RFID in Humans

sillysepiaElectronics - Devices

Nov 27, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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SHERA

USHER

4.19.2011

RFID in Humans

Brief History of RFID


RFID can be traced back to WWII




Sir Robert Alexander Watson
-
Watt developed the
first active “identify friend or foe” (IFF) system



1950s and 1960s scientists and academics did
research and presented papers explaining how RF
energy could be used to identify objects remotely

Brief History of RFID


Mario W.
Cardullo

claims to have received the first
U.S. patent for an active RFID tag with rewritable
memory on January 23, 1973



a California entrepreneur, Charles Walton, received a
patent for a passive transponder



Los Alamos National Laboratory was asked by the
Energy Department to develop a system for tracking
nuclear materials in the 1970s




Brief History of RFID


Agricultural Department asked Los Alamos to
developed a passive RFID tag to track cows



The U.S. FDA approved the use of RFID tags in
humans in 2004



VeriChip

Corporation’s Health Link and Positive ID

Brief History of RFID

Advantages of Implanting RFID


A tiny, passive microchip and a secure, private online
database that links you to your personal health
record



RFID devices can improve the continuity and
coordination of health care with a reduction in
adverse drug and other medical errors



Quick recovery of Alzheimer patients, lost or stolen
children/adults


Advantages of Implanting RFID


The idea of tagging prison inmates


escapes could
be nullified


Disadvantages of Implanting RFID


Information stored in the databases would have to be
adequately integrated to present clinical information
and communication systems, lab databases and
pharmacy systems



The emergence of competing standards may present
problems for hospital staff if a patient’s ID tag is
incompatible with the readers/scanners available at
a hospital

Disadvantages of Implanting RFID


Their small size allows tags to migrate under the
skin, making them potentially difficult to extract



RFID tags may also cause electromagnetic
interference which may cause problems when using
electrosurgical devices and defibrillators



It has also not yet been determined if RFID tags can
affect the results of pharmaceuticals

Disadvantages of Implanting RFID


Presently, the security of RFID devices have not been
fully established


National Health Insurance Plan


The American government has been trying to
nationalize health care for over 20 years



The US government is looking for something unique
that cannot be lost, stolen or tampered with



The federal government proposes a “nationwide
electronic health care information network for
research and disease prevention”


National Health Insurance Plan


Certain infrastructure is being implemented in
hospitals to incorporate the use of RFID tags



A number of hospitals with RFID implanted patients
have openly discuss its use for “work flow” and
“management purposes”



In 2005, G.W. Bush ordered Health and Human
Services to create a nationwide interoperable health
information technology infrastructure

National Health Insurance Plan


Highly influential medical groups propose that the
federal government uses its “policy
-
making” power
to advance its use of an electronic healthcare safety
network and to abandon the old methods


RFIDs and Border Security


RFID implants may decrease passport fraud


the
decrease in need for a passport to travel would make
it less appealing for criminals to make fraudulent
documents to travel



RFID implants can decrease lines at ports of entry



How RFIDs can reduce illegal entry into a country


RFID Data Security Issues


Who will be in charge of RFID tag regulations?



Who will have access to information stored on a tag?



What standards will exist in the US for the protection
of an individual’s personal information?



Data on the tag is not encrypted

Current Uses of RFID Implants


Night clubs in Barcelona, Spain and Rotterdam,
Netherlands to identify their VIP customers, who in
turn use it their tags pay for drinks.



Mexican Attorney General’s office implanted 18 staff
members to control access to a secure data room.



Cincinnati security firm
CityWatcher.Com’s

Chief
Executive and two of his employees are chipped to
have access to building facilities


Conclusion


The need for a nationwide electronic health care
information network means that it will be very easy
for RFID Industry Stakeholders to convince the
federal government that the way to go is to have
every US resident
microchipped



What’s in it for stakeholders? Money from the
government for research and development of RFID
technology

Discussion Questions


Would you microchip you child to protect him or her
in the event of a kidnapping?



Would you get
microchipped

so you are able to walk
around knowing that your medical information is
travelling with you?



What could
the states do to require their citizens to
comply with mandates to be
microchipped

before
receiving health care? Is this ethical of them?



References


http://www.spychips.com/press
-
releases/verichip
-
ipo
-
omits
-
risks.html


http://autoid.mit.edu/pickup/RFID_Papers/008.pdf


http://www.rfidjournal.com/article/view/1338/1


http://www.thenewamerican.com/index.php/usnews/politics/3
193
-
national
-
healthcare
-
will
-
require
-
national
-
rfid
-
chips


https://aimglobal.org/members/news/templates/template.aspx
?articleid=1280&zoneid=24


http://www.rfidjournal.com/article/view/1338/1



http://www.buzzle.com/articles/rfid
-
chip
-
in
-
humans.html



http://www.transcore.com/pdf/AIM%20shrouds_of_time.pdf



http://faculty.ed.umuc.edu/~meinkej/inss690/dbsmith.pdf