Technology, Society, Education,

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Feb 23, 2014 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Technology, Society, Education,
the Workplace and Religion

Exploring the Times

By

Tia McMillan

1

Color Code Key

4 Waves

Technology

Workplace

Education

Society & Culture

Religion

2

8000 BC
-

1910

3

8000 BC

Toffler’s First Wave, Agricultural Age, lasted through 1750
1



Toffler’s Second Wave, Industrial Age, lasted through 1955
1




1903
E.
L.Thorndike’s

Law of Effect
3


1904

Industrial Workers of the World organized
7

1905
St . Louis Educational Museum became 1
st

unit of instructional media in public
school
2


1906

First visual instruction guide called
Visual Education

published
2


1906

Azusa Street revival
4

1907
First application of the Montessori Methods
2

1907

National Child Labor Committee organized
6

1908

First workers compensation law passed
8

1908
First principles of scientific management published in F. W. Taylor’s
Principles of
Scientific Management
9

1908

Jews granted full legal equality in Ottoman Empire
5

1750

1900

1910

References

1910
-

1924

4

1910

Start of the Great Migration
11


1912

F. Burk created the first system of individualized instruction8

1913

H. Ford creates assembly line
6

1914

World War I begins (USA joined in 1917)
8

1914

Assemblies of God founded
3


1916

C. T. Russell, founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses, died
4

1917
Allen’s
Show, Tell, Do, and Check

method of job instruction
5

1918

W. H. Kilpatrick’s Project Method
1

1918
H. Gantt’s Gantt chart
7

1919
C. W.
Washborne’s

Winnetka Plan
1



1920

H.
Parkhurst’s

Dalton Plan adopted by a high school
1

1920

19th Amendment Ratified
9
; First regularly scheduled public radio broadcast
10

1921

First handbook on the mechanics of visual instruction called
The Cinema
Handbook
1

1921 M. Murray published “The Witch
-
Cult in Western Europe”
2

1910

1920

1924

References

1924
-

1940

5

1924

Teaching Machine created
1

1924

Hawthorne Effect studies began
2

1925
H.
Fayol’s

Unity of Command Theory
3

1925
C. Judd introduces

testing and assessments
4

1926 Progressive Judaism founded
5


1930
Second national school of air launched on CBS
6

1931
The
Movietone

School Series

was created
6

1931

J. F. Rutherford adopts the name "Jehovah's Witnesses" for the group
7

1932

K. Barth's
Church Dogmatics
8

1932
E. L. Thorndike’s Connectionism Theory
9

1933

Worst point of Great Depression


a quarter of Americans unemployed
10


1935

Unemployment insurance began as a part of the Social Security Act
11



1938

C. H. Bernard’s Theory of Authority and Theory of Incentives
12

1938
B. F. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning Theory
13

1938

First television for sale in US
14


1924

1930

1940

References

1940
-

1955

6


1941
First educational training film completed and delivered to US Office of Education
1

1941

Attack on Pearl Harbor
2


1943
C. L. Hull’s Learning Rule Theory
3


1946

First digital computer, ENIAC, introduced to the public
4

1946
K.
Lewin’s

Field Theory
5

1947

M. Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy published in his book
Theory of Social and
Economic Organization
6
; H. A. Simon’s Theory of Corporate Decision Making published
in his book
Administrative Behavior
7

1948

World Council of Churches founded
8

1949
R. Tyler’s

Tyler Rationale
1

1949

Buddhism suppressed by Chinese communist government
9




1952
Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development
10


1954

Theory of management by objectives created by Peter Drucker
11

1954

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
12


1940

1950

1955

References

1955
-

1965

7

1955

Toffler’s 3rd Wave, Industrial Age
1

1955

Federal Interstate Commerce Commission bans segregation on interstate buses and
trains
2

1956
B. Bloom’s

Taxonomy
3

1956

First issue of
ChristianityToday
4

1957

M. R. Walker‘s Critical Path Method (CMP)
5

1957
B. F. Skinner’s 1st use of Programmed Instruction
3

1959

The Dalai Lama goes into exile
6

1959
D. L. Kirkpatrick’s 4 Levels of Evaluation
7

1960
N. A. Crowder’s Programmed Instruction
8

1960
M. Murray (later O'Hair) filed suit in the Baltimore to force the end of required
Bible readings and recitations of the Lord's Prayer in public schools
9

1960
PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operation) Project started
3

1961

R.
Likert’s

Participative Management theory published in his book
New Patterns of
Management

10

1962
R.
Mager’s

Behavioral Objectives
3


1955

1960

1965

References

1965
-

1975

8

1965

Flex Time begins in Germany movement began
1

1965

The first American combat troops arrived in Vietnam for war
2


1967
Jerusalem reunited by Israeli victory in Six
-
Day War
3

1968

F. S. Keller’s amplified Personalized System of Instruction published in the
Journal of
Applied Behavior Analysis
4

1968

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated
5


1970
The Mormon Church officially declared that blacks could not become priests
6

1971

E.
DeBono’s

Lateral Thinking Theory
7

1971

R. House’s Path
-
Goal Theory leadership
8


1972
R. Gagne’s Taxonomy of Five Learning Capabilities
4

1972

Watergate begins
9

1972

First female rabbi ordained in Reform movement
3

1972
MITRE Corporation and Brigham Young University started development of the
Time
-
shared Interactive Computer Controlled Instructional Television (TICCIT) using the
instructional philosophy Learner
-
Controlled Instruction (LCI)
10

1973

Abortion becomes legal
11

1965

1970

1975

References

1975
-

1990

9

1975

F.
Dansereau
, G.
Graen
, & C.
Haga’s

Leadership
-
Member Exchange Theory
1

1976

R. House’s Theory of charismatic leadership
2



1978
W. Dick and L. Carey’s ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluation)
model
3


1980

M. Porter’s Competitive Strategy Theory
4

1981

New plague announced called AIDS
5
; Personal computers introduced by IBM
5

1982
First instructional television series called “ThinkAbout”
6

1983

H. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences disclosed in his book
Frames of Mind
7

1985
R. Gagne, Conditions of Learning revised to include 9 events of instruction
8

1988

J. S. Livingston’s Pygmalion Effect
9

1989
First Electronic Performance Support Systems (EPSS)
10

1989
First woman ordained in a Protestant Episcopal church
11
; International Network of
Engaged Buddhists founded
12



1975

1980

1990

References

1990
-

2000

10

1990
J. Bradford and Cognition & Technology Group at Vanderbilt‘s (CTGV) Anchored
Instruction Theory
1

1990

J.
Kotter’s

8 Change Phase Model
2


1991

Apartheid laws abolished
3


1993
Fourth Wave, Communication Age
i4

1993
Assault on the Branch
Davidian

compound in Waco, Texas
5


1995
L.

Harasim
, S. R.
Hiltz
, L.
Teles

and M.
Turoff’s

Learning Network Model
6

1995
Oklahoma bombings
3

1995
The Christian Coalition created the "Catholic Alliance," a "fully owned subsidiary" of
the Christian Coalition designed to appeal to conservative Catholics
5

1996

R. House revised his Path
-
Goal Theory of Work Unit Leadership
7

1997
Anchored Interactive Learning Environment (AILE) created by combing Anchored
Instruction and computer technology
8

1997
D.

Chandler’s Schema Theory
9


1990

2000

References

2000
-

2008

11


2001
Destruction of standing Buddha statues at
Bamiyan

by Taliban regime
1

2001

Destruction of Twin Towers

2002
"Reform Mormonism" founded
2

2002
Integrated Blended Learning
3
; M. D. Merrill’s First Principles of Instruction
4

2003

Siemens launched the 1
st

unified communication application called OpenScape
5

2005
Project Zero’s Cultures of Thinking program
6

2006
Project Zero’s Artful Thinking Program is to help teachers regularly use works of
visual art and music in their curriculum in ways that strengthen student thinking and
learning
7

2007
Digital Video Enterprises announces the launch of Tele
-
Immersion Room which
offers a surreal teleconferencing experience
8

2008

Election of 1
st

African American President






2000

2008

References

References 8000BC
-

1910

12

1.
Toffler, A. (1980).
The third wave
. New York: Bantam.

2.
Saettler
, P. (2004).
The evolution of American educational technology
. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

3. Learning Theory Timeline. (
n.d
.) Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
http://hagar.up.ac.za/catts/learner/smarks/Learning_theory_timeline.html
.

4. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of Christianity.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from

http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/timeline.htm
.

5. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of Judaism.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/timeline.htm
.

6. National Child Labor Committee. (2008).
History of NCLC
. Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://www.nationalchildlabor.org/history.html
.

7. Labor Unions in the United States. (2008). In

MSN Encarta online
. Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761576185_2/Labor_Unions_in_the_United_States.html


8. Workers’ Compensation. (2008). In
MSN Encarta Encyclopedia online
. Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761574391/Workers%E2%80%99_Compensation.html
.

9.
Accel
. (2008).
Historical perspective on productivity improvement: scientific management and Frederick Winslow
Taylor.

Retrieved March 18, 2009 from
http://www.accel
-
team.com/scientific/scientific_02.html
.

Return to 8000BC
-
1910


References 1910
-

1924


13

1.
Saettler
, P. (2004).
The evolution of American educational technology
. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

2. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of
neopaganism
,
wicca

and witchcraft.

Retrieved March
24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/neopaganism/timeline.htm
.

3. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of
christianity
.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from

http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/timeline.htm.

4. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of
jehovah's

witnesses.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/jehovahs_witnesses/timeline.htm
.

5. Clark, D. (2000, January 22).
Word war 1
-

show, tell, do, and check.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.skagitwatershed.org/~donclark/hrd/history/war1.html
.

6. About.com: 20
th

Century History. (2009).
Timeline of the twentieth century: 1910
-
1919
. Retrieved March 16, 2009
from
http://history1900s.about.com/library/time/bltime1910.htm
.

7. Gantt Charts. (
n.d
.)

Evolution of the
Gannt

charts.

Retrieved March 18, 2009 from
http://www.ganttchart.com/Evolution.html
.

8. World War I. (
n.d
.). In
MSN Encarta online.

Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761569981/World_War_I.html
.

9. National Women’s History Project. (
n.d
.)
Timeline of legal history of women in the United States: a timeline of the
women's rights movement 1848


1998
. Retrieved March 15, 2009 from
http://www.legacy98.org/timeline.html
.

10. Communication. (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761564117_3/Communication.html#p41
.

11. African American History: The Great Migration. (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761595158_6/African_American_History.html#p203
.

Return to 1910
-
1924


References 1924
-

1940



14

1. Clark, D. (2008, January 6).
A time capsule of training and learning.
Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.skagitwatershed.org/~donclark/hrd/history/epss.html
.

2.
History of Management Thought.

(
n.d
.). Retrieved March 17, 2009 from
http://polaris.umuc.edu/~tgrodsky/admn601/managethought.html
.

3. Mass production. (2009).
In
Encyclopædia

Britannica online.
Retrieved March 18, 2009 from

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/368270/mass
-
production/368270main/Main

4. StateUniversity.com. (2009).
Educational psychology
-

history, contemporary views of learning and motivation, issues and
controversies.
Retrieved March 22, 2009 from
http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1938/Educational
-
Psychology.html
.

5. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of Judaism.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/timeline.htm
.

6.
Saettler
, P. (2004).
The evolution of American educational technology
. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

7. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of
jehovah's

witnesses.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/jehovahs_witnesses/timeline.htm
.

8. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of
christianity
.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from

http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/timeline.htm
.

9.
Thorndike's Connectionism.

(1998). Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
http://neuron
-
ai.tuke.sk/NCS/VOL1/P3_html/node10.html

.

10. Great Depression in the United States. (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761584403/Great_Depression_in_the_United_States.html

.

11. Apprenticeship. (2008). In
MSN Encarta Encyclopedia online
. Retrieved March 17, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761565484/Apprenticeship.html
.

12. Chester (Irving) Bernard. (2009). In
Cambridge Encyclopedia online,
Vol

15 online
.

Retrieved March 17, 2009 from
http://encyclopedia.stateuniversity.com/pages/4338/Chester
-
Irving
-
Barnard.html
.

13.
Learning Theory Timeline
. (
n.d
.) Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
http://hagar.up.ac.za/catts/learner/smarks/Learning_theory_timeline.html

.

14. Communication. (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761564117_3/Communication.html#p41
.


Return to 1924
-
1940


References 1940
-

1955



15

1.
Saettler
, P. (2004).
The evolution of American educational technology
. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

2. Pearl Harbor. (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761569623/Pearl_Harbor.html
.

3.
Hull's Learning Rule.

(1998). Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
http://neuron
-
ai.tuke.sk/NCS/VOL1/P3_html/node11.html

4. Computer. (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761563087_6/Computer.html#p101

.

5. Clark, D. (2000, January 22).
Kurt
Lewin

(1890
-
1947).

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.skagitwatershed.org/~donclark/hrd/history/lewin.html
.

6.
Organizational analysis. (2009). In
Encyclopædia

Britannica online. Retrieved March 18, 2009, from
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1300508/organizational
-
analysis/259892/Origins
-
of
-
the
-
discipline#ref=ref920171
.

7. Herbert A. Simon. (2009). In
Encyclopædia

Britannica online
. Retrieved March 18, 2009 from
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/545185/Herbert
-
A
-
Simon
.

8. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of Christianity.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/timeline.htm

9. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009). Buddhism Time
line.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/timeline.htm


10.
Bnet
. (2009). Healthcare industry: cognitive development.
Encyclopedia of Psychology
. Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2699/is_0004/ai_2699000417

.

11. Peter
Drucker
. (2008). In
MSN Encarta Encyclopedia online
. Retrieved March 17, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_762505488/Drucker_Peter_Ferdinand.html
.

12. CNN.com. (2007, February 21).
Extra! Civil rights timeline.

Retrieved March 15, 2009 from
http://www.cnn.com/2006/EDUCATION/01/31/extra.civil.rights.timeline
.


Return to 1940
-
1955


References 1955
-

1965



16

1. Toffler, A. (1980).
The third wave
. New York: Bantam.

2. CNN.com. (2007, February 21).
Extra! Civil rights timeline.

Retrieved March 15, 2009 from
http://www.cnn.com/2006/EDUCATION/01/31/extra.civil.rights.timeline


3.
Saettler
, P. (2004).
The evolution of American educational technology
. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

4. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of
christianity
.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/timeline.htm.

5. Intervention (India) Pvt. Ltd. (2003).
PERT/CPM for Project Scheduling & Management
. Retrieved March 18, 2009
from
http://www.interventions.org/pertcpm.html
.

6. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Buddhism timeline.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/timeline.htm
.

7. Clark, D. (2008, January 6).
A Time Capsule of Training and Learning.
Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.skagitwatershed.org/~donclark/hrd/history/epss.html
.

8.
Stolovitch
, H. D. and Keeps, E. J. (1999).
Handbook of human performance technology: improving individual and
organizational performance worldwide.
San Francisco, CA:
Jossey
-
Bass/Pfeiffer.

9. About.com: Agnosticism / Atheism. (2009).
History of American religion: timeline.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm

.


10.)
Rensis

Likert
. (2009). In
Encyclopædia

Britannica online
. Retrieved March 18, 2009 from
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1085395/Rensis
-
Likert
.

Return to 1955
-
1965


References 1965
-

1975



17

1. Toffler, A. (1980).
The third wave
. New York: Bantam.

2. Vietnam War (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761552642/Vietnam_War.html
.

3. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of Judaism.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/timeline.htm
.

4.
Saettler
, P. (2004).
The evolution of American educational technology
. Greenwich, CT: Information Age
Publishing.

5. CNN.com. (2007, February 21).
Extra! Civil rights timeline.

Retrieved March 15, 2009 from
http://www.cnn.com/2006/EDUCATION/01/31/extra.civil.rights.timeline
.

6. About.com: Agnosticism / Atheism. (2009).
History of American religion: timeline.

Retrieved March 24,
2009 from
http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm

.

7.
Learning Theory Timeline.

(
n.d
.) Retrieved March 20, 2009 from
http://hagar.up.ac.za/catts/learner/smarks/Learning_theory_timeline.html

.

8. House, R. (1996).
Path
-
goal theory of leadership: lessons, legacy, and a reformulated theory.

Retrieved
March 19, 2009 from
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/paper.cfm?paperID=674
.

9. Watergate. (2008). In
MSN Encarta online.
Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761553070/Watergate.html
.


10. Valero, W. (2004).
History of computers in education.

Retrieved from
http://york.cuny.edu/~valero/computers_in_education.htm.

11. National Women’s History Project. (
n.d
.)
Timeline of legal history of women in the United States: a
timeline of the women's rights movement 1848


1998
. Retrieved March 15, 2009 from
http://www.legacy98.org/timeline.html
.

Return to 1965
-
1975


References 1975
-

1990



18

1.
Northouse
, P. G. (
n.d
.).
Leadership: chapter 8


leadership
-
member
-
exchange theory

[PowerPoint slides].
Retrieved March 19, 2009 from
http://academic.regis.edu/tharring/ppt/Leadership/08_PowerPoint.ppt
.

2. House, R. (1996).
Path
-
goal theory of leadership: lessons, legacy, and a reformulated theory.

Retrieved
March 19, 2009 from
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/paper.cfm?paperID=674
.

3. Clark, D. (2004, June 7).
The Dick and Carey model


1978.
Retrieved March 23, 2009 from
http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/history_isd/carey.html
.

4. Michael Porter. (2008). In
MSN Encarta Encyclopedia online
. Retrieved March 16, 2009 from
http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_762506748/Michael_Porter.html
.

5. About.com: 20
th

Century History. (2009).
Timeline of the twentieth century: 1980
-
1989
. Retrieved March
16, 2009 from
http://history1900s.about.com/library/time/bltime1980.htm
.


6.
Saettler
, P. (2004).
The evolution of American educational technology
. Greenwich, CT: Information Age
Publishing.

7. Smith, M. K. (2002, 2008).
Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences', the encyclopedia of informal
education.
Retrieved March 22, 2009 from
http://www.infed.org/thinkers/gardner.htm

.

8.
Conditions of Learning.

(
n.d
.). Retrieved March 22, 2009 from
http://comp.uark.edu/~jterrel/LT/what/What10.htm
.

9. About.com: Human Resources. (2009).
The two most important management secrets: the
pygmalion

and
galatea

effects. Retrieved March 19, 2009 from
http://humanresources.about.com/od/managementtips/a/mgmtsecret.htm
.

10. Clark, D. (2008, January 6).
A time capsule of training and learning.
Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.skagitwatershed.org/~donclark/hrd/history/epss.html
.

11. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Timeline of Christianity.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/timeline.htm
.

12. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
Buddhism Timeline.

Retrieved March 24, 2009 from
http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/timeline.htm
.


Return to 1975
-
1990


References 1990
-

2000



19

1.
Anchored instruction.

(
n.d
.). Retrieved March 22, 2009 from
http://tip.psychology.org/anchor.html

.

2. Value Based Management.net. (2008).
Kotter

change phases model framework
. Retrieved March 19, 2009
from
http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_kotter_change.html

.

3. About.com: 20
th

Century History. (2009).
Timeline of the twentieth century: 1990
-
1999
. Retrieved March
16, 2009 from
http://history1900s.about.com/library/time/bltime1990.htm
.


4. Thornburg, D. (
n.d
.).
Welcome to the communication age.

Retrieved March 11, 2009 from
http://www.tcpd.org/thornburg/handouts/CommunicationAge.pdf

.

5. About.com: Agnosticism / Atheism. (2009).
History of American religion: timeline.

Retrieved March 24,
2009 from
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.

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20

1. Religious Facts: Just the facts on religion. (2009).
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2008