Persson BRR et al., 1997. Blood-brain barrier ... - Families Online

shootceaselessUrban and Civil

Nov 16, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Address




Address




Date

Dear
MP/MEP
,


On the 27th of May 2011 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe called on European
member states
to reduce exposures to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, particularly
of
children and young people
,

who are the most at risk
1
. To protect young people from
potentially
harmful, long
-
term biological effects
, the Council of Europe is calling for schools to use wired
internet connections and to strictly restrict the use of mobile phones by pupils at schoo
l. They are
asking governments to set up awareness
-
raising campaigns on the risks, targeting children,
teenagers and young people of reproductive age.

In the same week the World Health Organisation classified radiofrequency radiation from all wireless
com
munication technologies as a potential human carcinogen
2
.

These announcements have followed calls from the German Government for wired computer
connections to be used in schools and workplaces, the Israeli Parliament for schools to use wired
networks, the
Austrian Medical Associations for schools not to use Wi
-
Fi or cordless phones, and the
International Commission for Electromagnetic Safety for young people to limit their use of wireless
technologies. The French Government have banned the use of mobile ph
ones by pupils in schools.

In the light of the growing concerns expressed by international advisory bodies, and as a parent with
child
ren in school
, I am strongly in favour of all communications equipment
in
school
s
being wired.
Dedicated wired connection
s do not emit microwave, radio
frequency radiation.

According to t
he
UK
Health Protection Agency
(HPA),
children absorb microwave radiation into their
bodies when using wireless computers.
Safety cannot be assumed, as d
amaging biological effects
have been
reported at the exposures which the HPA consider to be safe. Studies have found
damage to human DNA, decreased fertility, cardiac abnormalities in humans, deficits in learning and
memory, death of cells in the brain of rats and seizures for susceptible in
dividuals, at the
levels of
radiation experienced when using a wireless laptop
(references below).

The Health Protection Agency has compared emissions from Wi
-
Fi equipment to the safety limits set
by the ICNIRP in 1999. These limits have been declared in
adequate by the Parliamentary Assembly
of the Council of Europe, the International Commission for Electromagnetic Safety, the European
Environment Agency and the European Parliament. Obsolete limits can no longer offer reassurances
of safety.

I would like

you to respond to the Council of Europe recommendations and
to propose

and/or

support
non
-
wireless polic
ies
within school
s

for microwave/radio frequencies
.
There are wired
alternative
s available.
Staff could use their
mobile
phones in designated areas.

Parents need to
have confidence that their children are not being put at unnecessary risk whilst they are in the care
of the school. Too many organisations have called for wired connections in schools for us to ignore
the warnings.

I also ask that you pu
sh for awareness campaigns for children, young people and families about the
potential harmful biological effects of wireless communication technologies. An informed public can
make choices.

The document ‘Wireless technologies and young people’, listed be
low, may be
a
useful
resource
when considering health, safety and ICT
in schools
3
.

Thank you for your help with this
very
important issue.


Sincerely,




Links

1. Council of Europe
http://assembly.coe.int/ASP/NewsManager/EMB_NewsManagerView.asp?ID=6685&L=2

2.
W.H.O.
htt
p://www.iarc.fr/en/media
-
centre/pr/2011/pdfs/pr208_E.pdf

3.
‘Wireless technologies and young people’

http://wifiinschools.org.uk/resources/wireless+tec
hnologies+and+young+people+Jan2011.pdf

Some r
eferences for
biological
effects at Wi
-
Fi exposures:

Avendaño

C.
et al
., 2010
. Laptop expositions affect motility and induce DNA fragmentation in human
spermatozoa in vitro by a non
-
thermal effect: a preliminary

report. American

Society for Reproductive
Medicine 66
th

Annual Meeting: O
-
249

http://wifiinschools.org.uk/resources/laptops+and+sperm.pdf

Panagopoulos D. J.
et al
., 2010. Bioeffe
cts of mobile telephony radiation in relation to its intensity or distance
from the antenna. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Vol 86(5):345
-
357.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20397839

Pyrpasopoulou A.
e
t al
., 2004. Bone morphogenic protein expression in newborn kidneys after prenatal
exposure to radiofrequency radiation. Bioelectromagnetics 25:216
-
27.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15042631


Kesari K. K. and Behari J., 2009. Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats. Appl.
Biochem. Biotechnol. 162(2):416
-
428.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19768389

Otitoloju
A. A.
et al
., 20
10
. Preliminary study on the induction of sperm head abnormalities in mice,
Mus
musculus
, exposed to radiofrequency radiations from Global System for Mobile

Communication Base Stations.
Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 84(1):51
-
4.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19816647


Salama N.
et al
., 2010. Effects of exposure to a mobile phone on testicular function and structure in adult
rabbit, International Journal of Andrology 33(1):88
-
94.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19076254

Havas M.
et al
., 2010.
Provocation study using heart rate variability shows microwave radiation from 2.4GHz
cordless phone affects autonomic
nervous system
.
European Journal of Oncology Library Vol.

5: 273
-
300
.
http://www.icems.eu/papers.htm?f=/c/a/2009/12/15/MNHJ1B49KH.DTL

part 2.

Kesari K. K. and Behari J., 200
9.
Fifty
-
gigahertz microwave exposure effect of radiations on rat brain.

Appl.
Biochem. Biotechnol. 158:126
-
139.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19089649


Salford L. G.
et al
., 2010. Effects of microwave radiation upon the mammalian blood
-
brain barrier.
European
Journal of Oncology Library Vol. 5:333
-
355.
http://www.icems.eu/papers.htm?f=/c/a/2009
/12/15/MNHJ1B49KH.DTL

part 2.

Salford L. G.,
et al
., 2003. Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM
mobile phones. Environ. Health Perspect. 111:881
-
883.

http://w
ww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12782486

Persson B. R. R.
et al
., 1997. Blood
-
brain barrier permeability in rats exposed to electromagnetic fields used in
wireless communication. Wireless Networks 3, 455
-
461.

Maier R.
et al
., 2004. Effects of pulsed
electromagnetic fields on cognitive processes


a pilot study on pulsed
field interference with cognitive regeneration. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 110: 46
-
52.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
/15180806

Nittby H.
et al
., 2008. Cognitive impairment in rats after long
-
term exposure to GSM
-
900 mobile phone
radiation. Bioelectromagnetics 29: 219
-
232.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1804
4737

Erdinc O. O.

et al
.,

2003.

Electromagnetic waves of 900MHz in acute pentylenetetrazole model in ontogenesis in mice.
Neurol. Sci. 24:111
-
116.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14600821


Balmori A. 2010.
Mobile phone mast effects on common frog (Rana temporaria) tadpoles: the city turned into
a laboratory. Electromagn. Biol. Med. 29(1
-
2):31
-
35.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2
0560769


Khurana V. G.
et al
., 2010. Epidemiological Evidence for a Health Risk from Mobile Phone Base Stations.
I
nt
. J.
O
ccup
. E
nviron
. H
ealth

16:263

267.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20662418



Fesenko

E. E. et al., 1999.
Stimulation of murine natural killer cells by weak electromagnetic

waves in the
centimeter range
.

Biofizika

44
:
737

741.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10544828

Fesenko

E. E.
et al
., 1999.
Microwaves and cellular immunity. I. Effect of whole body microwave

irradiation on
tumor necrosis factor production in mouse cells, Bioelectrochem.

Bioenerg. 49
:
29

35.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10619445

Novoselova

E. T.
et al
., 1998.
Stimulation of production of tumor

necrosis factor by murine macrophages when
exposed in vi
v
o and in

vitro to weak electromagnetic
waves in the centimeter range

B
ofizika 43
:
1132

1333.

Novoselova

E. G.
et al
., 1999.
Microwaves and cellular immunity. II. Immunostimulating effects of

microwaves
and naturally occurring antioxidant nutrients
.
Bioelectrochem.

Bioenerg. 49
:
37

41.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10619446