# COURSEEXPECTATIONS COURSECODE:PHYS-1007COURSENAME:GENERALPHYSICSII:MECHANICALWAVE,FLUIDMECHANICSANDTHERMODYNAMICS FM:WC 2012-13 2013-14

Mechanics

Oct 24, 2013 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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COURSE

EXPECTATIONS

COURSE

CODE:

PHYS
-
1007

COURSE

NAME
:

GENERAL

PHYSICS

II:

MECHANICAL

WAVE,

FLUID

MECHANICS

AND

THERMODYNAMICS

F
ACULTY
M
EMBER
:

W
ENFENG
C
HEN

2012
-

2013
-

C
ALENDAR
C
OURSE
D
ESCRIPTION
:

This course, specializing to students in

Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science

and
Technology,
Bachelor of
General and Lib
eral S
cience

programs
, introduces fundamental concepts

and physical laws in fluid dynamics,
mechanical wave,
thermodynamics and their applications in modern science and te
c
hnology. Topics cover:
simple harmonic motion; sinusoidal wave
, energy transportation by
mechanical waves, sound wave, the
Doppler ef
fect; interference of waves,
standing wave; pressure, buoyant forces and Archimedes’s principle in
static fluid; continuit
y equation and Bernoulli’s equation for fluid flow; n
otion of temperature and zeroth
law
of thermodynamics, ideal gas la
w, kinetic theory of ideal gases and
microscopic interpre
tation of temperature;
first law of thermodynamics; thermal processes; specific

heats; heat engine and pump
, entropy, reversibl
e and
irreversible processes, second law

of thermodynamics.

EXPECTATIONS:

B
Y THE END OF THE COU
RSE STUDENTS SHOULD
BE ABLE TO
:

1.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF

THE IMPLICATIONS OF
PHYSICAL QUANTITIES
AND
A
PPLICATIONS OF PHYSI
CAL LAWS OF FLUID ME
CHANICS BY EVALUATIN
G THE PRESSURE
PRODUCED BY A STATIC

FLUID AT A CERTAIN D
EPTH
,

THE LIFT FORCE PRODU
CED BY A
HYDRAULIC PRESS ACCO
RDING TO
P
ASCAL

S LAW AND THE BUOYAN
T FORCE IN TERMS OF
A
RCHIMEDES

S PRINCIPLE
,

AND B
Y USING THE EQUATION

FOR IDEAL FLUIDS AND

B
ERNOULLI

S EQUATION TO FIND T
HE SPEED AND PRESSUR
E OF A MOVING IDEAL
FLUID

2.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF THE PHYSICA
L FEATURES OF SIMPLE

HARMONIC
MOTION BY USING
N
EWTON

S SECOND LAW TO DERI
VE EQUATIONS OF MOTI
ON DE
SCRIBING
A SPRING
-
BLOCK SYSTEM AND A S
IMPLE PENDULUM
,

FINDING OUT THE OSCI
LLATION
AMPLITUDE
,

FREQUENCY
,

PERIOD
,

PHASE CONSTANT
,

AND POSITION AND VEL
OCITY FROM
THE SOLUTION OF THE
EQUATION
,

CALCULATING THE POSI
TION AND VELOCITY AT

A
CERTAIN TIME
,

AND CALC
ULATING KINETIC ENER
GY
,

POTENTIAL ENERGY AND

THE
CONVERSION BETWEEN K
INETIC ENERGY AND PO
TENTIAL ENERGY DURIN
G A HARMONIC
OSCILLATION

3.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF DAMPED AND
FORCED OSCILLATIONS
AND ESPECIALLY
THE RESONANCE PHENOM
ENON BY USING
N
EWTON

S SECO
ND LAW TO DERIVE EQU
ATIONS
OF MOTION DESCRIBING

A SPRING
-
BLOCK SYSTEM
,

OBSERVING WHETHER A
DAMPED
OSCILLATION IS UNDER
DAMPED
,

CRITICALLY DAMPED OR

OVERDAMPED
,

CALCULATING
DAMPED AMPLITUDE AND

THE DAMPED FREQUENCY

IN THE UNDERDAMPED C
ASE
,

AND
FINDING OUT T
HE RESONANCE FREQUEN
CY AND THE RESONANT
AMPLITUDE IN CASE OF

FORCED OSCILLATION

4.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF THE PHYSICA
L FEATURES AND IMPLI
CATIONS OF
MECHANICAL TRAVELLIN
G WAVE BY OBSERVING
ITS ORIGIN AND PROPA
GATION OF

MECHANICAL WAVE
,

EXTRACTING OUT THE

AMPLITUDE
,

PERIOD
,

FREQUENCY
,

WAVELENGTH
,

WAVE NUMBER
,

PHASE CONSTANT
,

WAVE PROPAGATION SPE
ED FROM A
GIVEN SINUSOIDAL WAV
E AND CALCULATING TR
ANSVERSE SPEED AND T
RANSVERSE
ACCELERATION AT A CE
RTAIN LOCATION AND T
IME AND THE RATE OF

ENERGY TRANSFER
BY A SI
NUSOIDAL WAVE
,

AND FURTHER EXPLAINI
NG REFLECTION AND TR
ANSMISSION OF
WAVE BETWEEN DIFFERE
NT MEDIA

5.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF THE PHYSICA
L FEATURES AND APPLI
CATION OF SOUND
WAVE BY EXPLAINING T
HE CREATION AND PROP
AGATION OF SOUND WAV
E
,

CALCULATING
THE INT
ENSITY OF A PERIODIC

SOUND WAVE AND SOU
ND LEVEL
,

AND FURTHER
,

EXPOUNDING PHYSICAL
MECHANISMS OF
D
OPPLER EFFECTS OF SO
UND WAVE AND
CALCULATING THE FREQ
UENCY OF SOUND WAVE
WHEN THE SOURCE AND
RECEIVER HAVE A
RELATIVE MOTION

6.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING
OF THE

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF

STANDING WAVES ON A
END
-
FIXED STRING AND IN
AN AIR COLUMN AND TH
EIR APPLICATIONS IN
DESIGNING
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
BY USING THE INTERFE
RENCE OF MECHANICAL
WAVE TO EXPLAIN
HOW STANDING WAVES F
ORM ON A TOUT STRING

WITH TWO ENDS FIXED
AND

IN A PIPE
WITH ONE END OR TWO
ENDS OPEN
,

FINDING LOCATIONS AN
D NUMBERS OF NODES A
ND
ANTINODES ACCORDING
TO THE LENGTH OF THE

STRING OR THE PIPE
,

AND CALCULATING
FUNDAMENTAL AND HARM
ONIC FREQUENCIES IN
EACH CASE

7.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF THE PHYSICA
L IM
PLICATION OF ZEROTH
LAW OF
THERMODYNAMICS AND T
HE RESULTANT NOTION
OF TEMPERATURE AND I
TS MACROSCOPIC
PHYSICAL EFFECTS BY
EXPOUNDING THE MEANI
NG OF THERMAL EQUILI
BRIUM
,

DEFINITIONS OF THE
C
ELSIUS AND THE ABSOL
UTE TEMPERATURE SCAL
ES AND PHYSICAL
PRINCIPLES
USED TO DESIGN THERM
OMETERS TO MEASURE T
EMPERATURE
,

AND
CALCULATING THERMAL
EXPANSION OF SOLIDS
AND LIQUIDS AND DIST
INGUISHING THE
ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR OF

WATER
.

F
URTHER
,

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF THE
MICROSCOPIC ORIGIN O
F TEMPERATURE AS THE

KINETIC ENERGY

OF MOLECULES BY USIN
G
A MOLECULAR MODEL OF

AN IDEAL GAS TO CALC
ULATE THE TEMPERATUR
E AND PRESSURE
AS WELL AS MOLAR SPE
CIFIC HEAT OF IDEAL
GAS

8.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF THE PHYSIC
AL CONTENTS AND APPL
ICATIONS OF THE
FIRST LAW OF THERMOD
YNAMICS BY EXP
OUNDING THE PHYSICAL

IMPLICATIONS OF
INTERNAL ENERGY AND
HEAT
,

CALCULATING THE HEAT

WHEN SUBSTANCES OF D
IFFERENT
TEMPERATURES ARE MIX
ED TOGETHER AND LATE
NT HEAT WHEN PHASE C
HANGES OF A
CERTAIN SUBSTANCE HA
PPENS
,

AND MEASURING SPECIF
IC HEAT WITH THE TEC
HN
IQUE OF
CALORIMETRY
,

AND USING THE FIRST
LAW OF THERMODYNAMIC
S TO CALCULATE WORK
,

HEAT AND INTERNAL EN
ERGY CHANGE IN SOME
TYPICAL THERMODYNAMI
C PROCESS OF
IDEAL GAS INCLUDING
ISOBARIC
,

ISOVOLUMETRIC
,

ISOTHERMAL AND ADIAB
ATIC PROCESSES

9.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
N
DING OF THE PHYSICA
L IMPLICATIONS AND A
PPLICATION OF
THE SECOND LAW OF TH
ERMODYNAMICS BY EXPO
UNDING THE PHYSICAL
FEATURES OF
REVERSIBLE AND IRREV
ERSIBLE PROCESSES
,

CALCULATING THE THER
MAL EFFICIENCY OF
HEAT ENGINE AND HEAT

PUMP
,

EXPLAINING PHYSICAL
EQUIVA
LENCE OF TWO STATEME
NTS
OF THE SECOND LAW
,

DESCRIBING
C
ARNOT CYCLE OF
C
ARNOT ENGINE AND EVA
LUATING
THE THERMAL EFFICIEN
CY OF
C
ARNOT ENGINE
,

CALCULATING THE ENTR
OPY CHANGE IN A
REVERSIBLE OR AN IRR
EVERSIBLE PROCESS
,

AND EXPOUNDING THE E
NTROPY STATEMENT
OF

THE SECOND LAW

10.

DEMONSTRATE UNDERSTA
NDING OF PHYSICS EXP
ERIMENTS BY DEVELOPI
NG SKILL AND
ABILITY IN PHYSICAL
EXPERIMENT DESIGN AN
D SET
-
UP
,

EXPERIMENTAL EQUIPME
NT AND
DEVICE OPERATION
,

EXPERIMENT DATA COLL
ECTING AND PROCESSIN
G
,

AND
EXPERIMENTAL TESTING

O
F PHYSICAL LAWS IN F
LUID MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE AND
THERMODYNAMICS

OUTCOMES:

S
UCCESSFUL GRADUATES
OF THIS COURSE WILL
DEMONSTRATE

1.

A DEVELOPED KNOWLEDG
E AN
D CRITICAL UNDERSTAN
DING OF
KEY CONCEPTS
,

METHO
DOLOGIES
,

THEORETICAL KNOWLEDG
E AND EXPERIMENT
AL SKILLS
IN

FLUID MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE AND
THERMODYNAMICS
,

AND A CLEAR
COMPREHENSION ON THE

APPLICATIONS OF FLUI
D MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE
AND THERMODYNAMICS I
N OTHER BRANCHES OF
SCIENCE AND ENGINEER
ING

2.

AN DEVELOPED ABILITY

TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE
I
N FLUID MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL
WAVE AND THERMODYNAM
ICS TO REAL
-
LIFE PROBLEMS AND TO

CREATE
MATHEMATICAL MODELS
FOR SUCH PROBLEMS

3.

AN ABILITY OF UNDERS
TANDING PHYSICAL PRI
NCIPLES UNDERLYING T
HE
PHENOMENA
,

EQUIPMENTS AND APPAR
ATUS RELEVANT TO FLU
ID MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE AND
THERMODYNAMICS

4.

AN APPRECIATION OF H
ISTORICAL DEVELOPMEN
T OF FLUID MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE AND
THERMODYNAMICS AND T
HEIR PRESENT KNOWLED
GE
STRUCTURES

5.

A DEVELOPED ABILITY
TO SUCCEED IN FUTURE

STUDY AND CAREERS RE
LEVANT TO
PHYSICS OF FL
UID MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE AND
THERMODYNAMICS

6.

AN ABILITY OF APPLYI
NG PHYSICAL CONCEPTS
,

PRINCIPLES AND LAWS
OF FLUID
MECHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE AND
THERMODYNAMICS TO PR
OBLEMS IN OTHER
BRANCHES OF NATURAL
SCIENCE AND ENGINEER
ING

7.

A DEVELOPED ABILITY
OF
APPLYING ADVANCED MA
THEMATICS SUCH AS CA
LCULUS
,

VECTOR ALGEBRA
,

ANALYTIC GEOMETRY
,

ELEMENTARY LINEAR AL
GEBRA AND
ELEMENTARY DIFFERENT
IAL EQUATION TO THE
PROBLEMS OF FLUID ME
CHANICS
,

MECHANICAL WAVE AND
THERMODYNAMICS