RFID passports - insideITGS

sillysepiaElectronics - Devices

Nov 27, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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RFID
passports

How does is work?

Step by step


By: Einav Mimram

RFID
-

basic information


RFID
-

Radio
F
requency
IDentification



S
ystem that contains a tag, a reader and
a computer software that
uses radio
waves in order to transfer information.


In passport


RFID chip in a passport holds all
of
the
passport’s
printed details (name, date of
birth, nationality).


This
chip can be read remotely by a
reader
that
stored in
the border control
.


It is hard to fake this kind of passport.


Uses passive RFID tag
-

very cheap.

RFID system



C
onsists
a tag and a reader.


Tag
:


On
the
passport
.



I
ncludes
the RFID microchip


very small (size of
few rice grains), contains
the
passport’s
identification
details, can be update


Includes an
antenna


Reader:


At the border control


to which the tag return its signal


Includes an
antenna


Software


In the computer


Database

How does it work?



Data is stored within the RFID tag's microchip as an
unique serial
number (
Electronic Product Code

).


The RFID tag is stored in the cover page of the
passport


the microchip discharges it’s EPC number to the
tag’s antenna.




How does it work?



In
the moment when the passport goes close to a
RFID reader (distance of 10
ft
), The tag’s antenna
transmits the code to the reader’s
antenna.


The reader’s antenna sends the code to the
software


The software converts the
number into
digital
data


The software sends the data to a secure world
-
wide database, and the person who looks at the
database make sure that you are a traveler (and
not a terrorist, etc.)




Area of impact


2.1 business & employment

Transportation


Sources


http://www.x
-
check.co.uk/
RFIDsolutions.htm


http://www.galbital.com/technology.htm


http
://www.ehow.com/about_6331245_id
-
stored
-
rfid
-
chip_.html


http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/travel/flig
hts/2006
-
09
-
28
-
passport
-
scanners_x.htm


http://
www.logsystems.hu
/
index.php?mod
ule
=&
menuid
=2&subid=&id=&
lang
=en