

Translating Missouri USDA
-
ARS Research and Technology into Practice


A training session provided by USDA
-
ARS
-
CSWQRU, 10
-
11 October 2012, Columbia,
MO